Guillaume, de Machaut, approximately 1300-1377

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Guillaume de Machaut (French: [ɡijom də maʃo], Old French: [ɡiˈʎawmə də maˈtʃaw(θ)]; also Machau and Machault; c. 1300 – April 1377) was a French composer and poet who was the central figure of the ars nova style in late medieval music. His dominance of the genre is such that modern musicologists use his death to separate the ars nova from the subsequent ars subtilior movement. Regarded as the most significant French composer and poet of the 14th century, he is often seen as the century's leading European composer.

One of the earliest European composers on whom considerable biographical information is available, Machaut has an unprecedented amount of surviving music, in part due to his own involvement in his manuscripts' creation and preservation. Machaut embodies the culmination of the poet-composer tradition stretching back to the traditions of troubadour and trouvère; well into the 15th century his poetry was greatly admired and imitated by other poets, including Geoffrey Chaucer and Eustache Deschamps, the latter of whom was Machaut's student.

Machaut composed in a wide range of styles and forms and was crucial in developing the motet and secular song forms (particularly the lai and the formes fixes: rondeau, virelai and ballade). Among his only surviving sacred works, Messe de Nostre Dame, is the earliest known complete setting of the Ordinary of the Mass attributable to a single composer. Other notable works include the rondeaux "Ma fin est mon commencement" and "Rose, liz, printemps, verdure" as well as the virelai "Douce Dame Jolie".

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale de France. [Machaut F]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. Œuvres de Guillaume de Machaut [microform]. University of Calgary Library, Taylor Family Digital Library (TFDL)
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Music and poetry of Guillaume de Machaut] [microfilm music]. Boston University, Mugar Memorial Library
creatorOf Thomas, Karen P., 1957-. Metamorphoses on a Machaut Kyrie : for string quartet / by Karen P. Thomas. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Daniel Pinkham papers related to an edition of Guillaume de Machaut's Messe de Nostre Dame Houghton Library
creatorOf Thomas, Karen P., 1957-. Metamorphoses on a Machaut kyrie : for string orchestra / by Karen P. Thomas. University of Washington Libraries
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale (France). [Recueil de chansons en italien et en français] [microform] Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. Oeuvres. [microform]. University of Cincinnati - Main Campus, Langsam Library
creatorOf Guillaume de Machaut, 1300?-1377. Amours me fait désirer [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Stravinsky, Soulima, 1910-1994. Six sonatinas for piano / Soulima Stravinsky. The Juilliard School, Lila Acheson Wallace Library
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale de France. [Machaut I]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Music in Paris, Bibliothèque nationale MS. Fr. 22546 (Machaut MS. G) [microform]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Poem on the art of love [microform] = Remède d'amour] /c[Guillaume Machaut]. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale de France. [Machaut G]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Music and poetry] [microform] / Guillaume de Machaut. Brandeis University Library
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Codex A. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Franç.] [microform]. Syracuse University
creatorOf Johannes, de Florentia, fl. 1340-1350. Per larghi prati e per grã boschi folti [di] M. Giouañj. eN am̃e la doulce uíe [di Guillaume de Machaut.]. Eastman School of Music
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Poetry, 2 lays, 23 motets, 38 Ballades, 15 Rondeaux, 6 Virelais, 1 Mass, 1 hocket] [microform] / Machaut. Brandeis University Library
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Codex G. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Franç. 22546. XIVth century] [microform]. Syracuse University
creatorOf Stadtbibliothek Nürnberg. [Manuscript fragments]. Harvard University, Loeb Music Library
creatorOf Stravinsky, Soulima, 1910-1994. The rainbow / Soulima Stravinsky. The Juilliard School, Lila Acheson Wallace Library
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale de France. [Machaut A]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
referencedIn Michel, Francisque, 1809-1887. Letter: 1845 Apr. 4, Bordeaux, to David Laing / F. Michel. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, d. 1377. [Music and Poetry] [microform] / Machaut. Brandeis University Library
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Reina Codex]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
creatorOf Guillaume de Machaut, 1300?-1377. Amours me fait désirer [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. Ce livre de Machaut est de Jean, fils de Roy de France, duc de Berry et d'Auvergne ... [microform]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale de France. [Machaut B]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. Ms. Fr. 1564. [microflim] French. Georgia State University
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Dit du vergier [microform] ; Jugement du Roy de Behaigne ; Remède de fortune ; Dit du lion ; Confort d'ami ; Dit de la harpe ; other works / Guillaume de Machaut]. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Compositions de Guillaume de Machaut. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Franç.] [microform]. Syracuse University
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale de France. [Machaut F]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. Vers françois [microform]. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale (France). [Motets, mass movements, hymns, chansons] [microform] Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Messe de Notre Dame [microform] / by Guillaume de Machaut. Queens College, Benjamin Rosenthal Library
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Music and poetry of Guillaume de Machaut] [microfilm music]. Boston University, Mugar Memorial Library
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Music and poetry] [microform] / Guillaume de Machaut. Brandeis University Library
creatorOf Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377. [Poésies]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale de France. [Machaut C]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
creatorOf Gautier, de Coinci, 1177?-1236. [Music French manuscripts located in the Bibliothèque nationale] [microform]. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Bibliothèque nationale de France. [Machaut E]. Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bibliothèque nationale de France. corporateBody
associatedWith Bibliothèque nationale (France). corporateBody
associatedWith Bibliothèque nationale (France). corporateBody
associatedWith Bibliothèque nationale (France). corporateBody
associatedWith Bibliothèque nationale (France). corporateBody
associatedWith Boethius, d. 524. person
associatedWith Bruyant, Jean, d. 1442. person
associatedWith Chartier, Alain, 15th cent. person
associatedWith Johannes, de Florentia, fl. 1340-1350. person
associatedWith Lahey, Marguerite Duprez, 1878-1958, person
associatedWith Librairie Théophile Belin, corporateBody
associatedWith Michel, Francisque, 1809-1887. person
associatedWith Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913, person
associatedWith Morgan, J. P. (John Pierpont), 1867-1943, person
associatedWith Pepys Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Pierpont Morgan Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Pierpont Morgan Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Pinkham, Daniel, 1923-2006 person
associatedWith Stadtbibliothek Nürnberg. corporateBody
associatedWith Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek Bern. corporateBody
associatedWith Stravinsky, Soulima, 1910-1994. person
associatedWith Thomas, Karen P., 1957- person
associatedWith Van, Guillaume de, 1906-1949. person
associatedWith Wildenstein and Company (New, N.Y.). corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Paris A8 FR
Subject
Motets--14th century
Part songs, Sacred
Music--Manuscripts
Motets
French poetry--To 1500
Masses
Songs, French
Polyphonic chansons
Part songs, French
Vocal music
Lays
Music--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
Manuscripts, French
Part songs, French--500-1400
Manuscripts, French--Facsimiles
Occupation
Composers
Activity

Person

Birth 1300

Death 1377-04

French

Latin,

French,

French, Old (842-ca.1400)

Information

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