Ernest Joseph King papers, 1908-1966 (bulk 1936-1952).

ArchivalResource

King, Ernest Joseph, 1878-1956. Ernest Joseph King papers, 1908-1966 (bulk 1936-1952).

Ernest Joseph King papers, 1908-1966 (bulk 1936-1952).

Correspondence, memoranda, speeches, writings, notes, orders to duty, printed matter, photographs, and other papers relating primarily to King's activities as commander in chief of the U.S. Fleet and chief of naval operations during World War II. Documents his participation in Allied conferences including the Argentina Conference (August 1941), Quebec Conference (1943), Cairo Conference (1943), Teheran Conference (1943), Yalta Conference (1945), and Potsdam Conference (July 1945). Also documents his service as commander of the Submarine Base in New London, Conn.; chief of the U.S. Navy Dept. Bureau of Aeronautics; commander of the Aircraft Base and Aircraft Scouting Force in San Diego, Calif.; and commander of all aircraft carriers of the fleet. Subjects include salvaging of the S-51 sunk off Block Island in 1925; growth and development of military aviation; the Atlantic Charter; World War II naval strategy in the Pacific including the Battle of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, (1942-1943), and General James Harold Doolittle's 1942 air raid on Tokyo; international control of atomic weapons; U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff; national security; and world politics. Includes drafts of Fleet Admiral King; A Naval Record (1952) coauthored by King and Walter Muir Whitehill. Correspondents include Henry Harley Arnold; C.R. Attlee; Bernard M. Baruch; Omar Nelson Bradley; Oliver Lyttelton, Viscount Chandos; Mark W. Clark; Ferdinand Eberstadt; Charles A. Edison; Merritt Austin Edson; Richard S. Edwards; Dwight D. Eisenhower; Douglas Southall Freeman; William Frederick Halsey; Cordell Hull; Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, Viscount Portal of Hungerford; Frank Knox; P.W. Litchfield; George C. Marshall; Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma; Chester W. Nimitz; Quentin James Reynolds; Franklin D. Roosevelt; Robert E. Sherwood; Dorothy Thompson; Harry S. Truman; Walter Muir Whitehill; and Orville Wright.

10,000 items.39 containers.15 linear feet.

Related Entities

There are 42 Entities related to this resource.

King, Ernest Joseph, 1878-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v51khf (person)

Ernest Joseph King (23 November 1878 – 25 June 1956) was Commander in Chief, United States Fleet (COMINCH) and Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) during World War II. As COMINCH-CNO, he directed the United States Navy's operations, planning, and administration and was a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was the United States Navy's second most senior officer in World War II after Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, who served as Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief. Born in Lorain, Ohio, K...

Knox, Frank, 1874-1944

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g26r6x (person)

William Franklin "Frank" Knox (January 1, 1874 – April 28, 1944) was an American politician, newspaper editor and publisher. He was also the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1936, and Secretary of the Navy under Franklin D. Roosevelt during most of World War II. On December 7, 1941, Knox flanked by his assistant John O’Keefe walked into Roosevelt's White House study at approximately 1:30 p.m. EST announcing that Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor. Knox was mentioned by name in Adolf Hitler...

Nimitz, Chester W. (Chester William), 1885-1966

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s866k3 (person)

Chester William Nimitz, Sr. (/ˈnɪmɪts/; February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy. He played a major role in the naval history of World War II as Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, commanding Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II. Nimitz was the leading US Navy authority on submarines. Qualified in submarines during his early years, he later oversaw the conversion of these vessels' propu...

United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d61bx7 (corporateBody)

Bradley, Omar Nelson, 1893-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65822fj (person)

Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981) was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II, holding the rank of General of the Army. Bradley was the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and oversaw the U.S. military's policy-making in the Korean War. Born in Randolph County, Missouri, Bradley worked as a boilermaker before entering the United States Military Academy at West Point. He graduated from the academy in 1915 alongside Dwight D. Eisenh...

Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950

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Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the ranks of General of the Army and General of the Air Force. Arnold was an aviation pioneer, Chief of the Air Corps (1938–1941), Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces, the only U.S. Air Force general to hold five-star rank, and the only officer to hold a five-star rank in two different U.S. military services. Arnold was also the founder of Project RAND, which evolved into one of the wo...

Cairo Conference (1943)

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Wright, Orville, 1871-1948

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d50mjw (person)

Orville Wright was a pioneer aviator. He was born in Dayton, Ohio, 1871 Aug 19. He was a son of Bishop Milton and Susan Catherine (Koerner) Wright. In 1903, with his brother Wilbur, he devoted much of his time to Wright Bros.' flying machine. From the description of Letter, 1943. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122537770 Biographical Notes Wilbur Wright ...

Argentina Conference (1941)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n09847 (corporateBody)

Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vd6wkc (person)

George Catlett Marshall (b. December 31, 1880, Uniontown, Pennsylvania-d. October 16, 1959, Washington, D.C.), had a long and auspicious career in the United States (U.S.) Army and to the United States. He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901 and served his country as U.S. Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, Envoy to China, Army Chief of Staff, and as President of the American Red Cross. Marshall, America's first five-star general, was born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, ...

Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York. He was the son of James (lawyer, financier) and Sara (Delano) Roosevelt. He married Anna Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17, 1905, and had six children: Anna, James, Franklin, Elliott, Franklin Jr., John. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1904 and later attended Columbia University Law School. Roosevelt was admitted to the Bar in 1907 and worked for the Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn firm in New York City from 1907 to 19...

Whitehill, Walter Muir, 1905-1978

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Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969

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Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969) was leader of the Allied forces in Europe in World War II, commander of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), and the thirty-fourth president of the United States, from January 20, 1953, to January 20, 1961. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas, the third son of David Jacob Eisenhower, a railroad worker, and Ida Elizabeth Stover. In 1891, the family moved to Abilene, Kansas, where David accepted a job at a local creamery run by ...

Edwards, Richard S. (Richard Stanislaus), 1885-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nh2m8p (person)

Litchfield, P. W. (Paul Weeks), 1875-1959

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Edison, Charles A., 1890-1969

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Industrialist and statesman, of New York, N.Y.; neighbor of Herbert Hoover. From the description of Charles Edison papers, 1951-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70969234 Industrialist. From the description of Reminiscences of Charles Edison : oral history, 1953. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309730226 ...

United States. Navy. U.S. Fleet

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Halsey, William F. (William Frederick), 1882-1959

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Naval officer. Nickname: Bull. From the description of Papers William Frederick Halsey, 1907-1959 (bulk 1943-1959). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71060394 Allied military governor of Dutch Timor and Portuguese Timor. From the description of William Frederick Halsey proclamations, 1944. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754867620 William F. Halsey was a 1904 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy. A five star admiral, he played a major role in the Pacific Theat...

Baruch, Bernard M. (Bernard Mannes), 1870-1965

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Baruch, a financier and public adviser, was a millionaire by the age of thirty thanks to his investments in the stock market. He put his wealth to use in politics and public affairs and became an adviser to Woodrow Wilson, who appointed him chairman of the War Industries Board and a member of the president's war council. After World War I, he took part in the postwar peace conference and later became an adviser to President Roosevelt on defense matters and industrial preparedness for war. After ...

Edson, Merritt Austin, 1897-1955

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Merritt Austin Edson (1897-1955), known as "Red Mike", began college in 1915 then joined the Vermont National Guard in the summer of 1916. While he did return for one more year, he enlisted in the Marine Corps as a on June 26, 1917 and commissioned as a Second Lieutenant on October 9, 1917. He served in the Europen Theater during WWI without combat. He was promoted to first lieutenant on June 4, 1920 and spent the nect five years training in Virginia, Louisians, and Texas. He spent several years...

Freeman, Douglas Southall, 1886-1953

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Newspaper editor and historian. From the description of Letter to Charles Lee Lewis, 1943 August 17. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 53180098 Freeman was a Richmond, Virginia journalist and historian who wrote the definitive biography of Robert E. Lee. From the description of Letters, 1934 July 14 and 1936 July 25 : to Miss Helen Webster. (Washington & Lee University). WorldCat record id: 567435277 Editor of the Richomd News Leader. ...

Chandos, Oliver Lyttelton, Viscount, 1893-1972

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Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972

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Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, on May 8, 1884, the son of John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen (Young) Truman. The family, which soon included another boy, Vivian, and a girl, Mary Jane moved several times during Truman''s childhood and youth - first, in 1887, to a farm near Grandview, then, in 1890, to Independence, and finally, in 1902, to Kansas City. He attended public schools in Independence, graduating from high school in 1901. After leaving school, he worked briefly as a ti...

Thompson, Dorothy, 1893-1961

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American journalist. From the description of Letter, 1936 July 22, South Pomfret, Vermont, to Perry Walton, Boston. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 184904428 Journalist. From the description of Dorothy Thompson typed letter signed, 1957. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 74986046 Thompson and Sinclair Lewis married in 1928 and divorced in 1942. In 1943 Thompson married the Austrian artist Maxim Kopf (1892-1958). In her memoi...

Quebec Conference 1943)

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Potsdam Conference (1945 : Potsdam, Germany)

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Hungerford, Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, Viscount Portal of, 1893-1971

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r796zh (person)

British air officer. From the description of Reminiscences of Charles Frederick Algernon Portal Hungerford : oral history, 1968. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86131503 Hungerford, Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, Viscount Portal of (b. May 21, 1893, Hungerford, England-d. April 22, 1971), Marshal of the Royal Air Force, was the British Chief of the Air Staff during most of the Second World War. He enlisted as a private in 1914 but was q...

Eberstadt, Ferdinand

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k684cs (person)

Investment banker, government official. From the description of Reminiscences of Ferdinand Eberstadt : oral history, 1960. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122574255 ...

Chandos, Oliver Lyttelton, Viscount, 1893-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rv8k27 (person)

United States. Navy Dept. Bureau of Aeronautics.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65n46x1 (corporateBody)

Yalta Conference 1945

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Doolittle, James Harold, 1896-1993

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v123j3 (person)

American aviator and army general; led first aerial attack on Japanese mainland during World War II. From the description of J. H. Doolittle letter to Mariel Theresa Jones [manuscript], 1950 February 7. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 502157996 Army officer. From the description of Papers of James Harold Doolittle, 1920-1970. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71069887 Aviator, Air Force officer. From the description of Reminiscence...

Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66113xr (person)

American playwright. From the description of Letter, Surrey, England, to Malcolm Wells, New York City [manuscript], 1948 August 30. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647817235 Sherwood was a noted American dramatist. He was born in New Rochelle, N.Y., graduated from Harvard in 1918, and served in World War I. He wrote for Vanity Fair and Life magazines, serving as editor of the latter from 1924 to 1928. His first play, written in 1927, was an immediate success. H...

Mountbatten of Burma, Louis Mountbatten, Earl, 1900-1979

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60297cr (person)

1916 midshipman; 1918 1st lieutenant; 1932 commander; 1942 chief of combined operations; 1942 acting vice-admiral; 1943 acting admiral and supreme commander designate, south east Asia; 1946 rear-admiral; 1947 Viceroy of India; 1947-1948 Govenor-general of India; 1949 vice-admiral; 1950 4th sea lord of the Admiralty; 1954 1st sea lord of the Admiralty; 1956 admiral of the fleet; 1959-1965 chief of defense staff; 1965 Governor of the Isle of Wight. Honours: 1920 MVO; 1922...

Allied and Associated Powers (1914-1920)

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Teheran Conference (1943)

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Edison, Charles, 1890-1969.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62s1prw (person)

Clark, Mark Wayne, 1896-1984

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t72zj6 (person)

Mark Wayne Clark (1896-1984) was born in Madison Barracks, New York. After he graduated from West Point in 1917, he commissioned in the infantry. During World War I, he became wounded in combat while commanding a battalion in France. He served with the War Department General Staff from 1921 to 1924. He graduated from the Command and General Staff School in 1935 and the Army War College two years later. Between 1940 and 1942, he served at General Headquarters and then Army Ground Forces. He rose ...

Reynolds, Quentin James, 1902-1965

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f78992 (person)

Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hm57n0 (person)

Cordell Hull was a Tennessee state representative (1893-1897), a judge of the fifth judicial circuit of Tennessee (1903-1906), U.S. Representative for Tennessee (1907-1921, 1923-1931), chairman of the Democratic National Executive Committee (1921-1924), U.S. Senator for Tennessee (1931-1933), Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1944), and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945. From the description of Cordell Hull letter, 1941 Dec. 12. (Loui...

Attlee, C.R. (Clement Richard), 1883-1967

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Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee (1883-1967) was Prime Minister of the 1945-51 Labour Governments. Details are given in the Dictionary of National Biography . Thomas Simons Attlee (1880-1960) was his brother. See Peggy Attlee With a quiet conscience: Thomas Simons Attlee 1880-1960 (London: 1995). From the guide to the Letters from Clement Attlee to his brother Tom, 1915-60, (University of Oxford, Bodleian Library) Clement R. Attlee was born in Putney, England, and edu...

United States. Navy

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Built and launched at New York Navy Yard; commissioned Nov. 12, 1944; scraped in 1993. Served in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. From the description of USS Bon Homme Richard (CV/CVA-31) photograph collection 1944-1971. (The Mariners' Museum Library). WorldCat record id: 41657866 The federal government decided in 1941 to send Supply Corps personnel to Harvard Business School for training in the business of equipping the Navy. This was effected by a transfer...