Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758

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Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) was a colonial American Congregational preacher and theologian. He was president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) from February 1758 to his death, one month later.

From the description of Jonathan Edwards family collection, 1723-1798. (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 276567983

American theologian.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Stockbridge, to The Reverend Joseph Bellamy, 1753 Aug. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270743085

Jonathan Edwards was born in East Windsor, Connecticut in 1703. He graduated from Yale College in 1720 and continued his theological study for two more years. He served as minister in churches in New York City and Northampton, Massachusetts. His attack on New England's moral ills in published sermons brought about a spiritual revival in the Connecticut River Valley from 1734-1735. In 1750, he was dismissed from the church in Northampton as the result of a controversy over church membership. He moved to Stockbridge, Massachusetts in 1751 and became a missionary to the Indians and minister of a small town. In January, 1758, he became president of the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University). His term lasted only three months due to his death in March.

From the description of Jonathan Edwards papers [microform]. (Yale University). WorldCat record id: 122390402

Congregational clergyman and theologian, president of the College of New Jersey (Princeton).

From the description of Letter, 1757 Nov. 11. (American Congregational Association). WorldCat record id: 70954094

Clergyman and educator.

From the description of Jonathan Edwards letter, 1750. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71009890

Jonathan Edwards, theologian and leader of the Great Awakening, minister of the Congregationalist Church at Northampton, Mass., later missionary to the Stockbridge Indians, author of Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. He was the only son of Timothy and Esther Stoddard Edwards; one of his ten sisters was Hannah Wetmore. He married Sarah Pierpont and had eleven children, one of them Jonathan Edwards, Jr., whose son was Jonathan Walter Edwards.

From the description of Jonathan Edwards collection, 1696-1972 (bulk 1726-1758). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702138537

Jonathan Edwards, among the foremost theologians and philosophers of his time, was born in East Windsor, Connecticut, on October 5, 1703. He attended Yale College and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1720. He returned in 1723 to receive his Master of Arts degree, and served as a tutor from 1724 to 1726. Upon leaving Yale, he succeeded his grandfather, Solomon Stoddard, as minister of the Congregationalist Church at Northampton, Massachusetts from 1726 to 1750. There he became known as an evangelical preacher and stern Calvinist, helping inspire the "Great Awakening" of the 1740s. His writings, which were widely circulated, included A Faithful Narrative, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, Distinguishing Marks of a Work of the Spirit of God, Some Thoughts Concerning the Revivals, and A Treatise Concerning Religious Affections .

Edwards eventually became alienated from his Northampton congregation, and was dismissed after a protracted controversy over qualifications for church membership. In 1751 he became a missionary to the Mahican and Mohawk Indians at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and minister to the English congregation there. While at Stockbridge he continued writing treatises that expounded his theology, including Freedom of the Will, Original Sin, The Nature of True Virtue, and The End for Which God Created the World . In 1757, he accepted an offer to become the president of the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University. In March 1758 he received a smallpox innoculation which proved to be infected, and died.

For more information on Edwards's life, see Perry Miller, Jonathan Edwards (New York: Sloan, 1949); Ola E. Winslow, Jonathan Edwards, 1703-1758: A Biography (New York: Macmillan, 1941); and Iain H. Murray, Jonathan Edwards: A New Biography (Carlisle, Penn.: Banner of Truth, 1987). Readers should also consult The Works of Jonathan Edwards (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1957-ongoing) for further definitive information on Edwards's life and writings.

Note: The people listed here are represented prominently in the collection, and are therefore mentioned in the Description of the Collection.

Timothy Edwards (1669-1758) m. (1694) Esther Stoddard (1672-1771)

Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) m. (1727) Sarah Pierpont (1710-1758)

Jonathan (1745-1801) m. (1770) Mary Porter

Mary m. James Hait [Hoyt?]

Jonathan Walter m. Elizabeth Tryon (daughter of Moses Tryon)

Jonathan

9 other children

Jerusha m. Calvin Chapin

Ten children

Hannah (1713-1773) m. (1746) Seth Wetmore (1700-1778)

Lucy (1749-1826) m. (1770) Chauncey Whittelsey (d. 1812)

Nine daughters

From the guide to the Jonathan Edwards collection, 1696-1972, 1726-1758, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Jonathan Edwards collection, 1748-1750. Billy Graham Center Archives, BGC Archives
referencedIn Lyon, William H. (William Henry), 1846-1915. Sermons, 1888-1914. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Guelzo, Allen C. An interview with Allen C. Guelzo / Allen C. Guelzo ; Stewart Winger, interviewer. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Wiles, Eleanor. "The fountain whence all virtue"; a study of the moral philosophy of Jonathan Edwards in the light of eighteenth-century thought. Submitted by Phoebe Crymble,[pseud.] Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Smith, Elizur Yale. Edwards family genealogical research notes, compiled by Elizur Yale Smith, ca. 1800-1960 1920s-1940s. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Yale miscellaneous manuscripts collection, 1701-2002 (inclusive), 1701-1987 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Ryland, John. Letters from the Edwards family, 1785-1822. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Everett, William, 1839-1910. Lectures on six provincial worthies / by William Everett, 1903 April 1-May 6. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Dwight family genealogy papers, 1850-1977. Historic Deerfield Library
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Jonathan Edwards family collection, 1723-1798. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Baldwin, Thomas, 1753-1825. Sermons by various clergymen, 1621-1889. Sheldon Museum Research Center
referencedIn Donald Hyde and Mary Hyde Eccles Autograph Collection, 1505-1957 (inclusive), 1702-1854 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Strong family. Strong family collection, 1667-1925 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Dana, James, 1735-1812. A preservative against the doctrine of fate; occasioned by reading Mr. Jonathan Edwards, against free will, in a book intitled, a careful and strict inquiry, &c. Proposed to the consideration of young students in divinity...Being in part an extract from Mr. Baxter's writing against Hobbes & other fatalists (manuscript), [1770]. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Slavery/Anti-Slavery Collection MS 390., 1791-1968 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Walley, John, 1716-1784. Journal, 1742-1751. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Wright, Conrad. Edwards and the Arminians on the freedom of the will. [By Dana W. Edwards, pseud.] Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Bellamy, Joseph, 1719-1790. Joseph Bellamy correspondence and sermons, 1737-1800. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Edwards, Timothy, 1738-1813. [Letter] 1793 Apr. 26, Stockbridge, [Mass., to] Pierpont Edwards / Tm. Edwards. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn The true doctrine of liberty and moral agency..., 1769. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jonathan Edwards collection, 1696-1972, 1726-1758 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Letter, 1757 Nov. 11. Morris Brown College
creatorOf Eccles, Mary Hyde,. Donald Hyde and Mary Hyde Eccles autograph collection, 1505-1957 (inclusive), 1702-1854 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Edwards, Timothy, 1669-1758. Timothy Edwards letter 1723 January 16 to the town committee of Bolton (Conn.). Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Papers [microform] Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Gerould, James Thayer, 1872-1951. James Thayer Gerould papers on Jonathan Edwards, 1931-1937. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Foxcroft, Thomas, 1697-1769. Papers, 1733-1761. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the Parts Adjacent in America. Letter book of the Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the Parts Adjacent in America, 1688-1761. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Smyth, Egbert Coffin, 1829-1904. [Jonathan Edwards]. University of Nebraska - Lincoln
referencedIn Office of the President Records : Jonathan Dickinson to Harold W. Dodds Subgroup, 1746-1999, 1830-1869 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Princeton University Archives.
referencedIn Kimnach, Wilson H. Editorial manual, The works of Jonathan Edwards / prepared by Wilson H. Kimnach ; in consultation with Thomas A. Schafer. Yale University Library
referencedIn Yale miscellaneous manuscripts collection, 1701-2002 (inclusive), 1701-1987 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Strong Family Collection, 1667-1925 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Autograph letter signed : Stockbridge, to The Reverend Joseph Bellamy, 1753 Aug. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Jonathan Edwards papers [microform]. Yale University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984. Autograph collection, 1446-2001. Princeton University Library
referencedIn George Frisbie Hoar autograph collection, 1598-1945. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Zak, Michael. Jonathan Edwards : for organ / Michael Zak. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Dwight, Joseph, 1702-1765. Papers [microform], 1734-1762. Historic Deerfield Library
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Sermons, etc. preached out of town. Minuteman Library Network
creatorOf Burke Library (Union Theological Seminary). [Precinct votes on the termination of the ministry of the Rev. Jonathan Edwards, Northampton, MA, 1749]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, E, 1564-1961. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Robbins, Philemon, 1709-1781. Robbins family papers, 1724- ca. 1803. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Yale Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection, 1701-2007, 1701-1987 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Jonathan Edwards collection, 1696-1972 (bulk 1726-1758). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Sophia Smith Collection. Slavery/anti-slavery collection, 1791-1968 (bulk 1830-1954). Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. A history of the Warrandyte Argus : an examination of the founding and running of Warrandyte High School's students' newspaper. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Ballantine, John, 1716-1776. Diary, 1737-1743; 1753-1774. American Antiquarian Society
creatorOf Savage, Samuel Phillips, 1718-1797. Samuel P. Savage papers, 1703-1848 ; bulk: 1703-1829. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Stoddard family. Papers, 1679-1920. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn The true doctrine of liberty and moral agency..., 1769. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Jonathan Edwards letter, 1750. Library of Congress
referencedIn Bellamy, Joseph, 1719-1790. Papers of Joseph Bellamy, 1752-1785. Library of Congress
referencedIn Stevens, Thomas. [Commonplace book], 1779-1781. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758. Letter, 1744 July 27, Northampton, to Benjamin Colman, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Andover Newton Theological School. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Ballantine, John, 1716-1776. person
associatedWith Bellamy, Joseph, 1719-1790, person
correspondedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Burke Library (Union Theological Seminary). corporateBody
associatedWith Burr, Esther Edwards person
associatedWith Chapin, Calvin, 1763-1851. person
associatedWith College of New Jersey (Princeton, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Colman, Benjamin, 1673-1747. person
associatedWith Colman family. family
associatedWith Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the Parts Adjacent in America. corporateBody
associatedWith Dwight, Joseph, 1702-1765. person
associatedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde, person
correspondedWith Edwards family family
associatedWith Edwards family. family
associatedWith Edwards family. family
associatedWith Edwards family. family
associatedWith Edwards, Jonathan, 1745-1801. person
associatedWith Edwards, Jonathan Walter. person
associatedWith Edwards, Pierpont, 1750-1826. person
associatedWith Edwards, Timothy, 1669-1758. person
associatedWith Edwards, Timothy, 1738-1813. person
associatedWith Everett, William, 1839-1910. person
associatedWith Foxcroft, Thomas, 1697-1769. person
associatedWith Gerould, James Thayer, 1872-1951. person
associatedWith Guelzo, Allen C. person
associatedWith Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904 person
associatedWith Joy, Tim. person
associatedWith Kimnach, Wilson H. person
associatedWith Lyon, William H. (William Henry), 1846-1915. person
associatedWith Princeton University corporateBody
associatedWith Princeton University. Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith Robbins, Philemon, 1709-1781. person
associatedWith Ryland, John. person
associatedWith Savage, Samuel Phillips, 1718-1797. person
associatedWith Smith, Elizur Yale. person
associatedWith Stevens, Thomas. person
associatedWith Stoddard family. family
associatedWith Strong family. family
associatedWith Strong Family family
associatedWith Tryon, Moses. person
associatedWith Tryon, Moses. person
associatedWith Walley, John, 1716-1784. person
associatedWith Warrandyte High School. corporateBody
associatedWith Wetmore, Hannah Edwards, 1713-1773. person
associatedWith White Haven Church (New Haven, Ct.) corporateBody
associatedWith Whittelsey, Chauncey, 1746-1812. person
associatedWith Whittelsey, Lucy Wetmore, 1749-1826. person
associatedWith Wiles, Eleanor. person
associatedWith Wright, Conrad. person
associatedWith Zak, Michael. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Connecticut
Massachusetts
Massachusetts--Stockbridge
Stockbridge (Mass.)
United States
Massachusetts--Northampton
Northampton (Mass.)
United States
Northampton (Mass.)
Princeton (N.J.)
Australia--Warrandyte (Vic.)
Subject
Indians of North America--Missions
Preaching--History--17th century
Sermons--Outlines, syllabi, etc
Revivals--Massachusetts--Northampton
Theology--History--18th century
Calvinism
Congregational churches--Clergy--18th century
Congregationalism--18th century
Preaching--United States--History--17th century
Sermons, American--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
Clergy--18th century
Sermons, American
Theology
Theology, Doctrinal--History
Theology, Doctrinal--United States--History
Congregational churches--Sermons
Congregational churches
Congregationalism--Sermons
Revivals
Indians of North America--Missions--Massachusetts
Student newspapers and periodicals--History
Congregational churches--Clergy--Correspondence
Theology Early works to 1800
Messiah--Prophecies
Calvinism--United States
Congregational churches--Clergy
Educational fund raising--18th century
Great Awakening
Occupation
Educators
Theologians--Massachusetts--Stockbridge
Clergy
Function

Person

Birth 1703-10-05

Death 1758-03-22

Britons

English

Information

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Ark ID: w60001p6

SNAC ID: 21335332