Papers, 1926-1989. 1951-1979 (bulk).


Johnson, Arnold Samuel, 1904-1989. Papers, 1926-1989. 1951-1979 (bulk).

Papers, 1926-1989. 1951-1979 (bulk).

This collection consists of the personal papers of Arnold Samuel Johnson, and chiefly consists of course materials, speeches and statements, articles (primarily published in newspapers and Communist Party publications), correspondence, clippings, flyers and brochures, and handwritten notes spanning the years 1926-1989, with the bulk of the material covering the years 1951-79. The collection documents the evolution of Johnson's political thought, his political activities as a Communist Party leader, and the resultant political prosecutions and investigations he faced. Johnson's education and early political thought is documented by course outlines, examinations, papers, and notes written by Arnold Johnson during his attendence at California Christian College, the Union Theological Seminary, and Columbia University Teachers College. Johnson's early political and Communist Party activities are principally documented by articles (written by Johnson and others), notes and speeches. While Johnson's political activities before he joined the Communist Party USA are not well documented by contemporary material, there are many references, mostly brief, in newsclippings and biographical materials of later years which refer back to these experiences. Speeches, most delivered by Johnson on a weekly radio broadcast, are the most abundant form of material remaining from Johnson's years as Ohio Communist Party leader. Many relate to the political programs of the Communist Party as expressed in Johnson's candidacies for Governor, Cleveland Board of Education, and Mayor of Cleveland. Other speeches document Johnson's presidency of the Ohio Workers Alliance. The most important documentation of the Smith Act and its consequences is in Johnson's extensive prison correspondence with his wife, Aurelia, which although muted by prison regulations, provides insight into Johnson's character, and his unshaken beliefs in the communist cause. Other principal correspondents in this series include Elizabeth Hall (wife of Gus Hall), and Clifford T. McAvoy (Citizens Emergency Defense Conference - CEDC). There is a brief letter from W.E.B. DuBois amongst the CEDC correspondence. Prominent Communist Party correspondents include Eugene Davis, and George A. Meyers. The letter from Meyers describes his release from prison, and is quite detailed. Clippings, flyers, press releases, pamphlets, speeches and reports document the Smith Act trial, the defense efforts on Johnson's behalf. Johnson's political activities, 1957-79, are documented by a variety of materials. His campaigns for public office in New York, and his legislative and public relations activities for the CPUSA are documented through speeches and clippings. There are notes and correspondence from Johnson's several trips to communist countries. Statements and speeches document Johnson's refusal to register as a member of Communist Party under the McCarran Act in 1962, and his refusal to respond to the subpoena issued by the House Committee on Internal Security in 1970 (which was investigating the group New Mobilization Against the War in Vietnam, in which Johnson represented the CPUSA). One folder contains copies of Johnson's correspondence with Lee Harvey Oswald, in which Oswald requested information about the Communist Party, described his time spent in the Soviet Union and his interest in the Cuban cause. Johnson's replies are noncommittal and routine. There is also some correspondence with William Z. Foster and Eugene Dennis.

4.0 linear ft.

Related Entities

There are 27 Entities related to this resource.

Johnson, Aurelia Ricci d. 1989. (person)

Foster, William Z., 1881-1961 (person)

Chairman, United States Communist Party. From the description of Papers, 1922-1961. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 29853708 ...

Citizens Emergency Defense Conference (New York, N.Y.) (corporateBody)

Communist party of the United States of America (corporateBody)

The Communist party of the United States is a left-wing Marxist party dedicated to revolutionary socialism and, until the anti-Communist Soviet revolution of 1991, to support of the Communist party of the USSR. With the establishment of the Communist International (COMINTERN) in Moscow in 1919, new Communist parties were founded in many countries including the United States. There have been many name changes and ideological shifts in the party over the years. Beginning in 1956, there was an ideo...

Hall, Elizabeth T. (person)

Elizabeth Hall was a staff member of the N.L.A. She married L. C. Key, deputy National Librarian, and from 1961 until 1967 deputy Parliamentary Librarian. From the description of Notebooks [manuscript]. 1948-1949. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225773947 ...

Dennis, Eugene, 1905-1961 (person)

McAvoy, Clifford T. (person)

Ohio Workers Alliance. (corporateBody)

Columbia University. Teachers College. (corporateBody)

California Christian College. (corporateBody)

New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (corporateBody)

Known informally as the "New Mobe", the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam was the successor to the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam. The group's primary activity was organizing and staging massive demonstrations against United States participation in the Vietnam War. During 1970, the committee was reborn as the People's Coalition for Peace and Justice. From the description of Collection, 1969-1970. (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). Wo...

Johnson, Arnold Samuel, 1904-1989. (person)

Arnold Samuel Johnson was a Communist Party, USA official. As a young man, Johnson was drawn to Christian Socialist philosophy, and in 1932 received a B.A. in Divinity from Union Theological Seminary. In 1929 and 1930 Johnson helped to organized Sherwood Eddy's "American Seminar in Europe", first visited the Soviet Union, and in 1931 was involved in the National Miners' Union struggle in Harlan, Kentucky, where, as a representative of the American Civil Liberties Union he was arrest...

Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 (person)

W. E. B. Dubois secured his position as one of the key voices in the argument over the role of the black man in modern America through his seemingly endless works of social activism. He was an educator (at Fisk University and Atlanta University), a founder of the Niagara Movement (which later merged into the NAACP), the long-time editor of the NAACP publication, The Crisis, a lecturer, political activist, and prolific writer. His works include: The Souls of Black Folk, Dusk of Dawn, and an Autob...

Communist Party of the United States of America (New York) (corporateBody)

American Civil Liberties Union (corporateBody)

Founded in 1920 in New York City by Roger Baldwin and others; the ACLU was an outgrowth of the American Union Against Militarism's National Civil Liberties Bureau, which in 1920 changed its name to the American Civil Liberties Union. From the description of Collection, 1917- (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 42740878 The Southern Women's Rights Project (SWRP) located in Richmond is affiliated with the American Civil Liberties Union. The project deal...

National Miners' Union (U.S.) (corporateBody)

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Internal Security (corporateBody)

Clifford A Kiracofe, Jr, formerly a Senior Professional Staff Member of the United States Senate on Foreign Relations. Author of "Dark Crusade: Christian Zionism and US Foreign Policy" (2009), and in collaboration with Pierre de Villemarest, a history of Soviet military intelligence (1988), and a history of the STASI (1991). Currently teaching at Washington and Lee and Virginia Military Institute. From the description of Papers of the U.S. House Committee on Internal Security [manusc...

Meyers, George A. (person)

Civil Rights Congress (U.S.) (corporateBody)

National organization established in 1946 to, among other things, "combat all forms of discrimination against ... labor, the Negro people and the Jewish people, and racial, political, religious, and national minorities." The organization folded in 1955 under pressure from the United States Attorney-General and the House Un-American Activities Committee, which accused the organization of being subversive. From the description of Civil Rights Congress records, 1946-1955. (Unknown). Wor...

Union Theological Seminary (New York, N.Y.) (corporateBody)

Oswald, Lee Harvey (person)

Davis, Eugene (person)

African-American farmer; resident of Winnsboro (Fairfield County, S.C.) From the description of Eugene Davis papers, 1924-1926. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 33018569 ...

Communist Party of the United States of America (Ohio) (corporateBody)

Workers Alliance of America (corporateBody)

The Workers Alliance of America (WAA) was formed in 1935-1936 as a merger of predominantly socialist and communist-led unemployment councils, unemployment leagues and independent state organizations throughout the United States. At the head of the Workers Alliance was David Lasser, the organization's National President and Herbert Benjamin, its Secretary-Treasurer. Lasser, a registered Socialist, had graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and served as editor of Technocracy Review ...

Hall, Gus (person)

Conference for Progressive Labor Action (corporateBody)

Eddy, Sherwood, 1871-1963 (person)

YMCA secretary for Asia, evangelist and author. From the description of Letter of Sherwood Eddy, 1932. (Wheaton College). WorldCat record id: 31743372 George Sherwood Eddy was born in Leavenworth, Kansas on January 19, 1871. He prepared at Phillips-Andover Academy in Massachusetts from 1887-1888 and earned a Ph.B. degree from Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University in 1891. He attended Union Theological Seminary and graduated from Princeton Theological Seminary, 1891-18...