Henderson, Edwin Bancroft, 1883-1977

Variant names

Hide Profile

African American athlete, educator, author, and administrator; d. 1977.

From the description of Papers, 1915-1976. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 70941156

  • 1883 November 24: Born in Washington, D.C., son of William and Louise (Mars) Henderson.
  • 1904: Graduated from Normal School #2, Washington, D.C.
  • 1904 - 1907 : Attended Harvard University Summer School of Physical Training.
  • 1904 - 1925 : Taught physical education and health in the D.C. public schools, being the first certified Black male physical educator in the American school system.
  • 1905: Took courses at Howard University Medical School.
  • 1908: Organized the Negro Athletic Conference, Inter-scholastic Athletic Association (I.S.A.A.).
  • 1910: Organized the Public School Athletic League in the Black school division of D.C. and helped organized the Colored Inter-Collegiate Athletic Association and the North Carolina Inter- Collegiate Athletic Association.
  • 1910 December: Married Mary Ellen Meriwether (children: James H. M. and Edwin M.)
  • 1911 - 13 : President of the Black Public School Athletic League.
  • 1912: Co-founder of the Eastern Board of Officials
  • 1915: Organized the Falls Church and Vicinity Branch of the NAACP
  • 1923 - 33 : Served as President of the Eastern Board of Officials (for athletic activities).
  • 1923 - 51 : Chairmen of the High School Games Committee for the Black schools of D.C.
  • 1925 - 54 : Director of the D.C. Public Schools Department of Health, Physical Education and Safety for the Black Schools.
  • 1930: Received an A. B. degree in , Howard University
  • 1934: Received an A.M. degree, Teacher's College, Columbia University.
  • 1937: Co-founder of the Washington Pigskin Club.
  • 1940 - 60 : Chairmen of the Board of Directors, NAACP.
  • 1945: Founder and first president of the D.C. Branch of the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation.
  • 1948 - 50 : Chairmen of the Management Committee of the 12th Street YMCA, Washington, D.C.
  • 1974 February 5: Inducted into the Black Sports Hall of Fame
  • 1977 February 3: Died in Tuskegee, AL.

As an athlete, educator, author, and administrator, Henderson helped to advance the field of athletics particularly in his efforts against segregation and discrimination in recreation and sports. A vigorous advocate of civil rights, Henderson wrote numerous letters to the editor of various newspapers, as well as publishing articles and working with civil rights organizations.

From the guide to the E.B. Henderson Papers, 1915-1976, (Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Carter Godwin Woodson Papers, 1736-1974, (bulk 1915-1950) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf E.B. Henderson Papers, 1915-1976 Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
creatorOf Grand Theatre Collection (University of Guelph). Rock and roll / by John Gray ; directed by Larry Lillo, 1988 - performance file. University of Guelph
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Muse, Benjamin. Papers : of Benjamin Muse, 1934-1966. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Muse, Benjamin. Papers of Benjamin Muse [manuscript], 1934-1966. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Henderson, Edwin Bancroft, 1883-1977. Papers, 1915-1976. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Grand Theatre Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Muse, Benjamin. person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
correspondedWith Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
African Americans--Civil rights
African American athletes
African Americans--Recreation
African American athletes
African American civil rights workers


Birth 1883

Death 1977


Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65b0qk4

Ark ID: w65b0qk4

SNAC ID: 50390678