History of the Marine Corps Women's Reserve : a critical analysis of its development and operation, 1943-1945.
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Towle, Katherine Amelia, 1898-1986
Katherine Amelia Towle was born in 1898 in Towle, California (The town was named for her paternal grandfather and his two brothers who came from Vermont in the early 1850's). She moved to Berkeley in 1908. She graduated with honors from University of California, Berkeley in 1920, then later earned a Master's degree in political science in 1935. She entered the Marine Corps in 1943 and served until 1953. After retiring from the Marine Corps, Colonel Towle was associated with the Univer...
United States. Marine Corps Women's Reserve
The United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve was the World War II women's branch of the United States Marine Corps Reserve. It was authorized by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on 30 July 1942. Its purpose was to release officers and men for combat, and to replace them with women in U.S. shore stations for the duration of the war plus six months. Ruth Cheney Streeter was appointed the first director. The Reserve did not accept African American or Japane...
Streeter, Ruth Cheney, 1895-1990
Ruth Cheney Streeter (October 2, 1895 – September 30, 1990) was the first director of the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve (USMCWR). In 1943, she became the first woman to attain the rank of major in the United States Marine Corps when she was commissioned as a major on January 29, 1943. She retired in 1945 as a lieutenant colonel. When Colonel Streeter left the Marine Corps in December, 1945, General A.A. Vandegrift then Commandant of the Marine Corps, wrote her a commendatory lett...