Bernard John Dowling Irwin letter and diary, 1855-1856.
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Bernard John Dowling Irwin was born in Ireland and emigrated to the United States while still a boy. He graduated from New York Medical College in 1852 and began his service in the U.S. Army as a surgeon in 1855. In February 1861, while stationed at Fort Buchanan, Arizona, he led troops against Chiricahua Indians at Apache Pass. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and gained the nickname "The Fighting Doctor" for his gallantry. During the Civil War, Irwin introduced the use of tent field hospitals...
The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution, Article 2, Section 2, Clause 1 and United States Code, Title 10, Subtitle B, Chapter 301, Section 3001. As the largest and senior branch of the U.S. military, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which wa...