Records, 1888-1955.


Records, 1888-1955.

Records including files of AFL Presidents Samuel Gompers and William Green; files of various AFL officials and departments including AFL Economist Boris Shishkin, American Federationist editor Florence Thorne who was also the Director of Research, Labor Housing Conference executive secretary Catherine Bauer, the Office of Information and Research, and the Mining Department and its head, James Lord; and general files on federal and state legislation, industry and labor developments, strikes and agreements, and other topics. Present are Executive Council minutes for 1952 only. The disc recordings include a Labor day message by George Meany, Sept. 5, 1955, and an AFL convention of unknown date. Approximately one-third of the collection are files from the Office of the President. As varied in content as it is voluminous, the Gompers general correspondence included in these files is primarily incoming letters and generally deals with public issues confronting the Federation such as politics, legislation, legal proceedings, relations with foreign labor groups, World War I, and numerous other topics. Gompers' correspondence with national and international unions concerns basic trade union activities such as organizing, granting of charters, jurisdictional disputes, strikes, lockouts, boycotts, and similar matters. William Green's presidency is documented by files on the topics above plus information on the formation of the CIO and relations between the CIO and AFL, the New Deal, and World War II related events and organizations. Also in the files of the President's Office are speeches and writings by both Gompers and Green, conference and convention papers, hearing testimony, and resolutions, reports, clippings, and other types of material filed both with the correspondence and separately as a reference file. The other large series in the collection are the Industry Reference File (1930-1950), the files of the Director of Research (ca. 1935-1952), and the Strikes and Agreements File (1898-1953). The Industry Reference File contains correspondence, statistical data, clippings, and copies of other documents concerning industrial conditions and state and federal legislation relevant to industry and labor. Materials deal with NRA codes; wage and hour hearings and rulings; World War II related production, housing, and labor problems; post-war adjustment; and other topics. Files of Florence Thorne as Director of Research also pertain to World War II and to post-war problems as well as Social Security, old age insurance generally, unemployment compensation, and health issues. The Strikes and Agreements File contains correspondence, reports, and other material exchanged by union locals and the president of the AFL, filed by local union number. Among the remaining materials in the collection are files on state anti-labor laws, right-to-work legislation, and unemployment compensation provisions and decisions; files of National Labor Relations Board communications; minutes and other records on the Labor Policy Committee of the War Assets Administration; files on general economic and social topics such as civil rights, child welfare, education, and national defense; and correspondence, 1933-1938, concerning problems arising from Works Progress Administration projects. The processed portion is summarized above and is described in the register. Additional accessions are described below.

219.2 c.f. (551 archives boxes),91 reels of microfilm (35mm), and12 disc recordings; plusadditions of 1.1 c.f. and3 disc recordings.

Related Entities

There are 18 Entities related to this resource.

United States. Works Progress Administration (corporateBody)

Organizational History President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in 1935 as a part of his New Deal to curtail the Depression's effects on the United States. The WPA attempted to provide the unemployed with jobs that allowed individuals to preserve skills or talents. The Federal Writers' Project (FWP), one branch of the WPA, provided work for over 6,600 unemployed writers, journalists, edit...

Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924 (person)

Samuel Gompers (1850-1924) was President of the American Federation of Labor and a member of the President's First Industrial Conference in 1919. He was a member of the President's Unemployment Conference in 1921. ...

United States. National Labor Relations Board (corporateBody)

After the first National Labor Relations Board was functionally abolished by the Supreme Court decision invalidating the National Industrial Recovery Act, May 27, 1935, a new National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was established as an independent agency by the National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act (NLRA) (49 Stat. 195), dated July 5, 1935. The Supreme Court in 1937 declared the Board constitutional and sustained Congress’s power to regulate employers whose operations affected interstate commerce...

United States. National Recovery Administration (corporateBody)

Wurster, Catherine Bauer (person)

American writer on housing and related planning issues; official in the Federal Housing Administration and policy advisor on housing to Franklin D. Roosevelt and other U.S. presidents; associate dean and professor of city and regional planning, College of Environmental Design, University of California at Berkeley; married to the American architect William W. Wurster. From the description of Correspondence with Lewis and Sophia Mumford and related material, 1930-1983, n.d. (University...

United States. Office of Production Management (corporateBody)

United States. War Assets Administration. Labor Policy Committee. (corporateBody)

United States. Office of Price Administration (corporateBody)

Doris Razook lived in Savannah, Georgia. From the description of Doris Razook ration book, 1943. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 166147794 During World War II the Office of Price Administration (OPA) was the government agency that rationed most consumer goods and regulated their prices. Some of the rationed items included, tires, cars, gas, coffee, meats, and other food stuffs. OPA was in place for the duration of the war and continued operations until 1947...

American Federation of Labor. Office of Information and Research. (corporateBody)

Lord, James, b. 1878. (person)

Congress of Industrial Organizations (corporateBody)

Meany, George, 1894-1980 (person)

Labor official; interviewee d.1980. From the description of Reminiscences of George Meany : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122587289 President, AFL-CIO, 1955-1980. George Meany (1894-1980) was elected president of the American Federation of Labor (A.F. of L.) in 1952. His efforts to unite his organization with its rival, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), was successful, and he was ...

American Federation of Labor (corporateBody)

Labor organization. From the description of American Federation of Labor records, 1883-1925. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980267 ...

Labor Housing Conference. (corporateBody)

American Federation of Labor. Mining Dept. (corporateBody)

Green, William, 1870-1952 (person)

Ohio district president of the United Mine Workers of America; Democratic senator in Ohio General Assembly; AFL president. From the description of William Green papers [microform], 1891-1952. (Ohio Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 45840057 ...

Shishkin, Boris, 1906-1986 (person)

Economist. From the description of Reminiscences of Boris Basil Shishkin : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309725407 ...

Thorne, Florence Calvert (person)

Director of research. From the description of Reminiscences of Florence Calvert Thorne : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309734588 ...