Hale, Philip, 1854-1934

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American music critic.

From the description of Letter, 1929 Nov. 24, Boston, to Perry Walton, Boston. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 184904183

From the description of Philip Hale letter to William M. Payne [manuscript], 1896 December 28. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 741779873

Philip Hale studied organ and piano as a boy, graduated from Yale University (A.B., 1876) and then apprenticed in a law office in Albany, N.Y., passing the New York Bar in 1880. He served as organist and music critic, and then studied music in Europe (1882-1887). After returning to the U.S. he continued to serve as organist and critic in the Albany area until 1889 when he moved to Boston. There he served as organist, wrote criticism for Boston newspapers and became known for his program notes for the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1901-1934).

From the description of Philip Hale papers, 1850s-1935. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 70081941

Philip Hale was born in Norwich, Vermont, on March 5, 1854, the son of William and Harriet Amelia (Porter) Hale. After his parents moved to Northampton, Mass., he studied organ and piano and became at age fourteen the organist of the Unitarian Church in Northampton. He studied at Phillips Exeter Academy and at Yale University (A.B., 1876), where he continued his musical studies. After an apprenticeship in the law office of his uncle in Albany, N.Y., Hale was admitted to the New York Bar in 1880 and practiced law for two years. At the same time he was organist of St. Peter's (Episcopal) Church and was music critic for the Albany Times. This was followed by five years of music study in Europe (1882-1887), largely in Berlin, Dresden and Paris.

Upon his return to the United States, he lived in Albany, N.Y., served as organist at St. John's (Episcopal) Church in Troy and served as music critic for a variety of newspapers. In 1889 he became the organist for the First Religious Society (Unitarian) of Roxbury, Mass., and held the position for seventeen years. In Boston he served as music critic for the Post (1890-1891) and the Journal (1892-1898). At the Herald (1903-1933) he served as music and drama critic and became known for his program notes for the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1901-1934).

Philip Hale married Irene Baumgras in Berlin, Germany, July 9, 1884, the daughter of Peter Baumgras of Washington, D.C. Hale died in Boston on November 30, 1934.

Hale was also the editor of Musical Record (1897-1901) and the Musical World (1901-1902) and edited or wrote introductions to various editions of music. After his death a compilation of his program notes was published: Philip Hale's Boston Symphony Programme Notes, edited by John N. Burk (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran, 1935).

[Sources: "Philip Hale," The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 14 (1917): 462-463; "Philip Hale," Groves Music Online (2006)]

From the guide to the Philip Hale Papers MS 145., 1850s-1936, (Mortimer Rare Book Room)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, E-K. Houghton Library
creatorOf Hale, Philip. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1929. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn The Horatio Parker Papers, 1863-1972 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Harold Bauer Collection, 1880-1951, (bulk 1920-1951) Library of Congress. Music Division
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Library of Congress. Music Division
referencedIn Richard Aldrich papers, 1842-1956 (inclusive), 1883-1938 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Parker, Horatio W. (Horatio William), 1863-1919. The Horatio Parker papers, 1863-1972 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Wilhelm Gericke papers, 1876-1940. Houghton Library
referencedIn Willcox, Louise Collier, 1865-1919. Papers of Louise Collier Willcox, 1870-1933. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Papers, 1911-1944 (inclusive), 1929-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Philip Hale Papers MS 145., 1850s-1936 Mortimer Rare Book Room
referencedIn Parker, Horatio W. (Horatio William), 1863-1919. The Horatio Parker papers, 1863-1972 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Manton, Robert W., 1894-1967. Edward MacDowell collection, 1880-1967. UNH Durham, Dimond Library
referencedIn The Love Family Papers, 1850-1960 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Thomas Bird Mosher papers, 1890-1939 (inclusive) 1895-1924 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Baker, George Pierce, 1866-1935. Papers of George Pierce Baker, 1882-1926 (inclusive), 1890-1926 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Hale, Philip, 1854-1934. Collection of newspaper reviews of performance of Little women at the Majestic Theatre, Boston, Mass, 1913-1914. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
referencedIn John Jay Chapman papers, 1841-1940. Houghton Library
creatorOf Winter, William, 1836-1917,. Typed letter from William Winter, New York, to Philip Hale [manuscript], 1910 April 6. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Frances Sharf Fink letters from various correspondents, 1924-1963. Houghton Library
creatorOf Hale, Philip, 1854-1934. Letter, 1929 Nov. 24, Boston, to Perry Walton, Boston. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Wendell family papers, 1620-1921 Houghton Library
referencedIn Love family. The Love family papers, 1850-1960 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Eugene Gruenberg papers, 1865-1984 (inclusive), 1873-1928 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. The Henry Gilbert papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Realia, 1796-1936. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Downes, Olin, 1886-1955. Reviews by other writers, 1901-1919. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn The Henry Gilbert Papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923. Papers, 1762-1927 (bulk 1872-1921) Houghton Library
creatorOf Hale, Philip, 1854-1934. Philip Hale letter to William M. Payne [manuscript], 1896 December 28. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Koussevitzky, Serge, 1874-1951. Serge Koussevitzky Archive, 1920-1976 (bulk: 1924-1951) Library of Congress. Music Division
referencedIn Hale, Irene. Letter, 1939, April 26, Boston, to H. B. Van Hoesen. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Roberts Brothers (Boston, Mass.) Correspondence, 1882-1898, bulk 1838-1932. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. The Henry Gilbert papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Hale, Philip, 1854-1934. Philip Hale papers, 1850s-1935. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn A.P. Schmidt Company. A.P. Schmidt Company archives, 1869-1958 (bulk 1895-1920). Library of Congress
referencedIn Amy Lowell correspondence, 1883-1927 (inclusive), 1910-1925 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Henry Munroe Rogers papers, 1812-1937 (bulk: 1862-1937) Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Walt Whitman to Philip Hale, 11 July [1876] Walt Whitman Archive
Relation Name
correspondedWith Aldrich, Richard, 1863-1937 person
correspondedWith A.P. Schmidt Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Baker, George Pierce, 1866-1935. person
correspondedWith Bauer, Harold, 1873-1951 person
correspondedWith Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933 person
associatedWith Downes, Olin, 1886-1955. person
correspondedWith Fink, Frances Sharf, recipient. person
correspondedWith Gericke, Wilhelm, 1845-1925 person
associatedWith Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. person
associatedWith Gruenberg, Eugene, 1854-1928 person
associatedWith Hale, Irene. person
associatedWith Hale, Irene Baumgas person
associatedWith Hale, Irene Baumgras. person
associatedWith Hichens, Robert Smythe, 1864-1950 person
associatedWith Hichens, Robert Smythe, 1864-1950. corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960 person
correspondedWith Koussevitzky, Serge, 1874-1951 person
associatedWith Love family. family
correspondedWith Lowell, Amy, 1874-1925 person
associatedWith Lucy Prindle Love and Helen Love Scranton person
associatedWith Manton, Robert W., 1894-1967. person
associatedWith Metcalf, Eleanor Melville, 1882-1964 person
associatedWith Metcalf, Eleanor Melville, 1882-1964. corporateBody
correspondedWith Mosher, Thomas Bird, 1852-1923 person
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Parker, Horatio W. (Horatio William), 1863-1919. person
associatedWith Payne, William Morton, 1858-1919, person
associatedWith Roberts Brothers (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rogers, Henry Munroe, 1839-1937 person
associatedWith Skinner, Henrietta Channing Dana, 1857-1928 person
correspondedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
correspondedWith Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923 person
associatedWith Twentieth Century Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Walton, Perry, 1854-1934. person
correspondedWith Wendell family. family
correspondedWith Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892 person
associatedWith Willcox, Louise Collier, 1865-1919. person
correspondedWith Winter, William, 1836-1917, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Music critics--United States
Subject
Music critics--United States--Biography--Sources
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1854-03-05

Death 1934-11-30

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