Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751

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Henry St. John Bolingbroke was born in Battersea in 1678. He was educated at Eton and Oxford. He married the daughter of Sir Henry Winchcomb. After entering parliament in 1701, he devoted himself to politics, joined the Tory party, and soon made himself prominent as an orator. In 1710, he was made Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. In 1712, he was called to the House of Lords by the title of Viscount Bolingbroke. In 1724 he returned to England, but after being blocked from a political future there, he returned to France in 1735. During this time he wrote letters attacking the Christian religion. He died on October 1, 1751, after a long illness.

From the description of Letters signed from Henry Saint John Bolingbroke, 1st Viscount, 1713-1714. (Florida State University). WorldCat record id: 50656025

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Letter, 1712 December 16, Whitehall, to an unidentified person. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Autograph letter signed : Whitehall, to the Earl of Orrery, 1712 May 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Autograph signature to three documents, 1710-1713. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Prose and verse essay in praise of wine, dedicated to Henry St. John, later Viscount Bolingbroke, by Joshua Barnes, 1708 Leeds University Library
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Letters signed from Henry Saint John Bolingbroke, 1st Viscount, 1713-1714. Florida State University
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Autograph letter unsigned : [Dawley], to Charles Ford, dated? 1724 Sept. 12 and Oct. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Authorization signed by Bolingbroke to reimburse Charles Whitworth, ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the Czar of Muscovy, for traveling expenses incurred in 1712 [manuscript], 1713 July 4. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn George Wiley Sherburn collection of letters and documents, 1655-1834. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Grimani, Pietro, 1677-1752. Letters to Carlo Ruzzini : London, 1711 [i.e. 1712] Mar 11-1713 Aug 4. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to the Earl of Orrery, 1738 Dec. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Autograph letter signed with initial : Paris, to Charles Ford, 1717 Apr. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to William Fortescue, 1738 Sept. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. Collection of autograph letters and documents signed, 1708-1768 1714-1744. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Edwards, Thomas Esq. Patent to recreate a dukedom of Newcastle on the marriage of Henrietta, daughter of the last Duke of Newcastle, with the son of Lord Oxford, ca. 1713. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Orrery, Charles Boyle, Earl of, 1676-1731. [Correspondence and papers of Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery, as envoy to Flanders [microform] : consisting of letters of Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke, Secretary of State, Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, and John Robinson, Bishop of Bristol, joint-plenipotentiaries at Utrecht, and others], [1711-1714]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Autograph letters signed (5) : Argeville, to Mr. Hynde Cotton in Caen and Italy, 1739 June 9-1740 Oct. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Autograph letter unsigned : [La Source, near Orlǎns], to Charles Ford, 1722 Jan. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Autograph letter unsigned : [Paris], to Charles Ford, 1720 Jan. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters signed from Henry Saint-John Bolingbroke, 1st Viscount, 1713-1714
referencedIn Coats, Joseph. Recipe book, account book, and notebook. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Barnes, Joshua, 1654-1712. Prose and verse essay in praise of wine, dedicated to Henry St. John, later Viscount Bolingbroke, by Joshua Barnes. University of Leeds, Brotherton Library, Leeds University Library
referencedIn Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. Autograph letter signed : Twickenham, to the Earl of Orrery, 1739 Sept. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn [Commonplace book], [early 18th century]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. [Letters to William Fraigneau] University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Fréron, Elie-Catherine, 1718-1776. Papers, 1757-1815 and undated. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. Collection of autograph letters : London, to the Earl of Orrery, 1735 July 12- 1744 May 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sherburn, George, 1884-1962,. George Wiley Sherburn collection of letters and documents, 1655-1834. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn James, Prince of Wales, 1688-1766. Coppie of the king's letter upon his retreat from Scotland, [circa 1716-1750]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Extra-illustrated Life of Nollekens, 1708-1875, 1768-1836 Yale Center for British Art
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Document signed (twice) : Whitehall, 1711 May 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to the Earl of Orrery, [1738] Oct. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. The parish register of Twickenham, ca. 1758. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. Autograph letter signed : Twickenham, to the Earl of Orrery, 1743 Nov. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751,. Autograph letter signed (fragment) from Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke, Whitehall, to Mr. Watkyns, secretary of the Embassy at the Hague [manuscript], 1711 November 9. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount, 1678-1751. Autograph letter unsigned : Paris, to Charles Ford, 1717 Feb. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Grimani, Pietro, 1677-1752. Letters to Carlo Ruzzini : London, 1711 [i.e. 1712] Mar 11-1713 Aug 4. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anne, Queen of Great Britain, 1665-1714. person
associatedWith Barnes, Joshua, 1654-1712. person
associatedWith Bolingbroke, Frederick St. John, Viscount, 1734-1787. person
correspondedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
correspondedWith Coke, Thomas, 1674-1727 person
associatedWith Cotton, Hynde, fl. 1739-1740, person
associatedWith Edwards, Thomas Esq. person
associatedWith Ford, Charles, 1682-1743, person
associatedWith Fraigneau, William, 1717-1778, person
associatedWith Fréron, Elie-Catherine, 1718-1776. person
associatedWith Gallas, Johann Wenzel, Graf, 1669-1719 person
associatedWith George I, King of Great Britain, 1660-1727. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Foreign Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Grimani, Pietro, 1677-1752. person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith James, Prince of Wales, 1688-1766. person
correspondedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Orrery, Charles Boyle, Earl of, 1676-1731. person
associatedWith Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. person
associatedWith Sherburn, George, 1884-1962, person
associatedWith Sichel, Walter Sydney, 1855-1933. person
associatedWith Stanyan, Abraham, 1669?-1732, person
associatedWith Upcott, William, 1779-1845 person
associatedWith Walette, Baron. person
associatedWith Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. person
correspondedWith Watkyns, Mr., fl. 1711 person
associatedWith Whitworth, Charles Whitworth, Baron, 1675-1725 person
correspondedWith Worsley, Henry, 1820-1893 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Russia
France
Great Britain
Great Britain
Subject
Statesmen--Correspondence
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1678-09-16

Death 1751-12-12

Britons

English

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