Mawson, Douglas, Sir, 1882-1958

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Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Antarctic explorer and geologist. Member, Shackleton's expedition, 1907. Leader, Australian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914. Appointed Professor of Geology, Adelaide University, 1920. Leader, B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Research Expedition 1929-1931. Married 1914 Francisca Adriana (Paquita) Delprat (1891-1974), author of A Vision of Steel (1958) and Mawson of the Antarctic (1964).

From the description of Papers of Sir Douglas and Lady Paquita Mawson [manuscript]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225788375

Mawson, a polar explorer who contributed greatly to the scientific and geographic knowledge of the Antartic region claimed "King George V Land" for the sovereign during his third expedition, on Jan 5 1931. In 1976 the the Antarctic Division of the Department of Science removed the container from under a cairn of rocks and the proclamation was brought to the National Library of Australia for conservation.

From the description of Proclamation of Sovereignty of the Territory of King George V Land and its extensions ... ... [manuscript] / written by A. L. Kennedy and signed by Sir Douglas Mawson. 1931. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225835810

Neighbour of Sir Douglas Mawson who owned the adjoining property in Wickham Hill, S.A.

From the description of Letters from Sir Douglas Mawson to H.L.C. Michelmore [manuscript]. 1929. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225840586

A base was established at Macquarie Island for the Australasian Antarctic Expedition which, apart from its scientific work, was to serve as a radio relay station.

From the description of Papers [manuscript]. 1911-1931. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225791425

Sir Douglas Mawson, Kt. cr. 1914; O.B.E., F.R.S., D.Sc., B.E., F.A.A. Antarctic explorer. He was Professor of Geology and Mineralogy at the University of Adelaide 1920-1952 and Emeritus professor from 1952. He was born May 5th 1882 in Bradford, Yorkshire and educated at the University of Sydney.

From the description of Log [manuscript]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225782368

Geologist, Antarctic explorer.

Lecturer in Mineralogy and Petrology at the University of Adelaide and Hon. Curator of Minerals at the South Australian Museum.

From the description of [Papers of Professor Sir Douglas Mawson]. 1887-1956. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 224041383

Douglas Mawson was born on 5 May 1882 in Bradford, England, emigrating to Australia with his parents as a boy. He read geology at the University of Sydney and in 1905, after accompanying a pioneer geological expedition to the New Hebrides, was appointed lecturer in mineralogy and petrology at Adelaide University. From there he joined the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907-1909 (leader Ernest Henry Shackleton). He was a member of the first party to climb Mount Erebus and also of the party of three, led by Professor Tannatt Edgeworth David, which was first to reach the South Magnetic Pole.

On return to Australia, he immediately began planning his own Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914. This expedition discovered and explored King George V Land and Queen Mary Land, claiming them for the British Empire. Shore parties wintered at Cape Denison, Commonwealth Bay, and on the Shackleton Ice Shelf, and very extensive scientific investigations were conducted, both on the Antarctic mainland and at a third station on Macquarie Island.

On his return to Australia he was knighted, and awarded the Founder's Medal of the Royal Geographical Society. During the First World War he served in Europe, and then returned to Adelaide University, where in 1920 he was appointed professor of geology, a post he held until 1952. During the 1920s, he devoted his energies to the preparation and publication of the scientific reports of his Antarctic expedition and lobbied strongly for Australia's further involvement in Antarctic affairs. He organized and led the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition, 1929-1931. Mac. Robertson Land was discovered, as also were the Banzare Coast and Princess Elizabeth Land, all from the air. The boundary between Australian and Norwegian interests was fixed and the regions, which were later to become the Australian Antarctic Territory were formally claimed, 42 percent of the continent's total area. He was active also in geological fieldwork in Australia. Mawson died on 14 October 1958 in Adelaide.

Published work The home of the blizzard, the story of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914 by Douglas Mawson, Wakefield Press, Kent Town, SA, Australia (1996) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08)[1911-1914 Mawson] Biographical work Douglas Mawson, the life of an explorer by Lincoln Hall, New Holland, Sydney (2000) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Mawson, D.] Mawson, a life by Philip Ayres, Miegunyah Press, Melbourne University Press (1999) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Mawson] Mawson's Antarctic diaries, edited by Fred Jacka and Eleanor Jacka, Unwin Hyman, London (1988) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Mawson]

From the guide to the Douglas Mawson collection, 1903-1948, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas, Sir, 1882-1958. Letter, 1950 Jan. 27, Adelaide [Australia] to [W.H.] Hobbs [Ann Arbor]. University of Michigan
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas Sir, 1882-1958. Report / by Sir Douglas Mawson, on the work of the expedition in R.S.S. "Discovery" during the season 1929-1930. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Belgrave Ninnis collection, 1911-1914 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Jones, Bassett, collector. Bassett Jones records, 1818-1938. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Adolphus Greely collection, 1912-1927 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Douglas Mawson collection, 1903-1948 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas Sir, 1882-1958. Papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Francis Bickerton collection, 1911-1914 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn John Robert Francis Wild collection, 1873-1939 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas Sir, 1882-1958. [Papers of Professor Sir Douglas Mawson]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Australasian-Antarctic Expedition (1911-1914). Field photographs, 1911-1914. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn John King Davis collection, 1905-1951 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas Sir, 1882-1958. Log [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Owen, Russell, 1889-1952. Letter, 1934 June 19, New York, to W.H. Hobbs, Ann Arbor. University of Michigan
referencedIn Jones, Sydney Evan. Diary and other papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas Sir, 1882-1958. Proclamation of Sovereignty of the Territory of King George V Land and its extensions ... ... [manuscript] / written by A. L. Kennedy and signed by Sir Douglas Mawson. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Gerald Doorly collection, 1901 - 1929 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Byrd, Richard Evelyn, 1888-1957. Papers, 1928-1936. New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn Walter Henry Hannam collection, 1911-1913 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas, Sir, 1882-1958. Letters to Benjamin Shambaugh. [s.l.]. 1927-1929. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas, Sir, 1882-1958. Letter, 1932 Sep. 6, Adelaide [Australia] to Prof. [W.H.] Hobbs [Ann Arbor]. University of Michigan
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas, Sir, 1882-1958. Letter, 1943 Nov. 8, Adelaide, Australia, to Mary E. Cooley, South Hadley, Mass. University of Michigan
referencedIn Fletcher, H. O. (Harold Oswald), 1903-. Diaries (3) [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Bage, Freda, 1883-1970. Newspaper cuttings on Antarctic expeditions, 1912-1913 [manuscript] University of Queensland, UQ Library
referencedIn James Francis [Frank] Hurley collection, 1912-1917 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition, 1929-1934 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Eric Douglas collection, 1929-1936 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas Sir, 1882-1958. Papers of Sir Douglas and Lady Paquita Mawson [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf George V, King of Great Britain, 1865-1936. Telegram : London, to Governor-General of Australia, Canberra. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Walter Atack collection, 1913 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Fletcher, Harold, 1903-. Diaries (3), 1929 Oct 19 - 1930 Mar 20 [manuscript] University of Queensland, UQ Library
referencedIn James Martin collection, 1927-1937 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas Sir, 1882-1958. Letters from Sir Douglas Mawson to H.L.C. Michelmore [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Hackworth, Cedrick James. Cedrick James Hackworth [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Douglas Mawson collection, 1903-1948 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn James Marr collection, 1922-1940 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn British Antarctic Expedition, 1907-1909, 1907-1909 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Lewis, Amy. Autobiography [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Charles T Harrisson collection, 1911-1913 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Mawson family. Papers of the Mawson family, 1898-1997 [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Mawson, Douglas Sir, 1882-1958. Delprat and Teppema family papers. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Eric Norman Webb collection, 1912-1965 Scott Polar Research Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adolphus Washington Greely person
associatedWith Atack Walter Garwood person
associatedWith Aurora (Steam yacht) corporateBody
associatedWith Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914. corporateBody
associatedWith Australia. Dept. of Works and Railways. Lands and Survey Branch corporateBody
associatedWith Bage, Freda, 1883-1970. person
associatedWith Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis person
associatedWith Blake, L. R. (Leslie Russel), 1890-1918. person
associatedWith British Antarctic Expedition 1907-1909 corporateBody
associatedWith British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition 1929-1931. corporateBody
associatedWith Byrd, Richard Evelyn, 1888-1957. person
associatedWith Charles T Harrisson person
associatedWith Cooley, Mary Elizabeth, 1904-1978. person
associatedWith Davis John King 1884-1967 person
associatedWith Discovery (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Dumont d'Urville, Jules-Sébastien-César, 1790-1842. person
associatedWith Eric Norman Webb person
associatedWith Fletcher, Harold, 1903- person
associatedWith Francis H Bickerton person
associatedWith Geikie Archibald 1835-1924 person
associatedWith George V, King of Great Britain, 1865-1936. person
associatedWith Gerald Stokely Doorly person
associatedWith Gilbert Eric Douglas person
associatedWith Hackworth, Cedrick James. person
associatedWith Hamilton, H. person
associatedWith Hannam Walter Henry b 1885 person
associatedWith Harrisson Charles T person
associatedWith Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952. person
associatedWith Howchin, Walter person
associatedWith Hurley James Francis 1885-1962 person
associatedWith James Francis Frank Hurley person
associatedWith James Hamilton Martin person
associatedWith James William Slesser Marr person
associatedWith John King Davis person
associatedWith John Robert Francis Frank Wild person
associatedWith Jones, Bassett, collector. person
associatedWith Jones, Sydney Evan. person
associatedWith Kennedy, A. L. person
associatedWith Lewis, Amy. person
associatedWith Mawson Douglas 1882-1958 person
associatedWith Mawson family. family
associatedWith Mawson, Paquita, 1891-1974 person
associatedWith Michelmore, H. L. C. person
associatedWith Mill Hugh Robert 1861-1950 person
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Owen, Russell, 1889-1952. person
associatedWith Segnit, Ralph W. person
associatedWith Shambaugh, Benjamin Franklin, 1871-1940, person
associatedWith Sprigg, R. C. (Reginald Claude), 1919-1994. person
associatedWith Taylor Thomas Griffith 1880-1963 person
associatedWith University of Adelaide. Dept. of Geology and Mineralogy corporateBody
associatedWith Walter Garwood Atack person
associatedWith Walter Henry Hannam person
associatedWith Webb Eric Norman 1889-1984 person
associatedWith Wild John Robert Francis 1873-1939 person
associatedWith Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. person
associatedWith Young Kathleen 1878-1947 wife of 1st Baronet Kennet sculptor person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Macquarie Island
Australia--South Australia
Antarctica
Macquarie Island (Tas.)
Australia
Antarctica Discovery and exploration
Australia
Enderby Land (Antarctica)
Mac-Robertson Land (Antarctica)
Antarctica
Antarctica
Antarctica
Antarctica
Antarctica
Australia
Australia--Adelaide (S. Aust.)
Subject
Geologists--Biography
Soils
Explorers--Correspondence
Explorers--Archives
Scientific expeditions
Geology, Stratigraphic--Cambrian
Geology--Research--History--Sources
Scientists--Archives
Geologists--Correspondence
Geology--Study and teaching (Higher)--History--Sources
Occupation
Explorers
Scientists
Function

Person

Birth 1882-05-05

Death 1958-10-14

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6891hkm

SNAC ID: 19863342