Stilwell, Joseph Warren, 1883-1946

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1883-03-19
Death 1946-10-12
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

General, United States Army; commanding general, United States Forces in China-Burma-India Theater, and commander, Chinese armies in Burma, 1942-1944.

From the description of Joseph Warren Stilwell papers, 1889-2010. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754872511

Biographical Note

A chronology of Joseph Warren Stilwell's Assignments, Chronology of Promotions, and List of Decorations follows the Biographical Note

  • 1883 March 19: Born, Palatka, Florida
  • 1904 June 15: B.S., U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York
  • 1904 - 1906 : 12th Infantry, Philippine Islands
  • 1906 - 1910 : Instructor, Department of Modern Languages, U.S. Military Academy
  • 1911 - 1912 : 12th Infantry, Philippine Islands
  • 1912 - 1913 : 12th Infantry, Presidio, Monterey, California
  • 1913 - 1917 : Instructor, U.S. Military Academy
  • 1918 - 1919 : Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, IV Corps, American Expeditionary Forces
  • 1919: Assistant Chief of Staff for Personnel, IV Corps, Army of Occupation, Cochem, Germany
  • 1919 - 1923 : Chinese language student, University of California, Berkeley, California, and Peking, China
  • 1924 - 1925 : Assistant Executive, Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 1925 - 1926 : Student Officer, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
  • 1926 - 1929 : Battalion Commander, 15th Infantry, Tientsin, China
  • 1929 - 1933 : Instructor, Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 1933 - 1935 : Reserve duty, San Diego, California
  • 1935 - 1939 : Military Attaché, U.S. Embassy, Peking, China
  • 1939 - 1940 : Commander, 3rd Infantry Brigade, Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • 1940: Promoted to Major General
  • 1940 - 1941 : Commander, 7th Division, Ford Ord, California
  • 1941 - 1942 : Commander, 3rd Army Corps, Presidio of Monterey, California
  • 1942: Promoted to Lieutenant General
  • 1942 - 1944 : Commanding General, U.S. Forces in China-Burma-India Theater
  • 1944: Promoted to General
  • 1945: Commander, U.S. Ground Forces Commander, 10th Army, Pacific Theater
  • 1945 - 1946 : U.S. War Equipment Board, Washington, D.C.
  • 1946: Commander, 6th Army, Western Defense Command, Presidio of San Francisco, California
  • 1946 June 25 - July 31 : Observer, Bikini Atomic Bomb Tests
  • 1946 October 12: Died, Presidio of San Francisco, California

Chronology of Joseph Warren Stilwell's Assignments

Prepared by John Easterbrook

  • 6/15/04: Graduated from United States Military Academy, West Point, New York
  • 6/16/04-9/14/04: Graduation leave and travel to West Coast
  • 9/15/04-11/7/04: En route to Camp Jossman, Guimaras, Philippine Islands (USAT Sheridan, 10/1/04-10/29/04)
  • 11/7/04-4/8/06: Camp Jossman, Guimaras, Philippine Islands (in the field, Samar, Philippine Islands, 2/3/05), 12th Infantry
  • 4/9/06-8/21/06: Travel to the U.S. (4/9/06-5/15/06), leave, and travel to West Point
  • 8/22/06-12/18/10: Department of Modern Languages, United States Military Academy (intelligence gathering trip through Guatemala, 6/20/07-8/9/07; trip through Mexico, 6/28/08-8/1/08; trip to Honduras, Salvador, and Guatemala, 6/25/09-8/4/09)
  • 12/19/10-1/31/11: Travel to West Coast and en route to Philippine Islands (USAT Sherman, 1/5/11-1/31/11)
  • 2/1/11-2/11/12: Fort William McKinley, Philippine Islands (Company D, 12th Infantry 6/4/11; leave in Japan and China 9/15/11-12/14/11); returned to the U.S. with Company D, 12th Infantry
  • 2/11/12-4/29/13: Presidio of Monterey, California, Company D, 12th Infantry
  • 4/30/13-5/31/13: Leave
  • 6/1/13-6/27/13: Fort Niagara, New York, for tryout for Army Infantry Rifle Team
  • 6/28/13-8/17/13: Leave and travel
  • 8/18/13-6/2/14: Department of English and History, United States Military Academy
  • 6/3/14-6/14/14: Travel to Madrid, Spain (Lorraine, 6/3/14-6/10/14)
  • 6/15/14-8/6/14: Madrid, Spain, for Spanish language course
  • 8/8/14-8/27/14: Travel to the U.S. (RMS Ivernia from Gibraltar to Boston, 8/8/14-8/20/14) and leave
  • 8/28/14-4/21/15: Department of Modern Languages, United States Military Academy
  • 4/22/15-4/26/15: Travel to Madison Barracks, New York
  • 4/27/15-9/27/15: Madison Barracks, New York, for "duty with troops" (Companies H, L, and K, 3rd Infantry)
  • 9/28/15-9/30/15: Leave
  • 10/1/15-6/25/16: Department of Modern Languages, United States Military Academy
  • 6/12/16-8/12/16: Camp of Instruction, Regular Troops, Plattsburg, New York (Company M, 1st Battalion, Station Training Regiment/8th Training Regiment
  • 8/12/16-8/24/17: Department of Modern Languages, United States Military Academy (with additional duty in the Department of Tactics starting in June 1917)
  • 8/25/17-12/18/17: Camp Lee, Virginia, 80th Division (Brigade Adjutant, Camp Quartermaster, Commandant Quartermaster Training School, Commandant School of Arms and Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2)
  • 12/30/17-1/19/18: En route to France (USMS New York from New York 1/7/18, arrived in Le Havre, France, 1/19/18)
  • 1/19/18-2/6/18: General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, Chaumont, France
  • 2/6/18-2/10/18: Travel to British 30th Division and on to British 58th Division
  • 2/10/18-2/15/18: With British 58th Division, La Fère Sector
  • 2/16/18-2/28/18: Army Schools, Intelligence Course, Langres, France
  • 2/28/18-3/17/18: General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, Chaumont, France
  • 3/20/18-4/29/18: With French 17th Corps, Verdun Sector
  • 4/30/18-6/5/18: General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, Chaumont, France
  • 6/6/18-6/15/18: With U.S. 2nd Corps, G-2 Section
  • 6/19/18-1/20/19: Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, U.S. 4th Corps (Toul Sector, in Battle of St. Mihiel; temporary duty,1st Corps, 8/8/18-8/10/18)
  • 1/20/19-6/23/19: Assistant Chief of Staff G-1, 4th Corps, Army of Occupation, Cochem, Germany
  • 7/5/19-7/15/19: En route to the U.S. (Lorraine)
  • 7/16/19-8/29/19: Leave (one month) and travel to California
  • 8/29/19-5/17/20: Chinese language student, University of California, Berkeley, California
  • 5/18/20-8/4/20: Leave
  • 8/5/20-9/20/20: En route to China (USAT Madawaska to Manila, 8/5/20-8/31/20)
  • 9/20/20-7/8/23: Chinese language student, Peking, China
  • 7/8/23-7/31/23: En route to the U.S. (USAT Thomas, 7/8/23-7/31/23)
  • 8/1/23-9/9/23: Leave and travel to Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 9/10/23-5/29/24: Student, Advanced Officers' Course, Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 5/30/24-5/30/25: Assistant Executive, Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 5/31/25-8/21/25: Leave and travel to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
  • 8/22/25-6/30/26: Student Officer, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
  • 7/1/26-9/28/26: Leave and travel to Tientsin, China (sailed on USAT Thomas, 8/20/26-9/28/26)
  • 9/29/26-2/22/28: 15th Infantry, Tientsin, China
  • 10/1/26-12/15/26,: Commander, Provisional Battalion, 15th Infantry
  • 12/6/26-4/30/27,: Commander 2nd Battalion, 15th Infantry
  • 5/1/27-10/31/27,: Regimental Executive Officer, 15th Infantry
  • 11/1/27-12/23/27,: Commander, Provisional Battalion, 15th Infantry
  • 12/24/27-2/22/28,: Regimental Executive Officer, 15th Infantry (trip to Korea and Japan, 9/5/27-9/25/27; trip to Japan, 9/22/28-10/30/28)
  • 2/22/28-6/30/28: Post Executive Officer, Tientsin, China
  • 7/1/28-4/16/29: Chief of Staff, United States American Forces in China (detached service for one month effective 3/10/29; trip to Korea and Japan, 3/10/29-4/1/29)
  • 4/17/29-5/31/29: En route to the U.S. (USAT Grant, 4/17/29-5/7/29, to San Francisco and then New York via Panama, 5/14/29-5/31/29)
  • 6/1/29-7/9/29: Leave and travel to Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 7/10/29-5/-/30: Instructor in Tactics, Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 5/-/30-5/30/33: Chief of First Section (Tactics) and Instructor, Fort Benning, Georgia
  • 6/6/33-5/19/35: Reserve duty in San Diego, California
  • 4/20/35-6/4/35: Leave and travel to San Francisco, California
  • 6/5/35-7/6/35: En route to China (USAT Grant, 6/5/35-7/6/35)
  • 7/7/35-5/13/39: Military Attaché to China and Siam, Peking, China (26 field trips within China and Siam)
  • 5/13/39-8/14/39: Leave (Indo-China, Siam, Malay, Java, and Philippines) and en route to the U.S. (USAT Grant, 7/24/39-8/14/39)
  • 8/16/39-9/23/39: Leave and travel to Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • 9/24/39-10/8/39: Commander, 3rd Brigade, Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • 10/8/39-6/28/40: Infantry Commander, 2nd Division, Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • 7/1/40-7/25/41: Commanding General, 7th Division, Fort Ord, California
  • 7/25/41-12/23/41: Commanding General, 3rd Corps, Presidio of Monterey, California
  • 12/24/41-1/23/42: Washington, D.C. (planning North African invasion)
  • 1/23/42-3/4/42: Planning, assembling staff, and en route to China
  • 3/4/42-10/26/44: Chief of Staff to the Supreme Commander of the China Theater; Commanding General of U.S. army forces in the China Theater of Operation, Burma, and India (o/a June 22, 1942, evolved to Commanding General, China-Burma-India Theater); and subsequently Deputy Commander, Southeast Asia Command
  • 10/26/44-1/22/45: En route to the U.S., leave, and waiting for new assignment per verbal instructions from General George C. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff
  • 1/24/45-6/21/45: Commanding General, Army Ground Forces
  • 6/23/45-10/15/45: Commanding General, Tenth Army, Okinawa, Japan
  • 11/1/45-1/19/46: War Equipment Board, Washington, D.C.
  • 1/22/46-2/28/46: Commanding General, Western Defense Command, Presidio of San Francisco, California
  • 3/1/46-10/12/46: Commanding General, Sixth Army, Presidio of San Francisco, California (observer, Bikini Atomic Bomb tests (6/25/46-7/31/46)
  • 10/12/46: Died at Presidio of San Francisco, California, at age 63

Sources: Diaries, orders, papers, and notes in the Joseph W. Stilwell Collection, Hoover Institution Archives, Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University, Stanford, California, and personal letters in the possession of John Easterbrook. Compiled by John Easterbrook, April 2002

NOTE: Some time intervals shown between assignments are assumed to be a small number of leave days and/or travel time, and in some cases clearing customs following international travel. Major blocks of leave time are noted. Single day differences were occasionally noted between Stilwell's diaries, summary notes, and orders. In these cases preference was given to daily diary entries when available

Chronology of Promotions

Prepared by John Easterbrook

  • 6/15/04: Second Lieutenant
  • 3/3/11: First Lieutenant
  • 7/1/16: Captain
  • 8/5/17: Major, AUS (accepted 8/21/17)
  • 8/26/18: Lieutenant Colonel, AUS (accepted 9/11/18)
  • 5/6/19: Colonel, AUS (accepted 5/10/19)
  • 9/14/19: Returned to grade of Captain
  • 7/1/20: Major
  • 5/6/28: Lieutenant Colonel
  • 8/1/35: Colonel
  • 7/1/39: Brigadier General (accepted 8/5/39)
  • 10/1/40: Major General, AUS (accepted 10/2/40)
  • 2/25/42: Lieutenant General, AUS
  • 9/1/43: Major General, Regular Army
  • 8/1/44: General

List of Decorations of Joseph Warren Stilwell

Prepared by John Easterbrook

United States. Army decorations

Combat Infantryman's Badge

Distinguished Service Cross

Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster

Legion of Merit, Degree of Chief Commander

Bronze Star (posthumously)

Air Medal (posthumously)

Philippine Campaign Medal

World War I Victory Medal with clasps for St. Mihiel and Defensive Sector

American Defense Service Medal

American Campaign Medal

Army of Occupation of Germany Medal

Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one silver star in lieu of five bronze stars

World War II Victory Medal

Foreign decorations

Légion d'Honneur, Chevalier, France

La Solidaridad, Panama

Order of Leopold with Palm, Degree of Grand Officer, Belgian (posthumously)

Croix de Guerre with Palm, Belgian (posthumously)

Mentioned in Despatch for Distinguished Service, British

From the guide to the Joseph Warren Stilwell papers, 1889-2010, (Hoover Institution Archives)

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Subjects:

  • Slides (Photography)
  • Stilwell Road
  • United States. Army--Officers
  • World War, 1939-1945--China
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
  • China--History--Republic, 1912-1949
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Burma
  • Sino--Japanese Conflict, 1937-1945
  • Sino--Japanese War, 1937-1945

Occupations:

not available for this record

Places:

  • Burma (as recorded)
  • Stilwell Road (as recorded)
  • China (as recorded)