Bailey, E. G. (Ervin George), 1880-1974

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Ervin George Bailey was an industrialist and manufacturer. He founded the Bailey Meter Company, a major manufacturer of industrial meters and controls, in 1916. The company was moved from Boston, Massachusetts to Cleveland, Ohio in 1919. In 1926, Bailey Meter Company was purchased by The Babcock and Wilcox Company, although it continued production under its own name. Ervin Bailey remained with Babcock and Wilcox, serving as president of the Fuller LeHigh Company division 1926-1936, as chairman of Bailey Meter Company 1944-1956, and as a vice president of Babcock and Wilcox 1931-1951. Bailey was awarded 141 United States patents for his inventions in the fields of fluid and combustion control. He was a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; a member of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers; the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers; and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, England. He was also the author of many articles on metering, controls, fuels and combustion, and engineering education.

From the description of Ervin George Bailey papers, 1918-1974. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 42284284

Combustion engineer.

Ervin George Bailey was born in Damascus, Ohio on December 25, 1880. He was mechanically precocious as a child and invented a number of mechanisms while working in his father's sawmill and farm. He studied mechanical engineering at Ohio State under E. A Hitchcock and was a classmate and friend of Charles F. Kettering, later of General Motors. After five years in the test dept. of the Consolidation Coal Company, Bailey was recruited by Arthur D. Little of Boston to establish a coal department in 1907. Two years later he established the Fuel Testing Company with two college friends.

In 1915 Bailey invented the Bailey boiler meter, the first device to accurately measure boiler inputs and steam output. The Bailey Meter Company was organized in Boston on January 1, 1916, and moved to Cleveland three years later. In 1922 Bailey produced the Bailey automated control system which regulated the air and fuel supply to boilers. The Bailey meters were part of the culmination of traditional steam technology, achieving maximum efficiency from coal-fired boilers.

Bailey sold the controlling interest in the company to the Babcock & Wilcox Company in 1925. He became president of another B&W subsidiary, the Fuller-Lehigh Company, a manufacturer of coal-pulverizing equipment, and moved to Easton, Pa. He also served as a B&W vice president from 1931 to 1951 and became B&W's largest individual stockholder. In 1927, B&W sold a one-third interest in the Bailey Meter Company to General Electric in return for GE's flow-meter business. GE sold its shares back to B&W in the early 1950s. However, the purchase gave Bailey Meter access to GE's expertise and enabled it to expand into the field of electrical and electronic process controls and cultivate the chemical and nuclear industries as traditional steam technology became obsolete. B&W was absorbed by McDermott International in 1975, and the Bailey Meter Company was renamed the Bailey Controls Company. On Nov. 1, 1989, Bailey was sold to Elsag, a subsidiary of an Itallian conglomerate.

E. G. Bailey retired as chairman of the Bailey Meter Company in 1956. He continued active in consulting work and engineering education until shortly before his death at Easton on December 18, 1974. Bailey held 141 patents and was the recipient of many engineering honors, including the Fritz Medal (1952).

From the description of Papers, 1908-1991. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 78294634

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Bailey, E. G. (Ervin George), 1880-1974. Papers, 1908-1991. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Bailey, E. G. (Ervin George), 1880-1974. Ervin George Bailey papers, 1918-1974. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Society of Mechanical Engineers. corporateBody
associatedWith Appalachian Coals, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Babcock & Wilcox Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bailey Controls Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bailey Inventions, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Bailey Meter Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Battelle Memorial Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Cleveland Engineering Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Coffin, Robert S. person
associatedWith De Baufre, William, b. 1883. person
associatedWith Deutsche Babcock & Wilcox-Dampfkessel-Werke Actien-Gesselschaft. corporateBody
associatedWith Dukelow, Sam G., 1917-2003. person
associatedWith Engineers Joint Council. Engineering Manpower Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Fish, Richardson & Neave. corporateBody
associatedWith Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.). corporateBody
associatedWith Freund, C. J. (Clement Joseph), b. 1895. person
associatedWith Fuel Testing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Fuller-Lehigh Company. corporateBody
associatedWith General Electric Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Gordon Research on Coal (1952 : New Hampton, N.H.). corporateBody
associatedWith Hartley, Harold, Sir, 1878-1972. person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Embury A. (Embury Asbury), 1866-1948. person
associatedWith Iddles, Alfred, 1889-1970. person
associatedWith Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Great Britain). corporateBody
associatedWith Instrument Society of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Kettering, Charles Franklin, 1876-1958. person
associatedWith Koppers Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Lafayette College (Easton, Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Landis, John W. (John William), 1917-. person
associatedWith Lehigh University. corporateBody
associatedWith National Petroleum Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomen Society in North America. corporateBody
associatedWith Ohio State University. corporateBody
associatedWith Organe de Liaison de l'Equipe Bailey. corporateBody
associatedWith Philadelphia Electric Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pratt, A. G. (Auguste G.), 1881-1970. person
associatedWith Price Waterhouse & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Purdue University. corporateBody
associatedWith Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Sosman, Robert B. (Robert Browning), 1881-1967. person
associatedWith Union Pacific Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Mines. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Reclamation. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Defense. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Interior. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith World Power Conference 1930 : Berlin, Germany). corporateBody
associatedWith World Power Conference 1950 : London, England). corporateBody
associatedWith Zipf, George G. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Hoover Dam (Ariz. and Nev.)
College students--Employment
Nuclear energy
Industry and education
Patent suits
Automatic control
Coal combustion
Patent lawyers
Natural gas--Explosions
Combustion engineering
Steam--Fuel consumption
Heat pumps
Coal ash
Steamotive (Locomotive)
Temperature control
Engineering--Vocational guidance
Electrical power plant equipment industry
Steam-turbine locomotives
Industrial equipment industry
Coal, Pulverized
Feedback control systems
Boiler making industry
Industries--Energy consumption
Bituminous coal
Trade catalog
Gas-turbine locomotives
Fly ash
Mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineers
Coal-fired power plants
Engineering students
Employees' magazines, newsletters, etc
Coal-fired furnaces
Steam locomotives--Fireboxes
Coal gasification, Underground
Furnaces--Fuel consumption
Inventions, Employees'
Engineering instruments
Engineering--Study and teaching
Patent licenses
Cyclone furnaces
Pollution control equipment
Engineering drawings


Birth 1880-12-25

Death 1974-12-18






Ark ID: w61c3kbk

SNAC ID: 8975917