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The Smithsonian Institution was established on August 10, 1846, is a group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government. The institution is named after its founding donor, British scientist James Smithson. Originally organized as the United States National Museum.James Smithson (1765-1829), a British scientist, left his estate to the United States to found “at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusio...
Portrait sculptor Henry Dexter began his artistic career as a painter, studying with Francis Alexander of Boston, MA. Though completely self-taught as a sculptor, his first commissioned work, a bust of Rev. Dr. Anderson, began four decades of marble and plaster portraits that produced over 200 sculptures. Some of the most noted figures who sat for him were Charles Dickens (1841) and President James Buchanan (ca. 1859). In 1859-1860, Dexter attempted to sculpt portraits of all United...
Swiss American zoologist and geologist and Harvard University professor. From the description of Louis Agassiz letters, 1854-1858. (Montana State University Bozeman Library). WorldCat record id: 154689919 Agassiz was born in Switzerland; taught at Neuchâtel from 1832 to 1845; and in 1846 moved to the United States to teach natural history at Harvard. Agassiz and his wife, Elizabeth Cabot Cary, spent 19 months in Brazil (1865-1866) to collect zoological specimens for the Har...