Trujillo Molina, Rafael Leónidas, 1891-1961

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Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina (b. 24 October 1891, San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic–d., 30 May 1961, Ciudad Trujillo, Dominican Republic)was a notorious president of the Dominican Republic. He joined the National Guard in 1918 and was promoted from cadet to general and commander-in chief of the Army in only nine years. During the rebellion against Pres. Horacio Vásquez in 1930, Trujillo cut a deal with rebel leader in order to run for president. He won the presidency in 1930 with 99% of the vote since the army wouldn't allow anyone else to run. He served as president from 1930-1938 and 1942-1952, ruling for the rest of the time as an unelected military strongman under figurehead presidents. His rule was known to Dominicans known as the Trujillo Era, and considered one of the bloodiest eras ever in the Americas. Trujillo was assassinated in 1961.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Interview with General Rafael Trujillo United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Ucko, Henry Zvi. Henry Zvi Ucko papers, 1852, 1931-1993. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Davies, Joseph Edward. Joseph Edward Davies papers, 1860-1958 (bulk 1912-1958). Library of Congress
referencedIn Dominican Republic (1957) - Trujillo, Rafael (Generalissimo) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Goff, Charles Weer, b. 1897. Charles Weer Goff collection, 1950-1991 (inclusive), 1959-1961 (bulk). Yale University, Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library
referencedIn Pearson, Thomas, 1893-1963. Thomas Pearson papers, 1916-1963 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Dominican Republic (1956) - Trujillo, Rafael (Gen) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Trujillo Molina, Rafael L., PPF 494 Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Richard B. Cheney Files. 1974 - 1977. Richard Cheney's General Subject Files. 1974 - 1977. Report on CIA Assassination Plots (1)
referencedIn Biography: Morris L. Ernst, 1977 Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memoryhttp://www.indiana.edu/~cshm
referencedIn Goff, Charles Weer, b. 1897. Charles Weer Goff collection, 1950-1991 (inclusive), 1959-1961 (bulk). Yale University, Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library
referencedIn Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. Tom Wallace papers, 1925-1960. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Joseph Edward Davies Papers, 1860-1958, (bulk 1912-1958) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn [Pamphlets on Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina, president of the Dominican Republic]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Dominican Republic (1956) - Trujillo, Rafael "Ramfis" (Maj. Gen.) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Yardley, Richard Quincy, 1902-. Richard Yardley editorial cartoons [graphic], 1959-1961. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Dominican Republic Settlement Association. Records, 1938-1984. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Pfeiffer, Omar Titus, 1895-. Omar T. Pfeiffer interview transcript, 1968. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Papers, (inclusive), (bulk), 1884-1983, 1920-1960 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Files from the Georgetown Office and Residence, 1915 - 1969 Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Haiti. Département des affaires étrangères. Haitian Government documents, 1947-1953. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Papers of Drew Pearson. 1915 - 1969. Files from the Georgetown Office and Residence
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Eleanor Roosevelt, President Rafael Trujillo, and Mrs Trujillo in Dominican Republic Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Davies, Joseph Edward. person
associatedWith Dominican Republic Settlement Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Doris Stevens person
associatedWith Goff, Charles Weer, b. 1897. person
associatedWith Haiti. Département des affaires étrangères. corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Pearson, Thomas, 1893-1963. person
associatedWith Pfeiffer, Omar Titus, 1895- person
associatedWith Ucko, Henry Zvi. person
associatedWith Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. person
associatedWith Yardley, Richard Quincy, 1902- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
San Cristóbal 33 DO
Santo Domingo 34 DO
Subject
Dominican Republic--Politics and government
Occupation
Soldiers
Presidents
Function

Person

Birth 1891-10-24

Death 1961-05-30

Dominicans (Dominican Republic)

Spanish; Castilian,

English

Information

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