Records of the United States Naval Observatory, 1830-1900.

ArchivalResource

Records of the United States Naval Observatory, 1830-1900.

Official correspondence and administrative records of offices of the Observatory, located in Washington, D.C., including those of the Superintendent, Nautical Almanac, Librarian, and the Superintendent of Compasses and Instruments, concerning the various activities of the observatory and tracing its development from its origin in the Depot of Charts and Instruments, U.S. Navy Dept. Principal topics include the acquisition, maintenance, testing, and distribution of instruments and charts, the distribution of observatory publications, the eclipse expeditions of 1860, 1869, and 1878, the Centennial Exhibition of 1876, astronomical observations and computations, and experiments to measure the velocity of light. Includes correspondence of Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873), Superintendent (1842-1855, 1858-1861), with ship captains who collected data on ocean winds and currents from which navigation charts were assembled. Maury's correspondence with George Manning reflects his interest in Atlantic soundings, an Atlantic telegraph cable, trade on the Amazon and other South American rivers, and an expedition to the Arctic by Henry Grinnell. Correspondents of the Nautical Almanac Office include W.L. Elkin, William Ferrel, Asaph Hall, Joseph Henry, Edward S. Holden, Albert A. Michelson, Maria Mitchell, C.H.F. Peters, Edward C. Pickering, T.H. Safford, Ormond Stone, David Todd, Alexander Twining, and C.A. Young.

8,000 items.29 containers, plus 1 oversize.

Information

SNAC Resource ID: 8234939

Library of Congress

Related Entities

There are 19 Entities related to this resource.

Ferrel, William, 1817-1891

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rs2pd0 (person)

Meteorologist, of Washington, D.C. From the description of William Ferrel papers, 1857-1899. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19647009 ...

Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xs62qn (person)

Maria Mitchell and her father William Mitchell were astronomers. In 1869, Maria Mitchell was one of the first women elected into the American Philosophical Society. From the description of Papers, ca. 1825-1887. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122624294 From the guide to the Maria Mitchell papers, ca. 1825-1887, Circa 1825-1887, (American Philosophical Society) Astronomer and teacher. From the description of Letter to Mr. Al...

Manning, George William, 1911-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61z617m (person)

Centennial Exhibition 1876 Philadelphia, Pa.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6100x43 (corporateBody)

The Centennial Exhibition of 1876 marked the 100th anniversary of American freedom. The celebration took place in Philadelphia from May 10 to November 10 and attracted over eight million visitors. The exhibition spread across 450 acres of ground in Fairmont Park and consisted of over 200 buildings. Planning for the event began in 1870, and in 1871, Congress established the United States Centennial Commission to plan and run the exhibition. The following year saw the incorporation of the Centenni...

Elkin, William L. (William Lewis), 1855-1933

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6708gj0 (person)

Safford, Edward Charles, 1859-1926.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wj077f (person)

Grinnell, Henry, 1799-1874

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61v60sb (person)

Businessman and philanthropist. From the description of Signature of Henry Grinnell, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450582 Henry Grinnell was born on 13 February 1799 at New Bedford, Massachusetts. He was educated at the New Bedford Academy and, at the age of nineteen, was employed as a clerk in the commission house of H D and E B Sewell in New York City. In 1825, he joined his brothers, Joseph and Moses, and whaling captain Preserved Fish, to form th...

Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x16x2w (person)

Joseph Henry (1797-1878, APS 1835), a physicist, was the first secretary and director of the Smithsonian Institution, a post he retained for over three decades. Henry was a leading experimental scientist whose contributions include several discoveries in the field of electromagnetics. He has been credited with the invention of the electromagnet and the telegraph, among other things. Henry was born in 1797 in Albany, New York, the son of William Henry, a teamster, and his wife An...

Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sj1ng0 (person)

Educator and scientist. From the description of Charles A. Young correspondence, 1873 March 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981440 Astronomer (solar spectroscopy). On the faculty of Western Reserve University in mathematics, natural philosophy, and astronomy (1856-1866), Dartmouth College, natural philosophy and astronomy (1866-1877), Princeton University, astronomy (1877-1905). From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80717828 ...

Peters, Christian Henry Frederick, 1813-1890.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d00qgh (person)

Stone, Ormond, 1847-1933

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6np2h85 (person)

Pickering, Edward C. 1846-1919.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6612jh4 (person)

Twining, Alexander C. (Alexander Catlin), 1801-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64n726s (person)

Scientist, inventor, educator, civil engineer, and astronomer; of New Haven, Conn.; professor of astronomy, mathematics, and natural philosophy at Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vt.; worked as railroad surveyor; after spending 10 years at Middlebury, returned to New Haven as a civil engineer and was engaged in the construction of several railways and canals for a number of years; involved during his later life in the pursuit of scientific research and also with the invention of a machine which ...

Michelson, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1852-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6833vkf (person)

Albert Abraham Michelson (December 19, 1852 – May 9, 1931) was an American physicist known for his work on measuring the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment. In 1907, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, becoming the first American to win the Nobel Prize in a science. He was also the founder and the first head of the physics department of the University of Chicago....

Hall, Asaph, 1829-1907

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n87chd (person)

Astronomer and educator. From the description of Asaph Hall papers, 1837-1983 (bulk 1860-1920). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979822 American astronomer. From the description of Autograph note signed : Washington, D.C., to J. Henry Hill, 1880 Oct. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270508007 ...

Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6513w86 (person)

American astronomer, professor at Amherst, author. From the description of Letter to S.S. McClure, 1893 May 5. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 55620962 Astronomer, teacher, writer, aeronautical enthusiast, inventor; B.A., Amherst, 1875; Ph. D. Washington and Jefferson College, 1888; professor of astronomy and director of the observatory at Amherst College, 1888-1917; leader of expeditions to observe solar eclipses to Japan (1887 and 1896), Western U.S. (1889), ...

Holden, Edward S. (Edward Singleton), 1846-1914

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64f1t0v (person)

Astronomer and librarian. From the description of Edward S. Holden letters to S.S. McClure [manuscript], 1886-1891. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 703435521 American astronomer. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Mount Hamilton, California, to the Art Editor of "Harper's Magazine", 1891 Dec. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270469962 ...

United States. Naval Observatory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q857q9 (corporateBody)

Organizational History 1830 Establishment of the Depot of Charts and Instruments, Washington, D.C. 1843 1844 Construction of the observatory on its present site 1846 Publication of the first ...

Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cr5x8g (person)

American naval officer and oceanographer. From the description of Letter to Capt. Charles Wilkes [manuscript], 1848 March 15. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647808228 From the description of Letter to Andrew Hull Foote [manuscript], 1856 April 4. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647817495 Epithet: Astronomer British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000135.0x000219 ...