Franz Boas Professional Papers Circa 1860-1942


Franz Boas Professional Papers Circa 1860-1942

During the half century leading up to the Second World War, Franz Boas helped to define academic anthropology in the United States. Trained as a geographer at the University of Heidelberg, Boas worked initially on the Inuit of Baffin Island and subsequently on the cultures of the Indians of the Northwest Pacific Coast, becoming a leading figure in American anthropology by the first decade of the twentieth century. As Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University, Boas made significant theoretical contributions to ethnology, linguistics, and physical anthropology, helping to ingrain the four fields approach in his discipline and introducing the concept of cultural relativism into wide currency. He was, as well, a committed Socialist and an ardent opponent of both racism and fascism. The Boas Professional Papers contain a diverse assemblage of professional correspondence, family letters, and diaries, with a valuable series of essays and lectures by Boas on both professional and political topics (democracy, race, etc.).

12.5 Linear feet

Related Entities

There are 18 Entities related to this resource.

Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 (person)

Born in Minden, Germany, on July 8, 1858, the anthropologist Franz Boas was the son of the merchant Meier Boas and his wife, Sophie Meyer. Raised in the radical and tradition of German Judaism, Franz's youth was steeped in politically liberal beliefs and a largely secular outlook that he carried with him from university through his emigration to the United States. At the universities of Heidelberg and Bonn, Boas studied physics and geography before completin...

Bien, Julius, 1826-1909 (person)

Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944 (person)

Rufus Ivory Cole served as the the director and physician-in-charge (1909-1937) of the Hospital of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, the first hospital in the United States devoted primarily to the investigation of disease. Cole's medical research centered on problems relating to immunity to diseases of the respiratory system, particularly pneumonia From the guide to the Rufus Ivory Cole papers, ca. 1900-1966, 1900-1966, (American Philosophical Society) Cattell...

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Boas, Ernst P. (Ernst Philip), 1891-1955 (person)

Ernst Boas was the son of anthropologist Franz Boas, and as a physician was noted for his work in cardiology. He was also very much involved with liberal social causes. Boas was an instructor in pathology and physiology, an expert in chronic diseases, and a developer of the cardiotachometer. He was prominent in the American Medical Association during the 1940s and 50s, actively promoted National Health Insurance, and was an organizer of the Physicians Forum. From the description of R...

Reichard, Gladys Amanda, 1893-1955 (person)

Weike, Wilhelm, 1859-1917 (person)

American Council of Learned Societies. Committee on Native American (corporateBody)

Wilkins, Lieutenant (person)

Deloria, Ella Cara (person)

American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom (corporateBody)

Efron, David, 1904- (person)

Boas, Marie Anna Ernestina Krackowizer, 1861-1929. (person)

Mintzer, William A. (person)

Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957 (person)

Robert H. Lowie was a noted anthropologist, professor of anthropology, and specialist on the Crow Indians. He moved from Vienna to New York in 1893, and later received his doctorate from Columbia University, studying with Franz Boas. After doing curatorial and field work for the American Museum of Natural History, in 1921 he joined the anthropology faculty at U.C. Berkeley, where he taught until his retirement in 1950. Lowie published hundreds of articles, reviews, and monographs in English, Ger...

Fortune, Reo, 1903- (person)

Hunt, George (person)

Epithet: Rector of Barningham, county Suffolk British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001031.0x00022c Epithet: Muggletonian British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000496.0x0003af Epithet: of Add MS 32865 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/v...

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939 (person)

American anthropologist and linguist. From the description of Yana field notes: holographs, 1907. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 227536942 ...