Gingrich, Newt, 1943-

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Newton Leroy Gingrich (born June 17, 1943) is an American politician, author, and historian who served as the 50th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. A member of the Republican Party, he was the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 6th congressional district serving north Atlanta and nearby areas from 1979 until his resignation in 1999. In 2012, Gingrich was a candidate for the presidential nomination of his party.

A professor of history and geography at the University of West Georgia in the 1970s, Gingrich won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in November 1978, the first Republican in the history of Georgia's 6th congressional district to do so. He served as House Minority Whip from 1989 to 1995. A co-author and architect of the "Contract with America", Gingrich was a major leader in the Republican victory in the 1994 congressional election. In 1995, Time named him "Man of the Year" for "his role in ending the four-decades-long Democratic majority in the House".

As House Speaker, Gingrich oversaw passage by the House of welfare reform and a capital gains tax cut in 1997. Gingrich played a key role in several government shutdowns, and impeached President Clinton on a party-line vote in the House. The poor showing by Republicans in the 1998 Congressional elections, a reprimand from the House for Gingrich's ethics violation, pressure from Republican colleagues, and revelations of an extramarital affair with a congressional employee 23 years his junior resulted in Gingrich's resignation from the speakership on November 6, 1998. He resigned altogether from the House on January 3, 1999.

Political scientists have credited Gingrich with playing a key role in undermining political decorum in the United States, and hastening political polarization and partisanship.

Since leaving the House, Gingrich has remained active in public policy debates and worked as a political consultant. He founded and chaired several policy think tanks, including American Solutions for Winning the Future and the Center for Health Transformation. He ran for the Republican nomination in the 2012 presidential election, but ultimately endorsed front runner Mitt Romney, who won the nomination.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Wally McNamee Photographic Archive, AR2002-011; 2002-027; 2002-097; 2002-180; 2003-032; 2003-085., ca. 1955-2000 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn United States Capitol Historical Society Oral History Interviews, 1976-1991 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn The Daily Worker and The Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Southern, Terry. Collection of 11 autograph letters : [Hartford and East Canaan, Ct.], to Nelson Lyon, 1982-1995 and undated. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Donald Rumsfeld Papers, 1888-2008, (bulk 1963-2007) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn McNamee, Wally. McNamee, Wally, photographic archive ca. 1955-2000 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Bray, Audrey. Scrapbooks. University of West Georgia, Irvine Sullivan Ingram Library
creatorOf Weber, Vin. Congressional files and related papers, 1950-1995 (bulk 1990-1992). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Political ephemera, 1986-1998. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Marlette, Doug, 1949-2007. Government of the talk radio listeners...[editorial cartoon], 1995. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn October 1998 (#4093) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Schiff, Steven, 1947-1998. Steven Schiff Papers, 1977-1998 (bulk: 1989-1998). University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Morton, Hugh M. Hugh Morton photographs and films: People and events, late 1920s-early 2000s (bulk 1940s-1990s) (Series 2). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Gingrich, Newt. Newt Gingrich note, 1995 January 27. Library of Congress
referencedIn White House Office of Appointments and Scheduling Files. 1989 - 1993. Presidential Daily Diary and Presidential Daily Backup Materials. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President's Daily Diary Entry, January 24, 1991
referencedIn Hedrick Smith Papers, 1923-1992, (bulk 1965-1990) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Gould, Stephen Jay. Stephen Jay Gould papers, 1899-2004 (inclusive), 1941-2002 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Alvin and Heidi TofflerPapers, 1955-1984 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Mary McGrory Papers, 1928-2004, (bulk 1956-2002) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bentley, P. F. PF Bentley, photographic archive, 1979-2001. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Rumsfeld, Donald, 1932-. Donald Rumsfeld papers, 1888-2008 (bulk 1963-2007). Library of Congress
referencedIn McGrory, Mary, 1918-2004. Mary McGrory papers, 1928-2004 (bulk 1956-2002). Library of Congress
referencedIn New York Times Company. New York Times Research Materials, circa 1960s-1990s. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Deming, W. Edwards (William Edwards), 1900-1993. W. Edwards Deming papers, 1795-1994 (bulk 1930-1993). Library of Congress
creatorOf United States Capitol Historical Society. Oral history collection, 1976-1991. Library of Congress
creatorOf Records of Temporary Committees, Commissions, and Boards. 1893 - 2008. Motion Pictures and Video Recordings on Commission Activities and Related Issues. 1978 - 1995. Managing with Lou Dobbs
referencedIn Dennis A. “Denny” Smith papers, 1979-1991, 1984-1990 Willamette University University Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Warner, John W., 1927-. Senator John Warner papers, 1979-2009. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Tom McCall Forum Collection, 1982-2007 Pacific University Archives
referencedIn MacNelly, Jeff. Editorial cartoons, 1994-1995. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn October 1995 (#4063) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Smith, Hedrick. Hedrick Smith papers, 1923-1992 (bulk 1965-1990). Library of Congress
creatorOf Associated Press. Records, 1938-1992. Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
referencedIn Stephen Jay Gould papers, 1899-2004, 1941-2002 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Evans, Rowland, 1921-2001. Rowland Evans Jr. and Robert D. Novak papers, 1948-2008. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn PF Bentley Photographic Archive 2002-179; 2002-199; 2002-220; 2011-357., 1979-2001 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Nancy L. Johnson Papers, undated, 1983-2006. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Hugh Morton Photographs and Films,  , late 1920s-2006, (bulk 1940s-1990s) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. North Carolina Collection.
referencedIn Toffler, Alvin. Alvin and Heidi Toffler Papers, 1955-1984. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Darlene Hooley papers, 1996-2009 Willamette University University Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf Gingrich, Newt. Newt Gingrich : commercials , 1980-1992. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
referencedIn W. Edwards Deming Papers, 1795-1994, (bulk 1930-1993) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Congressional Files and Related Papers., 1950-1995 (bulk 1990-1992). Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Shapard, Virginia Lee, 1936-. Virginia Lee Shapard oral history interview, 1988 Jan. 26. Georgia State University
creatorOf Gingrich, Newt. [Papers] / Newt Gingrich. University of West Georgia, Irvine Sullivan Ingram Library
referencedIn Steven Schiff Papers, 1977-1998, 1989-1998 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Papers, 1906-2005 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Associated Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Bentley, PF person
associatedWith Bentley, P. F. person
associatedWith Bray, Audrey person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Deming, W. Edwards (William Edwards), 1900-1993 person
correspondedWith Deming, W. Edwards (William Edwards), 1900-1993. person
correspondedWith Dorrit Hoffleit person
associatedWith Evans, Rowland, 1921-2001. person
associatedWith Gould, Stephen Jay person
associatedWith Gould, Stephen Jay. person
associatedWith Hooley, Darlene person
associatedWith Johnson, Nancy Lee, 1935- person
associatedWith Library of Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith MacNelly, Jeff. person
associatedWith Marlette, Doug, 1949-2007. person
correspondedWith McGrory, Mary, 1918-2004 person
correspondedWith McGrory, Mary, 1918-2004. person
associatedWith McNamee, Wally person
associatedWith McNamee, Wally. person
associatedWith Morton, Hugh M. person
associatedWith Morton, Hugh M. person
associatedWith New York Times Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Rumsfeld, Donald, 1932- person
correspondedWith Rumsfeld, Donald, 1932- person
associatedWith Schiff, Steven, 1947-1998 person
associatedWith Schiff, Steven, 1947-1998. person
associatedWith Shapard, Virginia Lee, 1936- person
associatedWith Smith, Dennis A. person
associatedWith Smith, Hedrick. person
associatedWith Smith, Hedrick. person
associatedWith Southern, Terry. person
associatedWith Toffler, Alvin. person
associatedWith Toffler, Alvin. person
associatedWith Tom McCall Forum corporateBody
associatedWith United States Capitol Historical Society corporateBody
associatedWith United States Capitol Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
associatedWith Warner, John W., 1927- person
associatedWith Weber, Vin. person
associatedWith Weber, Vin (John Vincent). person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Orléans A3 FR
Marietta GA US
Stuttgart 01 DE
Fort Benning GA US
Brussels BRU BE
Harrisburg PA US
McLean VA US
Jonesboro GA US
Subject
Television advertising
Advertising, political
Occupation
Professors (teacher)
Authors
Historians--20th century
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Georgia
Speakers of the House, U.S. Congress
Function

Person

Birth 1943-06-17

Male

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 83506367