Vandenberg, Hoyt Sanford, 1899-1954

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Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg (January 24, 1899 – April 2, 1954) was a United States Air Force general. He served as the second Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the second Director of Central Intelligence.

Vandenberg was born at Milwaukee, Wis., in 1899. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy June 12, 1923, and commissioned a second lieutenant in the Air Service. He graduated from the Air Service Flying School at Brooks Field, Texas, in February 1924, and from the Air Service Advanced Flying School at Kelly Field, Texas, in September 1924. His first assignment was with the Third Attack Group at Kelly Field, where he assumed command of the 90th Attack Squadron. In 1927, he became an instructor at the Air Corps Primary Flying School at March Field, Calif. He went to Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, in May 1929, to join the Sixth Pursuit Squadron, and assumed command of it the following November.

Returning in September 1931, Vandenberg was appointed a flying instructor at Randolph Field, Texas, and became a flight commander and deputy stage commander there in March 1933. He entered the Air Corps Tactical School at Maxwell Field, Ala., in August 1934, and graduated the following June. Two months later he enrolled in the Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and completed the course in June 1936. He then became an instructor at the Air Corps Tactical School at Maxwell Field, where he taught until September 1936, when he entered the Army War College.

After graduating from the War College in June 1939, General Vandenberg was assigned to the Plans Division in the Office of the Chief of Air Corps. A few months after the United States entered World War II, he became operations and training officer of the Air Staff. For his services in these two positions he received the Distinguished Service Medal.

In June 1943, General Vandenberg was assigned to the United Kingdom and assisted in the organization of the Air Forces in North Africa. While in Great Britain he was appointed chief of staff of the 12th Air Force, which he helped organize. On Feb. 18, 1943, General Vandenberg became chief of staff of the Northwest African Strategic Air Force and with this air force he flew on numerous missions over Tunisia, Italy, Sardinia, Sicily and Pantelleria during the North African campaign. He was awarded both the Silver Star and the Distinguished Flying Cross for his services during this time. For his organizational ability with the 12th Air Force and his work as chief of staff of the Northwest African Strategic Air Force, he was awarded the Legion of Merit.

General Vandenberg, in August 1943, was assigned to Air Corps headquarters as deputy chief of air staff. A month later he became head of an air mission to Russia, under Ambassador Harriman, and returned to the United States in January 1944. Two months later he was transferred to the European theater, and in April 1944, was designated deputy air commander in chief of the Allied Expeditionary Forces and commander of its American Air Component. In August 1944, General Vandenberg assumed command of the Ninth Air Force. On Nov. 28, 1944, he received an oak leaf cluster to the Distinguished Service Medal for his part in planning the Normandy invasion.

He was appointed assistant chief of air staff at Air Corps headquarters in July 1945. The following January he became director of Intelligence on the War Department general staff where he serviced until his appointment in June 1945, as director of Central Intelligence. He returned to duty with the Air Corps in April 1947, and on June 15, 1947, became deputy commander and chief of air staff. He was designated vice chief of staff of the Air Force on Oct. 1, 1947, and promoted to the rank of general. On April 30, 1948, General Vandenberg became chief of staff of the Air Force, succeeding General Carl Spaatz. He was renominated by President Harry S. Truman for a second term as chief of staff March 6, 1952, to June 30, 1953, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate on April 28, 1952.

General Vandenberg retired from active duty June 30, 1953. He has been awarded the Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster, Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal with four oak leaf clusters, Bronze Star, Victory Medal, American Campaign Ribbon, American Defense Ribbon and the European-African-Middle East Campaign Ribbon.

Archival Resources
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referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MARCH 9] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. INTER SERVICE FOOTBALL GAME, FT. JACKSON, SOUTH CAROLINA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [OCT. 19] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF AT PENTAGON National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. President Harry S. Truman signs unification bill, Washington, D.C. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JUNE 18] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [FEB. 10] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GENERAL NORSTAD (SELECTED SCENES) PRIOR TO 1951 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. SECRETARY SYMINGTON AND GEN. VANDENBERG VISIT B-29 GROUP IN ENGLAND, LAKENHEATH RAF STATION, AUGUST 1948 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. WEST POINT SESQUICENTENNIAL CELEBRATION, WEST POINT, NEW YORK National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF AT PENTAGON; WASHINGTON STREET SCENE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. HIGHLIGHTS OF VANDENBERG AFB DEDICATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Office of the Director of Central Intelligence. 1946- Organization Authority Record United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. DEDICATION OF THE ARNOLD ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT CENTER National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. B-50A LUCKY LADY II COMPLETES FIRST NONSTOP ROUND-THE-WORLD FLIGHT National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FILM CLIPS OF GEN HOYT S. VANDENBERG National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PROJECT MRS. HOYT S. VANDENBERG National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Harry S. Truman Papers Pertaining to Family, Business and Personal Affairs, 1280 - 1975. Family Correspondence Files, 1910 - 1964. Correspondence from Harry S. Truman to Bess Wallace Truman, 1921-1959: June 22, 1946. Letter from Harry S. Truman to Bess W. Truman, 6/22/1946. Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S VISIT AND DEDICATION OF TULLAHOMA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. FUNERAL OF GEN. HOYT S. VANDENBERG, ARLINGTON CEMETERY, VIRGINIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn "March of Time" Collection. 1934 - 1951. March of Time Documentary/Newsreel Films Relating to U.S. History, Government, Politics, Culture, and International Affairs. 1935 - 1953. AMERICA'S NEW AIR POWER National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. JOIST CHIEF OF STAFF CONFERENCE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GEN HOYT S. VANDENBERG AND STAFF National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Spaatz, Carl, 1891-1974. Carl Spaatz papers, 1910-1981 (bulk 1942-1963). Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. HIGHLIGHTS OF VANDENBERG AFB DEDICATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Leach, Walter Barton. W. Barton Leach Papers. 1920-1971. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GENERAL VANDENBERG'S RETIREMENT CEREMONIES National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [SEPT. 26] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Dwight Eisenhower Inaugurated President National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Allied delegates entering Palais de Luxembourg National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WINCHESTER APPLE BLOSSOM FESTIVAL AND AF COMMANDER SPAATZ RETIRES National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [SEPT. 8] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. ARRIVAL OF PRIME MINISTER WINSTON CHURCHILL, WASHINGTON, D.C National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Thompson, John A. John A. Thompson photograph albums, 1943-1945. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. Project quot;Blue Jayquot;, Thule, Greenland National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. 150TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY, WEST POINT, NEW YORK National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg Papers, 1942-1954, (bulk 1948-1953) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. DEDICATION OF VANDENBERG AFB National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [AUG. 5] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn National Broadcasting Company, Inc., Collection. 1953 - 1962. Motion Picture Films. 1953 - 1962. INAUGURATION DAY, JANUARY 20, 1953 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fairchild, Muir Stephen, 1894-1950. Muir Stephen Fairchild papers, 1937-1950 (bulk 1948-1950). Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. AAF air show, Cleveland National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. HIGHLIGHTS OF VANDENBERG AFB DEDICATI0N (VANDENBERG AFB CALIFORNIA, 5 OCTOBER 1958) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Little White House National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Richard Clark Lindsay Papers, 1929-1961 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. Diaries Files. 1947 - 1953. 1951. 1947 - 1953. Diary Entry of President Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. US AIR FORCE CHIEF OF STAFF RETIRED National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Army Coverage of Inaugurations. 1949 - 1953. EISENHOWER INAUGURATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Muir Stephen Fairchild Papers, 1937-1950, (bulk 1948-1950) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF IN CONFERENCElt;*gt; Little White House Key West, Fla National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GENERAL KENNY'S RETIREMENT CEREMONIES National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAY 8] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. JOINT ORIENTATION CONFERENCE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF amp; SEC DEFENSE NAVAL WAR COLLEGE, NEWPORT. R.I National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. WEST POINT SESQUICENTENNIAL CELEBRATION, WEST POINT, NEW YORK National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. HIGHLIGHTS OF VANDENBERG AFB DEDICATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. General Brandenberg's press talk National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [FEB. 25] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950. John W. Huston - Henry H. Arnold collection, 1944-1945. US Air Force Academy, McDermott Library
creatorOf Vandenberg, Hoyt Sanford, 1899-1954. Papers of Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg, 1923-1953 (bulk 1948-1953). Library of Congress
referencedIn Carl Spaatz Papers, 1910-1981, (bulk 1942-1963) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Marx Leva Papers, 1938 - 1991. Photographs, 1943 - 1985. Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF, MARINES AND DEPUTIES, PENTAGON, WASHINGTON, D.C National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS (JAN. 25] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF AT FT. BENNING, GA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [FEB. 23] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WINGS FOR TOMORROW USAF ACADEMY National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRES. TRUMAN AWARDS D.S.M. TO GENERAL CARL SPAATZ National Archives at College Park
referencedIn David Goldin Collection. 1932 - 1952. Audio Recordings of Radio Broadcasts of Speeches, Interviews, Combat Reports, Special Events, Public Affairs, and Entertainment for U.S. Troops. 1932 - 1952. MESSAGES FROM SOME OF THE LEADERS OF THE ALLIED FORCES National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MISCELLANEOUS SCENES OF GRADUATION EXERCISES AT WEST POINT National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. 3600th USAF AIR DEMONSTRATION TEAM (THUNDERBIRDS) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. BRITISH VAMPIRE JETS IN USA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GEN VANDENBERG ADDRESSES GRADUATING CLASS AT WILLIAMS AFB National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. CHENEY AWARD CEREMONIES National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [NOV. 26] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. June week, West Point, New York National Archives at College Park
Relation Name
associatedWith Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950. person
correspondedWith Beckworth, Lindley person
correspondedWith Bradley, Omar Nelson, 1893-1981 person
correspondedWith Brooks, Overton, 1897-1961 person
correspondedWith Collins, J. Lawton (Joseph Lawton) person
correspondedWith Fairchild, Muir Stephen, 1894-1950. person
correspondedWith Hoey, Clyde Roark, 1877-1954 person
correspondedWith Johnston, Olin D. (Olin Dewitt), 1896-1965 person
correspondedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Leach, W. Barton (Walter Barton), 1900- person
associatedWith Leva, Marx, 1915-1997 person
associatedWith Lindsay, Richard C. (Richard Clark) person
correspondedWith Lucas, Scott Wike, 1892-1968 person
correspondedWith Spaatz, Carl, 1891-1974. person
correspondedWith Stratemeyer, George E., 1890-1970 person
associatedWith Thompson, John A. person
correspondedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
leaderOf United States. Air Force corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Air Force. Office of the Chief of Staff. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Air Force. Chief of Staff. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Archives and Records Administration corporateBody
correspondedWith Vinson, Carl, 1883-1981 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington, D. C. DC US
Milwaukee WI US
Subject
United States. Air Force
United States. Air Force
United States. Air Force
World War II, 1939-1945
Aeronautics, Military
Distinguished Flying Cross (Medal)
Distinguished Service Medal (U.S.)
Korean War, 1950-1953
Korean War, 1950-1953
Legion of Merit (Military decoration)
Occupation
Airforce officers
Generals
Activity

Person

Birth 1899-01-24

Death 1954-04-02

Male

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 84347582