Oral History of the American Left. Radical Histories. Oral histories, 1970-1980.


Oral History of the American Left. Radical Histories. Oral histories, 1970-1980.

Oral History of the American Left. Radical Histories. Oral histories, 1970-1980.

The interviews consist of those conducted by OHAL staff and others donated from other sources. They concern immigrant and ethnic radicalism, labor, women workers, black workers, the Communist Party, the Socialist Party, Trotskyism, radical newspapers and fraternal associations and student radicalism. The interviews concern the period from 1900 to the present with major emphasis on 1920-40. Most of the interviews are on cassette tapes with indexes; some are transcripts (usually without the original tape). Notable individuals interviewed include: Herbert Aptheker, Rosalyn Fraad Baxandall, Daniel Berrigan, Abner Berry, James Boggs, George Breitman, Rose Chernin, Malcolm Cowley, Samuel Darcy, Solon De Leon, Hal Draper, Raya Dunayevskaya, Melech Epstein, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Hugo Gellert, Todd Gitlin, Martin Glaberman, Albert Glotzer, Itshe Goldberg, Louis Harap,Michael Harrington, C.L.R. James, Howard "Stretch" Johnson, Mary Kolehmainen, Meridel LeSueur, A.B. Magil, Thomas McGrath, Ernest Rice McKinney, Steve Nelson, Clarence Norris,Paul Novik, Harvey O'Connor, Louise Patterson, George Rawick, Lester Rodney, Annette Rubinstein, Pete Seeger, Norman Thomas, Stan Weir, Myra Tanner Weiss. Several group interviews or conferences were recorded pertaining to the following organizations: Catholic Worker Movement, International Labor Defense, Matteotti Club, Medem Jewish Socialist Group, Socialist Party(U.S.), Southern Negro Youth Congress, Workers Party (1940-1949), Workers Party (1940-1949). Johnson-Forest Tendency.

285 interviews.

Related Constellations

There are 47 Constellations related to this resource.

Weiss, Myra Tanner

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6766jj4 (person)

Myra Tanner Weiss was born May 17, 1916. She joined the Socialist Workers Party in 1935 while attending the University of Utah. She moved to Los Angeles in the 1940s, at which time she organized agricultural and cannery workers. She also helped establish the SWP in Los Angeles where she met another party organizer, Murry Weiss [born Morris, in Chicago, September 9, 1915, son of Joseph and Freida; died December 26, 1981] whom she later married. Tanner Weiss ran for mayor of Los Angeles in 1945 an...

Gitlin, Todd.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dr2x3d (person)

Breitman, George

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67s8rm4 (person)

George Breitman was an American Trotskyist who was a long-time member of the Socialist Workers Party, a movement historian and journalist, and editor of the 14-volume Writings of Leon Trotsky, 1929-1940, and of Malcolm X Speaks. He was born in a working-class neighborhood of Newark, New Jersey, in 1916. Unemployed in the Depression years after graduating from high school, he eventually found work in the Civilian Conservation Corps, and later the Works Progress Administration. By 193...

Johnson, Howard A. (Howard Albert), 1915-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6155pg9 (person)

Noṿiḳ, P., 1891-

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Sholem Asch, Yiddish writer. Paul Novick, editor of the Morgen frayhayt (Morning Freedom), a Communist Party newspaper in New York. From the description of Paul Novick papers relating to Sholem Asch, 1943-1963. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702135837 ...

Communist party of the United States of America

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hb2xzd (corporateBody)

The Communist party of the United States is a left-wing Marxist party dedicated to revolutionary socialism and, until the anti-Communist Soviet revolution of 1991, to support of the Communist party of the USSR. With the establishment of the Communist International (COMINTERN) in Moscow in 1919, new Communist parties were founded in many countries including the United States. There have been many name changes and ideological shifts in the party over the years. Beginning in 1956, there was an ideo...

Norris, Clarence Windzell

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60g4rp7 (person)

James, C. L. R. (Cyril Lionel Robert), 1901-1989

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gm8gx9 (person)

C.L.R. James has made exceptional contributions as a historian, political theorist, activist, creative writer, and cultural and literary critic. One of the most influential figures in the West Indies, he has been acclaimed as one of the foremost thinkers of the 20th century. From the description of The black Jacobins / by C.L.R. James, 1967. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 50616692 West Indian scholar, political activist and writer. Died in 198...

Ferlinghetti, Lawrence

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vq570m (person)

American poet. From the description of Lawrence Ferlinghetti correspondence with Tram Combs, 1957-1964. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 37971574 American poet, editor and publisher. Born Lawrence Ferling, March [24?], 1919. Owner of City Lights Books, San Francisco. Representative figure of the Beat movement. From the description of Lawrence Ferlinghetti papers, 1919-2003. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 7879719...

International Labor Defense

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fn4wgz (corporateBody)

Established by the Communist Party of the United States of America as its legal defense arm in 1925 to aid labor, political prisoners, and victims of reactionary violence. Using mass demonstrations and publicity, the International Labor Defense (ILD) conducted national and worldwide campaigns to gather support for its cases. In 1946 the ILD merged with the Civil Rights Congress. From the description of International Labor Defense records, 1926-1946. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122...

Seeger, Pete, 1919-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bz67hg (person)

Folksinger and songwriter. From the description of Autograph card signed : [Beacon, N.Y.], [1965]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270916063 ...

Harap, Louis

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6058n7k (person)

Dunayevskaya, Raya

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gq7rqk (person)

Nelson, Steve, 1903-1993

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fj2x26 (person)

Steve Nelson was born Stjepan Mesaroš in Croatia, and emigrated to the United States with his family after World War I. He was a labor activist and organizer, Communist Party official, Political Commissar in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, and National Commander of the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (VALB). During his time in Spain he took part in the Brunete offensive, as well as the battles of Quinto and Belchite. He was wounded at Belchite, and then was recalled to the United States by...

McKinney, Ernest Rice, 1886-1984

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cg0m3v (person)

Born in Malden, West Virginia, in 1886 , McKinney, also known under the pseudonym David Coolidge, was the son of coal miner. At different points in his life McKinney endeavored a variety of jobs which included becoming editor of, This Month; a columnist for the Pittsburgh Courier (1932); Executive Secretary of the Unemployed Citizens' League of Allegheny County (1933); a Social Worker; and Assistant to the Director, Kingsley House. In 1916 an oral history conducted at Columbia University resulte...

De Leon, Solon, 1883-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h13grm (person)

Solon DeLeon was born in New York City on September 2, 1883. He was the son of Daniel DeLeon, Marxist theoretician and leader of the Socialist Labor Party (SLP). Although his parents were Jewish, he was unaware of this until he was an adult. He graduated from City College in 1902 and after working in Connecticut as a carpenter, house painter, and teacher, he returned to New York in 1905 to work on the SLP publications Daily People and Weekly People as a reporter, rewrite man, and as...

Patterson, Louise Thompson, 1901-1999

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x646dn (person)

Louise Alone Thompson Patterson, born in Chicago, Illinois, on September 9, 1901, the only child of William Toles and Lula P. Brown. After the divorce of her parents when she was four, Patterson spent her childhood in numerous western cities. She graduated cum laude from the University of California at Berkeley in 1923 with a degree in economics. She worked various jobs and taught for two years before going to New York City to study at the New York School of Social Work (now part of...

Magil, A. B. (Abraham Bernard), 1905-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67660c8 (person)

Le Sueur, Meridel

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67p90kx (person)

Meridel Le Sueur was born February 22, 1900, in Murray, Iowa. She did not finish high school, dropping out before the First World War. She began writing at the age of fifteen. Largely self-taught, Miss Le Sueur attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. She came to know John Reed and met Theodore Dreiser and Edna St. Vincent Millay at Mabel Dodge's literary salon. She won acclaim in 1927 for her story Persephone and again in 1934 for The Horse. She was blacklisted during the McCarthy era. S...

Weir, Stan

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hm6g50 (person)

O'Connor, Harvey, 1897-1987

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h13pkv (person)

Harvey O'Connor was born March 29, 1897 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He attended high school in Tacoma, Washington. During the period from 1918-1924 Mr. O'Connor did editoral work in Seattle. From 1924-1927 he was assistant editor of Locomotive Engineers Journal in Cleveland, Ohio. Mr. O'Connor was a bureau manager for Federated Press from 1927-1930. And from 1935-1937 he was managing editor of People's Press. He was also editor of Ken from 1937-1938 in Chicago. Mr. O'Connor has been active in the...

Rawick, George P. 1929-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rr34zk (person)

Baxandall, Rosalyn Fraad, 1939-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69c6wpd (person)

Feminist historian; professor; author. From the description of Oral history interview with Rosalyn Fraad Baxandall, 1989. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 713803372 Feminist historians Rosalyn Fraad Baxandall (1939- ) and Linda Gordon (1940- ) met in 1971 at a women's liberation demonstration. They have been working together ever since. Both teach women's history, Baxandall at SUNY/ College at Old Westbury, and Gordon at New York University. Baxandall and Gordon a...

Southern Negro Youth Congress

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gf5k2g (corporateBody)

Johnson-Forest Tendency

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k69d2f (corporateBody)

Socialist Party (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x09wzx (corporateBody)

The Socialist Party (U.S.) was founded in 1901, bringing together moderate socialists from the Social Democratic Party, and dissident members of the Socialist Labor Party. In 1936 the ongoing differences between the “Old Guard” and “Militant” factions, resulted in a split, with the Militant group retaining the SP name and much of the membership, while the Old Guard faction retained most of the organizational and financial assets. From the guide to the Socialist Party (U.S.) Minutes, ...

Boggs, James

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ms4g2j (person)

Revolutionary socialists who played a leading role in organizing radical organizations in Detroit and nationally, as well as theorizing and updating the political philosophy of Marxist-Leninism. Contributed to the founding of the National Organizations for an American Revolution (NOAR). Primary theorists and organizers for NOAR from 1979-1987. From the description of James and Grace Lee Boggs papers, 1962-1987. (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record ...

Darcy, Samuel, 1905-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60p1mz3 (person)

Darcy was a Communist Party activist. From the description of Oral history interviews with Samuel Adams Darcy, 1970 September 18 and 1971 March 23. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 31484957 Samuel Adams Darcy was born as Samuel Dardeck in 1905 in the Ukraine of Jewish-socialist background was a leading official of the CPUSA from 1925-44 and also headed the Communist International's Anglo-American Secretariat (1935-38). He was head of the Young W...

Berry, Abner

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6252r3c (person)

Cowley, Malcolm, 1898-1989

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gq6xd7 (person)

American editor and writer. From the description of Letter to Matthew Bruccoli [manuscript], 1975 December 30. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647812058 From the description of Papers of Malcolm Cowley [manuscript], 1969. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647810601 From the description of Papers of Malcolm Cowley [manuscript], 1936-1955. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647874698 Malcolm Cowley was an influential liter...

Aptheker, Herbert, 1915-2003

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hq3xj6 (person)

American Marxist author, lecturer, and apologist. From the guide to the Herbert Aptheker letter to Mrs. Doares, 1970, (The New York Public Library. New York Public Library Archives.) Noted Marxist scholar Dr. Herbert Aptheker was born in New York City in 1915. His more than thirty published books include such titles as THE ERA OF McCARTHYISM (1957), THE WORLD OF C. WRIGHT MILLS (1960), THE URGENCY OF MARXIST-CHRISTIAN DIALOGUE (1970), but he is best known for hi...

Workers Party (1940-1949)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6km3ss8 (corporateBody)

The Workers Party (1940-1949), a Trotskyist organization founded and led by Max Shachtman, split from the Socialist Workers Party in 1940, holding the Soviet Union to be a novel exploitative social formation, bureaucratic collectivism. Opposing the "two camps" of imperialism, the WP led struggles against the World War II no-strike pledge, and published Labor Action, a rank-and-file newspaper, and The New International, a political/theoretical journal, both continuing until 1958, when the success...

Goldberg, Iṭshe

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64q91kr (person)

Glaberman, Martin

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67q04tn (person)

Editor of labor newspaper and social reformer, of Detroit, Mich.; b. 1918. From the description of Martin and Jessie Glaberman collection, 1939-1979. (Wayne State University). WorldCat record id: 28414015 ...

Matteotti Club

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m66npk (corporateBody)

Kolehmainen, Mary

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v99fss (person)

Draper, Hal.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r79kdw (person)

Prolific Marxist writer and social activist whose career spanned 58 years (1932-1900). From the description of Hal Draper papers, circa 1940-1990. (University of California, Davis). WorldCat record id: 61444480 ...

Chernin, Rose

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nc76b4 (person)

Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6668b4q (person)

Mural painter. From the description of Hugo Gellert interview, 1984 Apr. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83826254 Painter; New York, N.Y. From the description of Hugo Gellert lecture, 1985. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122394902 Hugo Gellert (1892-1985) was a communist graphic artist, cartoonist, muralist and painter. He was born in Hungary in 1892 and came to the U.S. in 1906. Gellert was a leading contributor of art work to The Masses, The Liberato...

Glotzer, Albert, 1908-1999

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p85768 (person)

American Trotskyist and subsequently social democratic leader; official recorder, Commission of Inquiry into the Charges Made Against Leon Trotsky in the Moscow Trials, Mexico City, 1937. From the description of Albert Glotzer papers, 1919-1999. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754872385 Biographical/Historical Note 1908 Born, Ivanik, Russia (now Belarus) ...

Rodney, Lester, 1911-2009

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qr639g (person)

Rubinstein, Annette T. (Annette Teta), 1910-2007

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zc96x9 (person)

Rubinstein, Marxist educator, editor, writer, literary critic and political activist, was born in New York on April 12, 1910. She studied philosophy at Columbia University, completing her dissertation, Realistic Ethics, in 1934. Although often critical of its positions, Rubinstein was a member of the Communist Party from the 1930s into the 1950s. She was active in the American Labor Party and later became its Vice-Chairman for New York. In 1934 she began a long relationship with the...

Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d50kt2 (person)

Clergyman, politician. From the description of Reminiscences of Norman Mattoon Thomas : oral history, 1950. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309735808 American socialist, presidential candidate. From the description of Letters, [1932] July 16 and [July 16?], [n.p.], to [Samuel Johnson] Woolf, [New York?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34363738 Politician. From the description of Reminiscences ...

Epstein, Melech

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61g1sg4 (person)

Melech Epstein (1889-1979), author and journalist, was born in Byelorussia and moved to the United States in 1913. He was a member of the Communist party until 1939 and edited the Yiddish Communist daily, DIE FREIHEIT. From the description of Melech Epstein papers, 1964-1978. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173863314 ...

Harrington, Michael, 1928-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qr63mh (person)

Michael Harrington (1928-1989), a U.S. socialist writer and political leader, was born in St. Louis, received a Jesuit secondary education, graduated from Holy Cross College in 1947 and, after a brief interval at Yale Law School, received a MA degree in English from the University of Chicago in 1949, then moved to New York City. From 1951-53 he was a volunteer at the radical Catholic Worker house on New York's Lower East Side, and was associate editor of its newspaper, also called t...

McGrath, Thomas, 1916-1990

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v2fsh (person)

Thomas McGrath was born in 1916 near Sheldon, North Dakota. He first attended Moorhead State University and in 1939 earned a B.A. at the University of North Dakota. He studied at Louisiana State with Cleanth Brooks, was involved in radical political activity, wrote, and published his first book of poems. In the 1940-1941 academic year McGrath taught at Colby College in Maine then went to New York city where he wrote, did legal research for attorneys engaged in "political" cases, and worked at th...

Berrigan, Daniel.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6000789 (person)

Daniel Berrigan is a Catholic priest associated with peace and social justice movements throughout his life. A believer in non-violent civil disobedience, he has been arrested and imprisoned numerous times. He is most noted for his leadership of opposition to the Viet Nam war, but his work did not begin or end there. From the description of Daniel Berrigan scrapbook, 1930-1950. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64692915 The brothers Daniel Berrigan (born 1921...