Hale, Philip, 1854-1934Variant names
American music critic.
From the description of Letter, 1929 Nov. 24, Boston, to Perry Walton, Boston. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 184904183
From the description of Philip Hale letter to William M. Payne [manuscript], 1896 December 28. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 741779873
Philip Hale studied organ and piano as a boy, graduated from Yale University (A.B., 1876) and then apprenticed in a law office in Albany, N.Y., passing the New York Bar in 1880. He served as organist and music critic, and then studied music in Europe (1882-1887). After returning to the U.S. he continued to serve as organist and critic in the Albany area until 1889 when he moved to Boston. There he served as organist, wrote criticism for Boston newspapers and became known for his program notes for the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1901-1934).
From the description of Philip Hale papers, 1850s-1935. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 70081941
Philip Hale was born in Norwich, Vermont, on March 5, 1854, the son of William and Harriet Amelia (Porter) Hale. After his parents moved to Northampton, Mass., he studied organ and piano and became at age fourteen the organist of the Unitarian Church in Northampton. He studied at Phillips Exeter Academy and at Yale University (A.B., 1876), where he continued his musical studies. After an apprenticeship in the law office of his uncle in Albany, N.Y., Hale was admitted to the New York Bar in 1880 and practiced law for two years. At the same time he was organist of St. Peter's (Episcopal) Church and was music critic for the Albany Times. This was followed by five years of music study in Europe (1882-1887), largely in Berlin, Dresden and Paris.
Upon his return to the United States, he lived in Albany, N.Y., served as organist at St. John's (Episcopal) Church in Troy and served as music critic for a variety of newspapers. In 1889 he became the organist for the First Religious Society (Unitarian) of Roxbury, Mass., and held the position for seventeen years. In Boston he served as music critic for the Post (1890-1891) and the Journal (1892-1898). At the Herald (1903-1933) he served as music and drama critic and became known for his program notes for the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1901-1934).
Philip Hale married Irene Baumgras in Berlin, Germany, July 9, 1884, the daughter of Peter Baumgras of Washington, D.C. Hale died in Boston on November 30, 1934.
Hale was also the editor of Musical Record (1897-1901) and the Musical World (1901-1902) and edited or wrote introductions to various editions of music. After his death a compilation of his program notes was published: Philip Hale's Boston Symphony Programme Notes, edited by John N. Burk (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran, 1935).
[Sources: "Philip Hale," The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 14 (1917): 462-463; "Philip Hale," Groves Music Online (2006)]
From the guide to the Philip Hale Papers MS 145., 1850s-1936, (Mortimer Rare Book Room)
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