Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright papers, 1809-1979 (bulk 1900-1948).


Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright papers, 1809-1979 (bulk 1900-1948).

Correspondence, diaries, notebooks, writings, business and legal papers, genealogical material, patents, blueprints, photographs, printed material, and other papers documenting the lives and work of the Wright brothers who designed, built, and piloted the first machine to achieve powered, sustained flight in 1903 and the first practical airplane in 1905. The papers include scientific data, formulas, and computations related to aerodynamic and design factors and describe the brothers' experimentation with flight at Kitty Hawk, N.C., 1900-1903, at College Park, Md., in 1909, and at Montgomery, Ala., in 1910, and their trips abroad making flight demonstrations. Subjects include the sale of the Wright airplane to the U.S. Army and others; business concerns involving the Wright Company, Flint and Company, Brewer and Son, Thierry Brothers, and companies established in Great Britain, France, and Germany to produce and sell Wright aircraft; the Wright brothers' patents in the U.S. and abroad as well as airplane patents by others; and the brothers' dispute with Smithsonian Institution over whether S.P. Langley had created an aircraft capable of flight prior to the Wrights' flight in December 1903. Also includes journals and ledgers from Wright and Wright printing company and Wright Cycle Company; records of the U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics; typescripts, research material, and photographs collected for The Papers of Wilbur and Orville Wright, edited by Marvin Wilks McFarland and published in 1953; and Wright family papers including transcripts of Milton Wright's diaries, 1901-1907. Wright family correspondents include Katharine Wright Haskell, Lorin Wright, Milton Wright, and Reuchlin Wright. Other correspondents include Henry Harley Arnold, Hart O. Berg, Griffith Brewer, Octave Chanute, Robert J. Collier, Earl N. Findley, Benjamin Delahauf Foulois, Fred C. Kelly, Roy Knabenshue, Frank Purdy Lahm, Charles A. Lindbergh, Grover Cleveland Loening, Glenn L. Martin, Charles Stewart Rolls, G.A. Spratt, Paul Tissandier, Harry A. Toulmin, and Pliny W. Williamson.

32,250 items.120 containers plus 13 oversize.15 microfilm reels.61 linear feet.




Related Entities

There are 36 Entities related to this resource.

Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h52h4z (person)

Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974) was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, and activist. At the age of 25 in 1927, he went from obscurity as a U.S. Air Mail pilot to instantaneous world fame by winning the Orteig Prize for making a nonstop flight from New York City to Paris. Lindbergh covered the ​33 1⁄2-hour, 3,600-statute-mile (5,800 km) flight alone in a purpose-built, single-engine Ryan monoplane, the Spirit of St. Louis. While the first non-...

Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n699qb (person)

Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the ranks of General of the Army and General of the Air Force. Arnold was an aviation pioneer, Chief of the Air Corps (1938–1941), Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces, the only U.S. Air Force general to hold five-star rank, and the only officer to hold a five-star rank in two different U.S. military services. Arnold was also the founder of Project RAND, which evolved into one of the wo...

Wright family.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d59r9t (family)

United States. Army

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6km312r (corporateBody)

The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution, Article 2, Section 2, Clause 1 and United States Code, Title 10, Subtitle B, Chapter 301, Section 3001. As the largest and senior branch of the U.S. military, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which wa...

Foulois, Benjamin Delahauf, 1879-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68s4pnj (person)

Benjamin "Benny" Delahauf Foulois (December 9, 1879 – April 25, 1967) was a United States Army general who learned to fly the first military planes purchased from the Wright Brothers. He became the first military aviator as an airship pilot, and achieved numerous other military aviation "firsts". He led strategic development of the Air Force in the United States. Foulois was born in Washington, Connecticut to a Franco-American pipe-fitter and a Boston-born nurse. At age 18, he used his older...

Flint and Company

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k41qsv (corporateBody)

Collier, Robert J.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b58xfp (person)

Wright Cycle Company

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w43sfr (corporateBody)

Martin, Glenn L. (Glenn Luther), 1886-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x669dn (person)

Pioneer aviator, airplane manufacturer, and businessman. From the description of Papers of Glenn L. Martin, 1910-1955. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455656 ...

Smithsonian Institution

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rc7tp0 (corporateBody)

The Smithsonian Institution was established on August 10, 1846, is a group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government. The institution is named after its founding donor, British scientist James Smithson. Originally organized as the United States National Museum.James Smithson (1765-1829), a British scientist, left his estate to the United States to found “at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusio...

Tissandier, Paul, 1881-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q8425p (person)

Knabenshue, Roy, -1960

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w10041 (person)

Wright, Reuchlin

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x08wrv (person)

Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fx7csp (person)

Pioneer American aviator. From the description of Photograph of Wright near Le Mans, France, 1908. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32959525 Wilbur Wright, born April 16, 1867 in Indiana, and his brother, Orville, born Aug. 19 1871 in Dayton, Ohio were inventors of the airplane. The brothers were in the printing and bicycle business in Dayton before they became interested in solving the problems of powered flight. After a series of kite and glider experiments at...

Brewer, Griffith, 1867-1948

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67t0b5n (person)

Wright, Orville, 1871-1948

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d50mjw (person)

Orville Wright was a pioneer aviator. He was born in Dayton, Ohio, 1871 Aug 19. He was a son of Bishop Milton and Susan Catherine (Koerner) Wright. In 1903, with his brother Wilbur, he devoted much of his time to Wright Bros.' flying machine. From the description of Letter, 1943. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122537770 Biographical Notes Wilbur Wright ...

Wright Company

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vj1k7n (corporateBody)

This private bank was formed in 1760 by the Wright family, merchants that traded with the Baltic countries in commodities such as timber, iron and hemp. The family had extensive connections with Manchester, Stockport, Hull, Sheffield and other industrial centres in the Midlands and north. Initially the bank traded as John & Ichabod Wright. It was known as Ichabod & Ichabod Charles Wright from about 1830. In 1898 the bank was acquired by Capital & Counties Bank (est. 1877). ...

Berg, Hart O., 1865-1941

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rj776d (person)

Rolls, Charles Stewart, 1877-1910

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hm7xfb (person)

Thierry Brothers

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65r0sbz (corporateBody)

Lahm, Frank Purdy, 1877-1963

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vd7z4r (person)

Army officer. From the description of Reminiscences of Frank Purdy Lahm : oral history, 1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122598106 ...

Brewer and Son

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67m65cg (corporateBody)

Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xf1qpq (person)

Samuel Pierpont Langley (1834-1906) was the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. He also served as the director of the Allegheny Observatory and a professory of astronomy at the Western University of Pennsylvania (now known as the University of Pittsburgh). While at the Smithsonian he founded the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory....

Kelly, Fred C. (Fred Charters), 1882-1959

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62j7cjb (person)

Fred Charters Kelly (1882-1959) was an American humorist, newspaperman, columnist and author. From 1910 to 1918 he wrote the first syndicated Washington news column. He was the official biographer of the Wright brothers and was active in the efforts to bring the Kitty Hawk to the Smithsonian Institution from the British Museum in London. He also wrote books on George Ade, Kin Hubbard, and various other subjects, and was the author of numerous magazine articles. Kelly was...

Haskell, Katharine Wright, 1874-1929

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6419kd7 (person)

United States. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64569d5 (corporateBody)

Spratt, G. A. (George Alexander), 1880-1934

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x08wkm (person)

Wright, Milton, 1828-1917

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60w12dc (person)

Findley, Earl N. (Earl Nelson), 1878-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60w11h9 (person)

Chanute, Octave, 1832-1910

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kh12bz (person)

Civil engineer and aviation pioneer. From the description of Octave Chanute papers, 1807-1955 (bulk 1860-1910). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980023 A native of Paris, Chanute emigrated from France to the U.S. with his parents in 1838. He worked as an engineer, primarily in constructing railroads and railroad bridges, but is best remembered as a pioneer in aerial navigation and glider flight, and wrote two influential books on flight. From the description of P...

Toulmin, Harry A. (Harry Aubrey), 1858-1942

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ns3gz4 (person)

McFarland, Marvin Wilks, 1919-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63r3gmb (person)

Loening, Grover, 1888-1976

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sb620h (person)

Aviation consultant, engineer, author, and aircraft manufacturer. Died 1976. From the description of Grover Cleveland Loening papers, 1900-1975 (bulk 1913-1962). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981173 Aircraft engineer; interviewee d.1976. From the description of Reminiscences of Grover Cleveland Loening : lecture, 1969. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122597772 From the description of Reminiscences of Grover Cleveland...

Wright, Lorin

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66x1zx2 (person)

Williamson, Pliny W., -1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m06tmp (person)

Wright and Wright

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rz58h7 (corporateBody)