Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945

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Ernest "Ernie" Taylor Pyle (August 3, 1900 – April 18, 1945) was a Pulitzer Prize—winning American journalist and war correspondent who is best known for his stories about ordinary American soldiers during World War II. Pyle is also notable for the columns he wrote as a roving human-interest reporter from 1935 through 1941 for the Scripps-Howard newspaper syndicate that earned him wide acclaim for his simple accounts of ordinary people across North America. When the United States entered World War II, he lent the same distinctive, folksy style of his human-interest stories to his wartime reports from the European theater (1942–44) and Pacific theater (1945). Pyle won the Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for his newspaper accounts of "dogface" infantry soldiers from a first-person perspective. He was killed by enemy fire on Iejima (then known as Ie Shima) during the Battle of Okinawa.

At the time of his death in 1945, Pyle was among the best-known American war correspondents. His syndicated column was published in 400 daily and 300 weekly newspapers nationwide. President Harry Truman said of Pyle, "No man in this war has so well told the story of the American fighting man as American fighting men wanted it told. He deserves the gratitude of all his countrymen."

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Ambassador Auditorium Collection, 1974-1995 Archive of Recorded Sound, Stanford University Libraries
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Provost Marshal General, 1920 - 1975. Publicity Files, 1942 - 1945. Ernie Pyle. National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Tichenor, Elizabeth Fisher. Tichenor mss. : letters, 1929. Indiana University
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie. Palmer family papers, 1865-1948. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection, 1964 - 1980. Ernie Pyle Memorial, Okinawa, 4/18/1952. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Farrell family. Farrell family papers, 1942-1968. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Max Miller papers, 1927-1967 University of Oregon Libraries. Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn President's Personal Files (Truman Administration), 1945 - 1953. President's Personal Files, 1945 - 1953. Pyle, Ernie, PPF 14. Harry S. Truman Library
creatorOf Ernie Pyle Collection, 1928-2009, 1935-2004 Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Special Collections Library
referencedIn Keirce, William F., 1923-. William F. Keirce papers, 1942-1983 The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Williams, Alan North, 1912-2001. Photographs, 1941-1946. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Chase S. Osborn Papers, ca. 1870-1949, 1889-1949 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Bill Mauldin Papers, 1941-1970 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lawrence, Thompson. Thompson Lawrence photograph collection. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Stone, Walker, 1904-1973. Papers, 1918-1969. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Wozniak, John C., 1912-1999. Oral history interview with John C. Wozniak, [sound recording], 1994. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Nash, Ruth Cowan, 1901-. Papers: Series V-VII, 1935-1979 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. Papers of John C. Rogers [manuscript] 1930, 1971-73. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Papers, 1942-1970. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Ernie Pyle materials, ca. 1944-1946. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn United Artists Corporation. Series 5D : Tom Waller files, 1942-1947. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Ernest Taylor Pyle dispatches, 1943 Hoover Institution Archives
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Papers, 1932-1945. Indiana University
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Papers, 1940. Indiana University
referencedIn Keleher, William Aloysius, 1886-1972. William A. Keleher papers 1714-1999 (bulk 1915-1972) University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Ernie Pyle Papers, 1942-1970 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Robert N. Harrington letters, Harrington, Robert N. letters, 1942-1946, 1943-1945 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance Staff Articles, 1949-1967 Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Ernie Pyle Collection, 1928-2009, 1935-2004 Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Special Collections Library
referencedIn Dyer, Clara L., 1902-1998. Clara Dyer scrapbooks, 1915-1945. Northbridge Historical Society
referencedIn Turner, Daniel S., 1917-2001. Oral history interview with Daniel S. Turner, [sound recording], 1995. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Robert E. Sherwood papers, 1917-1968 (inclusive), 1934-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Alexander, William Albert, 1875-1943. Papers 1916-1943. Indiana University
referencedIn Indiana Medicine, 1993 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Ernest Taylor Pyle dispatches, 1943. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Jack Lieb Collection. 1944 - 1969. Motion Picture Films Relating to the Invasion of Normandy (D-Day) and Commemorative Visits After the War National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Clemens, Cyril, 1902-. Letters 1945. Indiana University
referencedIn Boyle, Harold. Papers, 1942-1974. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn ERNIE PYLE MEMORIAL CEREMONY AT IE-SHIMA, OKINAWA: National Archives at College Park
referencedIn John H. Griffith collection, Griffith, John H. collection, 1942-1972, 1942-1945, 1951-1952 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf López, Carlos, 1913-1995. [World War II Scrapbook], 194-? Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn History of Indiana University, 1968-1981 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn William A. Keleher Papers, 1714-1999, 1915-1972 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968. Autograph letter signed : [Sag Harbor, New York], to "Alicia," [1966 May 21]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. Papers of John C. Rogers [manuscript], 1937-1973. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Aldrich, Winthrop W. (Winthrop William), b. 1885. Papers, 1918-ca. 1973 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Ernie Pyle collection, 1928-2009. Albuquerque Bernalillo County Library
referencedIn Papers, ca.1905-1989 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Bannon, Clinton E. Clinton E. Bannon poems. Indiana State Library - ISL
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Papers, ca. 1923-1954. Indiana University
referencedIn Sheet Music Collection, 1957 - 1976. Sheet Music Files, 1957 - 1976. Ernie Pyle By: Lorette Smith. Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Mauldin, Bill, 1921-2003. Papers of Bill Mauldin, 1941-1968. Library of Congress
creatorOf Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945. Letter, 1944, Dec. 4, Albuquerque, N.M. [to] Robert N. Farr, Washington, D.C. Indiana Historical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Photographs of American Military Activities, ca. 1918 - ca. 1981. Ernie Pyle with Corporal l Jesse Cooper and Private William Bennet, 3/18/1944. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle with Major General Erskine in Guam, 1/22/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle Resting with the Marines, 4/8/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle and 1st Marine Division Resting on Okinawa, 4/8/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Photographs of American Military Activities, ca. 1918 - ca. 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle, 3/18/1944. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. Photographs of World War II and Post World War II Marine Corps Activities, ca. 1939 - ca. 1958. Okinawa - [Divider #] 539 - [Code #] 24 - Correspondents. Photograph of Ernie Pyle with Marines, 4/8/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle and Private First Class Urban Vachon on Okinawa, 4/8/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle with a War Dog Named "Jeep" in Guam, 1/22/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Photographs of American Military Activities, ca. 1918 - ca. 1981. War Correspondents, Including Ernie Pyle, Injured During Bombing Raid in the Nettuno Area, Italy, 3/16/1944. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Photographs of American Military Activities, ca. 1918 - ca. 1981. Ernie Pyle Interviewing Sgt. Ralph Gover, Raymond Astrackson, and 2nd Lt. Annette Heation, 12/2/1942. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Photographs of American Military Activities, ca. 1918 - ca. 1981. The Body of Ernie Pyle Laid To Rest, 7/19/1949. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities, ca. 1947 - 1980. ERNIE PYLE ON BOARD AP, 3/1945. National Archives at College Park
Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Photographs of American Military Activities, ca. 1918 - ca. 1981. Ernie Pyle Eating "C" Rations, 3/18/1944. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities, ca. 1947 - 1980. ERNIE PYLE"S GRAVE ON EI SHIMA, 7/28/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Photographs of American Military Activities, ca. 1918 - ca. 1981. Ernie Pyle Preparing to Cover the Pacific War, ca. ca. 1944 1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Work Projects Administration, 1922 - 1944. Pictorial Report, ca. 1935 - ca. 1943. Ernie Pyle Inspecting North End of the Barrier Completed by Works Project Administration (WPA) Workers at the Plummer Hill Spur of the New Straitsville Mine Fire. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985. Photographs of American Military Activities, ca. 1918 - ca. 1981. Ernie Pyle and Major General Lucian Truscott Stand in Front of Corps Headquarters, 3/26/1944. National Archives at College Park
Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle Talking with Major General Graves B. Erskine in Guam, 1/22/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, 1798 - 2007. Official Military Personnel Files, 1885 - 1998. Official Military Personnel File of Ernest T. Pyle. National Archives at St. Louis
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle with Officers in Guam, 1/22/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle Talking to Jeep, a Scout and Security Patrol Doberman Pinscher, 1/24/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities, ca. 1947 - 1980. ERNIE PYLE ON OKINAWA & VILLAGE OF SOBE, 4/3/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. Photographs of World War II and Post World War II Marine Corps Activities, ca. 1939 - ca. 1958. Caroline Islands - [Divider #] 74 - [Code #] 17 - Groups and Individuals. Photograph of Ernie Pyle on Ulithi, 3/24/1945. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 -. General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 - 1981. Photograph of Ernie Pyle in Guam, 1/22/1945. National Archives at College Park
Relation Name
associatedWith 1. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith 2. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith 3. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith 4. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith 5. Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Aldrich, Winthrop W. (Winthrop William), b. 1885. person
associatedWith Alexander, William Albert, 1875-1943. person
associatedWith Bannon, Clinton E. person
correspondedWith Bartley, E. Ross (Edward Ross), 1892-1969 person
associatedWith Bliss, Ella person
associatedWith Bliss, George R. person
associatedWith Boyle, Harold. person
associatedWith Bryan, William Lowe, 1860-1955 person
associatedWith Cavanaugh, Paige. person
associatedWith Clemens, Cyril, 1902- person
associatedWith Dyer, Clara L., 1902-1998. person
correspondedWith Edmondson, Clarence E. person
correspondedWith Edmondson, Edna Hatfield person
associatedWith Farrell family. family
associatedWith Griffith, Amelia Herrmann person
associatedWith Griffith, Leon A. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Indiana University corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University. School of Journalism. corporateBody
associatedWith Karig, Walter, 1898-1956 person
associatedWith Keirce, William F., 1923- person
associatedWith Keleher, William Aloysius, 1886-1972. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Thompson. person
associatedWith López, Carlos, 1913-1995 person
associatedWith Mauldin, Bill, 1921-2003. person
associatedWith Miller, Margaret (Margaret Ripley) person
associatedWith Miller, Max, 1899-1967 person
associatedWith Nash, Ruth Cowan, 1901- person
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), b. 1860 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Pyle, Ernie, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. person
associatedWith RUTH BALDWIN (COWAN) NASH, 1901-1993 person
associatedWith Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance. corporateBody
associatedWith Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 person
associatedWith Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968. person
associatedWith Stone, Walker, 1904-1973. person
associatedWith Tichenor, Elizabeth Fisher. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith Turner, Daniel S., 1917-2001 person
associatedWith United Artists Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith Williams, Alan North, 1912-2001. person
associatedWith Wozniak, John C., 1912-1999 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Dana IN US
Ryukyu Islands 47 JP
Subject
6. War correspondents--United States
World War, 1939-1945--Naval operations
World War, 1939-1945--Journalists
World War, 1939-1945
8. United States--Description and Travel
War correspondents--United States
War correspondents--Biography
World War, 1939-1945 Mediterranean Sea
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
World War, 1939-1945--Journalists--Biography
War correspondents
9. American journalism, 1690-1940
Occupation
War correspondents--20th century.--United States
Journalists
War correspondents--United States
Activity

Person

Birth 1900-08-03

Death 1945-04-18

Male

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6621pfv

SNAC ID: 83673377