Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870

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David Gouverneur Burnet (1788-1870) was born in Newark, New Jersey. About 1817 he moved to Natchitoches, Louisiana, and in 1831 to Texas. He was ad interim president of the Republic of Texas from March 17 to October 22, 1836. In 1836 he was elected vice president of the Republic of Texas, serving part time as secretary of state and acting president.

From the guide to the David G. Burnet letters MS 188., 1836-1859, (Woodson Research Center, )

Born April 14, 1788, in Newark, New Jersey, David Gouverneur Burnett was orphaned early in life and largely raised by his half-brothers. Young Burnett studied law and lived in Ohio and Louisiana before obtaining an empresario grant to settle a large tract of land near Nacogdoches, Texas. After an unsuccessful attempt to attract settlers, Burnett sold the rights to the land grant and used his earnings to build a sawmill on the San Jacinto River. By 1835 he was involved in revolutionary politics, expressing distaste for the dictatorial Mexican regime but initially opposing Texas independence. He attended the Convention of 1836, however, as a non-delegate, and his status as an outsider prompted the delegation to elect him ad interim president of the new Republic of Texas.

Burnet's short term lasted only until October of 1836 but was filled with rancor, including ill will between Burnet and Sam Houston. His sawmill was a failure, his law practice languished, and he was relegated to subsistence farming. By 1838, however, Burnet returned to public office and was elected to serve as vice president under Mirabeau Lamar. He subsequently ran for president in 1841 against Sam Houston, a race marked by strife and ending in Burnet's defeat. Burnet opposed Texas' annexation by the United States, but he served as the new State of Texas' secretary of state in 1846. Paradoxically he opposed secession but supported the southern cause, perhaps because his son fought for the Confederacy. The boy died in battle at Mobile in 1863. Burnet returned to Galveston, where he died virtually destitute on December 5, 1870.

From the guide to the David Gouverneur Papers 2009-265. 20659823., October 2009, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Franklin, Benjamin Cromwell Papers 63-154., 1805-1915 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Albert Sidney Johnston Collection GA18., 1828-1960, 1828-1863 Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library
referencedIn Army papers, 1835-1846 University of Texas at Austin. General Libraries
referencedIn Department of State records of legislative and executive bodies prior to the Republic, 1835-1836, undated Texas State Archives.
referencedIn Grimes, Jesse, 1788-1866. Grimes, Jesse, Papers, 1834-1854 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Franklin, Benjamin Cromwell, 1805-1873. Franklin, Benjamin Cromwell Papers, 1805-1915 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Department of State diplomatic correspondence, 1831-1832, 1835-1846, undated Texas State Archives.
referencedIn Houston Endowment Texana collection MC042. 48149722., 1805-1936, (Bulk: 1839-1848) Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library,
referencedIn Dey, Anthony, 1776-1859. Anthony Dey Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company records, 1821-1855 (bulk 1830-1835). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Rusk, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson), 1803-1857. Rusk, Thomas Jefferson, papers, 1824-1859. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Wade, Houston. Newspaper articles regarding David G. Burnet [manuscript], 1936-1937. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Green, Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1835-1838 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Crusemann (Paul C. ) Collection, OCLC NUMBER: 21216836, Accession No. 67-113., 1788-1932 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Grimes, Jesse, Papers 1954., 1834-1854 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Grayson Family. Grayson Family Papers, 1835-1882 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Documents collection, 1519-1979. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Eberstadt, Edward, 1883-1958. Eberstadt collection, 1699-1959. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Groce Family Papers, ca. 1700, 1824-1871, 1930 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Coahuila and Texas (Mexico). Governor (1827-1830 : Viesca). Despatches, 1827-1828. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ward, Thomas, 1807-1873. Ward, Thomas William, papers, 1825-1885. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Eberstadt Collection AR 76-62., 1699-1959 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson Rusk Papers, 1824-1859 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Travis, William Barret, 1809-1836. Houston Endowment Texana collection, 1805-1836, (bulk 1839-1848). San Jacinto Museum of History
creatorOf Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870. [Letter] 1836 Sept. 13, Velasco, [Texas to] Jacob Burnet / David G. Burnet. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Roberts, Oran Milo Papers 1898; 1926., 1815-1897 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Henderson, James Pinckney, Family Papers 82-59., 1837-1881 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Philosophical Society of Texas Records 99-042; 2000-030; 2003-074; 2006-260., 1838, 1935-1998 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870. Burnet, David Gouverneur, papers, 1798-1965. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Anthony Dey Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company records, 1821-1855, 1830-1835 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Tod, John Grant. Tod, John Grant Papers, 1833-1872 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Grayson Family Papers 81-024., 1835-1882 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Crusemann, Paul C., collection, 1788-1932. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn John G. Tod papers MC037. 47656963., 1836-1929, (Bulk: 1836-1841) Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library,
creatorOf Texas. Secretary of State. General correspondence of the Department of State, Republic of Texas, 1822-1859, undated, bulk 1835-1846. Texas State Library & Archives Commission
referencedIn Britton, James L., II. Britton Collection of Texana, 1818-1846, 1864-1866, 1885 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Philosophical Society of Texas. Philosophical Society of Texas Records, 1838, 1935-1998 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Groce Family. Groce Family Papers, ca. 1700, 1824-1871, 1930 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company. Galveston Bay & Texas Land Company : scrip no. 719 for one sitio containing 4428 102/1000 English acres : New York, 1830 October 16. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Roberts, Oran Milo, 1815-1898. Roberts, Oran Milo, papers, 1815-1897 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Hinds, Walton. The life and times of David G. Burnet, 1786-1870 : typescript, [ca. 1935] / by Walton Hinds. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Tod, John Grant Papers 1931; 1947; 1950; 66-180., 1833-1872 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Sharp, W. G. W. G. Sharp Collection, 1817-1923 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Albert Sidney Johnston papers, 1839-1888. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ewing family. Ewing family collection, 1824-1993. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Morgan, James, 1787-1866. James Morgan papers, 1833-1850. University of Texas at San Antonio, John Peace Library (JPL)
referencedIn Secretary of State boundary records, 1837-1843, 1858-1860, 1873-1877, 1882, 1885-1887, 1911, undated Texas State Archives.
referencedIn W. G. Sharp Collection 67-6., 1817-1923 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn General correspondence of the Department of State, Republic of Texas, 1822-1859, undated, bulk 1835-1846 Texas State Archives.
referencedIn Dey, Anthony, 1776-1859. Anthony Dey Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company records, 1821-1855 (bulk 1830-1835). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Burnet, Isabella Neff, 1885-. Papers of Isabella Neff Burnet, 1757-1960. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Texas (Republic). Dept. of State. Department of State diplomatic correspondence, 1831-1832, 1835-1846, undated. Texas State Library & Archives Commission
referencedIn James L. Britton collection MC010. 46636450., 1817-1889, (Bulk: 1829-1855) Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library,
referencedIn W. E. Howard collection MC077., 1823-1846, (Bulk: 1824-1830) Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library,
creatorOf David Gouverneur Papers 2009-265. 20659823., October 2009 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Texas. Secretary of State. Secretary of State consular correspondence, 1836-1850, 1873-1875 (bulk 1836-1846). Texas State Library & Archives Commission
referencedIn Secretary of State consular correspondence, 1836-1850, 1873-1875, bulk 1836-1846 Texas State Archives.
referencedIn Aldrich, George, a. 1800-1860. George Aldrich papers, 1835-1854. Stephen F. Austin State University, East Texas Research Center
creatorOf Texas. Dept. of State. Department of State records of legislative and executive bodies prior to the Republic, 1835-1836, undated. Texas State Library & Archives Commission
referencedIn San Jacinto Centennial Association records MC001., 1935-1938, (Bulk: 1935-1936) Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library,
referencedIn Thomas William Ward Papers 73-102; 85-022; 86-211; 98-387; 2004-065; 2008-173; 2008-303; 2009-257., 1825-1885 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Austin, Henry, 1782-1852. Austin, Henry, papers, 1794-1853. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Green, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson), 1802-1863. Thomas J. Green papers, 1820-1910. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Army papers, 1835-1846 University of Texas at Austin. General Libraries
referencedIn Britton Collection of Texana 2003-099; 2005-038; 2006-092., 1818-1846, 1864-1866, 1885 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Forbes, John, 1797-1880. John Forbes papers, 1836-1963. Stephen F. Austin State University, East Texas Research Center
referencedIn Alfred and John Guild Letters, 1831-1848 Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870. Contract, 1826 Dec 22. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf David G. Burnet letters MS 188., 1836-1859 Woodson Research Center,
creatorOf Wade, Houston. Newspaper articles regarding David G. Burnet [manuscript], 1936-1937. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Lorenzo de Zavala Papers, 1818-1936 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. Collection, 1828-1958, (bulk 1828-1861). University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Biography -- Muench, Julian. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn James Morgan Papers MS 278., 1833-1850 University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.
creatorOf Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870. Burnet, David Gouverneur, papers, 1798-1965. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Texas. Secretary of State. Secretary of State boundary records, 1837-1843. 1858-1860, 1873-1877, 1882, 1885-1887, 1911, undated. Texas State Library & Archives Commission
creatorOf Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870. Burnet letters [microform] : four letters and envelopes 1846, 1855, 1856, 1859 University of Mississippi
creatorOf Tod, John Grant, 1808-1877. John G. Tod papers, 1836-1929, (bulk 1836-1841). San Jacinto Museum of History
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Aldrich, George, a. 1800-1860. person
associatedWith Austin, Henry, 1782-1852. person
associatedWith Austin, Moses, 1761-1821 person
associatedWith Austin, Stephen F. (Stephen Fuller), 1793-1836 person
associatedWith Blanco, Víctor. person
associatedWith Britton, James L., collector person
associatedWith Britton, James L., II person
associatedWith Bryan, James, 1788-1822 person
associatedWith Burnet, David G. (David Gouverneur), 1789-1870 person
associatedWith Burnet, Isaac G. (Isaac Gouverneur), 1784-1856 person
associatedWith Burnet, Isabella Neff, 1885- person
associatedWith Burnet, Jacob, 1770-1853 person
correspondedWith Burnet, Kitty person
correspondedWith Burnet, Staats person
associatedWith Coahuila and Texas (Mexico). Governor (1827-1830 : Viesca. corporateBody
associatedWith Coahuila and Texas (Mexico). Governor (1827-1830 : Viesca) corporateBody
associatedWith Crusemann, Paul C. person
associatedWith Dey, Anthony, 1776-1859. person
associatedWith Eberstadt, Edward, 1883-1958 person
associatedWith Ewing family. family
associatedWith Forbes, John, 1797-1880. person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin Cromwell person
associatedWith Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Grayson Family family
associatedWith Grayson Family family
associatedWith Green, Thomas Jefferson person
associatedWith Grimes, Jesse, 1788-1866 person
associatedWith Groce Family family
associatedWith Groce Family family
associatedWith Guild, Alfred person
associatedWith Guild, John person
associatedWith Handy, Robert Eden. person
associatedWith Henderson, James Pinckney, Family family
associatedWith Hinds, Walton. person
associatedWith Holley, Mary Austin, 1784-1846 person
associatedWith Houston Endowment Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Houston, Sam, 1793-1863 person
associatedWith Howard, William Eager, 1877-1948 person
associatedWith Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862 person
associatedWith Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte, 1798-1859 person
associatedWith Milam, Benjamin Rush, 1788-1835 person
associatedWith Morgan, James. person
associatedWith Morgan, James, 1787-1866. person
associatedWith Padilla, Juan Antonio, d. 1839. person
associatedWith Philosophical Society of Texas corporateBody
associatedWith Roberts, Oran Milo person
associatedWith Rusk, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson), 1803-1857 person
associatedWith San Jacinto Centennial Association, 1935-1938 corporateBody
associatedWith Sharp, W. G. person
associatedWith Sharp, W. G. person
associatedWith Texas. Adjutant General's Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas (Republic). Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas (Republic). Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Secretary of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Tod, John Grant person
associatedWith Wade, Houston. person
associatedWith Ward, Thomas, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Wavell, Arthur Goodall, 1785-1860. person
associatedWith Zavala, Lorenzo de, 1788-1836 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Texas
Austin's Colony (Tex.)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Sabine River (Tex. and La.)
Texas
Austin's Colony (Tex.)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Texas
Galveston Bay (Tex.)
Natchitoches (La.)
Texas
Nacogdoches (Tex.)
San Jacinto River
Texas
Subject
Land settlement--Texas--History
Indians of North America--Texas--Wars--1815-1875
Land grants
Indians of North America--Wars--1815-1875
Frontier and pioneer life--Texas
Land grants--Texas--History--19th century
Frontier and pioneer life
Land grants--History--19th century
San Jacinto, Battle of, Tex., 1836
San Jacinto, Battle of, 1836
Indians of North America--Texas--History
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1789-04-14

Death 1870-12-05

Information

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Ark ID: w60v8z02

SNAC ID: 36298946