Papers of J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1921-1980 (bulk 1947-1967).

ArchivalResource

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. Papers of J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1921-1980 (bulk 1947-1967).

Papers of J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1921-1980 (bulk 1947-1967).

Correspondents include Hans Albrecht Bethe, Raymond T. Birge, Felix Bloch, Max Born, Julian P. Boyd, Vannevar Bush, Pablo Casals, Harold F. Cherniss, Robert F. Christy, Sir John Cockcroft, Arthur Holly Compton, James Bryant Conant, P.A.M. Dirac, T.S. Eliot, Herbert Feis, Enrico Fermi, Lloyd K. Garrison, Leslie R. Groves, Wallace K. Harrison, Julian Huxley, George Frost Kennan, Shuichi Kusaka, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, T.D. Lee, Archibald MacLeish, John Henry Manley, Herbert S. Marks, Nicolas Nabokov, Abraham Pais, Wolfgang Pauli, Linus Pauling, Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, Eleanor Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Bertrand Russell, Albert Schweitzer, Julian Seymour Schwinger, Emilio Segrè, Robert Serber, Leo Szilard, Edward Teller, Norman Thomas, John Archibald Wheeler, Yang Chen Ning, and Hideki Yukawa.

74,000 items.

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Eliot, T.S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965

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American poet and critic. From the description of Letter to Walter Elder, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio [manuscript], 1946 July 1. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647823193 English poet, playwright, critic, editor, and publisher. From the description of Letters, 1950 Mar. 10 and 1958 Nov. 14, London [England], to M[ary] Elis[!]abeth Barber, London [England]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34364335 Revolutionary American born ...

Kennan, George F. (George Frost), 1904-2005

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George Kennan (1845-1924), American journalist and author, was best-known for his writings on Russia. In 1865 he was sent to Siberia as part of a surveying party to find a route for a telegraph line to connect Europe and America. Kennan traveled across Russia and wrote about his experiences in Tent Life in Siberia (1870). He worked as assistant manager of the Associated Press and wrote about the Russian prison and exile system for Century Magazine. In addition to his wor...

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Abraham Pais (1918-2000). From the description of Oral history interview with Abraham Pais, 1974 August 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83623096 ...

Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968

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Clergyman, politician. From the description of Reminiscences of Norman Mattoon Thomas : oral history, 1950. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309735808 American socialist, presidential candidate. From the description of Letters, [1932] July 16 and [July 16?], [n.p.], to [Samuel Johnson] Woolf, [New York?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34363738 Politician. From the description of Reminiscences ...

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962

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Physicist Arthur Holly Compton worked as a research engineer at Westinghouse Lamp Co. (1917-1919) and studied with Rutherford at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England (1919). He taught physics at Washington University (1920-1923) and at University of Chicago (1923-1945) and served as Chancellor of Washington University from 1945-1953. From the guide to the Arthur Holly Compton notebooks, 1919-1941, 1919-1941, (American Philosophical Society) In 1920, Arthur Holly Co...

Kusaka, Shuichi, 1915-....

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Szilard, Leo

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Leo Szilard was a nuclear physicist, biologist and advocate of global arms control. Aaron Novick is a biophysicist. From 1948 to 1952, they jointly investigated the genetics and physiology of bacteria and viruses at the Institute of Radiology and Physics (University of Chicago). From the description of Research files, 1948-1969. (University of California, San Diego). WorldCat record id: 37952289 Gertrud Weiss studied medicine at the University of Vienna. After completing her...

Peierls Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995

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Theoretical physics (quantum theory of solids of electro-magnetic fields and of the solid nucleus; World War II work on atomic energy). Affiliations include: 1925, Berlin University as student of physics; 1926 transferred to University of Munich, Department of Theoretical Physics (A. Sommerfeld); 1928 transferred to Leipzig University, Department of Theoretical Physics (W. Heisenberg); and in 1929 to the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich (W. Pauli). 1929, Ph.D., Leipzig. Fall 1929 to Fall ...

Yukawa, Hideki, 1907-1981

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Died in 1981. From the description of Papers, 1933-1938. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83495534 Physicist. Died in 1981. Oral History Interview may be read by any researcher with an approved access application on file, and excerpts may be copied. From the description of Oral history interview with Hideki Yukawa, 1962 July 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83368083 ...

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

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Died 1967. From the description of Oral history interview with J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1963 November 18 and 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80709804 Physicist (quantum theory and nuclear physics). On the physics faculty at California Institute of Technology and University of California, Berkeley in theoretical physics, 1929-1947; director of Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1943-1945; chairman of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, 1946-1952; d...

Nabokov, Nicolas, 1903-1978

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Beginning in 1934, Lincoln Kirstein put efforts towards producing a ballet entitled Tom, inspired by Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery novel Uncle Tom's cabin. Kirstein first commisioned a libretto from poet E.E. Cummings and music from Virgil Thompson. These initial efforts, however, were rejected by choreographer George Balanchine. The following year, Kirstein comissioned set and costume designs from Ben Shahn and a new score from Nicolas Nabokov, working with both artists, as well as Balan...

Cherniss, Harold F. (Harold Fredrik), 1904-1987

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Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

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15 January 1908 Born, Budapest, Hungary 1926 1928 Student, Karlsruhe Technical Institute, Karlsruhe, Germany 1928 Student, University of Munich, Germany 1929 1931 Research associate, University of Leipzig, Germany 1930 Ph.D., University of Leipzig 1931 1933 Research associate, Guttingen, Germany 1934 Married Augusta (Mici) Harkanyi ...

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

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John Archibald Wheeler is a physicist and a pioneer theorist on the existence of black holes. He studied under Herzfeld at Johns Hopkins University (Ph. D., 1933) and later studied nuclear fission with Niels Bohr. From the description of Papers, [ca. 1950s-1970s]. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 154298147 Physicist (atomic and nuclear theory, relativity theory, and cosmology). On the physics faculty at Princeton University from 1938; physicist, ...

Marks, Herbert S., 1907-1960

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Lawyer, government official. From the description of Papers, 1933-1946. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155524068 ...

Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958

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Pysicists (theoretical, atomic, and nuclear physics). On the physics faculty at Kobenhavns Universitet (1922-1923); Universität Hamburg (1923-1928); and Eidgenössische Ttechnische Hochschule Zürich (1928-1958); and visiting professor, Institute for Advanced Study (1935-1936, and from 1940). From the description of Letters. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83030815 Physicist (theoretical, atomic, and nuclear physics). On the physics faculty at Kobenhavns Universitet, 1922-19...

Harrison, Wallace K. (Wallace Kirkman), 1895-1981

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This design was completed c.1940. From the description of Wallace K. Harrison house [Huntington, Long Island, N.Y.] [graphic] : [floor plan, with notes and measurements] / [Wallace K. Harrison, architect ; drawn from memory by Hester Diamond]. [194-?]. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 271454123 Architect; interviewee d. 1981. From the description of Oral history interview with Wallace Kirkman Harrison, 1978. (Columbia University ...

Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967

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Physicist. Cockcroft died in 1967. From the description of Private office papers, 1939-1961. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80180932 ...

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York. He was the son of James (lawyer, financier) and Sara (Delano) Roosevelt. He married Anna Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17, 1905, and had six children: Anna, James, Franklin, Elliott, Franklin Jr., John. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1904 and later attended Columbia University Law School. Roosevelt was admitted to the Bar in 1907 and worked for the Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn firm in New York City from 1907 to 19...

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Boyd, Julian P. (Julian Parks), 1903-1980

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Librarian, Princeton University. From the description of Correspondence : to Maxwell Struthers Burt, 1942-1943. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122619632 Boyd was Princeton University Librarian, 1940-1952, and a professor of history, and he began the Papers of Thomas Jefferson publishing project. From the description of Julian P. Boyd papers, 1935-1980. (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 86126836 ...

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

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Enrico Fermi was a physicist. From the description of Letters, 1918-1926, to Enrico Perisco. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173466015 From the guide to the Enrico Fermi letters, 1918-1926, to Enrico Perisco, 1918-1926, (American Philosophical Society) Physicist. From the description of Papers of Enrico Fermi, 1919-1954. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068165 Physicist (slow neutrons, artificial radioactivity, beta-ray emission, statistical mode...

Christy, Robert

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Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994

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Born in Portland, Oregon on 28 February 1901. Died on 19 August 1994. Education: B.S., Chemical Engineering, Oregon State College (1922), Ph.D., Physical Chemistry and Mathematical Physics, California Institute of Technology (1925). Employment: 1925-1926 National Research Council; 1926-1927 Universities of Münich, Zürich, and Copenhagen; 1922-1969 California Institute of Technology; 1969- Stanford University; 1973-1979 Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine. From the descr...

Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), 1897-1991

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Attorney, educator, civil rights advocate. B.A., Harvard College, 1919; LL. B., Harvard Law School, 1922; Dean, Wisconsin Law School, 1932-1945; Chairman, National Labor Relations Board, 1934-1935; Chairman, National War Labor Board, 1945-1946; President, National Urban League, 1947-1952; Chairman, Presidential Campaign Committee (New York State) for Adlai Stevenson, 1952; Counsel, American Civil Liberties Union, 1953-1954; Partner, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, 1946-1989. ...

Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978

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James Bryant Conant (1893-1978) was a chemist, educator and public servant. Conant taught chemistry at Harvard from 1917-1933; he served as Harvard's president from 1933-1953. He was the national director of defense research from 1941-1945, and was instrumental in the creation of the atomic bomb. He continued as President of Harvard until 1953, at which time he was made United States High Commissioner for Germany. When allied military occupation of Germany ended in 1955, Conant became the U.S. A...

Casals, Pablo, 1876-1973

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k075q7 (person)

Catalan violoncellist. From the description of Letters, 1952 July 29 - 1971 Sept. 15, to Milly Stanfield. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122378665 From the guide to the Letters, 1952 July 29 - 1971 Sept. 15, to Milly Stanfield, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.) Catalan cellist, conductor, pianist, and composer. From the description of Autograph note signed on his visiting card, dated : [n.p., Prades?], 6 January 1939, to Mr. ...

Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61c1z54 (person)

Physicist (spectroscopy, statistics). On the physics faculty at Syracuse University, 1913-1918; University of California at Berkeley from 1918, department chair, 1933-1955; chairman of committee on physical constants, National Research Council, 1930-1937. From the description of Lectures by Niels Bohr and by R. T. Birge, 1922-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79125366 From the description of Comments on A. A. Michelson, 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82481619 ...

Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958

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Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Nobel prizewinning physicist, inventor of the cyclotron and the founder and first director of the University of California Radiation Laboratory, was born on August 8, 1901 in Canton, South Dakota. His parents Carl Gustavus and Gunda Jacobson Lawrence were the children of Norwegian immigrants. Ernest Lawrence attended St. Olaf College and later the University of South Dakota, where he received his A.B. degree in 1922. He had originally thought to become a medical doctor, ...

Yang, Chen Ning, 1922-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gj00cm (person)

Physicist. From the description of Reminiscences of Chen Ning Yang : oral history, 1964. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122608433 ...

Feis, Herbert, 1893-1972

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Born in 1893, Herbert Feis was a distinguished author and historian, whose work focused on American foreign policy and international economic affairs. Early in his career, Feis worked as Economic Advisor for International Affairs at the State Department under the Hoover and Roosevelt administrations. His thirteen published books include "The Road to Pearl Harbor" (1950), "Europe, the World's Banker, 1870-1914" (1964), "From Trust to Terror: The Onset of the Cold War" (1970), and the Pulitzer Pri...

Schwinger, Julian, 1918-1994

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Schwinger was born Feb. 12, 1918 in NYC; AB, Columbia, 1936; Ph. D, Columbia, 1939; received a National Research Council Fellowship and went to UC Berkeley to work with J. Robert Oppenheimer; contributed to the development of the atomic bomb as a staff member at the Metallurgical Laboratory, Univ. of Chicago, 1943; staff member, Radiation Laboratory, MIT, 1943-46; taught at Harvard Univ., 1945-72; taught at UCLA, 1972-88; awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1965 for his contributions in the fi...

Lee, T. D., 1926-

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Physicist, educator. From the description of Reminiscences of Tsung-dao Lee : oral history, 1964. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122632035 Tsung-Dao Lee (1926- ). From the description of Oral history interview with Tsung-Dao Lee, 1980 October 31. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83300221 ...

Groves, Leslie R., 1896-1970

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U.S. Army Major General; headed the Manhattan atomic development project, l942-1947. From the description of Letter, 1946 Jan. 22. (Smithsonian Institution Libraries). WorldCat record id: 154324796 U.S. Army Major General; headed the Manhattan atomic development project, 1942-1947. From the description of Letter, 1946 Jan. 22. (Smithsonian Institution Libraries). WorldCat record id: 32749291 Bernard Mannes Baruch was a financier and head of several war c...

Manley, John Henry, 1907-

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Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974

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Physicist, engineer, government official, and science administrator. From the description of Vannevar Bush papers, 1901-1974 (bulk 1932-1955). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980014 Administrator, engineer. From the description of Reminiscences of Vannevar Bush : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122569580 Biographical Note ...

Born, Max, 1882-1970

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Physicist (solid state physics, quantum mechanics, lattice dynamics, wave functions, molecules). On the physics faculty at Universität Göttingen (1908-1914, 1921-1933); Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin (1914-1919); and University of Edinburgh (1936-1956). From the description of Lecture notebooks, 1905-1937. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79287462 From the description of Papers, ca. 1945-1970. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77749891 From the description of P...

Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962

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Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 - November 7, 1962), wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was an especially active and visible First Lady who, it was claimed, did more to popularize the Roosevelt administration than any other person or factor. Her innumerable trips across the country and visits to workers and their families did much to promote her as one of the people, a democrat with a small "d." She was the first president's wife to hold White House press conferences, and millions of p...

Schweitzer, Albert

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Alsatian medical missionary, theologian, musician and philosopher. From the description of Autograph letters in German signed (5) : Lambarene, Gabon, to Count Janos Hoyos, a physician in the U.S., 1958 Feb. 6-1960 June 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634614 Epithet: theologian philosopher and organist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001026.0x00015f Alsatian philosopher, theologian, or...

Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975

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English biologist. From the description of Typed letter signed : London, to Mr. Heineman, 1928 Feb. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269555836 British biologist, philosopher, and popularizer of science; b. Julian Sorell Huxley. From the description of Papers, 1899-1980. (Rice University). WorldCat record id: 86118827 From the description of Julian Sorell Huxley papers, 1899-1980. (Rice University). WorldCat record id: 28418189 Jul...

Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970

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Russell was an English logician and philosopher. Marsh edited Russell's Logic and knowledge: essays 1901-1950 and wrote about Russell. From the guide to the Letters to Robert C. (Robert Charles) Marsh, 1950-1959., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) Russell, British philosopher and mathematician and the 3rd Earl Russell. From the description of [Letter, 19]44 Dec. 8, Trinity College, Cambridge [to] Dear Sir / Bertrand Russell. (Smith C...

Segrè, Emilio

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Emilio Gino Segrè (1905-1989). From the description of Oral history interview with Emilio Gino Segrè, 1967 February 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80714573 Educator, physicist; interviewee b.1905. From the description of Reminiscences of Emilio Segr'e : oral history, 1964. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122527163 Emilio Gino Segrè is a nuclear physicist and discovered slow neutrons; the elements technetium, asta...

Dirac, P.A.M. (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984

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Physicist (quantum mechanics, positron, antimatter). On the physics faculty at University of Cambridge, 1932-1969; member, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 1934-1935, 1946, 1947-1948, 1958-1959; and on the physics faculty at Florida State University, 1971-1984. Died 1984. From the description of P. Dirac and I. E. Tamm correspondence. 1928-1932. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80927792 From the description of Lectures on quantum electrodynamics: student notes on Dirac...