Manuscripts and documents of Jean François Raffaëlli, 1878-1914.

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Raffaëlli, Jean François, 1850-1924. Manuscripts and documents of Jean François Raffaëlli, 1878-1914.

Manuscripts and documents of Jean François Raffaëlli, 1878-1914.

The collection comprises ca. 1150 leaves of original manuscripts and ca. 220 leaves of correspondence in photocopies. The latter are letters received between the late 1870s and 1914, along with fifteen copies of personal and family documents. Also included are ten drafts of letters Raffaëlli wrote in the same period. The collection of manuscripts comprises writings about most contemporary issues, from arts to philosophy, politics and sociology, including essays, speeches, literary texts, lectures and an unfinished treatise. Except for two typed copies of a lecture in English translation, all the texts are handwritten and, although heavily edited, are often signed or initialled. Raffaëlli's manuscripts reflect numerous ideas typical of the last quarter of the 19th century in France, such as the necessity of modernizing the schools' programs as well as the Jury and exhibition criteria for promoting the modern art; the role of women in society; the "Jewish question" in the context of the Dreyfus affair; the consequences of industrialization; the "péril jaune" and the danger of German invasions and the United States of Europe. The typical "isms" of the last half of 19th century - Naturalism, Impressionism, Positivism, Realism - and Barrès' cult of the self are eloquently illustrated in Raffaëlli's largely unpublished writings. reward of paintings in exhibitions, present the reforms advocated by the author for promoting the true art in France. Other manuscripts are incursions in art and religion, painting and literature, the artist and his profession and Raphäelli's opinion about the questionable originality of women in art. puissance, ou comme un appoint de jeu." The impact of American culture is obvious in the later writings. In 1899 he was invited as a member of the Jury at the International Exhibition of Pittsburgh. In the opening speech of his own exhibition he announced that he had abandoned his theory of "caractérisme" and changed most of his views of the world, embracing a self-confident optimism. He confesses in a letter: "C'est mon dernier voyage en Amérique qui eut cette heureuse influence sur moi." (cited in L. Puech, Le Figaro, 27 May, 1896.)

ca. 1 linear ft.(3 boxes)

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