Fry, Roger, 1866-1934

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Painter, art critic, Bloomsbury group member and founder of the Omega Workshops.

From the description of Translations from Mallarmé, [ca. 1921]. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 29853251

British critic, art historian and painter.

From the description of Letters, ca. 1900-1927. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 77576213

From the description of Letters sent to Simon Bussy and family, 1903-1928. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 78297315

English art historian, art critic, and painter.

From the description of The artist as decorator / by Roger Fry, [1917?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702146155

Roger Fry was an English painter and art critic. Born into a Quaker family and educated at Cambridge, he studied painting in Italy and began to lecture on art. He published biographies, criticism, and art theory, as well as exhibiting paintings. He is probably best remembered for his promotion of Post-Impressionism, a phrase he coined to describe the merging of classical painting structure with the Impressionist sense of color, exemplified by Cézanne, Gauguin, Matisse, and van Gogh. He was also affiliated with the Bloomsbury group, and continued to lecture and paint throughout his life.

From the description of Roger Fry letters to Mrs. Hammersley, 1904. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 56937437

English critic and painter.

From the description of Autograph postcard signed : [London], to Julian Bell, 1933 Oct. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270753017

English artist; member of "Bloomsbury Group."

From the description of Papers, 1909-1936. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 29854103

Roger Eliot Fry, art critic and artist, was born in London December 14, 1866. He studied science at King's College, Cambridge from 1885 to 1888 and during those years he also began to paint and to study the history of Italian painting. In 1891 he made his first trip to Italy and in 1894 he began to lecture, with great success, on the Italian Renaissance. From 1900 onwards he wrote articles and reviewed exhibitions for Athenaeum, The Monthly Review and The Burlington Magazine. He quickly earned a considerable reputation as an art scholar and expert, and in 1905 he became director of the Metropolitan Museum in New York City, a position he held until 1910. In that year, Fry arranged the first English exhibition of post-impressionist painting at the Grafton Galleries, and became a recognized advocate of modern painting. He was also an influential force in the Bloomsbury group. In 1913 he founded the Omega Workshops which made furniture, pottery, fabrics and other articles in an avant-garde style. The workshops, which closed in 1919, employed such Bloomsbury artists as Duncan Grant and Vanessa Bell, among others.

After World War I Fry focused on developing his aesthetic ideas. Between 1927 and 1934 he gave a series of highly successful lectures at the Queen's Hall in London which were sponsored by the National Art Collections Fund. He published numerous articles and books on art criticism and theory, among them Transformations and Vision and Design. In 1933 he became Slade Professor of Fine Art at Cambridge. Although Fry's paintings, chiefly landscapes, were exhibited at the New English Art Club and the Alpine Club Gallery, it was as an art critic that Fry achieved greatest importance. He died September 9, 1934 in London.

From the guide to the Roger Eliot Fry Papers, 1909-1936, (Washington State University Libraries Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Woolf, Leonard, 1880-1969. Insert Papers, 1875-1974. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
creatorOf Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.). Office of the Secretary. Office of the Secretary records, 1870-[ongoing]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : La Maison Blanche [Saint-Tropez], to John Maynard Keynes, [1921?] Nov. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : La Maison Blanche [Saint-Tropez], to John Maynard Keynes, [1921?] Oct. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1909 July 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : Hampstead, to Sydney Cockerell, 1904 Sept. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-3), 1863-1938 (inclusive), 1890-1933 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Sir William Rothenstein correspondence and other papers, 1887-1957. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Letters, ca. 1900-1927. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Collection of papers by Bloomsbury authors MS 0020., 1913-1959. Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Commerce and art typescript notes : [London?], [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-1), 1866-1914 and undated. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Papers, 1909-1936. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
creatorOf Brownell, Gladys M., 1904-1985,. Collection of papers by Bloomsbury authors, 1913-1959. Mount Holyoke College, Williston & Miles-Smith Library
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Mr. McKnight Kauffer's posters : autograph manuscript : [London], [1925]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Isabel. Viper's Bugloss : watercolor, ca. 1955. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Roger Eliot Fry : vertical file. Toledo Museum of Art
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Roger Fry letters to Mrs. Hammersley, 1904. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. An archive of Bloomsbury photographs and negatives, 1908-1965 bulk (1910-1913) . New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-2), 1909-1922 and undated. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : La Maison Blanche [Saint-Tropez], to John Maynard Keynes, [1921 Oct.?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Charleston [Lewes], to John Maynard Keynes, [1917 Mar.?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Copy of Belle Greene's reply, 1911 Jan. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Logan Pearsall Smith Papers, 1760-1946, (bulk 1760-1946) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Brenan,Gerald, 1894-1987. Gerald Brenan Collection, 1911-1978. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Papers, 1847-1933. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : to Belle Greene, 1910 Dec. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Chaplin, Stephen. Papers of Stephen Chaplin. University of Leeds, Brotherton Library, Leeds University Library
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph postcard signed : [London], to Julian Bell, 1933 Oct. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers of Isabel Fry, 1878-1958 Institute of Education, University of London
referencedIn Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919. Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series I: Art Files, 1881-1925, undated. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Translations from Mallarmé, [ca. 1921]. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Charleston [Lewes], to John Maynard Keynes, [1918 Mar.?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. The artist as decorator / by Roger Fry, [1917?]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph manuscript signed : [London?], [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : from Roger Fry to Belle Greene, 1910 Undated. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919. Henry Clay Frick Art Collection Files, 1881-1920. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Charleston [Lewes], to John Maynard Keynes, [1919?] Jan. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Wyndham Lewis collection, 1877-1975 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1909 Dec. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Charleston [Lewes], to John Maynard Keynes, [1922?] Aug. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Horne, Herbert P. (Herbert Percy), 1864-1916. Letters, 1902-1913, to Roger Fry. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. Isabella Stewart Gardner papers, 1760-1956. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : London, to a reviewer at the Times, 1923 Apr. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1907 Sept. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1880-1951 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : to Belle Greene, 1910 Oct. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers of Stephen Chaplin, ca.1950-1991 GB 206 Leeds University Library
referencedIn Smith, Logan Pearsall, 1865-1946. Papers of Logan Pearsall Smith, 1760-1946 (bulk 1883-1938). Library of Congress
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Copy of Belle Greene's reply, 1910 Nov. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Letters sent to Simon Bussy and family, 1903-1928. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letters and postcards signed (20) : London, [etc.], to E. McKnight Kauffer, 1917 Sept. 18-1932 Nov. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Charles Geoffroy-Dechaume correspondence, 1907-1960. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : from Roger Fry to Belle Greene, 1912 Dec. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : La Bergère [Cassis], to John Maynard Keynes, [1928?] May 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Leonard and Virginia Woolf Insert Papers, circa 1875-1974 Washington State University Libraries: Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
creatorOf Roger Eliot Fry Papers, 1909-1936 Washington State University Libraries: Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
creatorOf Lewis, Wyndham, 1882-1957. Wyndham Lewis collection, 1877-1975. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-4), 1890-1947 (inclusive), 1923-1939 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Charleston [Lewes], to John Maynard Keynes, [1919?] May 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : to Pierpont Morgan, 1910 July 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Garnett, David, 1892-1981. Autograph letter signed "Bunny" : to John Maynard Keynes, ca. 1918 mid-Mar. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letters (83) and postcards (3), signed mainly with initials, and a telegram : Gordon Square (London) to John Maynard Keynes, 1907-1936. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-4), 1890-1947 (inclusive), 1923-1939 (bulk). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Autograph letter signed : London, to C.A.G. Mawson, 1931 Nov. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Editorial correspondence, 1904-1930. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Milton, George-Merritt. The Bloomsburys and supporting cast, a collection of paintings, books and papers, 1882-1979. Florida State University
creatorOf Lee, Vernon, 1856-1935. Papers. Colby College, Miller Library
referencedIn Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-2), 1909-1922 and undated. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Charleston [Lewes], to John Maynard Keynes, [1934 Sept.?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight), 1890-. Edward McKnight Kauffer collection, 1915-1954. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Maroger, Jacques, 1884-1962. Jacques Maroger papers, 1923-1990. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-3), 1863-1938 (inclusive), 1890-1933 (bulk). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Gerald Brenan Collection TXRC98-A15., 1911-1978 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Halesworth, to John Maynard Keynes, [1916?] Aug. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Morrell, Ottoline Violet Anne Cavendish-Bentinck, Lady, 1873-1938. Ottoline Morrell Collection, 1882-1946 (bulk 1882-1938). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Ottoline Morrell Collection TXRC98-A17., 1882-1946, (bulk 1882-1938) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Corbould, Edward Henry, 1815-1905. Letters from four English artists, ca. 1825-1925 (bulk 1846-1878) Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Koehler, Florence Cary, 1861-1944. Papers, 1880-1951 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934. Letters, 1889-1927. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
creatorOf Hutchinson, Mary, 1889-1977. Mary Hutchinson Papers, 1910-1977. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Ady, Julia Mary Cartwright, d. 1924. person
associatedWith Bell, Julian, 1908-1937, person
associatedWith Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. person
associatedWith Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959 person
associatedWith Bloomsbury group corporateBody
associatedWith Brenan, Gerald, 1894-1987 person
correspondedWith Brownell, Gladys M., 1904-1985 person
associatedWith Bussy, Dorothy. person
associatedWith Bussy, Jane Simone. person
associatedWith Bussy, Simon Albert, 1869- person
associatedWith Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906. person
associatedWith Chaplin, Stephen. person
associatedWith Cockerell, Sydney Carlyle, Sir, 1867-1962. person
associatedWith Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965 person
associatedWith Florence (Cary) Koehler person
associatedWith Foppa, Vincenzo, fl. 1459-1490. person
associatedWith Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919. person
associatedWith Fry, Isabel. person
sibling of Fry, Margery, 1874-1958 person
associatedWith Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. person
associatedWith Garnett, David, 1892-1981. person
correspondedWith Geoffroy-Dechaume, Charles. person
associatedWith George and Judith Baines person
associatedWith Greene, Belle da Costa, person
associatedWith Horne, Herbert P. (Herbert Percy), 1864-1916. person
associatedWith Hunt, William Holman, 1827-1910. person
associatedWith Hutchinson, Mary, 1889-1977. person
associatedWith Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight), 1890- person
associatedWith Koehler, Florence Cary, 1861-1944. person
associatedWith Lee, Vernon, 1856-1935. person
associatedWith Lewis, Wyndham, 1882-1957. person
associatedWith Limbourg, Pol de, ca. 1385-ca. 1416. person
associatedWith Mallarmé, Stéphane, 1842-1898. person
associatedWith Maroger, Jacques, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Marsh, Edward Howard, Sir, 1872-1953. person
associatedWith Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954. person
associatedWith Mawson, C. A. G., person
associatedWith Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.). Office of the Secretary. corporateBody
associatedWith Milton, George-Merritt. person
associatedWith Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913, person
associatedWith Morrell, Ottoline Violet Anne Cavendish-Bentinck, Lady, 1873-1938 person
associatedWith Newbolt, Henry John, Sir, 1862-1938. person
associatedWith New Gallery (London, England) corporateBody
associatedWith Ogden, C. K. (Charles Kay), 1889-1957. person
associatedWith Omega Workshops corporateBody
associatedWith Pierpont Morgan Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
correspondedWith Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933 person
correspondedWith Rothenstein, William, Sir, 1872-1945 person
associatedWith Signorelli, Luca, 1441?-1523. person
associatedWith Smith, Logan Pearsall, 1865-1946. person
associatedWith Waldemar George, 1893- person
associatedWith Woolf, Leonard, 1880-1969. person
associatedWith Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Subject
Bloomsbury group
Literature
Authors, English--20th century--Correspondence
Courage
Posters, British--20th cent
Painting, British
Artists, English--20th century--Correspondence
Art criticism
Artists
House painting
Painting, British--20th century
Art critics--Correspondence
Art historians
Tempera painting
Interior decoration
Arts and Humanities
Art, Modern--20th century
Occupation
Photographers
Artists
Function

Person

Birth 1866-12-14

Death 1934-09-09

Britons

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60r9st3

Ark ID: w60r9st3

SNAC ID: 70321213