Bab, Julius, 1880-1955

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German literary critic and author who fled Nazi Germany. Bab and his wife Elisabeth resided in Roslyn Heights, N.Y.

From the guide to the Julius Bab papers, 1942-1955, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Julius Bab was born in Berlin in 1880 into a merchant family and studied literature, philosophy, and history both in Berlin and in Zürich . From 1905-1939 he lived and worked in Berlin as a dramatist and freelance writer, and became a noteworthy theater and literary critic with copious contributions to several newspapers, such as the Welt am Montag, the Pester Lloyd (in Budapest ), and the Vossische Zeitung . He also wrote and published some poetry. During the time period from 1915 through the end of his life, he also wrote extensively on the portrayal of Jews in literature and on the stage, as well as on contemporary Jewish life. While in Berlin he was closely tied to the people's theater movement ( Volksbühnenbewegung ) centered around Max Reinhardt and the Berlin Volksbühne, where he was a lecturer, editor, and adviser. His work in the cultural sphere brought him into contact with several important cultural figures, and his theatrical reviews from this time period are considered a key source in the history of German drama.

When National Socialists seized control of the government in 1933, Bab was instrumental the formation of the Jüdischer Kulturbund, whose mission was to maintain German-Jewish cultural life and to provide services and a safety net for Jewish artists who were no longer allowed to work. In 1939 Bab emigrated to New York, where he found employment as the theater critic of the German-language New York Staats-Zeitung . He died in 1955 in Roslyn Heights, New York .

From the guide to the Julius Bab Collection, 1895-1977, (bulk 1895-1955), (Leo Baeck Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Mann, Thomas, 1875-1955. Thomas Mann papers, 1909-1947. Library of Congress
referencedIn Ernst Collin Collection, 1899-1966 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Thomas Mann Papers, 1909-1947 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bab, Julius, 1880-1955. Correspondence with Alma Mahler and Franz Werfel, 1942-1944. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Zweig, Stefan, 1881-1942. Letters to Julius Bab, 1909-1934 and undated. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Ernst Warschauer Collection, 1895-1988, bulk 1919-1972 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Richard Beer-Hofmann correspondence, 1882-1967. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Bab, Julius, 1880-1955. Freisprüche [microform] : angelische Verse / von Julius Bab ; Buchschmuck von Max Frölich. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Julius Bab papers, 1942-1955 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records, 1927-1949, 1933-1945 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Gustav Landauer Collection, 1888-1947 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Bernard Shaw collection of papers, 1873-1960, 1889-1950 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Julius Bab Collection, 1895-1977, (bulk 1895-1955) Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950. Bernard Shaw collection of papers, 1873-1960 bulk (1889-1950). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Fritz Mauthner Collection, 1765-1968 Leo Baeck Institute.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bab, Elisabeth person
correspondedWith Beer-Hofmann, Richard, 1866-1945 person
associatedWith Collin, Ernst, 1886? -1953 person
associatedWith Dehmel, Richard, 1863-1920 person
associatedWith Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars corporateBody
associatedWith Hauptmann, Gerhart, 1862-1946 person
associatedWith Hebbel Theater corporateBody
associatedWith Heimann, Moritz, 1868-1925 person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Jacob Picard person
associatedWith Jakob Picard person
associatedWith Jüdischer Kulturbund corporateBody
associatedWith Landauer, Gustav, 1870-1919 person
associatedWith Liebreich, Else person
associatedWith Literarischer Verein (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Mann, Thomas, 1875-1955. person
associatedWith Mauthner, Fritz, 1849-1923 person
associatedWith Meier, Henry person
associatedWith Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950. person
associatedWith Warschauer, Ernst, 1889-1972 person
associatedWith Zweig, Stefan, 1881-1942. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Roslyn Heights (N. Y.)
Berlin (Germany)
Judaism in literature
Jewish refugees
Jewish authors--Germany
Theater critics--Germany--Correspondence


Birth 1880-12-11

Death 1955-02-12




Ark ID: w61k2033

SNAC ID: 51118393