Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945

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A native of Vermillion County, Ind., Pyle was a journalist in LaPorte, Ind., Washington, D.C., and New York City. Pyle began a column as a roving reporter in 1935 for the N.Y. DAILY NEWS, and he served as a war correspondent during World War II. Pyle returned to the U.S. briefly in 1944, left for the Pacific Theater early in 1945, and was killed April 18, 1945, on an island off Okinawa.

From the description of Letter, 1944, Dec. 4, Albuquerque, N.M. [to] Robert N. Farr, Washington, D.C. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 39191520

Born Ernest Taylor Pyle in Dana, Indiana on August 3, 1900, he is best know as Ernie Pyle, journalist. He became a world-renowed war correspondent during World War II, covering the European, North African, and Pacific theatres. His style of journalism was personal and colorful. While he was covering the Pacific theatre, he was shot down by enemy fire on April 18, 1945 on the Ryukus Island of Ie-Jima, Japan.

From the description of Papers, 1942-1970. (University of New Mexico-Main Campus). WorldCat record id: 38847198

Ernie Pyle was a correspondent of World War II. He was born in Dana, Indiana and worked on a farm before attending Indiana University where be majored in journalism. He quit during his senior year and soon after took a job with the Washington Daily News. Shortly after, he married and he and his wife traveled giving him fuel for his "Roving Reporter" column. In the 1939 bombing of Britain, he took his roving reporter skills to Europe and wrote about the disaster. After the beginning of the American involvement in the war, Pyle went back into action, this time on the front lines, capturing the stories of the average American GI in Europe, Africa and the Pacific. His column appeared in 400 daily and 300 weekly newspapers throughout the United States. On an assignment to the Pacific front in 1945, Pyle was shot and killed by a Japanese sniper on the island of Ie Shima.

From the description of Ernie Pyle materials, ca. 1944-1946. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 670529481

Journalist.

From the description of Papers, 1932-1945. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 42597060

From the description of Papers, 1940. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 70285477

From the description of Papers, ca. 1923-1954. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 436459944

American war correspondent in World War II.

From the description of Ernest Taylor Pyle dispatches, 1943. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754868030

Ernest Taylor Pyle (August 3, 1900-April 18, 1945) is best known as Ernie Pyle, an American journalist and war correspondent. He was born on a farm outside of Dana, Indiana, the first and only child of Will and Maria Pyle. He entered Indiana University in 1919. There he met Paige Cavanaugh, a life long friend.

Just a semester short of completing a degree in journalism, in 1923 he took a general reporting job at the La Porte Herald in Indiana. Three months later, he moved to Washington, D.C. to become a reporter for the Scripps-Howard Washington Daily News. Lee G. Miller, one of the paper's editors, would promote Ernie's career, later handle his business matters, and write a posthumous Pyle biography, The Story of Ernie Pyle.

While in Washington, he met Geraldine "Jerry" Siebolds. On July 7, 1925, they married, and in 1926 they quit their jobs to drive around the United States. After a brief employment detour with the New York Evening News, in Dec. 1927, Ernie Pyle returned to the Washington Daily News. In addition to his responsibilities as copy editor, he started the first daily aviation column in American journalism. Scripps-Howard made Pyle aviation editor for the entire chain, a position he held until 1932, when he became the managing editor of the Washington Daily News.

After traveling to recuperate from a severe flu illness, Pyle wrote eleven columns about his travels. G.B. (Deac) Parker, editor-in-chief, was impressed by Pyle's writing, and by 1935, Pyle began writing a national column for the Scripps-Howard Alliance group. He was to write six columns a week for distribution to twenty-four Scripps-Howard papers. Select columns were later compiled and published in the book, Home Country.

Initially, Jerry traveled with Ernie. Column readers knew her as "That Girl". She lived out of suitcases, retyped his copy, and offered praise and criticism of his work. Her life revolved around Ernie. By April of 1937, beginning with Ernie's extended trip to Alaska, they began spending more time apart.

While Ernie sailed to England in mid- November, 1940, to report on the Battle of Britain, Jerry oversaw the construction of their home in Albuquerque, N.M., built by Mount and McCollum Builders. Earl Mount and Edward Shaffer, editor-in-chief of the Albuquerque Tribune, and their wives were good friends of the Pyles.

Jerry's depression and attendant medical problems forced Pyle to take a leave of absence from Scripps-Howard in late 1941 to care for her. On April 14, 1942, with the concurrence of Jerry's doctors and family, Ernie and Jerry divorced. It was hoped the shock would help her deal with life. Ernie left open the possibility of remarriage, and they were remarried by proxy on 3/12/1943.

From mid-June 1942 until his death on April 18, 1945, with only a few breaks, Ernie Pyle covered World War II, from North Africa (Dec. 1942-June 1943), Sicily (July 1943-Sept. 1943), Italy (Dec. 1943-May 1944), France (June 1944-Sept. 1944), and the Pacific (Jan. 1945-Apr. 1945).

In this writing, by studying the men, he sent back a kind of detail unlike any other reporter. His wartime writings were compiled into four books: Ernie Pyle in England, Here is Your War, Brave Men and Last Chapter. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for distinguished war correspondence based on articles he wrote in 1943.

Ernie Pyle was killed instantly on April 18, 1945, while on patrol in Ie Shima, Japan, an island west of Okinawa. He was initially buried on the Ryukyus Island of Ie Shima (also, Ie Jima), but in 1949 was reburied in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu.

Jerry Pyle died at St. Josephs Hospital in Albuquerque, November 23, 1945, of complications from influenza, and is buried in her home state near Afton, Minnesota.

Pyle's friend Paige Cavanaugh flew to Albuquerque to close out the Pyles' house. He retrieved bundles of letters Pyle had written Jerry over the years.

The City of Albuquerque acquired the Pyles' house on 900 Girard SE from the Pyle estate, and in 1948 the house opened to the public as the first branch library of the Albuquerque Public Library. In 2006, the house was designated a National Historic Landmark.

From the description of Ernie Pyle collection, 1928-2009. (Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Library). WorldCat record id: 727084041

Biographical/Historical Note

American war correspondent in World War II.

From the guide to the Ernest Taylor Pyle dispatches, 1943, (Hoover Institution Archives)

Ernest Taylor Pyle (August 3, 1900-April 18, 1945) is best known as Ernie Pyle, an American journalist and war correspondent. He was born on a farm outside of Dana, Indiana, the first and only child of Will and Maria Pyle. He entered Indiana University in 1919. There he met Paige Cavanaugh, a life long friend.

Just a semester short of completing a degree in journalism, in 1923 he took a general reporting job at the La Porte Herald in Indiana. Three months later, he moved to Washington, D.C. to become a reporter for the Scripps-Howard Washington Daily News. Lee G. Miller one of the paper’s editors would promote Ernie’s career, later handle his business matters and write a posthumous Pyle biography, The Story of Ernie Pyle.

While in Washington, he met Geraldine “Jerry” Siebolds. On July 7, 1925 they married, and in 1926 they quit their jobs to drive around the United States. After a brief employment detour with the New York Evening News, in Dec. 1927, Ernie Pyle returned to the Washington Daily News. In addition to his responsibilities as copy editor, he started the first daily aviation column in American journalism. Scripps-Howard made Pyle aviation editor for the entire chain, a position he held until 1932 when he became the managing editor of the Washington Daily News.

After traveling to recuperate from a severe flu illness, Pyle wrote eleven columns about his travels. G.B.(Deac) Parker, editor-in-chief was impressed by Pyle’s writing, and by 1935 Pyle began writing a national column for the Scripps-Howard Alliance group. He was to write six columns a week for distribution to twenty-four Scripps-Howard papers. Select columns were later compiled and published in the book Home Country.

Initially Jerry traveled with Ernie. Column readers knew her as “That Girl”. She lived out of suitcases, retyped his copy, and offered praise and criticism of his work. Her life revolved around Ernie. By April of 1937, beginning with Ernie’s extended trip to Alaska, they began spending more time apart.

While Ernie sailed to England in mid- November, 1940 to report on the Battle of Britain, Jerry oversaw the construction of their home in Albuquerque, NM built by Mount and McCollum Builders. Earl Mount and Edward Shaffer, editor-in-chief of the Albuquerque Tribune, and their wives were good friends of the Pyles.

Jerry’s depression and attendant medical problems forced Pyle to take a leave of absence from Scripps-Howard in late 1941 to care for her. On April 14, 1942, with the concurrence of Jerry’s doctors and family, Ernie and Jerry divorced. It was hoped the shock would help her deal with life. Ernie left open the possibility of remarriage and they were remarried by proxy on 3/12/1943.

From mid-June 1942 until his death on April 18, 1945, with only a few breaks, Ernie Pyle covered World War II, from No. Africa (12/1942-6/1943), Sicily (7/1943-9/1943), Italy (12/1943-5/1944), France (6/1944-9/1944), and the Pacific (1/1945-4/1945).

In this writing, by studying the men, he sent back a kind of detail unlike any other reporter. His wartime writings were compiled into four books: Ernie Pyle in England, Here is Your War, Brave Men and Last Chapter. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for distinguished war correspondence based on articles he wrote in 1943.

Ernie Pyle was killed instantly on April 18, 1945 while on patrol in Ie Shima, Japan, an island west of Okinawa. He was initially buried on the Ryukyus Island of Ie Shima, but in 1949 was reburied in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu.

Jerry Pyle died at St. Josephs Hospital in Albuquerque, November 23, 1945 of complications from influenza, and is buried in her home state near Afton, Minnesota.

Pyle’s friend Paige Cavanaugh flew to Albuquerque to close out the Pyle’s house. He retrieved bundles of letters Pyle had written Jerry over the years.

The City of Albuquerque acquired the Pyle’s house on 900 Girard SE from the Pyle estate, and in 1948 the house opened to the public as the first branch library of the Albuquerque Public Library. In 2006 the house was designated a National Historic Landmark.

From the guide to the Ernie Pyle Collection, 1928-2009, 1935-2004, (Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Special Collections Library)

Ernie Pyle (MSS 125 SC)

Born Ernest Taylor Pyle in Dana, Indiana on August 3, 1900, he is best known as Ernie Pyle, journalist. Pyle attended Indiana University and left shortly before attaining his bachelor's degree. He became a cub reporter, moved to the East Coast, and eventually convinced the Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance to give him his own column. Pyle and his wife spent a number of year traveling around the country writing personal interest stories for his column. He became a world-renowned war correspondent during World War II, covering the European, North African, and Pacific theatres. He and his wife, Jerry, settled in Albuquerque. His style of journalism was personal and colorful and he was much loved by the readers and soldiers. Pyle received an honorary doctoral degree from Indiana University and from the University of New Mexico in 1944, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for journalism in 1944. While he was covering the Pacific theatre, he was shot down by enemy fire on April 18, 1945 on the Ryukus Island of Ie-Jima, Japan. His home in Albuquerque, located at 900 Girard SE, is a branch of the Albuquerque Public Library and also houses some of his memorabilia.

From the guide to the Ernie Pyle Papers, 1942-1970, (University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Bannon, Clinton E. Clinton E. Bannon poems. Indiana State Library - ISL
referencedIn Ambassador Auditorium Collection, 1974-1995 Archive of Recorded Sound, Stanford University Libraries
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Papers, ca. 1923-1954. Indiana University
creatorOf Tichenor, Elizabeth Fisher. Tichenor mss. : letters, 1929. Indiana University
referencedIn Mauldin, Bill, 1921-2003. Papers of Bill Mauldin, 1941-1968. Library of Congress
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie. Palmer family papers, 1865-1948. Indiana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Letter, 1944, Dec. 4, Albuquerque, N.M. [to] Robert N. Farr, Washington, D.C. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Farrell family. Farrell family papers, 1942-1968. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Max Miller papers, 1927-1967 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
creatorOf Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance. Staff articles, 1949-1967. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Ernie Pyle Collection, 1928-2009, 1935-2004 Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Special Collections Library
referencedIn Dyer, Clara L., 1902-1998. Clara Dyer scrapbooks, 1915-1945. Northbridge Historical Society
referencedIn Turner, Daniel S., 1917-2001. Oral history interview with Daniel S. Turner, [sound recording], 1995. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Robert E. Sherwood papers, 1917-1968 (inclusive), 1934-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Alexander, William Albert, 1875-1943. Papers 1916-1943. Indiana University
referencedIn Indiana Medicine, 1993 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Ernest Taylor Pyle dispatches, 1943. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Jack Lieb Collection. 1944 - 1969. Motion Picture Films Relating to the Invasion of Normandy (D-Day) and Commemorative Visits After the War
referencedIn Clemens, Cyril, 1902-. Letters 1945. Indiana University
referencedIn Boyle, Harold. Papers, 1942-1974. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Ernie Pyle Collection, 1928-2009, 1935-2004 Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Special Collections Library
referencedIn John H. Griffith collection, Griffith, John H. collection, 1942-1972, 1942-1945, 1951-1952 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf López, Carlos, 1913-1995. [World War II Scrapbook], 194-? Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn History of Indiana University, 1968-1981 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Keirce, William F., 1923-. William F. Keirce papers, 1942-1983 The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn William A. Keleher Papers, 1714-1999, 1915-1972 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968. Autograph letter signed : [Sag Harbor, New York], to "Alicia," [1966 May 21]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. Papers of John C. Rogers [manuscript], 1937-1973. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Williams, Alan North, 1912-2001. Photographs, 1941-1946. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Aldrich, Winthrop W. (Winthrop William), b. 1885. Papers, 1918-ca. 1973 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Ernie Pyle collection, 1928-2009. Albuquerque Bernalillo County Library
referencedIn Papers, ca.1905-1989 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Chase S. Osborn Papers, ca. 1870-1949, 1889-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Bill Mauldin Papers, 1941-1970 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lawrence, Thompson. Thompson Lawrence photograph collection. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Stone, Walker, 1904-1973. Papers, 1918-1969. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Wozniak, John C., 1912-1999. Oral history interview with John C. Wozniak, [sound recording], 1994. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Nash, Ruth Cowan, 1901-. Papers: Series V-VII, 1935-1979 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. Papers of John C. Rogers [manuscript] 1930, 1971-73. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Papers, 1942-1970. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Ernie Pyle materials, ca. 1944-1946. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn United Artists Corporation. Series 5D : Tom Waller files, 1942-1947. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Ernest Taylor Pyle dispatches, 1943 Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Papers, 1932-1945. Indiana University
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Papers, 1940. Indiana University
referencedIn Keleher, William Aloysius, 1886-1972. William A. Keleher papers 1714-1999 (bulk 1915-1972) University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Ernie Pyle Papers, 1942-1970 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Robert N. Harrington letters, Harrington, Robert N. letters, 1942-1946, 1943-1945 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith 1. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith 2. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith 3. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith 4. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith 5. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Aldrich, Winthrop W. (Winthrop William), b. 1885. person
associatedWith Alexander, William Albert, 1875-1943. person
associatedWith Bannon, Clinton E. person
correspondedWith Bartley, E. Ross (Edward Ross), 1892-1969 person
associatedWith Bliss, Ella person
associatedWith Bliss, George R. person
associatedWith Boyle, Harold. person
associatedWith Bryan, William Lowe, 1860-1955 person
associatedWith Cavanaugh, Paige. person
associatedWith Clemens, Cyril, 1902- person
associatedWith Dyer, Clara L., 1902-1998. person
correspondedWith Edmondson, Clarence E. person
correspondedWith Edmondson, Edna Hatfield person
associatedWith Farrell family. family
associatedWith Griffith, Amelia Herrmann person
associatedWith Griffith, Leon A. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Indiana University corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University. School of Journalism. corporateBody
associatedWith Karig, Walter, 1898-1956 person
associatedWith Keirce, William F., 1923- person
associatedWith Keleher, William Aloysius, 1886-1972. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Thompson. person
associatedWith López, Carlos, 1913-1995 person
associatedWith Mauldin, Bill, 1921-2003. person
associatedWith Miller, Margaret (Margaret Ripley) person
associatedWith Miller, Max, 1899-1967 person
associatedWith Nash, Ruth Cowan, 1901- person
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), b. 1860 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. person
associatedWith RUTH BALDWIN (COWAN) NASH, 1901-1993 person
associatedWith Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance. corporateBody
associatedWith Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 person
associatedWith Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968. person
associatedWith Stone, Walker, 1904-1973. person
associatedWith Tichenor, Elizabeth Fisher. person
associatedWith Turner, Daniel S., 1917-2001 person
associatedWith United Artists Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith Williams, Alan North, 1912-2001. person
associatedWith Wozniak, John C., 1912-1999 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Dana IN US
Ryukyu Islands 47 JP
Subject
6. War correspondents--United States
World War, 1939-1945--Naval operations
World War, 1939-1945--Journalists
World War, 1939-1945
8. United States--Description and Travel
War correspondents--United States
War correspondents--Biography
7. World War, 1939-1945-Journalists
World War, 1939-1945 Mediterranean Sea
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
World War, 1939-1945--Journalists--Biography
War correspondents
9. American journalism, 1690-1940
Occupation
Journalists
Function

Person

Birth 1900-08-03

Death 1945-04-18

Americans

English

Information

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