Silone, Ignazio, 1900-1978Alternative names
Pseudonym of Secondo Tranquilli; born in Pescina dei Marsi, Italy 1900, died in Geneva 1978; writer; secretary of the Abruzzi farm labourers' union in 1917; convicted for organizing antiwar demonstrations; joined the Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI) in 1918; leader in the Federazione Italiana Giovanile Socialista; editor of the Avanguardia Socialista; member of the Executive of the Communist Youth International; joined the Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) in Livorno in 1921; PCI delegate at the Third Congress of the COMINTERN; editor of the weekly L'Avanguardia Rome and later of the daily Il Lavoratore Triest; erected with Antonio Gramsci a communist underground organization; forced into exile by the fascists' laws in 1927; fled to Switzerland in 1928, where he wrote his internationally most well-known books F̀ontamara' 1930 and P̀ane e Vina' 1937; left the PCI in 1931; joined the PSI in 1940 and directed it from Switzerland; in 1946 member of the Executive of the PSI; editor of the daily Avanti!; founded the Partito Socialista Unitario, but withdrew from politics when this party joined Giuseppe Saragat's Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano.
From the description of Archives 1942-1944 (-1954). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79845455