Brisbane, Thomas, Sir, 1773-1860

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Astronomer and patron of science. Brisbane, a respected and successful soldier, was Governor of New South Wales (NSW), Australia 1821-1825. During this period he furthered his astronomical studies, built an observatory at Parramatta and made the first extensive observations of the southern stars since Lacaille in 1751-1752.

From the description of Letters, 1825-1830. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155006054

From the description of Papers, ca. 1812-1858. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155006045

Astronomer. Fellow of the Royal Society.

From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154302158

From the description of Papers, 1820-1858. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83382859

Governor of N.S.W., 1821-1825. Responsible for the establishment of the observatory at Parramatta in 1822.

From the description of Meteorological observations. 1822-1825. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225848499

Astronomer and patron of science. Brisbane, a respected and successful soldier, was Governor of New South Wales (NSW), Australia 1821-1825. During this period he furthered his astronomical studies, built an observatory at Parramatta and made the first extensive observations of the southern stars since Lacaille 1751-1752.

From the description of Papers, 1702-1870. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155006061

Governor of New South Wales 1821-1825. During this period a nominee council was set up to assist the governor. He instituted many reforms in line with Commissioner Bigge's reports; abolished censorship of the press, land grants to people who would work it, systematised convict administration, set up a supreme court and allowed trial by jury in certain cases, reformed the currency. Had a lifelong interest in astronomy and built an observatory at Parramatta, and left his instruments and scientific library to the Colony.

From the description of Papers. 1815-1858. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 221333179

Epithet: of Add MS 34571

Title: Baronet

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000629.0x000193

Epithet: of Add MS 37189

Title: Baronet

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000629.0x000194

Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane was born in Ayrshire, England, on July 32, 1773, to Thomas Brisbane (1720?--1812) and his wife, Eleanor Stenhouse.

Brisbane was an ensign in the 38th Foot in 1789, and was promoted to lieutenant in 1791. Four years later, he was promoted to major and was stationed in Barbados. By the time he came to America in 1813, Brisbane had become a major general, having distinguished himself as an officer serving under Wellington in the Peninsular Campaign. He was a subordinate of General George Prevost in the British offensive from Canada in 1814, and was present at the American victories on Lake Champlain and at Plattsburg, when the British were forced to retreat to Canada.

Brisbane married Anna Maria Makdougall (1786--1862) in 1819. In 1820, he was appointed governor of New South Wales, where he studied astronomy, cultivated agricultural and viticultural development in the region, and promoted exploration beyond the colony's borders.

Brisbane returned to England in 1826 and was appointed colonel of the 34th Foot. He died at Brisbane house in Ayrshire, England, on January 27, 1860.

From the guide to the Thomas M. Brisbane papers, Brisbane, Thomas M. papers, 1813-1815, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Sir, 1773-1860. Land grant to the Church Missionary Society of Australasia [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Hay, R. M. Letter [manuscript] : Downing Street to the Secretary of the Church Missionary Society. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Edwardson, W. L. (William Lawrence), d. 1826. A chart of Bateman Bay : to His Excellency Major General Sir Thomas Brisbane K.C.B.F.R.S.L. & E. ... Captain General, Governor and Commander in Chief of New South Wales ... this chart is humbly inscribed by his obliged and obedient servant Wm. L. Edwardson, Feby. 1822. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Sir, 1773-1860. Papers. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, Sir, 1773-1860. Letter: 1845 July 7, Makerstoun, Kelso, to David Laing / Thomas Makdougall Brisbane. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, 1773-1860. Papers, ca. 1812-1858. American Institute of Physics
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, Sir, 1773-1860. Letter: 1832 Oct. 11, Makerstoun, Kelso, to David Laing / Th. Makdougall Brisbane. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, Sir, bart., 1773-1860. Thomas M. Brisbane papers, 1813-1815. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Sir, 1773-1860. Meteorological observations. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Brisbane family. Papers. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Sir, 1773-1860. Letter. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Deveaux, Videau Marion, 1815-1867. Account book, 1879 Jan. 30-Nov. 29. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Francis John Welsh Whipple: Notes and Papers, 1844-1943 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
creatorOf Thomas M. Brisbane papers, Brisbane, Thomas M. papers, 1813-1815 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall Sir. OM72-28 Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane Genealogical Table, Undated. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, Sir, 1773-1860. Papers, 1820-1858. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, 1773-1860. Papers, 1702-1870. American Institute of Physics
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, 1773-1860. Letters, 1825-1830. American Institute of Physics
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Sir, 1773-1860. OM90-89 Sir Thomas Brisbane Letter, 1823. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Sir, 1773-1860. Letter : Parramatta, N.S.W. to N. Barnard?, Cork, Ireland. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, Sir, 1773-1860. Letter: 1845 Apr. 12, Makerstoun, Kelso, to David Laing / Thomas Makdougall Brisbane. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, Sir, 1773-1860. Autograph letter signed : Makinstoun [or Makerstown?] Kilso, to Macdonald and Campbell, 1829 Nov. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Sir, 1773-1860. Land grant to Edward Frank, 1822 Nov 1. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Vol. V. (ff. 537). 1832-1835.includes:f. 1 William Buckland, geologist: Letters to Rev. P. Bliss: 1827-1849, n.d. f. 2 Sir John Barrow, 1st Baronet; Second Secretary to the Admiralty: Letter to Rev. P. Bliss: 1832. f. 3 Thomas Thorpe, bookseller: L..., 1832-1835 British Library
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, Sir, 1773-1860. Letter: 1855 Jan. 16, 25 Charlotte Sq. [Edinburgh] to David Laing / Thomas Makdougall Brisbane. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall, Sir, 1773-1860. Papers. American Institute of Physics
referencedIn Vol. VIII. (ft. 509). 1835-1836.includes:ff. 1, 87, 98, 152, 199 G-F-Young: Letters to C. Babbage: 1835, n.d. ff. 3, 21, 90, 128 Francis Offley Martin, Charity Commissioner (1837): Correspondence with C. Babbage: 1832-1864. ff. 5, 59, 247, 261, 2..., 1835-1836 British Library
referencedIn [Lake Champlain from Ticonderoga to Whitehall]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Bannatyne Club (Edinburgh, Scotland) corporateBody
correspondedWith Barnard, N. person
associatedWith Brisbane family. family
associatedWith Church Missionary Society of Australia. corporateBody
associatedWith Colden, Cadwallader, 1688-1776. person
associatedWith Deveaux, Videau Marion, 1815-1867. person
associatedWith Edwardson, W. L. (William Lawrence), d. 1826. person
associatedWith Francis John Welsh Whipple person
associatedWith Frank, Edward. person
associatedWith Hay, R. M. person
associatedWith Izard, George, 1777-1828. person
associatedWith Kempt, James, Sir, 1765-1854. person
associatedWith Macdonald and Campbell, corporateBody
associatedWith Macomb, Alexander, 1782-1841. person
associatedWith Picton, Thomas, Sir, 1758-1815. person
associatedWith Prevost, George, Sir, 1767-1816. person
associatedWith Rottenburg, Francis de, baron de, 1757-1832. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Australia--Argyle (N.S.W. : County)
Whitehall (N.Y.)
Australia--New South Wales
Great Britain
Australia
United States
New South Wales
Naval operations
United States
Australia--New South Wales
New South Wales
Australia--New South Wales
New South Wales
Australia--Parramatta (N.S.W.)
Australia
Australia
England
Australia--New South Wales
Scotland
Whitehall (N.Y.)
Subject
Astronomical observatories
Governor--Correspondence
Astronomy--Observations--19th century
Astronomy
Land grants
Meteorology--Observations
Astronomy--Societies (Academies and learned societies)
Catalogues, Booksellers'
Missions
Aboriginal Australians--Languages
Transits--Observations
Governors--Archives
Plattsburg, Battle of, Plattsburgh, N.Y., 1814
Occupation
Astronomers--Scotland
Governors
Astronomers--Australia
Astronomers
Astronomers--19th century
Function

Person

Birth 1773-07-23

Death 1860-01-27

Information

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