Straus, Nathan, 1848-1931

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Nathan Straus (1848-1931) was a German-born New York City businessman and philanthropist. After making his fortune as a partner in the New York department stores Abraham and Straus and R.H. Macy and Co., Straus, with his wife Lina Gutherz Straus, turned to philanthropy. He advocated milk pasteurization to check the spread of tuberculosis, opening the Nathan Straus Pasteurized Milk Laboratory in New York in 1892; founded the Tuberculosis Preventorium for Children in New Jersey in 1909; supported Jewish colonization efforts in Palestine; and provided relief for the poor during economic and natural disasters. Straus served as Park Commissioner in New York City from 1889 to 1893, as president of the New York City Board of Health in 1898, and in 1894 refused the Democratic nomination for mayor.

From the guide to the Nathan Straus papers, 1840-1990, 1865-1930, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Nathan Straus (1848-1931) was a German-born New York City businessman and philanthropist.

After making his fortune as a partner in the New York department stores Abraham and Straus and R.H. Macy and Co., Straus, with his wife Lina Gutherz Straus, turned to philanthropy. He advocated milk pasteurization to check the spread of tuberculosis, opening the Nathan Straus Pasteurized Milk Laboratory in New York in 1892; founded the Tuberculosis Preventorium for Children in New Jersey in 1909; supported Jewish colonization efforts in Palestine; and provided relief for the poor during economic and natural disasters. Straus served as Park Commissioner in New York City from 1889 to 1893, as president of the New York City Board of Health in 1898, and in 1894 refused the Democratic nomination for mayor.

From the description of Nathan Straus papers, 1840-1990, bulk (1865-1930). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122640042

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Straus, Nathan, 1848-1931. Nathan Straus papers, 1840-1990, bulk (1865-1930). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Reba J. Hurn Diaries, 1907-1908 Eastern Washington State Historical Society/Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture Joel E. Ferris Research Library and Archives
referencedIn Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. William H. Taft papers, 1784-1973 (bulk 1880-1930). Library of Congress
referencedIn William H. Taft Papers, 1784-1973, (bulk 1880-1930) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America. Legal agreements, 1918-1972. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Nathan Straus papers, 1840-1990, 1865-1930 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn New York City Housing Authority. Records 1923-1986 1934-1977. LaGuardia Community College Library Media Resources Center, Library Media Resources Center
referencedIn Wechsler & Abraham. Wechsler & Abraham private trial balance ledger, 1886-1952, bulk 1886-1903. Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
referencedIn Morgenthau, Henry, 1891-1967. Papers, 1866-1953, 1933-1953 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn The Hadassah Medical Organization Papers in the Hadassah Archives, 1918 - 2009 Hadassah
creatorOf Straus, Nathan, 1848-1931. [Letter] 1904 October 24, New York [to Alton Brooks] Parker / Nathan Strauss. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Oscar S. Straus Papers, 1856-1955, (bulk 1856-1923) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. Papers of William H. Taft, 1784-1973. Library of Congress
referencedIn William L. Hamburger prints collection [manuscript], 1928-1940. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Levi P. Morton Correspondence, 1860-1912 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Burack, Aaron D. (Aaron David), 1892-1960. Aaron David Burack papers 1894-1958 1922-1958 Yeshiva University
referencedIn The Hadassah Medical Organization Papers in the Hadassah Archives, 1918 - 2009 Hadassah the Women's Zionist Organization of America, Inc.
referencedIn Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926. Oscar S. Straus papers, 1856-1955 (bulk 1856-1923). Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Aaronsohn, Aaron, 1876-1919. person
associatedWith Barondess, Joseph. person
associatedWith Brisbane, Arthur, 1864-1936. person
associatedWith Burack, Aaron D. (Aaron David), 1892-1960. person
associatedWith Federation of American Zionists. corporateBody
associatedWith Grant, Hugh J person
associatedWith Grant, Hugh J. person
associatedWith Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Hurn, Reba J., 1881-1967 person
associatedWith Lakewood Hotel and Land Association (Lakewood, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Macy's (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Morgenthau, Henry, 1891-1967. person
associatedWith Morton, Levi P. (Levi Parsons), 1824-1920 person
associatedWith Nathan Straus Pasteurized Milk Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith New York City Housing Authority. corporateBody
associatedWith Parker, Alton Brooks, 1852-1926. person
associatedWith Straus, Ida person
associatedWith Straus, Ida. person
associatedWith Straus, Isidor person
associatedWith Straus, Isidor. person
associatedWith Straus, Lina Gutherz, 1854-1930. person
associatedWith Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926. person
associatedWith Szold, Henrietta, 1860-1945. person
associatedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith Titanic (Steamship) corporateBody
associatedWith Tuberculosis Preventorium for Children corporateBody
associatedWith Tuberculosis Preventorium for Children. corporateBody
associatedWith Universiṭah ha-ʻIvrit bi-Yerushalayim corporateBody
associatedWith Universiṭah ha-ʻIvrit bi-Yerushalayim. corporateBody
associatedWith Wechsler & Abraham. corporateBody
associatedWith Zionist Organization of America. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Palestine
Italy
New York (State)--New York
United States
United States
Subject
Public health--New York (State)--New York
Jewish farmers
Harness racehorses
Elections
Zionism
Zionists--United States--Societies, etc
Jewish farmers--Palestine
Agricultural colonies
Zionists--Societies, etc
Milk--Pasteurization
Earthquakes
Tuberculosis--Prevention
Infants--Mortality
Agricultural colonies--Palestine
Public health
Earthquakes--Italy
Occupation
Philanthropists
Function

Person

Birth 1848-01-31

Death 1931-01-11

French,

English,

German

Information

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Ark ID: w670878h

SNAC ID: 4343175