Penn School Papers, 1862-2004 and undated (bulk 1862-1978)

ArchivalResource

Penn School Papers, 1862-2004 and undated, (bulk 1862-1978)

Penn School Papers, 1862-2004 and undated (bulk 1862-1978)

The Penn School on Saint Helena Island, S.C., was founded during the Civil War by northern philanthropists and missionaries for former plantation slaves in an area occupied by the United States Army. Over the years, with continuing philanthropic support, it served as school, health agency, and cooperative society for rural African Americans of the Sea Islands. The first principals were Laura M. Towne and Ellen Murray, followed around 1908 by Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House, and in 1944 by Howard Kester and Alice Kester. The school became Penn Community Services in 1950, with Courtney Siceloff as the first director, and the Penn Center, Inc. in the 1980s. The original deposits are papers, mostly 1900-1970, mainly from the Penn School, and primarily correspondence of the directors and of the trustees, treasurers, and publicity workers located elsewhere. Topics include African American education, Reconstruction, political and social change in South Carolina, agricultural extension work, public health issues, damage from hurricanes, World War I, the boll weevil and the cotton industry, the effects of the Great Depression on the school and the local population, changes in the school leading to a greater emphasis on social action in the outer world, and the end of the school and the turn to community service. Volumes include diaries, extracts from letters, recollections, minutes of the board of trustees, ledgers, cashbooks, inventories, financial records, registers of students and teachers, and minutes of various clubs and societies. Printed materials consists of newspapers clippings, pamphlets, promotional literature, school materials, administrative circulars, and annual reports. There are also about 3,000 photographs in the collection, dating from the 1860s to 1962 (bulk 1905-1944), documenting school activities, Island scenes and Islanders, classes and teachers, baptisms, agricultural activities, parades, fairs, and special events at the Penn School. Also included are about 300 audiotapes with oral history interviews and recordings of community acivities, 1954-1979. The Addition of 2005, contains papers of Courtney Siceloff, director of Penn Community Services, 1950-1970, and secretary of the South Carolina Advisory Committee of the United States Commission on Civil Rights, circa 1960-1970. Penn Community Services materials are chiefly administrative and financial. Material relating to the United States Commission on Civil Rights and its state advisory committees, especially the South Carolina Advisory Committee, includes some information about specific discrimination cases.

32,000; 50.0

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J. P. King

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x21mkb (person)

Ralph S. Rounds

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wc0pbf (person)

Ezekiel Green

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q96s1p (person)

Male Chorus

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6945wd1 (corporateBody)

Rural Teachers Institute

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dm0j1t (corporateBody)

William Channing Gannett

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xt99hb (person)

Macdonald, J.R. (James Reid), 1918-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j544vw (person)

Phelps-Stokes Fund

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w99t0b (corporateBody)

The Phelps and Stokes families had long been associated with a variety of philanthropic enterprises in the 19th and 20th centuries. The Phelps-Stokes Fund was created in 1911 as a non-profit foundation under the will of Caroline Phelps Stokes. Its original objectives were to improve housing for the poor in New York City, and the "education of Negroes, both in Africa and the United States, North American Indians, and needy and deserving white students." The contacts maintained by the staff and tr...

Frances Butler

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63357dz (person)

Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x351sv (person)

American journalist. From the description of Letter : to the Cosmos Club, 1910 Mar. 31. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122545959 American journalist and author who also wrote under the name David Grayson. From the description of [Notebooks] [microform]. 1880-1946. WorldCat record id: 36820111 American author and journalist. He is also known by the pseudonym David Grayson. Fr...

Isabella Curtis

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vz5w6k (person)

Francis Cope

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67b9hfw (person)

Lisa Dore

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wv45bk (person)

Maggie Smalls

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66n8mrk (person)

Edward Hooper

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x509b4 (person)

C. B. Byrd

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61416c9 (person)

Thomas Doyle

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nt67ks (person)

John A. Silver

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r36drs (person)

Helena Jr. High School

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wn6gst (corporateBody)

Friendship Baptist Church

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61w2bnh (corporateBody)

Mary E. Langford

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h85tdf (person)

Robert Grant

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wv46dw (person)

Josephine Green

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zx6zvw (person)

Cope, Francis Reeve, 1821-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66h6v2c (person)

Alice Lathrop

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68x8swt (person)

Savannah State College Concert Choir and Gospel Choir

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6723393 (corporateBody)

Louise Wildy

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6403k8t (person)

Solomon Heywood

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vc3m56 (person)

W. D. Weatherford

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m76z7t (person)

Penn Center

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kf70vf (corporateBody)

Rev. David Grant

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65z7nb1 (person)

Cadbury, William Edward, 1909-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn8psq (person)

Broadus Mitchell

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62d497z (person)

WTMA

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r07d08 (corporateBody)

Fred Chaplin, Sr.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z47bjv (person)

Second Ebenezer Baptist Church

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x78q0b (corporateBody)

Jerry Alston

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ph75fr (person)

Sherman, S.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vg15bb (person)

Frederick M. Keppel

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62w7tzj (person)

Benjamin Mays

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h85tzm (person)

Bruce, Roscoe Conkling, 1879-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61v68f5 (person)

Assistant superintendent of public schools, Washington, D.C. From the description of Roscoe Conkling Bruce papers, 1897-1924. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 761697471 Sources: Marquis' Who's Who in America, 1919 The Afro-American, August 26, 1950 (obituary). After retirement in 1922, Bruce served as principal of a high school in West Virginia, as manager of the Dunbar Apartments in New York City, and engaged in various Real ...

John Ferguson

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vr8fn3 (person)

W. H. Mills

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k79wvw (person)

Moton, Robert R.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69x5td4 (person)

Leroy Adams

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dw6z7h (person)

Howard Kester

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jz3tt8 (person)

Harold Loundes

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pt37xf (person)

John Silver

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61x0tf6 (person)

W. C. Gannett

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kj61zv (person)

Harold Evans

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gg66q5 (person)

Circle for Negro War Relief.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d26nbv (corporateBody)

Annie Chaplin

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xv17zn (person)

A. C. Reynolds

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66g16vk (person)

General Education Board (New York, N.Y.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j14bd5 (corporateBody)

The General Education Board was established in 1903 by John D. Rockefeller to aid education in the United States "without distinction of race, sex or creed." The program included grants for endowment and general budgetary support of colleges and universities, support for special programs, fellowships and scholarships assistanceto state school systems at all levels, and development of social and economic resources as a route to improved educaitonal systems. All major colleges and universities in ...

Saint Helena Cooperative Credit Union

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68t9s66 (corporateBody)

Esty, Edward T.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xb06gd (person)

Jasper Green

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65k2trs (person)

Robert Smalls

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6820f5m (person)

American Red Cross

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68p9rvx (corporateBody)

On December 2, 1905, Mrs. Tunis G. Bergen brought together a group of Brooklyn residents at the Barnard Club House on Remsen Street to form New York City's first borough-based Red Cross organization. With an initial membership roster of 300, the Brooklyn Chapter of the American Red Cross embarked on its first major campaign to aid victims of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, collecting over $100,000 and thousands of articles of clothing to contribute to the relief effort. From this point on, th...

W. W. Brierley

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d6606k (person)

Lewis W. Hine

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tg59n7 (person)

Julia Horton

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6112g75 (person)

Dave Burgess

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66z4qk5 (person)

Walter Sikes

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gw10b0 (person)

Ethel Paine

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c11kdc (person)

Rosenwald Fund

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hr91s6 (corporateBody)

Saint Helena Co-operative Society

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z75r1c (corporateBody)

Blanton, Joshua E. (Joshua Enoch)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62c1c96 (person)

Franklin Holmes

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nb2pgg (person)

Alice Frank Merriam

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sw32bc (person)

Trevor Arnett

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67523hf (person)

United States. Commission on Civil Rights

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w651859v (corporateBody)

Nancy Green

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60b1k2k (person)

American friends service committee

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mp8vd2 (corporateBody)

Quaker organization formed to promote peace and reconciliation through its social service and relief programs. From the description of American Friends Service Committee records, 1933-1988 (bulk 1933-1938). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983753 The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) was organized in June 1917 as an outgrowth of and coordination point for the anti-war and relief activities of various bodies of the Religious Society of Friends in the United States. A ...

Sumners Pringle

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66v60rf (person)

Daniel Watson

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mx7vd3 (person)

S. C. Armstrong

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bq5ff8 (person)

T. J. Woofter

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sg87pp (person)

Alden Trust

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bd91nd (corporateBody)

Emanuel Alston

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wn6sxb (person)

Reinhold Niebuhr

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vc3nnw (person)

Gregorio Torres Quintero

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60x3s8c (person)

Geneva Perry

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c4082t (person)

John Gadsen, Sr.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rp8m58 (person)

Jenks, Robert Darrah

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cd54qb (person)

Joseph Clark

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p99rmq (person)

Rachell Holmes

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f34bsv (person)

Fordham

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h28453 (corporateBody)

J. H. Dillard

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r36fbt (person)

Weatherford, Willis D. (Willis Duke), 1875-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xh0ztq (person)

Willis D. Weatherford of Black Mountain, N.C., was president of the Blue Ridge Assembly, Black Mountain, N.C., 1906-1944; president of the Y.M.C.A. Graduate School, Nashville, Tenn., 1919-1946; trustee of Berea College, Berea, Ky., 1916-ca. 1962; faculty member of Fisk University, 1936-1946; director of the Southern Appalachian Studies Project, 1956-1968; and lifelong student of race relations in the South. From the description of Willis D. Weatherford papers, 1911-1969. WorldCat rec...

Willie Lee Rose

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mr0ghh (person)

Maria

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mt785w (person)

Gerome Miller

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p710ps (person)

Florence E. Rivers

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6723f1n (person)

Jerry M. Alston

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69465bt (person)

Ellen Murray

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j5469j (person)

Joshua Blanton

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zb4rxp (person)

Will, Alexander

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s4776k (person)

Walter Taylor

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nx4wvh (person)

Margaret McCulloch

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ch52nn (person)

Arthur Kornickey

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mj322s (person)

Williams Sisters

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vc3bgx (corporateBody)

Penn Community Services

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fr55cb (corporateBody)

David Mebane

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gz9q1c (person)

Bill Clement

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b436qb (person)

Cope, Francis Reeve, 1821-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66h6v2c (person)

David Lilienthal

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vv74z2 (person)

Towne, John Henry, 1818-1875

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p010bw (person)

Willard Uphaus

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6917h9v (person)

Nina Hartshorn

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6586q6s (person)

Minnie Jenkins

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h28fvs (person)

McAllister, Jane Ellen, 1899-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fg96b2 (person)

Alice Kester

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6px1zzv (person)

Johnson, Mordecai W.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zg6tw6 (person)

African American minister and educator; president of Howard University (1926-1960). From the description of Papers, 1913-1976. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 70941398 1890 January 12 Born to Carolyn Freeman and Wyatt Johnson in Paris, Tennessee 1911 Received Bachelor of Arts degree from Atlanta Baptist [later Morehous...

Kiser, Clyde V.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xf6d4q (person)

Penn School (Saint Helena Island, S.C.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rv5s0p (corporateBody)

The Penn School on Saint Helena Island, S.C., was founded during the Civil War by northern philanthropists and missionaries for former plantation slaves in an area occupied by the United States Army. Over the years, with continuing philanthropic support, it served as school, health agency, and cooperative society for rural African Americans of the Sea Islands. The first principals were Laura M. Towne and Ellen Murray, followed around 1908 by Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House, and in 1944 by How...

Sam Gadsen

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f05p6q (person)

Francis Cope, Jr.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vr8fpj (person)

James Dombrowski

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6295mtn (person)

Benjamin Barnwell

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xb7r46 (person)

Paul Green

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s04rvs (person)

Lester, Robert M. (Robert MacDonald), 1889-1969

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68d0tt4 (person)

Teacher; foundation administrator and consultant. From the description of Robert Lester papers, 1879-1969. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 32520383 Robert MacDonald Lester (1889-1969) was an author, teacher and employee of the Carnegie Institute of New York. His published works include Forty Years of Carnegie Giving (1941). Lester was also the recording secretary of the Council of Southern Universities and executive director of the Southern Fellowships Fund. ...

Anna Milton

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wf9c7g (person)

Gunnar Myrdal

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w81zmp (person)

Saint Helena Cooperative Society

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zb4f70 (corporateBody)

Embree, Edwin R. (Edwin Rogers), 1883-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k938z6 (person)

Foundation executive and author. From the description of Edwin R. Embree collection, [undated]. (Fisk University). WorldCat record id: 70971646 Edwin Embree was secretary (1917-1924), director of the Division of Stusies (1924-1927), and vice-president (1927) of The Rockefeller Foundation, president of the Rosenwald Fund (1927-1948), and president of the Liberian Foundation. From the description of Papers, 1925-1930. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122628995 ...

Florence Polite

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69465md (person)

Albert Major

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sc9jfm (person)

Amanda Bradley

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jz3tk4 (person)

Keith Fund

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kj5qc4 (corporateBody)

Helen Heyward

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mt94vz (person)

William H. Mills

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69t73hh (person)

Countee Cullen

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s625tm (person)

First African Baptist Church

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hv7rtm (corporateBody)

Melish, William Howard, 1910-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw1jrb (person)

John Howard Melish was born in Milford, Ohio in 1874; attended the University of Cincinnati, Harvard Divinity School, and the Episcopal Theological School in Cambridge, Mass.; became associate rector of Christ Church in Cincinnati in 1900; and came to Brooklyn to serve as the rector for the Church of the Holy Trinity in 1904. In 1915-16, he gained some fame within the church for his efforts to give women the right to vote in the annual parish meetings of the Episcopal Church. He was...

Fellowship of Southern Churchmen

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6md42tn (corporateBody)

The Fellowship of Southern Churchmen was an interdenominational, interracial group of southern church people (lay and clergy) interested in race relations, anti-Semitism, rural dependency, labor conditions, and other social issues. From the description of Fellowship of Southern Churchmen records, 1937-1986. WorldCat record id: 26380368 The Fellowship of Southern Churchmen, originally known as the Younger Churchmen of the South, called its first meeting at Montea...

Blanche Washington

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w82046 (person)

Mary Grant

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rd2jc3 (person)

Kirby Page

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wj8225 (person)

Mays, Benjamin E. (Benjamin Elijah), 1894-1984

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66h51gf (person)

Educator. From the description of Reminiscences of Benjamin E. Mays : oral history, 1980. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122527874 Benjamin E. Mays (1895- ), president of Morehouse College during the Atlanta 1960-1961 sit-ins. From the description of Benjamin Elijah Mays oral history interview, 1978 Nov. 29. (Georgia State University). WorldCat record id: 38727125 President of Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga., from 1940...

Victoria Polite

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cq2h0f (person)

Sam Polite

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65k2t8h (person)

Blanton, Joseph E. (Joseph Edwin)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hp0p5w (person)

Macavine Miller

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h573x6 (person)