Carlos Montezuma papers


Carlos Montezuma papers


Correspondence, writings, miscellaneous documents and memorabilia, clippings and photographs relating to Carlos Montezuma. Mainly incoming correspondence, much of which is from educator and activist Richard H. Pratt. Other correspondents range from relatives and other Indians including Indian author Simon Pokagon and other individuals concerned with Indian affairs, to Chicago patients, social contacts and admirers. The few outgoing letters and drafts of letters concern both Montezuma's medical practice and his activist views. Among his writings are drafts of an article on the Carlisle School on what he calls "the Indian question," manuscript copies of several speeches on that subject, a pamphlet, "Let My People Go," and a group of miscellaneous notes for articles or speeches. The miscellaneous material includes a manuscript transcript "Account of the capture of Maria Ruiz's mother, July 3, 1889," ads, brochures, bills and receipts, clippings and a periodical of 1921 " The Sagamore," and other bits of memorabilia presumably retained by Montezuma. There are a few photographs and photoduplications, only one of which is of Carlos Montezuma.

1.7 Linear Feet (4 boxes)

eng, Latn


SNAC Resource ID: 7667078

Newberry Library

Related Entities

There are 12 Entities related to this resource.

Montezuma, Carlos, 1866-1923 (person)

Physican, Yavapai advocate for Native Americans. Born in Arizona Territory; educated at Chicago Medical College; served in U. S. Indian Service; practiced medicine in Chicago; helped organize Society of American Indians, a national lobbying group; and published "Wassaja." Born as Wassaja, a Yavapai Indian, around 1866, Carlos Carlos Montezuma, physician and Indian Rights activist, was born near the Four Peaks in the Superstition Mountains of Central Arizona in approximately 1866. H...

Newberry Library (person)

The Newberry was founded on July 1, 1887 and opened for business on September 6 of that year. The Newberry’s establishment came about because of a contingent provision in the will of Chicago businessman Walter L. Newberry (1804-68), which left what later amounted to approximately $2.2 million for the foundation of a “free, public” library on the north side of the Chicago River, if his two children died without issue. After the deaths of Mr. Newberry’s daughters and then, in 1885, of his widow, t...

Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) (corporateBody)

Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924 (person)

Richard Henry Pratt (1840-1924) was a U.S. Army officer who fought for the Union during the Civil War, served on the western frontier (to 1875), established and administered the Carlisle Indian Industrial School (1879-1904). He advocated fair treatment of U.S. Indians and strongly believed that through education they could be assimilated into American society. Richard Henry Pratt devoted his life to public service, beginning as a soldier in the Civil War and later fighting Indians on the fron...

Pomeroy, Lucy Gaylord (person)

Mayo, Charles Horace, 1865-1939 (person)

Eastman, Elaine Goodale, 1863-1953 (person)

Society of American Indians (corporateBody)

Maintained originally as part of the New York State Archaeologist's correspondence files, these records are actually the files of the private Society of American Indians. Organized in 1911 as the "Association of Indians in America," and renamed the "Society of American Indians" in 1912, the organization admitted full or part-blooded aboriginal Americans to active membership and other persons interested in the welfare of Indians as associate members. The organization's goal was "to advance Americ...

McCutcheon, John T. (person)

John Tinney McCutcheon (1870-1949) was a newspaper cartoonist and war correspondent. Born in Lafayette, Indiana, McCutcheon graduated from Purdue University in 1889. After graduation, McCutcheon got a job as a cartoonist for the Chicago Morning News (later the News-Record; Chicago Record; Record-Herald). McCutcheon published political cartoons and was a correspondent covering the Spanish-American War and the South African (Boer) War. He illustrated the stories of his close friend, humorist Georg...

Pokagon, Simon, 1830-1899 (person)

Pokagon (1830-1899) was a Potawatomi Indian, the son of Chief Leopold Pokagon. Educated at Oberlin College and Twinsburg Institute, he was a gifted orator and writer. He wrote a number of articles and books about Potawatomi legends, language, and culture, some of which were produced on birchbark. A collection of his books is in the Clarke Historical Library. (Information from the collection.). From the description of Collection, 1928,1958. (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record...

United States. Office of Indian Affairs (corporateBody)

United States bureau with responsibility for Indian relations. From the description of Letter, 1846. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122699812 Develops and implements, in cooperation with tribal governments, Native American organizations, other federal agencies, state & local governments, and other interested groups, economic, social, educational, and other programs for the benefit and advancement of Indian and Alaska native people. Established in 1824 within the War Dept...

Carlisle Indian Industrial School (Carlisle, Pa.) (corporateBody)

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the brainchild of a young lieutenant of the 10th United States (U.S.) Cavalry, Richard Henry Pratt. Lieutenant Pratt had great sympathy for the misery of the Indian, even while he was engaged in subduing the hostile tribes of the West. He became convinced that the solution to the Indian uprisings lay in the education of the Indian rather than in further bloodshed. No public schools allowed Indian students, but Pratt, with the help of influential sympathi...