Smith, Truman, 1791-1884

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Whig representative from Connecticut.

From the description of Letter, 1849. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145409160

A lawyer, U. S. Representative (1839-1843, 1845-1849), and Senator (1849-1854) from Connecticut, and later judge of the court of arbitration (1862-1870), who was one of the earliest Whig supporters of Zachary Taylor and managed his campaign for president.

From the description of Newspaper prospectus, July 7, 1849. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 230922071

Biographical Note

  • 1893 August 25: Born, West point, New York
  • 1915: Bachelor of Arts, Yale College
  • 1916: Joined 12th Infantry Regiment of the New York National Guard
  • 1916 June: Ordered to the Mexican border to defend against Pancho Villa's army
  • 1917 July 14: Married Katherine Alling Hollister
  • 1917 - 1918 : Commander, 4th Infantry, Company B (later Company A) in World War I, in France
  • 1918: Instructor, U.S. Infantry School, Langres, France
  • 1919 - 1920 : Political advisor to the Officer in charge of Civil Affairs at Koblenz, Germany
  • 1920 - 1924 : Assistant military observer and assistant military attaché, U.S. Mission and U.S. Embassy, Berlin, Germany
  • 1928 - 1932 : Instructor, Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 1931 - 1935 : Commands 2nd Battalion of the 27th Infantry at the Schofield Barracks, Hawaii
  • 1935 - 1939 : Military attaché, U.S. Embassy, Berlin, German
  • 1939 - 1946 : German Specialist in Intelligence, General Staff (G-2), War Department
  • 1948: Military Advisor to the Eberstadt (Armed Forces) Committee on the Hoover Commission
  • 1970 October 3: Died, Fairfield, Connecticut

From the guide to the Truman Smith Papers, 1913-2007, (Hoover Institution Archives)

Served with New York National Guard on the Mexican Border in 1916; from 1916-1946 served in the U.S. Army, retiring with the rank of colonel; during World War I participated in the Marne defense battles and the Meuse-Argonne offensive and in the occupation of Germany, acting as political officer in the office of civil government; served as military attaché in Germany, 1920-1939, and as German specialist in Intelligence Division of General Staff, 1941-1946; from 1946-1947 was military advisor on the National Defense Committee of the Hoover Commission.

Truman Smith was born in West Point, New York, on August 25, 1893. He was the son of Captain E. D. Smith of Stamford, Connecticut, and grandson of Truman Smith of Connecticut, who represented the state in both the House of Representatives and the Senate from 1842-1852.

Smith was brought up and attended school in Stamford, Connecticut, and graduated from Yale University in 1915. In 1917, he married Katherine Alling Hollister.

Smith served on the Mexican border in 1916 as a lieutenant in the New York National Guard, and then was commissioned in 1916 as a 2nd lieutenant in the U.S. Army, from which he retired in 1946, having attained the rank of colonel. During World War I he served as company and battalion commander in the 4th Infantry of the 3rd Division, participating in the Marne Defense battles and the Meuse Argonne offensive. For the latter he received the Silver Star for gallantry in action and was promoted to major for the capture by his battalion of the Bois de Poret. Smith later took part in the occupation of Germany from December 1918 to June 20, acting as political officer in the office of civil government.

From 1920 to 1924 Smith served as assistant military attache in Germany, and from 1935-1939 as military attache. Though retired in 1941 because of physical disability, Smith continued in active service from 1941-1946 as German specialist in the Intelligence Division of the General Staff. For his work in Germany and in the Intelligence Division he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal in 1949.

In 1946 and 1947, Smith served as a military advisor on the National Defense Committee (Eberstadt Committee) of the Hoover Commission, and afterwards as military aide to the governor of Connecticut. He translated, edited, and wrote the preface for Invasion, 1944: Rommel and the Normandy Campaign, by Lieutenant General Hans Speidel, Rommel's chief of staff.

Smith died in Fairfield, Connecticut, on October 3, 1970.

From the guide to the Truman Smith papers, 1824-1956, 1954-1956, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Brooker, Charles F. Correspondence, 1879. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Smith, Truman, 1791-1884. Substance of a complaint to Truman Smith, 1849 March 13. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Smith, Truman, 1893-1970. Edmund Dickinson Smith, 1857-1900 : documents pertaining to his military career / with an explanatory narrative by his son, Truman Smith. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Johnston, George, d. 1861. George Johnston papers, 1813-1862. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Shufeldt, Robert Wilson, 1822-1895. Papers of Robert Wilson Shufeldt, 1836-1910 (bulk 1860-1880). Library of Congress
referencedIn W. Atlee Burpee Jr. collection of Lincoln papers, 1861-1865 Free Library of Philadelphia: Rare Book Department
referencedIn Thomas Corwin Correspondence, 1850-1853 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Wickham family. Wickham family papers, 1785-1958 (inclusive), 1814-1901 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Wickham Family papers, 1785-1958, 1814-1901 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Warner, H. W. H.W. Warner and others letter, 1834 May 30, to Truman Smith. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Robert Wilson Shufeldt Papers, 1836-1910, (bulk 1860-1880) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Smith, Truman, 1791-1884. Truman Smith correspondence, 1847-1849. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn National Archives And Records Administration. Rg 27: Weather Bureau.
creatorOf Truman Smith papers, 1824-1956, 1954-1956 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Smith, John Cotton, 1765-1845. Papers of John Cotton Smith, 1805-1864. Library of Congress
creatorOf Smith, Truman, 1791-1884. Letters to Brown & Gross, 1867. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Ruth Fischer papers, 1925-1961 (inclusive) 1940-1961 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn W. Karin Hall typescript : Truman Smith, United States military attaché : an examination of his caree, 1992 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn John Edwin Bakeless papers, 1913-1977 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Fowler family. Fowler family papers, 1707-1870 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Smith, Truman, 1791-1884. Newspaper prospectus, July 7, 1849. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Smith, Truman, 1791-1884. Letter, 1849. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Corwin, Thomas, 1794-1865. Thomas Corwin correspondence, 1850-1853. Library of Congress
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Percival, James Gates, 1795-1856. Papers of James Gates Percival [manuscript], 1827-1855 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Truman Smith Papers, 1913-2007 Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Barber, Noyes, 1781-1844. Hoadley fund autograph collection, 1788-1929. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Smith, Truman, 1791-1884. Truman Smith correspondence, 1842-1883. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Smith, Truman, 1791-1884. Letters to William B. Sprague, 1840-1842. Connecticut Historical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bakeless, John Edwin, 1894- person
associatedWith Brooker, Charles F. person
associatedWith Brown & Gross. corporateBody
correspondedWith Burpee, W. Atlee (Washington Atlee), Jr., 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Colton, Gardiner Quincy, 1814-1898. person
correspondedWith Corwin, Thomas, 1794-1865. person
correspondedWith Fischer, Ruth, 1895- person
associatedWith Fowler family. family
associatedWith Germany. Heer. corporateBody
associatedWith Hall, W. Karin. person
associatedWith Johnston, George, d. 1861. person
associatedWith Nationalsozialistische deutsche Arbeiter-Partei. corporateBody
associatedWith Percival, James Gates, 1795-1856. person
correspondedWith Plumb, Ovid person
associatedWith Shufeldt, Robert Wilson, 1822-1895. person
correspondedWith Smith, John Cotton, 1765-1845. person
associatedWith Smith, Truman, 1893-1970. person
associatedWith Sprague, William B. (William Buell), 1795-1876. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. person
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1847-1848). House. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Warner, H. W. person
associatedWith Wickham family family
associatedWith Wickham family. family
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Franking privilege
Army wives--United States
Authors and publishers
National socialism
Republic, The--Newspapers
Secret service--United States
World War, 1939-1945--Secret service
Women--United States
Military attachés


Birth 1791-11-27

Death 1884-05-03



Ark ID: w67p9thz

SNAC ID: 47907587