Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001


Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001


The official organ of the Communist Party, USA, the Daily Worker's editorial positions reflected the policies of the Communist Party. At the same time the paper also attempted to speak to the broad left-wing community in the United States that included labor, civil rights, and peace activists, with stories covering a wide range of events, organizations and individuals in the United States and around the world. As a daily newspaper, it covered the major stories of the twentieth century. However, the paper always placed an emphasis on radical social movements, social and economic conditions particularly in working class and minority communities, poverty, labor struggles, racial discrimination, right wing extremism with an emphasis on fascist and Nazi movements, and of course the Soviet Union and the world-wide Communist movement. The paper has had a succession of names and has been published in varying frequences between daily to weekly over the course of its existence. In 2010 it ceased print publication and became an electronic, online-only, weekly publication titled the People's World. The bulk of the collection consists of printed photographic images produced through a variety of processes, collected by the photography editors of the Daily Worker and its successor newspapers as a means of maintaining an organized collection of images for use in publication. Images of many important people, groups and events associated with the CPUSA and the American Left are present in the collection, as well as images of a wide variety of people, subjects and events not explicitly linked with the CPUSA or Left politics.

227 Linear Feet in 226 record cartons and 2 oversized boxes

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rus, Cyrl

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Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. A member of the Republican Party, Nixon previously served as the 36th vice president from 1953 to 1961, having risen to national prominence as a representative and senator from California. After five years in the White House that saw the conclusion to the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, détente with the Soviet Union and China, and the establishment of the Environm...

Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 (person)

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as the 34th vice president in early 1945. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO to contain communist expansion. He proposed numerous liberal domestic reforms, but few were enacted by the Conservative Coalition that dominated Congres...

Eban, Abba, 1915-2002 (person)

Abba Solomon Meir Eban (Hebrew: אבא אבן; born Aubrey Solomon Meir Eban; 2 February 1915 – 17 November 2002) was an Israeli diplomat and politician, and a scholar of the Arabic and Hebrew languages. During his career, he served as Foreign Affairs Minister, Education Minister, and Deputy Prime Minister of Israel. He was the second ambassador to the United States and the first Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations. He was also Vice President of the United Nations General Assem...

Feinstein, Dianne, 1933- (person)

Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (born Dianne Emiel Goldman; June 22, 1933) is an American politician who has served as the senior United States Senator from California since 1992. A member of the Democratic Party, she was mayor of San Francisco from 1978 to 1988. Born in San Francisco, Feinstein graduated from Stanford University in 1955. In the 1960s, she worked in local government in San Francisco. Feinstein was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in 1969. She served as the bo...

Castro, Raúl H. (Raúl Héctor), 1916-2015 (person)

Raúl Héctor Castro (June 12, 1916 – April 10, 2015) was a Mexican American politician, diplomat and judge. In 1964, Castro was selected to be U.S. Ambassador to El Salvador, a position he held until 1968 when he was appointed U.S. Ambassador to Bolivia. In 1974, Castro was elected to serve as the 14th governor of Arizona, and resigned two years into his term to become U.S. Ambassador to Argentina. Prior to his entry into public service, Castro was a lawyer and a judge for Pima County, Arizona. H...

Rogers, Will, 1879-1935 (person)

The youngest of eight children, William Penn Adair Rogers was born on November 4, 1879 at Rogers Ranch in Oologah, Indian Territory (what is now Oklahoma). His parents, Clement Vann Rogers and Mary Schrimsher, were partly of Cherokee descent. While growing up on the family ranch, Will worked with cattle and learned to ride and lasso from a young age. He grew so talented with a rope, in fact, that he was placed in the Guiness Book of World Records for throwing three lassos at once. One went ar...

Byrd, Robert C. (Robert Carlyle), 1917-2010 (person)

In every corner of West Virginia, the people of the Mountain State knew that there was one man on whom they could always depend: U.S. Senator Robert C. Byrd. He always remained true to his faith and his family, while he worked to build a better future for his state and his country. In the Senate, Robert Byrd worked for the people — better jobs; health care that is affordable and close to home; a good future for our children and grandchildren. Each day in the Senate, Robert Byrd focused on bui...

Goldberg, Arthur J. (Arthur Joseph), 1908-1990 (person)

Arthur Joseph Goldberg (August 8, 1908 – January 19, 1990) was an American statesman and jurist who served as the 9th U.S. Secretary of Labor, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the 6th United States Ambassador to the United Nations. Born in Chicago, Illinois, Goldberg graduated from the Northwestern University School of Law in 1930. He became a prominent labor attorney and helped arrange the merger of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Indus...

Abourezk, James G. (James George), 1931- (person)

James George Abourezk (born February 24, 1931) is an American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a U.S. Representative from South Dakota's 2nd congressional district from 1971 to 1973 and as U.S. Senator from South Dakota from 1973 to 1979. Born in Wood, South Dakota and raised on the Rosebud Indian Reservation, he attended public schools in Wood and Mission, South Dakota. Between 1948 and 1952, Abourezk served in the United States Navy during the Korean War. After his...

Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986 (person)

William Averell Harriman (November 15, 1891 – July 26, 1986), better known as Averell Harriman, was an American Democratic politician, businessman, and diplomat. The son of railroad baron E. H. Harriman, he served as Secretary of Commerce under President Harry S. Truman, and later as the 48th Governor of New York. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1952 and 1956, as well as a core member of the group of foreign policy elders known as "The Wise Men". While attendi...

Pepper, Claude, 1900-1989 (person)

Claude Denson Pepper (September 8, 1900 – May 30, 1989) was an American politician of the Democratic Party, and a spokesman for left-liberalism and the elderly. He represented Florida in the United States Senate from 1936 to 1951 and the Miami area in the United States House of Representatives from 1963 until 1989. Born in Chambers County, Alabama, Pepper established a legal practice in Perry, Florida after graduating from Harvard Law School. After serving a single term in the Florida House o...

Hayakawa, S. I. (Samuel Ichiyé), 1906-1992 (person)

Samuel Ichiye Hayakawa (July 18, 1906 – February 27, 1992) was a Canadian-born American academic and politician. A linguist, psychologist, semanticist, teacher, professor, and author by trade, he served as president of San Francisco State University from 1968 to 1973 and then as U.S. Senator from California from 1977 to 1983. Born in Vancouver, British Columbia, Hayakawa was educated in the public schools of Calgary, Alberta, and Winnipeg, Manitoba before earning a B.A. from the University of...

Beatles (corporateBody)

Wonder, Stevie (person)

Trumka, Richard L. (Richard Louis), 1949-2021 (person)

Richard Louis Trumka (July 24, 1949 – August 5, 2021) was an American attorney and organized labor leader. He served as president of the United Mine Workers from 1982 to 1995, and then was secretary-general of the AFL-CIO from 1995 to 2009. He was elected president of the AFL–CIO on September 16, 2009, at the federation's convention in Pittsburgh, and served in that position until his death. Born in Nemacolin, Pennsylvania, Trumka went to work in the mines in 1968. He received a Bachelor of S...

Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906 (person)

Susan B. Anthony (born Susan Anthony; February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. In 1856, she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. In 1851, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became her lifelong friend and co-worker in social reform activ...

Thomas, R. J. (Rolland Jay), 1900-1967 (person)

Roland Jay Thomas (June 9, 1900 – April 18, 1967), also known as R. J. Thomas, was born in East Palestine, Ohio. He grew up in eastern Ohio and attended the College of Wooster for two years. The need to help support his family caused him to leave college and go to work. In 1923, he moved to Detroit, where he worked in a number of automobile plants. He became active in efforts to organize the automobile industry and was the president of Chrysler Local 7 when it affiliated with the United Auto ...

Frankensteen, Richard T. (Richard Truman), 1907-1977 (person)

Richard "Dick" Frankensteen (March 6, 1907 in Detroit – 1977) was the first president of the Automotive Industrial Workers Association. He attended Central High School, named to the all-city and all-state high school football teams and earned All-American honors in his senior year at University of Dayton. Beginning at age 15, he worked summers at the Dodge Brothers' plant for more than six years. After an intended career of teaching and high school football coaching in Ohio was crushed by ...

Velázquez, Nydia, 1953- (person)

Nydia Margarita Velázquez Serrano (born March 28, 1953) is an American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, she has served in the U.S. House of Representatives since 1993. Her district was numbered the 12th district from 1993 to 2013; it has been numbered the 7th district since 2013. Velázquez is the first Puerto Rican woman to serve in the United States Congress. Born in the town of Limones in the municipality of Yabucoa, Puerto Rico, she became the first in her family to graduate f...

Dickens, Hazel, 1925-2011 (person)

Hazel Jane Dickens (1925*-2011) was an American bluegrass singer, songwriter, double bassist and guitarist. Her music was characterized not only by her high, lonesome singing style, but also by her provocative pro-union, feminist songs. Cultural blogger John Pietaro noted that "Dickens didn’t just sing the anthems of labor, she lived them and her place on many a picket line, staring down gunfire and goon squads, embedded her into the cause." The New York Times extolled her as "a clarion-voiced a...

Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014 (person)

Pete Seeger (1919-2014) was an American folk singer and social activist. As a member of the Weavers, Seeger was often heard on the radio in the early 1950s, most notably on their recording of Lead Belly's "Goodnight, Irene". In the 1960s, Seeger re-emerged on the public scene as a prominent singer of protest music in support of international disarmament, civil rights, counterculture, workers' rights, and environmental causes. A prolific songwriter, his best-known songs include "Where Have ...

Basie, Count, 1904-1984 (person)

Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955 (person)

Jazz musician. From the description of Autograph card signed : [Indiana?], to Paul G. Klawans, 1950. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270904397 ...

Waller, Fats, 1904-1943 (person)

Darrow, Clarence S. (Clarence Seward), 1857-1938 (person)

Clarence Seward Darrow, prominent Chicago trial lawyer, was born in Kinsman, Ohio on April 18, 1857. He attended Allegheny College, after which he studied one year at the University of Michigan Law School. He then worked as a lawyer in Youngstown, and was admitted to the Ohio Bar in 1878. He practiced in Ohio for nine years, before moving to Chicago, where he practiced privately before being appointed assistant corporation counsel for the City of Chicago. For four years he served as Chi...

Cushing, Richard James Cardinal, 1895-1970 (person)

Richard James Cushing (August 24, 1895 – November 2, 1970) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Boston from 1944 to 1970 and was made a cardinal in 1958. Cushing's main role was as fundraiser and builder of new churches, schools, and institutions. Unlike his predecessor, he was on good terms with practically the entire Boston elite, as he softened the traditional confrontation between the Catholic Irish and the Protestant upper-class. He built useful r...

Peterson, Esther Eggertsen, 1906-1997 (person)

Esther Peterson was born Esther Eggertsen in Provo, Utah, on December 9, 1906. She was one of six children: Luther ("Bud"), Algie, Thelma, Anna Maria, Esther, and Mark. Her parents, Lars and Annie (Nielsen) Eggertsen , were the children of Danish immigrants who walked across the plains to Utah seeking freedom to worship as Mormons. The Eggertsens were Republicans, but Esther Peterson became an active Democrat, working in the fields of education, labor, women's rights and consumer a...

Schroeder, Pat, 1940- (person)

Patricia Nell Scott Schroeder (born July 30, 1940) is an American lawyer and politician who represented Colorado in the United States House of Representatives from 1973 to 1997. A member of the Democratic Party, Schroeder was the first female U.S. Representative elected in Colorado. Born Patricia Nell Scott in Portland, Oregon, she was raised in Texas, Ohio, and Iowa, ultimately graduating from Theodore Roosevelt High School in Des Moines, Iowa in 1958. She graduated from the University of Mi...

Rumsfeld, Donald, 1932-2021 (person)

Donald Henry Rumsfeld (July 9, 1932 – June 29, 2021) was an American politician, government official and businessman who served as Secretary of Defense from 1975 to 1977 under Gerald Ford, and again from 2001 to 2006 under George W. Bush. He was both the youngest and the second-oldest person to have served as Secretary of Defense. Additionally, Rumsfeld was a three-term U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1963–1969), director of the Office of Economic Opportunity (1969–1970), counsellor to the presi...

Groves, Leslie R. (Leslie Richard), 1896-1970 (person)

Lieutenant General Leslie Richard Groves Jr. (17 August 1896 – 13 July 1970) was a United States Army Corps of Engineers officer who oversaw the construction of the Pentagon and directed the Manhattan Project, a top secret research project that developed the atomic bomb during World War II. The son of a U.S. Army chaplain, Groves lived at various Army posts during his childhood. In 1918, he graduated fourth in his class at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and was commissioned into the ...

Hearst, William Randolph, 1863-1951 (person)

William Randolph Hearst Sr. (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American businessman, newspaper publisher, and politician known for developing the nation's largest newspaper chain and media company, Hearst Communications. His flamboyant methods of yellow journalism influenced the nation's popular media by emphasizing sensationalism and human interest stories. Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887 with Mitchell Trubitt after being given control of The San Francisco Examiner by his ...

Lafayette, James Armistead, 1760?-1830? (person)

James Armistead Lafayette (born 1748 or 1760, New Kent County, Virginia – died 1830 or 1832, New Kent County, Virginia) was an enslaved African American who served the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War under the Marquis de Lafayette. As a double agent, he was responsible for reporting the activities of Benedict Arnold – after he had defected to the British – and of Lord Cornwallis during the run-up to the Battle of Yorktown. He fed the British false information while disclos...

Hershey, Lewis Blaine, 1893-1977 (person)

Lewis Blaine Hershey (September 12, 1893 – May 20, 1977) was the Director of the Selective Service System of the United States. An Indiana native, Hershey joined the National Guard in 1911. His unit served at the Mexican border in 1916. After World War I, he moved to the Army and became a captain in 1920. He also taught military science at Ohio State University and, as a active volunteer, earned several prestigious Scouting awards. In 1936, he was made secretary of the Joint Army and Navy Selec...

Liberace, 1919-1987 (person)

Liberace (born Władziu Valentino Liberace, May 16, 1919 – February 4, 1987) was an American pianist, singer, and actor. Liberace enjoyed a career spanning four decades of concerts, recordings, television, motion pictures, and endorsements. At the height of his fame from the 1950s to 1970s, Liberace was the highest-paid entertainer in the world with established concert residencies in Las Vegas and an international touring schedule. Liberace embraced a lifestyle of flamboyant excess both on and of...

Kelly, Edna F. (Edna Flannery), 1906-1997 (person)

Edna Kelly (née Flannery; August 20, 1906 – December 14, 1997) was an American politician who served as a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from New York from 1949 to 1969. She was the first woman to represent Brooklyn, New York in Congress. Born Edna Patricia Flannery in East Hampton, New York, she graduated from East Hampton High School in 1924 and, in 1928 received a BA in history and economics from Hunter College in New York City. In the fall of 1928, Edna Fl...

Hicks, Louise Day, 1916-2003 (person)

Anna Louise Day Hicks (October 16, 1916 – October 21, 2003) was an American politician and lawyer from Boston, Massachusetts, best known for her staunch opposition to desegregation in Boston public schools, and especially to court-ordered busing, in the 1960s and 1970s. A longtime member of Boston's school board and city council, she served one term in the United States House of Representatives, succeeding John William McCormack. The daughter of a wealthy and prominent attorney and judge, Hic...

Green, Edith, 1910-1987 (person)

Edith Louise Starrett Green (January 17, 1910 – April 21, 1987) was an American politician and educator from Oregon. A member of the Democratic Party, she was the second woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Oregon, serving a total of ten terms, from 1955 to 1974. Born Edith Louise Starrett in Trent, South Dakota, her family moved to Oregon in 1916, where she attended schools in Salem, attending Willamette University from 1927 to 1929. She worked as a schoolteacher and...

Sills, Beverly (person)

American soprano. From the description of Signature, dated : [n.p., 1975?], 1975?. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270967653 From the description of Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Sept. 9, 1978 [sound recording]. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155862081 American singer. From the description of Autograph card signed : [New York], to Edward Wagenknecht, [1976 Jan. 12]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270867185 Epith...

Belafonte, Harry, 1927- (person)

Born to immigrant parents in Harlem on March 1, 1927, Harry Belafonte spent much of his youth in his mother's home country of Jamaica. Though difficult, life in Jamaica was full of rich cultural experiences that influenced Belafonte's art. At the beginning of World War II, Belafonte returned to Harlem with his mother and brother. He had trouble integrating into the new environment and later dropped out of high school to join the U.S. Navy. After Belafonte was honorably discharged, he went bac...

Montand, Yves, 1921-1991 (person)

Yves Montand was an Italian-French actor and singer. He was born Ivo Livi in Italy and moved to France to escape the Italian Fascist regime....

Kubrick, Stanley, 1928-1999 (person)

Stanley Kubrick (born July 26, 1928, The Bronx, New York – died March 7, 1999, Hertfordshire, England) was an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and photographer. He is frequently cited as one of the greatest filmmakers in cinematic history. His films, which are mostly adaptations of novels or short stories, cover a wide range of genres, and are noted for their realism, dark humor, unique cinematography, extensive set designs, and evocative use of music....

Douglas, Helen Gahagan, 1900-1980 (person)

Helen Gahagan Douglas (November 25, 1900 – June 28, 1980) was an American actress and politician. Her career included success on Broadway, as a touring opera singer, and the starring role in the 1935 movie She, in which her portrayal of the villain inspired Disney's Evil Queen in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937). Born Helen Mary Gahagan in Boonton, New Jersey and raised in the Park Slope area of Brooklyn, New York, she graduated from the prestigious Berkeley School for Girls and at the ...

Borman, Frank, 1928- (person)

Frank Borman, U.S. Astronaut who led the Apollo 8 lunar orbit mission and Chief Executive Officer of Eastern Airlines from 1975-1986, was born in Gary, Indiana, March 14, 1928. Raised in Tucson, Arizona, where he learned to fly at age 15, Borman attended U.S. Military Academy, West Point and earned a Bachelor of Science degree in 1950, thus beginning a 20-year career in the U.S. Air Force. He received a Masters of Science in Aeronautical Engineering from the California Institute of ...

Welles, Orson, 1915-1985 (person)

Actor, writer, director, and producer for stage, radio, and film. From the description of Papers, 1930-1959. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 31734907 George Orson Welles, named for his parents' friend George Ade, was born on May 6, 1915, in Kenosha, Wisconsin. A child prodigy aided and encouraged by guardian Maurice Bernstein and teacher Roger Hill, Welles had considerable writing and acting experience before the age of twenty. Through the years this multi-talented...

Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996 (person)

Carl Sagan was an American astronomer, planetary scientist, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, and science communicator. His best known scientific contribution is research on extraterrestrial life, including experimental demonstration of the production of amino acids from basic chemicals by radiation. Sagan assembled the first physical messages sent into space: the Pioneer plaque and the Voyager Golden Record, universal messages that could potentially be understood by any extra...

Mostel, Zero, 1915-1977 (person)

Actor and artist Zero Mostel was born Samuel Joel Mostel on February 28, 1915 in Brooklyn, N.Y. He attended Seward Park High School and earned a B.A. in art from the City College of New York in 1935. After a series of jobs, he worked with the WPA art project teaching and lecturing at museums. His lectures were so entertaining that he was often booked at union halls, Catskills hotels, and various benefits. It was at one such event that radio director and producer Hyman Br...

Meredith, Burgess, 1907-1997 (person)

American actor. From the description of Typed invitation : London, to [John Steinbeck], 1943 Oct. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 775796417 ...

Inouye, Daniel K., 1924-2012 (person)

Daniel K. Inouye (b. September 7, 1924 – d. December 17, 2012) was a United States Senator from Hawaii from 1963 to 2012. He was a member of the Democratic Party and served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate from 2010 until his death. He also served as chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations. During World War II, Inouye served as part of the 442nd Infantry Regiment and lost his right arm to a grenade wound. He received several military decorations, including ...

Boxer, Barbara, 1940- (person)

Barbara Sue Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is an American politician and lobbyist who served as a United States Senator from California from 1993 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously served as the U.S. Representative for California's 6th congressional district from 1983 until 1993. Born in Brooklyn, New York City, Boxer graduated from George W. Wingate High School and Brooklyn College. She worked as a stockbroker for several years before moving to California with her...

Mikulski, Barbara, 1936- (person)

Barbara Ann Mikulski (born July 20, 1936) is an American politician and social worker who served as a United States Senator from Maryland from 1987 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she also served in the United States House of Representatives from 1977 to 1987. Mikulski is the longest-serving woman in the history of the United States Congress and the longest-serving U.S. Senator in Maryland history. Raised in the Fell's Point neighborhood of East Baltimore, Mikulski attended Mount S...

Hawkins, Paula, 1927-2009 (person)

Paula Hawkins (née Fickes, January 24, 1927 – December 4, 2009) was an American politician from Florida. She is the only woman elected to the U.S. Senate from Florida. A member of the Republican Party, she was the second woman ever elected to the Senate from the American South. She was the first woman in the country to be elected to a full Senate term without having a close family member who previously served in major public office. Born in Salt Lake City, Paula Fickes was raised there, in At...

Lunt, Alfred, 1892-1977 (person)

Alfred Davis Lunt Jr. (August 12, 1892 – August 3, 1977) was an American stage director and actor who had a long-time professional partnership with his wife, actress Lynn Fontanne. Broadway's Lunt-Fontanne Theatre was named for them. Lunt received two Tony Awards, an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor for 1931's The Guardsman and an Emmy Award for the Hallmark Hall of Fame's production of The Magnificent Yankee. Lunt was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1892 to Alfred D. Lunt and Harriet ...

La Guardia, Fiorello H. (Fiorello Henry), 1882-1947 (person)

Fiorello Henry La Guardia (born Fiorello Enrico La Guardia; December 11, 1882 – September 20, 1947) was an American attorney and politician who represented New York in the House of Representatives and served as the 99th Mayor of New York City from 1934 to 1945. Known for his irascible, energetic, and charismatic personality and diminutive stature, La Guardia is acclaimed as one of the greatest mayors in American history. Though a Republican, La Guardia was frequently cross-endorsed by other part...

Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924 (person)

Samuel Gompers (1850-1924) was President of the American Federation of Labor and a member of the President's First Industrial Conference in 1919. He was a member of the President's Unemployment Conference in 1921. ...

Kunin, Madeleine, 1933- (person)

Madeleine May Kunin (born September 28, 1933) is a Swiss-born American diplomat, author and politician. She served as the 77th Governor of Vermont from 1985 until 1991, as a member of the Democratic Party. She also served as United States Ambassador to Switzerland from 1996 to 1999. She was Vermont's first and, to date, only female governor as well as the first Jewish governor of Vermont. She was also the first Jewish woman to be elected governor of a U.S. state. Kunin was born in Zürich, Swi...

Kodály, Zoltán, 1882-1967 (person)

Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, and educationist. From the description of Autograph letters signed (5) and autograph postcards signed (2), dated : Budapest, Paris, London, and Brussels, 1948 and 1950, to Sir Ivor Atkins in Worcester, 1948 June 4 and 1948 June 2 and 1950 Feb. 8 and 1948 Feb. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270578936 From the description of "Uj esztendőt köszöntő" : autograph manuscript, 1929. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270566555 ...

Bartók, Béla, 1881-1945 (person)

Commissioned by the Basel section of the International Society for Contemporary Music. Composed originally as Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion 1937. Orchestrated 1940 as this Concerto. First performance London, 14 November 1942, Royal Philharmonic Society, Adrian Boult conductor, Louis Kentner and Ilona Kabos soloists.--Cf. Fleisher Collection. From the description of Concerto for 2 pianos and orchestra / Béla Bartók. [194-?] (Franklin & Marshall College). WorldCat record i...

Walt Disney Company (corporateBody)

The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney (/ˈdɪzni/),[3] is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios complex in Burbank, California. Disney was originally founded on October 16, 1923, by brothers Walt and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio; it also operated under the names The Walt Disney Studio and Walt Disney Productions before officially changing its name to The Walt Disney Company in 1...

Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy, 1929-1994 (person)

First Lady Jacqueline Lee “Jackie” (Bouvier) Kennedy Onassis was a symbol of strength for a traumatized nation after the assassination of one the country’s most energetic political figures, President John F. Kennedy, who served from 1961 to 1963. The inauguration of John F. Kennedy in 1961 brought to the White House and to the heart of the nation a beautiful young wife and the first young children of a President in half a century. She was born Jacqueline Lee Bouvier, daughter of John Verno...

Kerry, John F., 1943- (person)

John Forbes Kerry was born on December 11, 1943, in Aurora, Colorado. He was one of four children born to Rosemary Kerry and Richard Kerry, who served as a Foreign Service Officer for the U.S. State Department. Shortly after he was born, his family moved to Massachusetts. After graduating from Yale University, Kerry enlisted in the United States Navy and served two tours of duty in Vietnam. During his service, he earned a Silver Star, a Bronze Star with Combat V, and three Purple Hearts. After r...

Jackson, Jesse, 1941- (person)

The Reverend Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr., founder and president of the Rainbow PUSH Coalition, is one of America’s foremost civil rights, religious and political figures. Over the past forty years, he has played a pivotal role in virtually every movement for empowerment, peace, civil rights, gender equality, and economic and social justice. On August 9, 2000, President Bill Clinton awarded Reverend Jackson the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor. Reverend Jackson h...

Jordan, Vernon E. (Vernon Eulion), 1935-2021 (person)

Vernon Eulion Jordan Jr. (August 15, 1935 – March 1, 2021) was an American business executive and civil rights activist who worked for Civil Rights Movement organizations before being chosen by President Bill Clinton as his close adviser. Born in Atlanta, Jordan grew up with his family in the segregated societal cosmos of Atlanta. An honors graduate of David T. Howard High School, he matriculated to DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana, graduating in 1957, the only black student in a cla...

McKinney, Cynthia, 1955- (person)

Cynthia Ann McKinney (born March 17, 1955) is an American politician and activist who is an assistant professor at North South University, Bangladesh. As a member of the Democratic Party, she served six terms in the United States House of Representatives. She was the first black woman elected to represent Georgia in the House. She left the Democratic Party and ran in 2008 as the presidential candidate of the Green Party of the United States. In the 1992 election, McKinney was elected in Georg...

Waters, Maxine, 1938- (person)

Maxine Moore Waters (née Carr, August 15, 1938) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for California's 43rd congressional district since 1991. The district, numbered as the 29th district from 1991 to 1993 and as the 35th district from 1993 to 2013, includes much of southern Los Angeles, as well as portions of Gardena, Inglewood and Torrance. A member of the Democratic Party, Waters is currently in her 15th term in the House. She is the most senior of the twelve black wo...

Owens, Major, 1936-2013 (person)

Major Robert Odell Owens (June 28, 1936 – October 21, 2013) was an American politician and librarian who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1983 to 2007, representing the New York's 11th and then 12th Congressional district. He was first elected to replace retiring Representative Shirley Chisholm. Owens shepherded the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 through the House. He retired at the end of his term in January 2007 and was succeeded by Yvette Clarke. Owens was...

Savage, Gus, 1925-2015 (person)

Augustus Alexander "Gus" Savage (October 30, 1925 – October 31, 2015) was an entrepreneur, publisher and a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Illinois. Savage was born in Detroit, Michigan, and graduated from Roosevelt University in Chicago. He served in the United States Army from 1943 to 1946 and then worked as a journalist from 1954 to 1979, owning a chain of weekly community newspapers in the Chicago area including the South End Citizen. The Chicago Citiz...

Dymally, Mervyn M. (Mervyn Malcolm), 1926-2012 (person)

Mervyn Malcolm Dymally (May 12, 1926 – October 7, 2012) was an American politician from California. He served in the California State Assembly (1963–66) and the California State Senate (1967–75) as the 41st Lieutenant Governor of California (1975–79) and in the U.S. House of Representatives (1981–93). Dymally returned to politics a decade later to serve in the California State Assembly (2003–08). Dymally was the first Trinidadian to serve California as State Senator and Lieutenant Governor. H...

Crockett, George W. (George William), 1909-1997 (person)

George William Crockett Jr. (August 10, 1909 – September 7, 1997) was an African-American attorney, jurist, and congressman from the U.S. state of Michigan. He also served as a national vice-president of the National Lawyers Guild and co-founded what is believed to be the first racially integrated law firm in the United States. Born in Jacksonville, Florida, on August 10, 1909, Crockett was the son of George Crockett, Sr., a carpenter, and Minnie Jenkins Crockett. He attended public schools i...

Leland, Mickey, 1944-1989 (person)

George Thomas "Mickey" Leland (November 27, 1944 – August 7, 1989) was an anti-poverty activist who later became a congressman from the Texas 18th District and chair of the Congressional Black Caucus. He was a Democrat. Growing up in the predominantly African American and Hispanic Fifth Ward of Houston, Texas, Leland attended Wheatley High School in Houston, Texas, where he ranked in the top ten percent of his class when he graduated from Wheatley in 1964. While attending Texas Southern Unive...

Young, Andrew, 1932- (person)

Andrew Jackson Young Jr. (born March 12, 1932) is an American politician, diplomat, and activist. Beginning his career as a pastor, Young was an early leader in the civil rights movement, serving as executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and a close confidant to Martin Luther King Jr. Young later became active in politics, serving as a U.S. Congressman from Georgia, United States Ambassador to the United Nations in the Carter Administration, and 55th Mayor of A...

Rangel, Charles B., 1930- (person)

Charles Bernard Rangel (born June 11, 1930) is an American politician who was a U.S. representative for districts in New York from 1971 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the second-longest serving incumbent member of the House of Representatives at the time of his retirement, serving continuously since 1971. As its most senior member, he was also the Dean of New York's congressional delegation. Rangel was the first African-American Chair of the influential House Ways and Means Co...

Dellums, Ronald V., 1935-2018 (person)

Ronald Vernie Dellums (November 24, 1935 – July 30, 2018) was an American politician who served as Mayor of Oakland from 2007 to 2011. He had previously served thirteen terms as a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 9th congressional district, in office from 1971 to 1998, after which he worked as a lobbyist in Washington, D.C. Dellums was born into a family of labor organizers, and enlisted in the United States Marine Corps before serving on the Berkeley, California,...

Collins, Cardiss, 1931-2013 (person)

Cardiss Hortense Collins (née Robertson; September 24, 1931 – February 3, 2013) was an American politician from Illinois who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1973 to 1997. A member of the Democratic Party, she was the fourth African-American woman in Congress and the first to represent the Midwest. Collins was elected to Congress in the June 5, 1973 special election to replace her husband, George, who had died in the December 8, 1972 United Airlines Flight 553 plane cras...

Stokes, Louis, 1925-2015 (person)

Louis Stokes (February 23, 1925 – August 18, 2015) was an American attorney, civil rights pioneer and politician. He served 15 terms in the United States House of Representatives – representing the east side of Cleveland – and was the first African American congressman elected in the state of Ohio. He was one of the Cold War-era chairmen of the House Intelligence Committee, headed the Congressional Black Caucus, and was the first African American on the House Appropriations Committee. Stokes ...

Hawkins, Augustus F., 1907-2007 (person)

Augustus Freeman Hawkins (August 31, 1907 – November 10, 2007) was a prominent American Democratic Party politician and a figure in the history of Civil Rights and organized labor. Over the course of his career, Hawkins authored more than 300 state and federal laws, the most famous of which are Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 1978 Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment Act. He was known as the "silent warrior" for his commitment to education and ending unemployment. Hawkins emphasize...

Smalls, Robert, 1839-1915 (person)

Robert Smalls (April 5, 1839 – February 23, 1915) was an American politician, publisher, businessman, and naval pilot. Born into slavery in Beaufort, South Carolina, he freed himself, his crew, and their families during the American Civil War by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, on May 13, 1862, and sailing it from Confederate-controlled waters of the harbor to the U.S. blockade that surrounded it. He then piloted the ship to the Union-controlled encl...

Twain, Mark, 1835-1910 (person)

Mark Twain (b. Samuel Langhorne Clemens, November 30, 1835, Florida, MO – d. April 21, 1910, Redding, CT) was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. Among his novels are The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885). Twain served an apprenticeship with a printer and then worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to the newspaper of his older brother Orion Clemens. He later became a riverboat pil...

Communist Party of the United States of America (corporateBody)

The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), a Marxist-Leninist party aligned with the Soviet Union, was founded in 1919 in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution by the left wing members of the Socialist Party USA. These split into two groups, with each holding founding conventions in Chicago in September 1919: one which established the Communist Labor Party, and a second which established the Communist Party of America. In a 1920 Joint Unity Convention, a minority faction of t...

Haley, Alex, 1921-1992 (person)

Alexander Murray Palmer Haley (August 11, 1921 – February 10, 1992) was an American writer and the author of the 1976 book Roots: The Saga of an American Family. ABC adapted the book as a television miniseries of the same name and aired it in 1977 to a record-breaking audience of 130 million viewers. In the United States, the book and miniseries raised the public awareness of black American history and inspired a broad interest in genealogy and family history. Haley's first book was The Auto...

William II, German Emperor, 1859-1941 (person)

William II was German Emperor and King of Prussia (ruled 1888-1918) From the description of Letters : to George Sylvester Viereck, 1922-1940. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 80954785 ...

Broun, Heywood, 1888-1939 (person)

American journalist. From the description of Letter : New York City, to M. D. Wechsler, 1930 Mar. 5. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122625143 ...

Guillén, Nicolás, 1902-1989 (person)

Nicolás Guillén was a poet, journalist, political activist, writer, and first winner of Cuba's National Prize for Literature (1983). He was born Nicolás Guillén Batista in Camagüey, Cuba on 10 July 1902. He studied law at the University of Havana but gave it up, working as a typographer and journalist and beginning to publish poetry in the 1920s. Guillén's work was influenced by the poet Langston Hughes whom he met in 1930 and with whom he formed a lifelong friendship. Guillén drew from his mixe...

Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893 (person)

Lucy Stone (b. Aug. 13, 1818, West Brookfield, MA–d. Oct. 18, 1893, Boston, MA) was born to parents Hannah Matthews and Francis Stone. At age 16, Stone began teaching in district schools always earning far less money than men. In 1847, she became the first woman in Massachusetts to earn a college degree from Oberlin College. After college, Stone began her career with the Garrisonian Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and began giving public speeches on women's rights. In the fall of 1847, with...

Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 (person)

Woodrow Wilson (b. Thomas Woodrow Wilson, December 28, 1856, Staunton, Virginia-d.February 3, 1924, Washington, D.C.), was the twenty-eight President of the United States, 1913-1921; Governor of New Jersey, 1911-1913; and president of Princeton University, 1902-1910. Biographical Note 1856, Dec. 28 Born, Staunton, Va. 1870 ...

Masefield, John, 1878-1967 (person)

The English poet, playwright and novelist John Masefield was born in 1878 in Ledbury. After running away to sea early (when he was thirteen) he settled in London from 1897 and devoted himself to writing. Later he moved to Oxford which was where he lived when most of the following collection was produced. Masefield became Poet Laureate in 1930 and was awarded the Order of Merit in 1935. Among his more notable works are some early reflections of his maritime experiences in Salt Water Ba...

Boone, Pat (person)

Horne, Lena. (person)

Singer, actress, performer of stage, films and television. Lena Horne was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1917 and began her professional career in 1934 as a chorus girl at the Cotton Club in Harlem, New York. In 1935 her career as a singer was launched with the Noble Sissle and later, the Charlie Barnet bands. She toured extensively in the United States and Europe. In the 1940s she appeared at New York's Cafe Society Downtown and from there went to Hollywood where she became the firs...

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894 (person)

Holmes (Harvard, M.D. 1836) was Parkman Professor of Anatomy at Harvard Medical School from 1847 to 1882, dean of the Medical School from 1847 to 1853, and a noted essayist and poet. A paper on the contagiousness of puerperal fever, presented at an 1843 meeting of the Boston Society for Medical Improvement, was his most famous contribution to medicine. His indictment of physicians for their role in causing and spreading the fever was one of the most controversial treatises of the time...

Goodman, Benny, 1909-1986 (person)

Benny Goodman was born in Chicago, May 30, 1909. He received his first musical training at a local synagogue, and later studied clarinet with Franz Schoepp. Goodman made his debut at the age of twelve, and left home to become a full-time professional clarinetist when he was sixteen. After a decade of performing as a free-lancer and as a member of Ben Pollak's band, Goodman established his first big band in 1934, and soon it achieved unprecedented success. He won great ac...

United States. National Labor Relations Board (corporateBody)

After the first National Labor Relations Board was functionally abolished by the Supreme Court decision invalidating the National Industrial Recovery Act, May 27, 1935, a new National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was established as an independent agency by the National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act (NLRA) (49 Stat. 195), dated July 5, 1935. The Supreme Court in 1937 declared the Board constitutional and sustained Congress’s power to regulate employers whose operations affected interstate commerce...

Bush, George, 1924-2018 (person)

George Herbert Walker Bush (1924-2018) was Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989 and the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1992. He was born on June 12, 1924, in Milton, Massachusetts, to Dorothy Walker Bush and Prescott Bush (who was a Republican Senator from Connecticut from 1952 to 1962). He graduated from Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts on his 18th birthday, June 12, 1942. That same day, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy as a Seaman 2nd Class. Receiving ...

Bush, George W. (George Walker), 1946- (person)

George Walker Bush was born July 6, 1946, in New Haven, Connecticut, the first son of future President George Herbert Walker Bush and his wife Barbara (Pierce) Bush. George W. Bush served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009. He was also the 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. Bush earned a bachelor’s degree in history from Yale University in 1968. After college, Bush enlisted in the Air National Guard, serving in Texas and Alabama until his discharge in November 19...

Bhutto, Benazir, 1953-2007 (person)

Kemp, Jack, 1935-2009 (person)

Biographical Note 1935, July 13 Born, Los Angeles, Calif. 1957 B.A., Occidental College, Los Angeles, Calif. 1957 1969 Professional football player ...

Meese, Edwin, 1931- (person)

Edwin Meese (b. 1931), also known as Edmund Meese, was born in Oakland, California. He served as the seventy-fifth Attorney General of the United States from 1985 to 1988. In 1953, Meese graduated from Yale University, and holds a law degree from the University of California. He worked as assistant district attorney of Alameda County, California before joining Governor Ronald Reagan's staff in 1967. Meese was legal affairs secretary from 1967 to o 1968 and as executive assistant and chief of sta...

Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, 1927-2003 (person)

Daniel Patrick Moynihan, also Pat Moynihan, (born March 16, 1927, Tulsa, Oklahoma – died March 26, 2003, Washington, D.C.), American politician, sociologist, and diplomat. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented New York in the United States Senate and served as an adviser to Republican U.S. President Richard Nixon. Moynihan moved at a young age to New York City. Following a stint in the navy, he earned a Ph.D. in history from Tufts University. He worked on the staff of New York Gove...

Thomas, Clarence, 1948- (person)

Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated by President George H. W. Bush on July 1, 1991, to succeed Thurgood Marshall and is the second African American to serve on the Court. Thomas's service began October 23, 1991. Upon the retirement of Anthony Kennedy in 2018, Thomas became the most senior member of the Supreme Court, that is, the longest-serving current Justice, with a tenure of 28 years, 308 days as of August 2...

Ford, Betty, 1918-2011 (person)

Elizabeth Ann “Betty” Ford was First Lady from 1974 to 1977 as the wife of President Gerald Ford. She was noted for raising breast cancer awareness and being a passionate supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment. In 25 years of political life, Betty Bloomer Ford did not expect to become First Lady. As wife of Representative Gerald R. Ford, she looked forward to his retirement and more time together. In late 1973 his selection as Vice President was a surprise to her. She was just becoming accus...

United States. Central Intelligence Agency (corporateBody)

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), principal foreign intelligence and counterintelligence agency of the U.S. government. Formally created under the provisions of the National Security Act of 1947, approved July 26, 1947, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) grew out of the World War II Office of Strategic Services (OSS). Previous U.S. intelligence and counterintelligence efforts had been conducted by the military and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and suffered from duplication, compe...

Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 (person)

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady throughout her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s four terms in office (1933-1945). She was an American politician, diplomat, and activist who later served as a United Nations spokeswoman. A shy, awkward child, starved for recognition and love, Eleanor Roosevelt grew into a woman with great sensitivity to the underprivileged of all creeds, races, and nations. Her constant work to improve their lot made her one of the most loved–...

Hassan II, King of Morocco, 1929-1999 (person)

King Hassan II of Morocco was born 9 July 1929. His family was exiled in 1953 by French authorities. Hebecame King on 26 February 1961, after his father, King Mohammed V, died. Hassan's rule is contraversial: he is known for his poor human rights record and for suspending the constitution in 1965. He dissolved Parliament ad ruled directly. He died 23 July 1999 and was successed by his son, King Mohammed VI....

Dukakis, Michael S. (Michael Stanley), 1933- (person)

Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is a retired American politician who served as the 65th governor of Massachusetts, from 1975 to 1979 and again from 1983 to 1991. He is the longest-serving governor in Massachusetts history and only the second Greek-American governor in U.S. history, after Spiro Agnew. He was nominated by the Democratic Party for president in the 1988 election, losing to the Republican candidate, Vice President George H. W. Bush. Born in Brookline, Massachusetts...

Dewey, Thomas E. (Thomas Edmund), 1902-1971 (person)

Thomas Edmund Dewey (March 24, 1902 – March 16, 1971) was an American lawyer, prosecutor, and politician. Raised in Owosso, Michigan, Dewey was a member of the Republican Party. He served as the 47th governor of New York from 1943 to 1954. In 1944, he was the Republican Party's nominee for president, but lost the election to incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt in the closest of Roosevelt's four presidential elections. He was again the Republican presidential nominee in 1948, but lost to President Ha...

Wallace, George C. (George Corley), 1919-1998 (person)

George Corley Wallace Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician who served as the 45th Governor of Alabama for four terms. He is best remembered for his staunch segregationist and populist views. During his tenure, he promoted "low-grade industrial development, low taxes, and trade schools". He sought the United States presidency as a Democrat three times, and once as an American Independent Party candidate, unsuccessfully each time. Wallace notoriously opposed deseg...

McGovern, George S. (George Stanley), 1922-2012 (person)

George Stanley McGovern (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American politician, historian, U.S. representative, U.S. senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election. McGovern grew up in Mitchell, South Dakota, where he was a renowned debater. He volunteered for the U.S. Army Air Forces upon the country's entry into World War II and as a B-24 Liberator pilot flew 35 missions over German-occupied Europe from a base in Italy. Among the medals besto...

Goldwater, Barry M. (Barry Morris), 1909-1998 (person)

Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician, businessman, and author who was a five-term Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–1987) and the Republican Party nominee for president of the United States in 1964. Despite his loss of the 1964 presidential election in a landslide, Goldwater is the politician most often credited with having sparked the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s. He also had a substantial impact on the...

Thurmond, Strom, 1902-2003 (person)

James Strom Thurmond Sr. (December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003) was an American military officer and politician who served for 48 years as a United States Senator from South Carolina. He ran for president in 1948 as the Dixiecrat candidate on a States' rights platform supporting racial segregation. He received 2.4% of the popular vote and 39 electoral votes, failing to defeat Harry Truman. Thurmond represented South Carolina in the United States Senate from 1954 until 2003, at first as a Southern De...

Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944 (person)

Alfred Emanuel Smith (December 30, 1873 – October 4, 1944) was an American politician who served four terms as Governor of New York and was the Democratic Party's candidate for president in 1928. Smith was the foremost urban leader of the Efficiency Movement in the United States and was noted for achieving a wide range of reforms as governor in the 1920s. The son of an Irish-American mother and a Civil War veteran father, he was raised in the Lower East Side of Manhattan near the Brooklyn Bri...

La Follette, Robert M. (Robert Marion), 1855-1925 (person)

Robert Marion La Follette Sr. (June 14, 1855 – June 18, 1925), colloquially known as Fighting Bob, was an American lawyer and politician. He represented Wisconsin in both chambers of Congress and served as the Governor of Wisconsin. A Republican for most of his career, he ran for President of the United States as the nominee of his own Progressive Party in the 1924 presidential election. Historian John D. Buenker describes La Follette as "the most celebrated figure in Wisconsin history." Born...

Mondale, Walter F. (Walter Frederick), 1928-2021 (person)

Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale (January 5, 1928-April 19, 2021) is an American politician, diplomat and lawyer who served as the 42nd vice president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. A United States senator from Minnesota (1964–1976), he was the Democratic Party's nominee in the 1984 United States presidential election, but lost to Ronald Reagan in an Electoral College landslide. Reagan won 49 states while Mondale carried his home state of Minnesota and the District of Columbia. In Octob...

Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 (person)

Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th vice president of the United States from 1965 to 1969. He twice served in the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from 1949 to 1964 and 1971 to 1978. He was the Democratic Party's nominee in the 1968 presidential election, losing to Republican nominee Richard Nixon. Born in Wallace, South Dakota, Humphrey attended the University of Minnesota. At one point he helped run his ...

Carter, Billy, 1937-1988 (person)

William Alton Carter (March 29, 1937 – September 25, 1988) was an American farmer, businessman, brewer, and politician. The younger brother of U.S. President Jimmy Carter, he promoted Billy Beer and was a candidate for mayor of Plains, Georgia. ...

Wallace, Henry A. (Henry Agard), 1888-1965 (person)

Henry Agard Wallace (October 7, 1888 – November 18, 1965) was an American politician, journalist, and farmer who served as the 11th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, the 33rd vice president of the United States, and the 10th U.S. Secretary of Commerce. He was also the presidential nominee of the left-wing Progressive Party in the 1948 election. The oldest son of Henry C. Wallace, who served as the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture from 1921 to 1924, Henry A. Wallace was born in Adair County, Iowa in...

Carlson, Evans Fordyce, 1896-1947 (person)

Evans Fordyce Carlson (26 February 1896 – 27 May 1947) was a decorated and retired United States Marine Corps general officer who was the legendary leader of "Carlson's Raiders" during World War II. Many credit Carlson with developing the tactics and attitude that would later come to define America's special operations forces. He is renowned for the "Makin Island raid" in 1942, and his raiders' "Long Patrol" (aka Carlson's patrol) behind Japanese lines on Guadalcanal, in which 488 Japanese were ...

Stennis, John C. (John Cornelius), 1901-1995 (person)

John C. Stennis (August 3, 1901 – April 23, 1995) was an American politician who served as a U.S. Senator from the state of Mississippi. He was a Democrat who served in the Senate for over 41 years. Stennis served in the Senate from 1947-1989. He was a supporter of racial segregation. He signed the Southern Manifesto, which called for massive resistance to the Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. He also voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965...

Bradley, Omar Nelson, 1893-1981 (person)

Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981) was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II, holding the rank of General of the Army. Bradley was the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and oversaw the U.S. military's policy-making in the Korean War. Born in Randolph County, Missouri, Bradley worked as a boilermaker before entering the United States Military Academy at West Point. He graduated from the academy in 1915 alongside Dwight D. Eisenh...

Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987 (person)

Bayard Rustin (b. March 17, 1912, West Chester, Pennsylvania–d. August 24, 1987, Manhattan, New York) was an African-American Quaker who was concerned with nonviolence, socialism, civil rights, race relations, and international relations. He was connected with the Fellowship of Reconciliation, American Friends Service Committee, War Resisters League, Congress of Racial Equality, and Committee for Nonviolent Civil Disobedience against Military Segregation. He was imprisoned during World War II fo...

Atherton, Alfred Leroy, Jr., 1921-2002 (person)

Alfred Leroy "Roy" Atherton, Jr. was born November 22, 1921 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A graduate of Harvard University, he served in the United States Army during World War II and joined the U.S. Foreign Service in 1947. He served at posts in Stuttgart, Bonn, Damascus, Aleppo, and Calcutta as well as several positions in the Department of State's Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs in Washington, D.C. He became Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs in 1974. I...

Peres, Shimon, 1923-2016 (person)

Shimon Peres was born Shimon Perski in Wiszniew, Poland (now Belarus) in August 1923. He moved with his immediate family to Palestine in 1934. He had a varied and highly prestigious political career in Israel, culminating in a term as President of Israel. He married Sonya Gelman in 1945, with whom he shared three children. He died on September 28, 2016 at the age of 93. His wife Sonya predeceased him in 2011. Peres spent most of his adult life active in Israeli politics, serving as prime mini...

Bogart, Humphrey DeForest, 1899-1957 (person)

Humphrey DeForest Bogart (December 25, 1899 – January 14, 1957) was an American film and stage actor. His performances in Classical Hollywood cinema films made him an American cultural icon. In 1999, the American Film Institute selected Bogart as the greatest male star of classic American cinema. Bogart began acting in Broadway shows, beginning his career in motion pictures with Up the River (1930) for Fox. Bogart appeared in supporting roles for the next decade, sometimes portraying gangster...

Louis, Joe, "Brown Bomber", 1914-1981 (person)

Joseph Louis Barrow (May 13, 1914 – April 12, 1981), known professionally as Joe Louis, was an American professional boxer who competed from 1934 to 1951. He reigned as the world heavyweight champion from 1937 to 1949, and is considered to be one of the greatest heavyweight boxers of all time. Nicknamed the Brown Bomber, Louis' championship reign lasted 140 consecutive months, during which he participated in 26 championship fights. The 27th fight, against Ezzard Charles in 1950, was a challenge ...

Gregory, Dick, 1932-2017 (person)

Epithet: US comedian and civil rights activist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000561.0x000133 ...

Baucus, Max, 1941- (person)

In 2014 U.S. President Barack Obama nominated Max Sieben Baucus to be Ambassador of the United States of America to the Peoples Republic of China. He served as Ambassador from February 21, 2014 until January 19, 2017. Ambassador Baucus formerly served as the senior United States Senator from Montana. He served in the U.S. Senate from 1978 to 2014 and was Montana’s longest serving U.S. Senator as well as the third longest tenure among those serving in the U.S. Senate. While in the Senate, Amba...

O'Neill, Tip, 1912-1994 (person)

Thomas P. O’Neill, Jr., in full Thomas Phillip O’Neill, Jr., byname Tip O’Neill, (born December 19, 1912, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.—died January 5, 1994, Boston, Massachusetts), American politician who served as a Democratic representative from Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives (1953–87) and as speaker of the House (1977–86). He was a tireless advocate for social causes, and he frequently expressed his belief that it is the responsibility of the government to contribute to ...

Dylan, Bob, 1941- (person)

Bob Dylan was born on May 24, 1941 in Duluth, Minnesota. He grew up in the city of Hibbing. As a teenager, he played in various bands and with time his interest in music deepened, with a particular passion for American folk music and blues. One of his idols was the folk singer Woody Guthrie. He was also influenced by the early authors of the Beat Generation, as well as by modernist poets. Dylan moved to New York City in 1961 and began to perform in clubs and cafés in Greenwich Village. He met...

Biden, Joseph R. (Joseph Robinette), Jr., 1942- (person)

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (born November 20, 1942) is an American politician serving as the 46th President of the United States. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 47th vice president of the United States from 2009 to 2017 under Barack Obama and represented Delaware in the U.S. Senate from 1973 to 2009. Biden was raised in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and New Castle County, Delaware. He studied at the University of Delaware before receiving his law degree from Syracuse ...

Michelangelo Buonarroti, 1475-1564 (person)

Epithet: sculptor, painter, poet British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000295.0x0002d2 ...

Hooks, Benjamin L. (Benjamin Lawson), 1925-2010 (person)

Benjamin Lawson Hooks (January 31, 1925 – April 15, 2010) was an attorney who practiced in Memphis, Tennessee and served as the executive director for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from 1977 to 1992....

Neel, Alice, 1900-1984 (person)

Alice Neel (1900-1984) was a painter in New York, NY. She was known for her portraits of New York artists and intellectuals. Neel studied painting at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women (now the Moore College of Art and Design) from 1921-1925. She married Cuban artist Carlos Enríquez, and they briefly lived in Havana, Cuba. After the break-up of their marriage, she settled in New York City. During the 1930s she worked for the Public Works of Art Project and the Works Progress Administrat...

McQueen, Butterfly, 1911-1995 (person)

Buttterfly McQueen (b. 1911) was an African-American actress. The films she was in include "Gone with the Wind", "Affectionately Yours", Mildred Pierce", "Duel in the Sun", and "Amazing Grace". While living in Harlem in the 1970s, she did community relations and recreation work for the City Park System. She is in the Black filmmakers Hall of Fame. From the description of Butterfly McQueen papers, 1960s. (University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center). WorldCat record id: 77224219 ...

Andersen, H. C. (Hans Christian), 1805-1875 (person)

Danish author. From the description of Autograph letters signed (29) and letter signed, to Richard Bentleyand an autograph letter signed to George Bentley : Copenhagen, etc. 1848 July 12-1873 Mar. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270131871 Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish writer, especially famed for his fairy tales. From the description of Stories translated from the German of Hans Andersen by S.C. Winthrop, ca. 1850-1900. (Pennsylvania State University Li...

Evans, H. W. (Hiram Wesley) (person)

Aaron, Hank, 1934-2021 (person)

Hank Aaron (born Henry Louis Aaron, February 5, 1934, Mobile, Alabama-died January 22, 2021, Atlanta, Georgia) was the son of Estella Aaron and Herbert Aaron. He attended Central High School in Mobile, Alabama and transferred to the private Josephine Allen Institute, where he graduated in 1951. While finishing high school, Aaron played for the Mobile Black Bears, a semi-professional Negro league baseball team. In 1951, Aaron signed with the Indianapolis Clowns of the Negro American League, wh...

Asch, Sholem, 1880-1957 (person)

Sholem Asch (November 1, 1880 – July 10, 1957) was a Polish-Jewish novelist, dramatist, and essayist in the Yiddish language. Born in Kutno, Poland to a Hasidic family, Asch received a formal Jewish education. He moved to Warsaw in 1899 and met and was mentored by prominent Yiddish writer I.L. Peretz. His first book of stories, In a Shlekhter Tsayt (In a Bad Time), was published in 1902 and he rose to prominence. He relocated to the United States in 1914. Asch became increasingly active in publi...

Davis, Angela Y. (Angela Yvonne), 1944- (person)

Activist, author, and professor, Angela Davis was born in Birmingham, Alabama, on January 26, 1944, the daughter of two teachers. Active at an early age in the Black Panthers and the Communist Party, Davis also formed an interracial study group and volunteered for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee while still in high school. At fifteen, after earning a scholarship, Davis traveled to New York to complete high school. In 1960, Davis traveled to Germany to study for two years, and then ...

Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993 (person)

Dizzy Gillespie (born John Birks Gillespie, October 21, 1917, Cheraw, South Carolina - January 6, 1993 Englewood, New Jersey) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer. He joined his first professional band in 1935. In the 1940s Gillespie became a major figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz....

Burger, Warren E., 1907-1995 (person)

Chief justice of the United States Supreme Court; d. 1995. From the description of Papers, 1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 34149469 Chief justice of the United States Supreme Court; died 1995. From the description of Warren E. Burger introduction, 1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983627 ...

East, John P., 1931-1986 (person)

John P. East (1931-1986) was a Senator from North Carolina who born in Springfield, Sangamon County, Ill. on May 5, 1931. East attended public schools and graduated from Earlham College, Richmond, Ind. in 1953, the University of Illinois Law School, Urbana in 1959 and also earned graduate degrees from the University of Florida, Gainesville in 1962 and 1964. From 1953-1955, East served in the United States Marine Corps. After his admittance to the Florida bar in 1959, he commenced practice in Nap...

Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943 (person)

Agricultural scientist, teacher, humanitarian, artist, and Iowa State alumnus (1894, 1896). George Washington Carver was born ca. 1864, the son of slaves on the Moses Carver plantation near Diamond Grove, Missouri. He lost his father in infancy, and at the age of 6 months was stolen along with his mother by raiders, but was later found and traded back to his owner for a $300 race horse. He enrolled in Simpson College, Indianola, Iowa in 1890 studying music and art. Etta Budd, his art instructor ...

Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910 (person)

Russian novelist. From the description of Graf Leo Tolstoy miscellaneous papers, 1853-1904. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754868149 Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoi (1828-1910), Russian novelist From the guide to the Lev Tolstoi papers, 1909-1984, (GB 206 Leeds University Library) Russian novelist, philosopher and mystic. From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Sydney Carlyle Cockerell, 1904 May 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id:...

Mooney, Thomas J. - Demonstrations for (person)

Robards, Jason (person)

Aragon, 1897-1982 (person)

Epithet: (Eleanor of), wife of Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Modena and Ferrara British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001108.0x000020 French writer. From the description of Aragon manuscripts, 1971-1979. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 80460887 Epithet: Henry of, Duke of Villena, son-of Ferdinand I, of Aragon British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Des...

National Negro Labor Council (U.S.) (corporateBody)

Laurel and Hardy (corporateBody)

Chaplin, Charlie (person)

Winkler, Henry, 1945-.... (person)

Chosa, Mike (person)

Costello, Roselio (person)

Dubček, Alexander (person)

Marcantonio, Vito, 1902-1954 (person)

Vito Marcantonio was a New York politician active from the early 1930's up to his death in 1954. He was a congressman for the 18th New York District from 1935 to 1937 and from 1939-1951. He ran unsuccessfully for mayor of New York City in 1949. He was a member of the American Labor Party. From the guide to the Vito Marcantonio collection of political speeches and advertisements [sound recording], 1938-1952, (The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded So...

Pirinsky, George (person)

Harriman, Leslie O. (person)

Barton, Charles, 1768-1843 (person)

Epithet: D D, Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000983.0x0002bd Epithet: Clerk in the Exchequer British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000983.0x0002bc ...

Armstrong, James, 1966- (person)

Epithet: Presbyterian minister, of Dublin British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001108.0x00024b Epithet: of Thurles, county Tipperary British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001108.0x00024a Epithet: Captain; Military Secretary to the Lieutenant Gov. of the Ceded Provinces British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Pers...

Caesar, Sid, 1922-2014 (person)

Actor and comedian. From the description of Sid Caesar papers, 1950-1963. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983146 Biographical Note 1922, Sept. 8 Born, Yonkers, N.Y. 1939 1942 New York City ...

Hearst, Patricia, 1954-.... (person)

Moiseyev, Igor (person)

DeLury, Bernard E., 1938- (person)

Chavez, Fernando (person)

Williams, Claude (person)

Cinque (person)

Snyder, Mitch (person)

Mitch Snyder (1943-1990) was a radical Catholic, advocate for the rights of homeless people, and leader of the Community for Creative Non-Violence (CCNV) in Washington, D.C. CCNV began as an anti-war group and became an advocacy group for the homeless. From the description of Mitch Snyder papers, 1970-1991. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 54439588 ...

International telephone and telegraph corporation (corporateBody)

DeBakey, Michael E. (Michael Ellis), 1908-2008 (person)

Michael E. DeBakey (b. Michel Dabaghi, Sept. 7, 1908, Lake Charles, LA–d. July 11, 2008, Houston, TX) was a famous cardiovascular surgeon. During World War II, DeBakey served in the U.S. Army and helped develop the Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) units. He then joined the faculty of Baylor University College of Medicine, serving as faculty, president of college, and chancellor, and Chairman of the Department of Surgery. He was among the earlier surgeons to perform coronary artery bypass sur...

Blaiberg, Phillip (person)

Hatcher, Richard, 1944-.... (person)

Mincey, Pamela (person)

Kochar, Vagan (person)

Nguyen, Ngoc Loan (person)

Bremer, Arthur H., 1950- (person)

Smith, J. Hyatt (John Hyatt), 1824-1886 (person)

Epithet: of Sloane MS 1700 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001199.0x000090 Epithet: Pastor of Nijmegen British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001199.0x000097 Epithet: of Add MS 36190 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001199.0x00007e Epithet: of Egerto...

Attucks, Crispus, -1770 (person)

Crispus Attucks (d. March 5, 1770, Boston, MA) was an American of African and Native American descent, widely regarded as the first person killed in the Boston massacre and thus the first American killed in the American Revolution. Historians disagree on whether Crispus Attucks was a free man or an escaped slave. Despite the lack of clarity over whether he was a slave, Attucks became an icon of the anti-slavery movement in the mid-19th century. In the 1850s, as the abolitionist movement gain...

Coffin, William Sloane, Jr., 1924-2006 (person)

Clergyman. From the description of Reminiscences of William S. Coffin, Jr. : oral history, 1989. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122452011 Epithet: Reverend chaplain Yale University British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000561.0x000080 William Sloane Coffin, Jr. was born June 1, 1924, in New York City. He attended Deerfield Academy and Phillips Academy Andover b...

Allan, William, 1904- (person)

Epithet: PRA,Scotland British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000813.0x00037a Epithet: MP; Knight 1902 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000813.0x000377 Epithet: MP British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001149.0x000301 Epithet: Reverend; of Richmond, county ...

Reisman, Philip (person)

Bagaze, Gean (person)

Minor, Robert - Art of (person)

Walker, Alice (person)

White, Eliot (person)

Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971 (person)

Premier of the Soviet Union. From the description of Reminiscences of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev : oral history, 1967-71. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309743617 ...

De Roos, John G. (person)

Roach, Hal (person)

Haughton, Daniel J. (person)

Stokes, Carl, 1927-1996 (person)

Carl Burton Stokes (June 21, 1927 – April 3, 1996) was an American lawyer, jurist, television personality, politician, and diplomat. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 51st mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. Born and raised in Cleveland, he dropped out of high school to work at Thompson Products, joining the U.S. Army at age 18. After his discharge in 1946, Stokes returned to Cleveland and earned his high school diploma in 1947. He then attended several colleges before earning his bach...

McGeoch, Brian - Art of (person)

Brown, Lawrence (person)

Winston, Henry, 1911-1986 (person)

Mubārak, Muḥammad Ḥusnī, 1928- (person)

Delacroix, Eugene (person)

Bridges, Harry (person)

Albertson, Bill (person)

Wood, Grant, 1891-1942 (person)

Artist from Iowa. From the description of Letters, 1933-1941. (University of Iowa Libraries). WorldCat record id: 233127101 Painter; Cedar Rapids, Iowa. From the description of Return from Bohemia / by Grant Wood, 1941. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78407270 From the description of Grant Wood scrapbooks, 1900-1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84557090 Grant Wood was born near Anamosa, Iowa, in 1891. In 1901 he moved with his family to Cedar ...

Mecham, Evan (person)

Hoffa, James R. (James Riddle), 1913- (person)

Jimmy Hoffa a U.S. union and labor leader. He was born in Brazil, Indiana in 1913 and began his work as a union organizer with Detroit's Local 299 of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters in 1932. By December, 1946 he was president of Local 299. In 1952 he was elected international vice president of the Teamsters Union, and in 1957 he became international president. Under his leadership, the Teamsters negotiated the National Master Freight Agreement, the first nationwide collective bargaini...

International Workers Order (corporateBody)

The International Workers Order (IWO), a Communist-affiliated, ethnically organized fraternal order, was founded in 1930 following a split from the Workmen's Circle, the Jewish labor fraternal order. Max Bedacht, the IWO general secretary from 1932-1946, also served on the Communist Party's Political Bureau. At its peak, shortly after World War II, the IWO had almost 200,000 members, including 50,000 in the Jewish Peoples Fraternal Order. The IWO provided low-cost health and life insurance, medi...

Tormey, Jim (person)

Daily Worker (New York) (corporateBody)

Mason, Hilda Howland Minnis, 1916-2007 (person)

Ms. Mason, a native of Campbell County, Virginia, began her career as a teacher in the D.C. Public Schools, finally becoming assistant principal at Adams-Morgan Community School. She was active in community organizations, including the Washington Urban league and D.C. Citizens for Better Public Education representing Ward 4 (1972-1977). At the death of Julius Hobson, she was appointed to the D.C. City Council and was reelected for 5 terms (1972-current). On the Council, she served as Chairperson...

Chaney, James Earl - Demonstrations for (person)

Kamel, Mohammed (person)

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 (person)

Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. Six weeks later the family moved to Munich, where he later on began his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later, they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, Switzerland and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was...

Ball, Lucille, 1911-1989 (person)

The Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz collection chronicles the lives and careers of two of the most influential figures in the history of American entertainment. Ball and Arnaz achieved immortality when they created the roles of Lucy and Ricky Ricardo in the ground-breaking television situation comedy "I Love Lucy" in 1952. From the description of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz collection 1915-1990 (bulk 1925-1990). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71128329 ...

Baidukov, G. (Georgii) (person)

Kennedy, Joseph, 1919-.... (person)

Fefer, Itzik, 1900-1952 (person)

Rosenberg Case (person)

Pickford, Mary, 1892-1979 (person)

Actress; interviewee married Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. and Charles (Buddy) Rogers. From the description of Reminiscences of Mary Pickford : oral history, 1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122419352 Star of the silent screen, Mary Pickford, called America's sweetheart, was perhaps the most famous actress of her day. From the guide to the Mary Pickford scrapbook, 1915-1917, (The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Divisio...

Vidali, Vittorio. (person)

Johnjulio, Ray (person)

Williams, Hosea, 1926- (person)

Spector, Daniel (person)

Komarov, Vladimir Mikhailovich, 1927-1967 (person)

Watson, Morris (person)

Bayh, Birch, 1928-.... (person)

The Patent and Trademark Act Amendments of 1980, introduced as the University and Small Business Patent Procedures Act and commonly known as the Bayh-Dole Act, were enacted on December 12, 1980 (P.L. 96-517). The Bayh Dole Act established procedures through which universities, small businesses, and non-profit corporations could control intellectual property resulting from federally funded research. Co-sponsored by Senators Birch Bayh of Indiana and Robert Dole of Kansas, it was the culmination o...

National Socialist White People's Party (corporateBody)

Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005 (person)

Rosa Louis Lee Parks (1913-2005) became an icon of the civil rights movement after she was arrested and jailed for refusing to relinquish her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus in 1955. Her courage led to the Montgomery bus boycott and eventual court order outlawing segregation and discrimination on buses in that city. She was honored with the Congressional Gold Medal, the United States' highest civilian honor, in July of 1999. ...

Friedmann, Samuel, 1940- (person)

Kampelman, Max M., 1920-2013 (person)

Max M. Kampelmacher was born to Jewish Austrian immigrant parents on November 7, 1920. He grew up in the Bronx, New York, attending Jewish parochial schools and the Talmudical Academy High School. He graduated from New York University in 1940. In 1941, just before entering law school, he changed his surname to Kampelman. He achieved a J.D. from the School of Law at New York University in 1945 and earned his M.A. in Political Science from the University of Minnesota in 1946. He taugh...

Sramek, Jan (person)

Daves, Larry (person)

Weinstock, Louis 1903-1994. (person)

Louis Weinstock was born in Hungary in 1903 and emigrated to the United States in 1923. He settled in New York City and in 1925 joined the Painters' Union, Local 499. Weinstock became one of the leaders of the "Rank and File" movement in District Council 9 of the International Painters and Paperhangers. In 1926 Louis married Rose, also from Hungary and an activist in the International Ladies Garment Workers Union. During the Depression, Weinstock fought for Social Security and initi...

Nagin, Richard David (person)

Barry, Marion (person)

Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich, 1934-1968 (person)

Sithole, Ndabaningi, 1920-2000 (person)

Sadat, Anwar - in Israel - Demonstrations about (person)

Seaborg, Glenn Theodore 1912- (person)

Seaborg was born on Apr. 19, 1912 in Ishpeming, MI; AB, UCLA, 1934; Ph. D, UC Berkeley, 1937; research assoc. (1937-39), instructor (1939-41), asst. professor (1941-45), prof. of chemistry (1945-71), univ. professor beginning in 1971, UC Berkeley; director of plutonium work for Manhattan Project at Univ. of Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory (1942-46); head of Nuclear Chemistry Division (1946-58 and 1971-75), and assoc. director of laboratory, 1954-61 and again beginning in 1971, Lawrence Berkeley...

Unruh, Jesse M. (person)

Pérez de Cuéllar, Javier (person)

Schlesinger, James R. (person)

American economist. From the description of The political economy of national security; a study of the economic aspects of the contemporary power struggle [manuscript], 1959. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647832570 Economist, U.S. secretary of defense, and U.S. secretary of energy. From the description of Papers of James R. Schlesinger. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71132834 James Rodney Schlesinger was born on February 15, 1929 in New Y...

Slovo, Joe (person)

Gumbleton, Thomas J. (person)

Auxiliary Bishop of Detroit since 1968. From the description of Papers, 1960-[ongoing]. (University of Notre Dame). WorldCat record id: 23888258 ...

Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971 (person)

Premier of the Soviet Union. From the description of Reminiscences of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev : oral history, 1967-71. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309743617 ...

Beriia, L. P. (person)

Lon, Nol (person)

Winston, Henry - Proletarian Internationalism (person)

Nenni, Pietro, 1891-1980 (person)

King, Coretta Scott, 1927-2006 (person)

Coretta Scott King (b. April 27, 1927, Marion, AL–d. Jan. 30, 2006, Rosarito Beach, Mexico) was the wife of Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. She attended Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, and earned a degree from the New England Conservatory of Music studying under Marie Sundelius. She met King in Boston and they were married in 1953. They had four children: Yolanda (1955), Martin III (1957), Dexter (1961), and Bernice (1963).The King family lived in Montgomery, Alabama. Mrs. ...

Giri, V. V. (Varahagiri Venkata) (person)

O'Flanagan, Michael (person)

Hannah, John A., 1902-1991 (person)

Nikolaev, A. G. (Andrii︠a︡n Grigorʹevich), 1929-2004 (person)

Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945 (person)

Chancellor of Germany. From the description of Papers of Adolf Hitler, 1938-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450921 As a result of an unsuccessful assassination attempt on July 20 1944, Adolf Hitler suffered ruptured eardrums from the detonation of an explosive device. The radiographs under reference are reported to have been produced subsequent to these events. From the description of Radiographs : Adolf Hitler. [1944-1970] (New York Academy of Medicine)....

King, Mel (person)

Across the landscape of neighborhoods and politics of Boston, Massachusetts, Melvin H. King is a household name. Simultaneously, for over fifty-five years, he has been an educator, youth worker, social activist, community organizer and developer, elected politician, author, and an adjunct professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is responsible for creating community programs and institutions that have positively changed the lives of low-income, grassroots people across th...

Marx, Karl (person)

Bernal, J. D. (John D.) (person)

Ashford, Evelyn (person)

Marshall, Scott (person)

Marín, Gladys (person)

Bogary, Humphrey (person)

Burnham, Louis E. (person)

Louis Everett Burnham (1915-1960), African American journalist and activist. Burnham was a member of the Southern Negro Youth Congress and served as editor of Freedom, a newspaper founded in 1951 by Burnham and Paul Robeson, and the National Guardian. From the description of Louis E. Burnham collection, 1941-1960. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 701242808 Louis E. Burnham was the Editor of "Freedom," the newpaper Paul Robeson founded, Associate Editor of the "Nat...

Pinochet Ugarte, Augusto (person)

Zola, Emile (person)

Terry, Charles L., 1931- (person)

Thomas, Maxine (person)

Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 (person)

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York. He was the son of James (lawyer, financier) and Sara (Delano) Roosevelt. He married Anna Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17, 1905, and had six children: Anna, James, Franklin, Elliott, Franklin Jr., John. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1904 and later attended Columbia University Law School. Roosevelt was admitted to the Bar in 1907 and worked for the Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn firm in New York City from 1907 to 19...

Maxwell, Elsa (person)

Epithet: American hostess and writer British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000135.0x000296 ...

Messinger, Ruth (person)

Goldberg, Norman (person)

Lebrecht, Hans (person)

Podgornyi, Nikolai (person)

National Caucus of Labor Committees (U.S.) (corporateBody)

The National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC) was a political organization founded in 1968 by supporters of Lyndon LaRouche. The membership initially consisted of LaRouche's students in New York City, but soon expanded to other parts of the country, and later, the world. The NCLC was dedicated to a radical socialist agenda, advocating the complete restructuring of the American economic system. LaRouche, under his own name and his pseudonym of "Lyn Marcus," was a propone...

Cunard, Nancy, 1896-1965 (person)

Nancy Clare Cunard (March 10, 1896 - March 17, 1965) was an English writer, editor, publisher, political activist, anarchist and poet. She became a muse to some of the 20th century's most distinguished writers and artists, including Wyndham Lewis, Aldous Huxley, Tristan Tzara, Ezra Pound, and Louis Aragon, who were among her lovers, Ernest Hemingway, James Joyce, Constantin Brancusi, Langston Hughes, Man Ray, and William Carlos Williams. In later years she suffered from mental illness, and her p...

Sacher, Harry, 1881- (person)

Epithet: Director of Marks and Spencer Ltd British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000622.0x0002d2 ...

Smith, Moranda (person)

Ungo, Guillermo M. (Guillermo Manuel) (person)

United States Bureau of Engraving (corporateBody)

Headley, Amelia (person)

Davis, Reginald (person)

Lenin, Vladimir Ilich - Monuments and Memorials (person)

Hamilton, Lyman C. (person)

Meyner, Robert (person)

Gorman, R. C. (Rudolph Carl), 1932-2005 (person)

Davis, William Red (person)

Booth, William, 1829-1912 (person)

Epithet: Lieutenant -Colonel British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000302.0x00003e Epithet: of the Dublin Ordnance Office British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000302.0x000038 Epithet: founder of the Salvation Army British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000302.0x00003c ...

Kerensky, Aleksandr Fyodorovich (person)

Head, Nathan (person)

Wilkins, Roger (person)

Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949 (person)

Mexican painter. From the description of Letters to Jean Charlot, 1925-1943. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 78326558 ...

Ortega, Daniel (person)

Hyun, David (person)

Jones, LeRoy J. (person)

Strong, Edward (person)

Mitchell, Charlene - Election Campaign (person)

Redgrave, Lynn (person)

Gold, Michael, 1893-1967 (person)

Pen name for Itzok Isaac Granich a life long Communist and literary critic, editor and author. From the description of Michael Gold letter to Alfred Sheppard Dashiell [manuscript], undated. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 648021762 From the description of Michael Gold letters to Alfred Sheppard Dashiell [manuscript], undated. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 631741286 Michael Gold was also known as Irving Granich. From the desc...

Jackson, Blyden (person)

Roberta Bowles Hodges Jackson was the first African American woman appointed to the faculty of the Academic Affairs Division of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in a tenure track position. Four years later, in 1974, she was the first African American woman to achieve tenure. Her husband, Blyden Jackson, was the University's first African American full professor. Roberta H. Jackson taught in the School of Education. Blyden Jackson taught in the English Department and w...

Munoz, Gabriel (person)

Davis, Salleye (person)

Strand, Paul (person)

Wellesley, Arthur, Duke of Wellington (person)

Browder, Earl, 1891-1973 (person)

Earl Russell Browder (1891-1973) was General Secretary of the Communist party of the United States during the height of its popularity, in the 1930s and 1940s and twice represented the Party as its candidate for President. Earl Browder was born on May 20, 1891, in Wichita, Kansas. He was the son of William Browder and Martha Jane Hankins Browder. His father was a teacher and farmer who was avidly Populist. Earl Browder had little formal education and went to work to help support the family. At t...

Cotton, M., Mrs. (person)

Rowe, Gary (person)

Mugabe, Robert Gabriel, 1924-.... (person)

Morley, Eugene - Art of (person)

Garcia, Rafael Rivera (person)

Simon, Paul (Senator) (person)

Palmer, Edward, 1802-1886 (person)

Kuznetsov, N. G. (person)

Hutchinson, Barbara (person)

Moreau, Alberto (person)

Hersh, Seymour M. (person)

Vergelis, Arn (person)

Figueroa, Luis (person)

Melish, John Howard, 1874-1969 (person)

John Howard Melish was born in Milford, Ohio in 1874; attended the University of Cincinnati, Harvard Divinity School, and the Episcopal Theological School in Cambridge, Mass.; became associate rector of Christ Church in Cincinnati in 1900; and came to Brooklyn to serve as the rector for the Church of the Holy Trinity in 1904. In 1915-16, he gained some fame within the church for his efforts to give women the right to vote in the annual parish meetings of the Episcopal Church. He was...

Masina, Giulietta (person)

Conyers, John, Jr., 1929-2019 (person)

John James Conyers Jr. (May 16, 1929 – October 27, 2019) was an American politician of the Democratic Party who served as a U.S. Representative for Michigan from 1965 to 2017. The districts he represented always included part of western Detroit. During his final three terms, his district included many of Detroit's western suburbs, as well as a large portion of the Downriver area. Conyers served more than fifty years in Congress, becoming the sixth-longest serving member of Congress in U.S. hi...

Foster, William Z., 1881-1961 (person)

Chairman, United States Communist Party. From the description of Papers, 1922-1961. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 29853708 ...

Mansfield, Mike (person)

Chaliapin, Fyodor Ivanovich (person)

Bachtell, John (person)

Hendley, Charles J. (person)

Charles James Hendley (1881-1962) was a teacher, education reform advocate, political activist and union leader. A member of the Teachers Union of the City of New York (Teachers Union of NYC) from 1921 until his death, he served as its president from 1935-1945.Born in North Carolina on June 4, 1881, Hendley was the son of Alvis Francis Hendley, a section foreman on the Southern Railway who was a pioneer in organizing the maintenance-of-way men on the southern railroads. After attending local sch...

Kitt, Eartha (person)

Ms. Kitt was born in the town of North (Orangeburg County, S.C.) From the description of Now playing at Cafe Carlyle: Eartha Kitt with Daryl Waters, Musical Director, 2005 [promotional placard] (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 182756274 ...

Cranston, Alan, 1914-2000 (person)

Alan Cranston, born June 19, 1914 in Palo Alto, Calif., was a four term Senator for California from 1969 to 1993. His son Robin Cranston was killed in a car accident in May 1980. Cranston died on Dec. 31, 2000. From the description of Alan Cranston letters : to Susan and Otto Meyer, 1980 May. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 56712942 Biographical Information Cranston, Alan, a Senator from Californ...

Bingham, Jonathan B. (person)

Congressman. From the description of Reminiscences of Jonathan B. Bingham : oral history, 1975. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122527307 ...

Smrkovsky, Joseph (person)

Goff, Irving (person)

Marmol, Miguel (person)

Yutkevich, Sergei (person)

Zhukov, Georgii Konstantinovich (person)

Ecevit, Bulent (person)

Maynard, Valerie (person)

Machel, Samora (person)

Usery, Wilfred (person)

Kerr, Richard A. (person)

Guzman, Antonio (person)

Maikovskis, Boleslavs (person)

Chrysler corporation (corporateBody)

On Jan. 4, 1980, the Chrysler Corp. permanently closed its Hamtramck Assembly Plant, commonly called "Dodge Main", marking the end of nearly 70 years of continuous manufacturing operations at the facility. John Frances and Horace Elgin Dodge were pioneers in the automobile industry, beginning with a machine shop to supply auto plants with parts, working with both Ransom E. Olds and Henry Ford, and eventually building a new plant on a 30 acre site in Hamtramck in 1910. Wanting to build their own ...

Khalid, Ibn Abd Al-Azis (person)

Stockholm Peace Appeal (person)

Jackson, Ada (person)

Litton Industries - Demonstrations against (corporateBody)

Foye, Hope (person)

Joliot-Curie, Irene (person)

Aidit, D.N. (person)

Provenzano, Madeleine (person)

Alvarez, Everett (person)

Sullivan, Arthur (person)

Arthur Sullivan (1842-1900) was an English composer well-known for his collaborations with W. S. (William Schwenck) Gilbert. From the guide to the Arthur Sullivan sheet music, 1868-1993., (Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.) Sullivan was an English composer. Gilbert was a English dramatist. From the guide to the Arthur Sullivan correspondence with W. S. (William Schwenck) Gilbert, 1854-1900., (Houghton Libra...

Desmond, John E. (person)

Gabow, Frances (person)

Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996 (person)

Ella Fitzgerald (b. April 25, 1917, Newport News, VA–d. June 15, 1996, Beverly Hills, CA) was an American jazz singer often referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing. After tumultuous teenage years, Fitzgerald found stability in musical success with the Chick Webb Orchestra, performing across the country, but...

Meretskov, K.A. (person)

Ali, Muhammad - in Soviet Union (person)

Null, Victory (person)

King, Martin Luther - Demonstrations for (person)

Pittman, John, 1906-1993 (person)

John Pittman (1906-1993), an African-American communist journalist, was born in Atlanta, graduated from Morehouse College, and received an M.A. in Economics (1930) from the University of California at Berkeley, with a thesis titled "Railroads and Negro Labor." After a brief stint at Stanford Law School, and jobs as a waiter on the Southern Pacific Railroad and as secretary to art patron Noel Sullivan, in October, 1931 he founded and served as editor of the San Francisco Spokesman (a weekly newsp...

Husak, Gustav (person)

Sacco and Vanzetti Trial - Demonstrations for Defendants (person)

Kim, Il-song (person)

Khrennikov, Tikhon, 1913-2007 (person)

Gorman, Patrick Emmet, 1892-1980 (person)

Bates, Ralph (person)

Epithet: writer British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000210.0x00006b ...

Kruckman, Herb, 1904- (person)

Cartoonist, author, illustrator; New York, N.Y. Studied at the Art Students League and began drawing a comic strip "Happy Hunch" in 1926. From the description of Herb Kruckman papers, 1928-1990. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122557101 ...

Mora, Elena (person)

Patterson, William L. (William Lorenzo), 1890-1980 (person)

Noted political activist, lawyer, orator, organizer, writer, and Communist from San Franicsco, Calif.; also known as "Mr. Civil Rights." He also lived in New York from the mid-1950s to 1979. From the description of William Lorenzo Patterson papers, 1919-1979 (bulk, mid-1950s-1979). (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 729372659 ...

Talmadge, Herman E. (Herman Eugene), 1913-2002 (person)

Herman E. Talmadge (1913- ), Georgia Governor (1947-1955) and U.S. Senator (1956-1980), born near McRae, Georgia. From the description of Herman E. Talmadge senatorial papers, 1945-1987. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38477028 Herman E. Talmadge (1913- ), Georgia Governor (1947-1955) and United States Senator (1956-1980) born near McRae, Georgia. T. Rogers Wade served as administrative assistant, fund raiser, and chairman of the 1980 U.S. senatorial campaign for Senator Talm...

Mooney, Thomas J., 1882-1942 (person)

Thomas J. Mooney was born on December 8, 1882 in Chicago, Illinois and raised in Indiana and Massachusetts. A molder by trade, Mooney first came to California in 1908, permanently settling in San Francisco in 1910. There he became involved in the work of the Socialist party and various labor organizing activites. In 1916, Mooney and Warren K. Billings were wrongfully convicted of the Preparedness Day bombing of July 22. Mooney's plight became a cause amongst labor until his eventual release and ...

Stewart, Donald Ogden, 1894-1980 (person)

American dramatist, humorist, screenwriter. From the description of Letter to Ivan Somerville, [1922] December 24. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 53284516 Donald Ogden Stewart, American playwright, humorist, screenwriter, and political activist, was born in Columbus, Ohio on November 30, 1894 to Gilbert Holland and Clara Landon Ogden Stewart. Stewart attended Philip Exeter Academy (1909-1912) and Yale University (1912-1916), where he was a member ...

Gowon, Yakubu, 1934-.... (person)

Killian, Robert K. (person)

Linen, James, 1808-1873 (person)

James Linen, poet, was born in Scotland in 1808. He emigrated to the United States, and for many years carried on a large book-binding establishment in New York City. Later he spent some years in California, where he was an active member of the Scottish benevolent societies. His last years were passed in New York City. He contributed poems, mostly in the Scotch dialect, to the Knickerbocker Magazine, the Scottish-American and other newspapers, and published a collection ...

Sheen, Martin (person)

Chaplin, Charlie - in The Great Dictator (person)

Nikolayev, Andrian G. - Wedding of (person)

Hall, Gus - in Ohio (person)

Berrigan, Philip (person)

Mulzac, Hugh, 1886-1971 (person)

Graves, Earl G., 1935- (person)

Earl G. Graves was raised in the Bedford Stuyvesant section of New York, where he learned hard work and perseverance from his parents, Earl Godwin and Winifred Sealy Graves. After receiving a B.A. in economics from Morgan State University he served two years in the Army, followed by a three year stint as Senator Robert F. Kennedy's administrative assistant. After Kennedy's assassination Graves entered the business arena, where he was to realize unprecedented success.Since founding Black Enterpri...

Ali, Muhammad, 1942-2016 (person)

Muhammad Ali (b. Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr., January 17, 1942, Louisville, KT-d. June 3, 2016, Scottsdale, AZ) began training as an amateur boxer when he was 12 years old. At 18 he won a gold medal in the light heavyweight division at the 1960 Summer Olympics and turned professional later that year. After converting to Island, he changed his name to Muhammad Ali. During the Vietnam War he refused to be drafted into the U.S. military, citing his religious beliefs and opposition to American involv...

Billings, Warren K., 1893-1972 (person)

Laborer and union organizer. From the description of Papers of Warren K. Billings, 1899-1973 (bulk 1920-1939). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71014443 Biographical Note 1893, July 4 Born, Middletown, N.Y. 1906 Moved with family to Brooklyn, N.Y. 1908 ...

Zwick, Charles (person)

Gorky, Maksim, 1868-1936 (person)

Russian author. From the description of Autograph letter (incomplete at end and lacking signature) : [n.p.], to Walter Mett, 1922 Jan. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269563164 Russian novelist. From the description of Maksim Gorky appeal, 1921. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754869098 Author. From the description of Papers of Maksim Gorky, 1922-1936. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79454921 880-11 Russkiĭ...

Joseph, Seymour (person)

Johnson, Beatrice Siskind (person)

Marinello, Juan, 1898-1977 (person)

Rodriguez, Sixto Alvelo (person)

Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilievich, 1875-1933 (person)

Anatoly Vasilievich Lunacharsky, Russian author, publicist, and politician. From the description of Vopros o vzaimootnoshenii partii i professionalʹnykh soiuzov na shtuttgartskom Mezhdunarodnom Kongresse, [1907?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702162006 From the description of Vopros o vzaimootnoshenii partii i professionalʹnykh soiuzov na shtuttgartskom Mezhdunarodnom Kongresse, [1907?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78013999 880-22 Sot︠s...

Eagleton, Thomas F., 1929-2007 (person)

Senator from Missouri. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to Edward Wagenknecht, [no year] Aug. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270863912 ...

Hughes, Manuel (person)

Pereira, Frederico. (person)

Gribben, Billy (person)

Cunhal, Alvaro (person)

Jordan, Barbara A. (person)

Morford, Richard (person)

Newman, Grace Mora (person)

McKie, William, 1901-1984 (person)

born in Melbourne Address Sugar Hill, Groombridge, Tunbridge Wells. Epithet: organist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001026.0x000035 ...

Rheault, Robert B. (person)

Dennis, Thomas (person)

Rummel, John (person)

Dollfuß, Engelbert 1892-1934 (person)

Fernandez, Efrain (person)

Frunze, M. V. (Mikhail Vasilevich) (person)

Adams, Henry L. (person)

Kaufman, Wally (person)

Ferrer, Jose (person)

Ojeda, Felix (person)

Wiedemann, Fritz, 1891- (person)

Richards, Ann, RGN (person)

Toman, Frantisek (person)

Liuzzo, Viola Gregg (person)

Blaiberg, Philip, 1909-1969 (person)

Nikolaev, A. G. (Andrian Grigorevich) (person)

Buckley, William F., Jr., 1925-2008 (person)

Epithet: jr of the National Review British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001186.0x000169 William F. Buckley, Jr. was born in 1925 and graduated from Yale University in 1950. In 1955 he founded the magazine The National Review. He also wrote a nationally syndicated column and hosted the weekly television show Firing Line from 1966 through 1999. In 1965 Buckley ran unsuccessfully as the Conservative Party candidate for...

Cormier, Steve (person)

Johnson, Geraldine (person)

Allen, Donna, 1920-1999 (person)

Johnson, David, 1951 October 4- (person)

Mikhoėls, Solomon Mikhaĭlovich, 1890-1948 (person)

Fox, Ralph (person)

Ibrahim, Abdullah (person)

Reserve Officers Training Corps - Demonstrations against (corporateBody)

Tran, Van Don (person)

Thomas, Pete (person)

Ford, James W. (person)

Stans, Maurice (person)

Wright, Richard (person)

Epithet: MD, of Sherborn British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000507.0x0001e2 Epithet: Scrivener, of London British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000507.0x0001ea Epithet: of Holborn British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000507.0x0001e8 Epithet: of Brington Ma...

Donahue, Phil (person)

Gottlieb, Harry, 1895-1992 (person)

Painter, printmaker; New York, N.Y. b. 1895; d. 1992. Born in Bucharest, Romania. Member of N.Y. Artists' Union, American Society of Painters, Sculptors and Gravers, and the American Artists Congress. Served as a WPA artist. Pioneer in the development of silk screen process as a fine art form. From the description of Harry Gottlieb papers, 1910-1982. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80440458 ...

Toohey, Pat (person)

Vanover, Irene (person)

Truth, Sojourner, 1799-1883 (person)

Sojourner Truth (born Isabella Baumfree, c. 1797, Swartekill, New York-died November 26, 1883), African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist best-known for her speech on racial inequalities, "Ain't I a Woman?", delivered extemporaneously in 1851 at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention. Truth was born into slavery but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. She devoted her life to the abolitionist cause and helped to recruit black troops for the Union Army. Although Truth ...

Seghers, Anna, 1900-1983 (person)

Seghers had emigrated to Mexico from France in 1941 and was the founder there of the anti-Fascist Heinrich Heine Club, a German literary and cultural organization. From the description of Correspondence with Franz Werfel, 1944. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155864461 ...

Palmer, Alice (person)

Epithet: widow of H Palmer British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001092.0x0002cf ...

Anderson, Marian (person)

Parker, Sharon (person)

Worker's Alliance (corporateBody)

Bates, Ralph, 1899-2000 (person)

Shevchenko, Taras, 1814-1861 (person)

Markman, Marvin (person)

Erhard, Ludwig (person)

Biographical/Historical Note Chancellor of West Germany, 1963-1966. From the guide to the Ludwig Erhard typescript : The European Economic Community with view toward the future, 1967, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...

Van Arsdale, Harry (person)

Coughlin, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1891-1979 (person)

Detroit area priest known for his opposition to President Franklin Roosevelt and his New Deal programs. From the description of Charles E. Coughlin photograph collection. 1934-1936. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 85778938 Father Charles E. Coughlin was Roman Catholic priest, renowned as founder and pastor of the Shrine of the Little Flower in Royal Oak, Michigan. Father Coughlin gained a wide following for his Sunday afternoon radio addresses on political and ...

O'Deh, Alex (person)

Mega, Christopher J. (person)

Clark, Diane (person)

Florin, Peter (person)

Xuan Thuy (person)

Chayefsky, Paddy (person)

Miyamoto, Kenji (person)

Iacocca, Lee H. (person)

Tobey, Charles (person)

Welskopf, Elizabeth Charlotte (person)

Stalin, Joseph, 1879-1953 (person)

Political leader of the Soviet Union. From the description of Statement of Joseph Stalin, 1925. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 748677730 ...

Brandt, Joseph (person)

Kissinger, Henry - Demonstrations against (person)

Thatcher, Margaret, 1925-2013 (person)

Biographical/Historical Note British politician; prime minister, 1979-1990. From the guide to the Margaret Thatcher speech, 1993, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...

Washington, Walter (person)

Fraser, Douglas, B.Sc. (person)

Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich - Summit Meetings with George Bush (person)

Baker, Howard H. (person)

Andrews, Benny, 1930-2006 (person)

Benny Andrews (1930-2006) was a painter and lecturer from New York, N.Y. From the description of Oral history interview with Benny Andrews, 1968 June 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 646397150 Benny Andrews, African American painter and collage artist, was born November 13, 1930 in Madison, Georgia. From the description of Benny Andrews papers, 1940-2006. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 123439085 Benny Andrews (1930- ) was born in Madison, Georgia, atte...

Bernard, John T. (person)

Carey, Hugh L. - With Others (person)

Hendryx, Nona (person)

Forca, Carlos (person)

O'Neill, John, LLB (person)

Epithet: railway agent British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000357.0x0003a1 Epithet: MP for Randalstown, county Antrim British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000357.0x0003a0 ...

Grosz, George, 1893-1959 (person)

George Grosz was a German-born artist. His early works seethed with satire for social conditions in Germany but, after emigrating to the United States, his works were equally accomplished but less political. He worked successfully as an oil painter, printmaker, and illustrator. From the description of George Grosz letter to W.H. Auden, 1944 Nov. 12. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 53458459 Grosz was a German-born artist, who moved to the U.S. i...

Weltfish, Gene (person)

Malraux, Andre (person)

Simon, Paul, 1928-2003 (person)

U.S. Senator, Congressman, presidential candidate, Illinois lieutenant governor and member of the Illinois House of Representatives and Illinois State Senate, author. Bought a newspaper in Troy, Ill. when he was 19 and eventually owned 14 newspapers. Authored books on Elijah Lovejoy and Abraham Lincoln as well as issues like world hunger and the environment. After retiring from the senate he founded the Public Policy Institute at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale where he taught and con...

Chaplin, Charlie, 1889-1977 (person)

Epithet: junior; MP British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001303.0x0000e2 Charles Spencer Chaplin was born in Paris in 1889. He became universally known for his performances as a comedic silent screen actor. From the description of Scrapbook, 1931. (Natural History Museum Foundation, Los Angeles County). WorldCat record id: 18313546 Epithet: actor Title: Knight ...

Hills, Dennis Cecil (person)

Handcox, John (person)

White, Pearl, 1889-1938 (person)

Yard, Molly (person)

Goebbels, Josef (person)

Labor Coalition on Public Utilities (corporateBody)

Chkalov, Igor (person)

Antonov, Sergei, 1948-2007 (person)

Wenderoth, Joseph (person)

Soares, Mário, 1946- (person)

Counts, J. Curtis (person)

Bryant, Anita, 1940- (person)

Lawrence, Josh. (person)

Goetz, Bernhard Hugo, 1947- (person)

Dubcek, Alexander (person)

Coltrane, Alice (person)

Charney, George Blake (person)

Adams, Janus (person)

Strauss, Robert S. (person)

Robert S. Strauss was born on October 19, 1918 in Lockhart, Texas. He received an LL.B. from the University of Texas in 1941. He was a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation from 1941 to 1945; and a partner in the law firm of Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld, Dallas, 1945 to 1977 and 1981. He held a number of positions with the Democratic National Committee (DNC), including committeeman from Texas, 1968 to 1972; member of the executive committee, 1969 to 1977; treasurer, 1970...

Rubin, Daniel (person)

W. E. B Du Bois Clubs (corporateBody)

Ferber, Mike (person)

Marin, Luis Munoz (person)

Springsteen, Bruce. (person)

Young Pioneers (corporateBody)

Gibson, Kenneth A. (Kenneth Allen), 1932-2019 (person)

Kenneth Allen Gibson (May 15, 1932 – March 29, 2019) was an American engineer and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 36th Mayor of Newark, New Jersey from 1970 to 1986. Gibson was the first African American elected mayor of any major city in the Northeastern United States. Born in Enterprise, Alabama, his family migrated to Newark, New Jersey in 1940. After graduating from Newark's Central High School, Gibson studied civil engineering at Newark College of Engineer...

Shahn, Ben - Art of (person)

Voznesenskii, Andrei (person)

Hallinan, Vivian (person)

Aptheker, Herbert - Congressional Campaign (person)

Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade - in Later Years (person)

Cinamon, Morris (person)

American legion (corporateBody)

Veteran's organization. From the description of Records, 1893-1927. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 36805972 Association of veterans of American wars. Formed by a group of World War I officers, the American Legion is the world's largest veteran's organization. From the description of Records, 1960-1987. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 61206804 The American Legion was founded in 1919 by veterans returning from Europe after Worl...

Dunne, W. (person)

Lardner, Ring jr. (person)

Podgornyĭ, Nikolaĭ Viktorovich (person)

Brezhnev, Leonid Ilich (person)

Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932-2009 (person)

Edward Moore Kennedy (b. Feb. 22, 1932, Boston, Mass.-d. Aug. 25, 2009), graduated from Harvard University with a B.A. in government in 1956, and received his LL.B. from the University of Virginia in 1959. He served in the United States Army from 1951 to 1953. He was elected democratic senator from Massachusetts in 1962, served until his death in August 2009. He was the Assistant District Attorney for Suffolk County from 1961 to 1962, and sought the Democratic nomination for president in 1980....

Hart, William S. (William Surrey), 1864-1946 (person)

Stage and motion picture actor, film director, author. Best known for his roles in western films. From the description of Papers, ca. 1889-1947. (Natural History Museum Foundation, Los Angeles County). WorldCat record id: 18438931 Actor, movie cowboy 1914-1925, author. From the description of Papers, [ca. 1930-1939]. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 15025720 ...

Sobell, Morton, 1917-2018 (person)

Morton Sobell (April 11, 1917 – December 26, 2018) was an American engineer who is known for having been convicted of spying for the Soviet Union when it was an ally of the United States during late World War II; he was charged as part of a conspiracy said to include Julius Rosenberg and his wife, and others. Sobell worked on military and government contracts with General Electric and Reeves Electronics in the 1940s, including during World War II. Sobell was tried and convicted of espionage in 1...

National Alliance against Racist and Political Repression (U.S.) (corporateBody)

The Defense Committee was established on behalf of Angela Davis. From the description of National Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression (U.S.) Angela Davis Defense Committee collection, 1970-1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122597293 ...

Lozowick, Louis, 1892-1973 (person)

Louis Lozowick (1892-1973) was a lithographer from New York, N.Y. Born in Kiev, Russia and came to the U.S. at the age of 14. He was primarily known for his lithographs of New York City. From the description of Louis Lozowick papers, 1898-1974. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 669910238 Louis Lozowick (1892-1973) was a lithographer from New York, N.Y. Born in Kiev, Russia and came to the U.S. at the age of 14. He was primarily ...

Kosygin, Alexei Nikolayevich (person)

Cucci, Anthony (person)

Mahler, Lucy - Art of (person)

Jonas, Franz (person)

Ford, Gerald - in South Korea (person)

Black, Carolyn (person)

Young, Art, 1866-1943 (person)

Art Young (1866-1943) was a leading socialist cartoonist and humorist whose work appeared in The Masses (1910-1917) and elsewhere. He was born in Monroe, Wisconsin, studied at the Academy of Design in Chicago, where he first illustrated news stories and saw his cartoons published in various newspapers. In 1895 Young moved to New York where his work was published in Life and where he became a socialist and, in 1910, one of the founding members of the artists and writers cooperative that produced ...

Davis, Marvin (person)

Vonnegut, Kurt (person)

Novelist. From the description of Papers, 1965-2002. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 259277264 From the description of Papers, 1941-2007. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 41182258 Kurt Vonnegut was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. His writings include articles, short stories and scripts, but he is most well-known for his novels from his first, Player Piano in 1952, through Cat's Cradle and Slaughterhouse Five, to his last Timequake in 1997. Nanny Vo...

Weinert, Erich (person)

Vilner, Meir (person)

Popovich, Pavel (person)

Barrett, Elizabeth (person)

Council for Interracial Books (corporateBody)

Minor, Robert, 1884-1952 (person)

American writer, editor, artist, and illustrator; artist for The masses. Active in the Communist Party from 1919. From the description of Letter, 1923 Nov. 30, Chicago, to Art Young, New York. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34364246 Journalist, cartoonist. Minor was one of the founders of the Communist movement in the United States. From the description of Rober Minor papers, 1907-1952. (Columbia University In the City of N...

Jackson, Henry M. (person)

Leonov, A. A. (person)

Molly Maguires (corporateBody)

Organization of American States (corporateBody)

Glatowski, Alvin (person)

Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951 (person)

Radical, labor organizer, socialist, and communist; b. Ella Reeve; married 1st: Lucien Ware; 2nd: Louis Cohen; and 3rd: Andrew Omholt; also known as "Mother Bloor", of Arden, Del. From the description of Papers, 1890-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122404940 "Mother Bloor [Ella Reeve Bloor] speaking at a picnic in Akron, Ohio, 1942" Ella Reeve Bloor, popularly known as "Mother Bloor," was noted for her energetic organizing work on behalf of lab...

Rivlin, Alice M. (person)

Economist, government official, and director of the Congressional Budget Office (1975-1983). Born 1931. From the description of Alice M. Rivlin papers, 1963-1988. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71072195 Economist and government official; b. 1931. From the description of Papers, 1964-1988. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 28495304 Biographical Note 1931, Mar. 4 ...

Krushchev, Nikita Sergeevich (person)

Malik, Jacob (person)

Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973 (person)

Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist and theatre designer who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon...

Reyes, Manolo J., 1924- (person)

Shamir, Itzhak, 1915-2012 (person)

Moon, Sun Myung (person)

Townsend, Francis E. (person)

Collins, C. A. (Charles Alexander), 1944- (person)

Lenin, Vladimir Il'ich, 1870-1924 (person)

Biographical/Historical Note Russian revolutionary leader; premier of Russia, 1917-1924. From the guide to the Vladimir Il'ich Lenin miscellaneous speeches and writings, 1903-1940, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...

Lovtzova, Lydomila (person)

Evers, Charles, 1922-.... (person)

Civic activist and political leader Charles Evers was born on September 11, 1922 in Decatur, Mississippi to Jess Wright and James Evers. Evers received his B.S. degree from Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College in Lorman, Mississippi in 1950.Evers enlisted in the United States Army and served overseas during World War II. After his return to the U.S., he began working as the first African American disc jockey at WHOC Radio station in Philadelphia, Mississippi in 1951. There, he worked for a...

Hiss, Alger. (person)

Alger Hiss was born in Baltimore in 1904, and graduated from Harvard Law School in 1929, where he was a protege of Felix Frankfurter. He worked in several departments of Franklin Delano Roosevelt 's New Deal administration before joining the Department of State in 1936. He accompanied Roosevelt to the conference at Yalta and served as the Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco in 1945. Hiss left the State Department in 19...

Maxey, Carl (person)

Ibarruri, Ruben Ruiz (person)

Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 1928-2017 (person)

Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski was born on March 28, 1928 in Warsaw, Poland. His father was Polish consul-general in Montreal during World War II. After the communists seized control of the Polish government in 1945, his family remained in Canada. He received a B.A. and M.A. from McGill University in 1949 and 1950, and a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1953. He remained at Harvard, first as a research fellow at the Russian Research Center, 1953 to 1956, and then as assistant professor of governm...

Powell, A. Clayton (Adam Clayton), 1865-1953 (person)

Cuthbert, Robert (person)

Supremes (Musical group) (corporateBody)

Hugo, Victor, 1802-1885 (person)

Victor Hugo, French poet, novelist and playwright. From the description of Victor Hugo collection, 1816-1876. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702159680 From the description of Victor Hugo collection, 1816-1876. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84010646 French writer. From the description of Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to M. Cassin, 1831 Dec. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759121359 French poet, novelist, dramatist. ...

Soviet Union - World War II - European Front (person)

McCarthy, Eugene J., 1916-2005 (person)

Educator, U.S. representative from Minnesota, U.S. senator from Minnesota, and author. From the description of Papers of Eugene J. McCarthy, 1960. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064286 Eugene J. McCarthy served as a U.S. Congress member (Democratic Farmer-Labor) from Minnesota's fourth district (1949-1958) and as U.S. senator from Minnesota (1959-1970). He sought the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 1968 against Lyndon B....

Kosygin, Alex (person)

Pelletreau, Robert H. (Robert Halsey), Jr., 1935- (person)

Ambassador Robert H. Pelletreau, Jr. was born July 9, 1935 in Patchogue, New York. After graduating from Yale University (B.A., 1957), he served in the United States Navy Reserve from 1957 to 1958. Later he attended Harvard Law School (LL.B., 1961). He entered the Foreign Service in 1962. From 1973 to 1975 Ambassador Pelletreau was a Political Officer in Algiers, Algeria and served in several capacities in Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania and Morocco. He became Deputy Chief of Mission in Damascus, Sy...

Kernaghan, Charles (person)

Kalb, Phyllis (person)

Cliburn, Van (person)

Sobell, Helen (person)

Helen Sobell was the wife of convicted atomic spy Morton Sobell. From the guide to the Helen Sobell Autobiographical Typescript: "Double Exposure", undated, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives) ...

Papandreou, Andreas George, 1919-1996 (person)

Andreas Georgios Papandreou (b. Feb. 5, 1919, Chios, Greece–d. June 23, 1996, Athens, Greece) was a Greek economist, a socialist politician, and a dominant figure in Greek politics. He served three terms as prime minister of Greece....

Allon, Yigal, 1918-1980 (person)

Valente, Girolamo (person)

Rykov, A. I. (person)

Dong, Pham Van (person)

South African Freedom Singers (corporateBody)

Coca Cola (corporateBody)

Tubman, Harriet, 1822-1913 (person)

Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross; b. ca. 1822–d. March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy for the United States Army during the American Civil War. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved families and friends, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped abolitionist John Brown recruit men for his raid on Har...

Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946 (person)

Reichsmarschall of Germany, 1940-1945. From the description of Hermann Göring interrogation transcript, 1946. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754866992 Göring was born in Prussia in 1893. Attended School of Cadets and in 1912 served with 4. Baden Infantry Regiment and the Prince Wilhelm no. 112 Regiment (1913-14). Became a flight observer with Reconnaissance Flight Detachment 25 (1914-15). Was trained as a pilot, wounded in battle of Somme (1916) and reassigned to a Pursuit...

Torrez, Zoilo (person)

Advance Youth Organization (corporateBody)

Bellecourt, Vernon (person)

Carey, Hugh L. (person)

Governor of New York, 1975-1982. From the description of Gubernatorial papers, 1975-1982. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155469676 The Battle of Long Island (also known as the Battle of Brooklyn) occurred on August 27, 1776 in what is now the borough of Brooklyn, N.Y. The battle was the largest of the American Revolutionary War. It resulted in a victory for the British army and the retreat of the Continental Army through Manhattan and New Jersey into Pennsylvania. ...

Mora, Dennis (person)

Perez de Cuellar, Javier (person)

Muzorewa, Abel Tendekayi (person)

Kunstler, William M. (William Moses), 1919-1995 (person)

Douglas, Scott, 1978- (person)

Walsh, Frank P. (person)

Francis Patrick Walsh (1864-1939), an American lawyer and political reformer, was one of the chief architects of the legislative struggle against industrial exploitation of children and an advocate of Irish and anti-imperialist causes. He also fought for civil liberties and was a labor partisan and staunch New Dealer. From the description of Frank P. Walsh papers, 1896-1939, bulk (1920-1939). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122485559 From the guide to the Fran...

Lightfoot, Claude (person)

Sands, Diana (person)

Holmes, Larry (person)

Emspak, Julius (person)

Panaghoulis, Alexandros (person)

Mines and Mining (person)

Hanga, Yelena (person)

Barnett, James, 1944- (person)

click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for James Barnett click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for the Cleveland Light Artillery click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for the Bethel Union Click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for Associated Charities James Barnett (1821-1911) was an officer who served with great distinction in the Ame...

Ngouabi, Marien (person)

O'Neill, Thomas, Count (person)

Epithet: of Cork British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000357.0x0003a8 ...

Illinois. Bureau of Investigation (corporateBody)

Packwood, Robert (person)

Kroll, Fred J. (person)

Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910 (person)

Winslow Homer was born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1836. He was raised in Cambridge, where he developed a love of art and the outdoors. At the age of 19 he began his career as an illustrator, apprenticing at the J.H. Bufford lithographic firm in Boston. He then decided to become a freelance illustrator. In 1859 Homer moved to New York to work for Harper's Weekly, serving as artist-correspondent for the magazine during the Civil War. After taking some art classes at the National Academy of Desig...

Bluestone, Irving (person)

Hall, Gus - in the Soviet Union (person)

Hill, Joe, 1879-1915 (person)

Dennis, C. L. (person)

Schouwen, Bautista van, 1943-1973 (person)

Davies, Joseph Edward (person)

American diplomat; ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1936-1938. From the description of Joseph Edward Davies letters, 1940-1942, to Fred D. Warner. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 123379497 Diplomat, lawyer, and author. Born 1876; died 1958. From the description of Joseph Edward Davies papers, 1860-1958 (bulk 1912-1958). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980061 J.E. Davies was former ambassador of the United States to the Soviet Union and Belgium. ...

Peña, Lázaro (person)

Liu, Liangmo (person)

Labor Unions - American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (corporateBody)

Kistler, Elmer (person)

Bottcher, Herman (person)

Patterson, Mary Lou (person)

Brigham, James W. (person)

Scoblick, Anthony (person)

Jimenez, Jose Cha Cha (person)

Burroughs, William S. (person)

Wages, Robert E. (person)

Artukovic, Andrija (person)

Murphy, Audie, 1924-1971 (person)

Audie Leon Murphy (20 June 1924 – 28 May 1971) was an American soldier, actor, songwriter, and rancher. He was one of the most decorated American combat soldiers of World War II. He received every military combat award for valor available from the U.S. Army, as well as French and Belgian awards for heroism. Murphy received the Medal of Honor for valor that he demonstrated at the age of 19 for single-handedly holding off a company of German soldiers for an hour at the Colmar Pocket in France in J...

African American Cases - Gilbert, Leon (person)

Peers, William R. (William Raymond), 1914- (person)

William Raymond Peers (b. June 14, 1914, Stuart, Iowa-d. Apr. 6, 1984), U.S. Army officer, was commissioned in the Army in 1938. During World War II, he was operations officer with the OSS in Burma; commander, Detachment 101; and deputy director, China Theater. After the War he served as an intelligence instructor at the Command and General Staff College and was director of CIA training. During the 1950s, he was a member of the Army General Staff for Operations and assigned to U.S. Forces Europe...

Scondras, David (person)

Holliday, Judy (person)

Balaguer, Joaquín, 1906-2002 (person)

Dostoyevsky, Fyodor, 1821-1881 (person)

Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. (person)

Mural painter. From the description of Hugo Gellert interview, 1984 Apr. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83826254 Painter; New York, N.Y. From the description of Hugo Gellert lecture, 1985. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122394902 Hugo Gellert (1892-1985) was a communist graphic artist, cartoonist, muralist and painter. He was born in Hungary in 1892 and came to the U.S. in 1906. Gellert was a leading contributor of art work to The Masses, The Liberato...

Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965 (person)

Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, on 30 November 1874. He was educated at Harrow and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst before joining the Army in 1895 and serving in India and Sudan. After leaving the Army in 1899, he worked as a war correspondent for the Morning Post and the following year was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for Oldham. In 1904, Churchill decided to join the Liberal Party, and in 1906, was elected Liberal MP f...

Murphy, George B., 1906-1986 (person)

Bell, Pat (person)

Fucik, Julius (person)

Carr, Charlotte E. (Charlotte Elizabeth), 1890-1956 (person)

Bloch, Emanuel H. (person)

Davidson, Jo (person)

American sculptor. From the description of Letter : Paris, to William O. Inglis, New York, 1926 April 1. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 316061200 Jo Davidson was an American sculptor who made images of some of the most notable figures of his day. Born in New York City, he studied at the Art Students League and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He became well-known for his portrait busts, which combine artistic sensibility with psychological insight. Among his subj...

Rauh, Joseph L., 1929- (person)

Mboya, Tom (person)

Unknown. From the guide to the Letters from Tom Mboya to James Johnson M.P. (microfilm), 1957, (The Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House) Biographical Note 1930 Born, Kenya 1950s Works for Nairobi City Council as a sanitary inspector ...

National urban league (corporateBody)

The National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, later the National Urban League, resulted from the 1910 merger of three welfare organizations in New York, N.Y.: the Committee for Improving Industrial Conditions among Negroes in New York, the Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, and the National League for Protection of Colored Women. From the description of Records of the National Urban League, 1910-1986 (bulk 1930-1979). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71130941 ...

Nguyễn, Văn Thiệu, 1923-2001 (person)

Nguyen Van Thieu (b. Apr. 5, 1923, Ninh Thuan province-d. Sept. 29, 2001, Newton, Mass.), was president of South Vietnam from 1967 to 1975. He had served as ceremonial head of state from 1965 to 1967. From the description of Nguyen, Van Thieu, 1923-2001 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10569129 ...

Diallo, Abdoulaye (person)

Wiggins, James Russell, 1903-2000 (person)

James Russell Wiggins was born in 1903 in Luverne, Minnesota. He became a reporter for the Rock County, Minnesota Star in 1922, later becoming its editor and publisher. In 1930, he began work at the St. Paul Dispatch-Pioneer Press, becoming managing editor before moving briefly to a position at the New York Times. In 1947 he began his career at the Washington Post, rising to editor and executive vice-president before his retirement in 1968. He served as ambassador to the United Nations from Nove...

Lundborg, Louis B (person)

Davis, Benjamin (person)

Tokuda, Kyūichi, 1894-1953 (person)

D'Amboise, Jacques (person)

Bumpers, Betty (person)

Pieck, Wilhelm, 1876-1960 (person)

Santana, Carlos (person)

Bible, Alan, 1909-1988 (person)

Taylor, Elizabeth (person)

Epithet: née Crofts; wife of A Taylor, the elder, of Woodcliff, county Cork; daughter of Alderman C Crofts British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001151.0x0001ba Epithet: of Add MS 15894 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001151.0x0001bc Epithet: of Add Ch 54673 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : D...

Effinger, Virgil F. (person)

Arvidson, Linda, 1884-1949 (person)

Holm, Celeste, 1917-2012 (person)

Actress. From the description of Reminiscences of Celeste Holm : oral history, 1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122565549 ...

Wallace, George (person)

Epithet: Minister of Hollywood, county Down (?) British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000751.0x000129 ...

McTernan, C. (person)

Weber, Brian - Demonstrations against (person)

Torres, José, 1936-2009 (person)

Dobrovolsky, Georgi (person)

Vyshinsky, Andrei (person)

Neuberger, Samuel A. (person)

White, Robert I., 1937- (person)

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (corporateBody)

Stapp, Andrew (person)

Aldridge, James (person)

Isacson, Leo, 1910-1996 (person)

Leo Leous Isacson (April 20, 1910 – September 21, 1996) was an American lawyer and politician. A member of the American Labor Party, he represented New York's 24th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1948 to 1949. Born in Manhattan, New York City, he attended the public schools there before graduating from New York University in 1931 and New York University School of Law in 1933. He was thereafter admitted to the bar and commenced practice in New York City defendi...

Yorty, Sam (person)

Chkalov, Valeriĭ Pavlovich, 1904-1938 (person)

Foster, William Z. (person)

Warren, Earl (person)

Dayan, Moshe (person)

Tabio, Fernando Alvarez (person)

Fanfani, Amintore (person)

Dadoo, Yusuf Mohamed, 1909-1983 (person)

Women - National Organization for Women (corporateBody)

Gallagher, Buell G. (Buell Gordon), 1904- (person)

Brundage, Avery (person)

Cook, Frederick Albert (person)

Bork, R. H. (Robert Heron) - Demonstrations against (person)

Ohrenstein, Manfred, 1925- (person)

Kaye, Danny (person)

Biographical Note 1913, Jan. 18 David Daniel Kaminiski born, Brooklyn, New York First native-born American and youngest of three sons born to Clara and Jacob Kaminiski, both originally from the Ukraine 1913, Aug. 29 Sylvia Fine born, Brookly...

Saillant, Louis (person)

Reed, Stanley Forman, 1884-1980 (person)

Supreme Court justice. From the description of Reminiscences of Stanley Forman Reed, Harold Leventhal and John Sapienza : oral history, 1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309723466 Reed began law practice in Maysville, Kentucky (1910), served as general counsel of the Federal Farm Board (1929-1932) and Reconstruction Finance Corporation (1932-1938), and as associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1938-1957). From the desc...

Shapiro, Peter (person)

Soviet Union - Foreign Relations - United States (person)

Mulele, Pierre, 1929-1968 (person)

Winfield, Paul (person)

Kukryniksy. (person)

Patterson, William L. - Genocide Demonstrations (person)

Malmierca, Isidoro (person)

Paterson, Basil (person)

Gregory, G. (George), 1754-1808 (person)

Epithet: of Add MS 35615 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000982.0x00030b ...

Rozhdestvenskii, Robert (person)

Neruda, Pablo (person)

Geneen, Harold (person)

Farina, Jaime Lavin (person)

Pozner, Vladimir (person)

Greenleaf, Richard (person)

Chandra, Romesh (person)

Green, Abner (person)

Glick, John Theodore (person)

Gilmore, Gary (person)

Le Duan (person)

Cox, Don (person)

MacIntosh, Thomas (person)

Daily World (New York, N.Y.). (corporateBody)

Fiers, A. Dale (Alan Dale), 1906-2003 (person)

Webb, Sam (person)

Haldeman, H. R. (Harry R.) (person)

Eisler, Gerhard (person)

Mooney, Walter J. (person)

Turner, Carl C. (person)

Keenan, Daniel (person)

Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali (person)

Yoneda, Karl Gozo, 1906-1999 (person)

Yoneda was born in Glendale, CA, in 1906; studied in Japan, 1913-26; returned to the US, 1927; joined American Communist Party and launched career as a labor activist; a longshoreman by trade, he was affiliated with the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, and also served as a CIO labor organizer; edited Rodo Shimbun (Japanese Labor News), the publication of the Japanese Bureau of the American Communist Party; wrote 5 books, 4 in Japanese; interned at the Manzanar Relocation Ce...

Durruti, Buenaventura, 1896-1936 (person)

Rogers, William P. (person)

Fyodorov, A. (person)

Turishcheva, Li︠u︡dmila Ivanovna, 1952- (person)

Fanntroy, Walter (person)

Hallinan, Vincent (person)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (person)

Nos. 20, 7, 21, 14 and 6, respectively, of Twenty Four Preludes for Piano, op. 34, composed 1932-33. Arranged 1936.--Cf. Fleisher Collection. From the description of Five preludes : from 24 piano preludes by D. Shostakovich, op. 34 (nos. 20, 7, 21, 14, 6) / arr. by Lan Adomian. [19--] (Franklin & Marshall College). WorldCat record id: 54108995 From the opera, "The nose" in 3 acts with libretto by the composer in conjunction with Y. Zemyatin, G. Ionin and A. Preys after G...

Ha, Van Lau (person)

Selsam, Howard, 1903- (person)

Teacher of philosophy and director of the Jefferson School of Social Science, New York, N.Y. Columbia University M.A., 1928; Ph.D., 1930. From the description of Papers, [ca. 1935]-1972. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122515141 ...

Teng Hsiao-Ping (person)

Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich, 1934-1968 (person)

Mica, Dan (person)

Bush, George, 1796-1859 (person)

George Bush was a prominent mid-century biblical scholar, preacher and controversialist. After graduation from Dartmouth in 1818 and study at Princeton Theological Seminary, Bush was ordained at the Salem (Indiana) Presbytery in 1825, and was appointed pastor in Indianapolis. His religious views, described as 'liberal' or 'progressive,' rapidly came into conflict with those of his more conservative parishioners and in 1828, this conflict resulted in his termination. From...

Cotton, Eugenie (person)

O'Connor, Frank D. (person)

Biaggi, Mario (person)

Reeve, Christopher (person)

Gorman, Paul, 1940-.... (person)

Lev, Ray, 1912-1968 (person)

Murphy, Maximo (person)

Froemke, Mark (person)

Álvarez, José Alberto 1972- (person)

Echeverría, Luis, 1922- (person)

Luis Echeverría (b. January 17, 1922, Mexico City, Mexico) was the president of Mexico from 1970 to 1976....

Tito, Josip Broz, 1892-1980 (person)

Fromme, Lynette Alice, 1948- (person)

Fyodorova, Victoria, 1946- (person)

Ustinov, Peter (person)

Brody, Mark (person)

Bradley, Thomas, 1597-1670 (person)

Thomas Bradley was a member of Company M, 2nd Cavalry, stationed at Fort Bridger. From the guide to the Thomas Bradley letter, 1864, (J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah) ...

Jackson, James (person)

Epithet: of Aylesbury British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000214.0x000110 Epithet: of Add MS 40228 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000214.0x00010f Epithet: merchant, of Dublin British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000214.0x00010c Epithet: of Glasgow ...

Lawson, John Howard, 1894-1977 (person)

John Howard Lawson (1894-1977) was a writer, and head of the Hollywood division of the American Communist Party. Lawson was born in New York City, New York in 1894. After studying at Williams College, he became a successful playwright. In 1928, Lawson moved to Hollywood where he wrote scripts for films such as The Ship for Shanghai, Bachelor Apartment, and Goodbye Love. In 1933, Lawson joined with Lester Cole and Samuel Ornitz to establish the Screen Writers Guild and was the organization's firs...

Smothers Brothers (corporateBody)

National States Rights Party (U.S.) (corporateBody)

Zayyad, Tawfiq (person)

Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959 (person)

John Foster Dulles (1888-1959), was the fifty-third Secretary of State of the United States for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. He had a long and distinguished public career with significant impact upon the formulation of United States foreign policies. He was especially involved with efforts to establish world peace after World War I, the role of the United States in world governance, and Cold War relations between the United States and the Soviet Union. Dulles was born on February 25, 1888 ...

Babadzhanova, L. (person)

Halfkenny, Polly (person)

Ragsdale, Diane (person)

Magana, Manuel (person)

Burroughs, Charles (person)

Hess, Rudolph (person)

Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908 (person)

Grover Cleveland, born in Caldwell, NJ, 18 March 1837; moved to Buffalo, NY in 1855; Erie County Sheriff, 1871-1874; Mayor of Buffalo, 1882; Governor of New York, 1883-1884; President of the United States, 1885-1889, 1893-1897; married Frances Folsom, 1886; died at Princeton, NJ, 24 June 1908....

Timpson, Anne Burlak (person)

Stark, Walter (person)

Yates, James (person)

Epithet: unitarian and antiquary British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000574.0x0001c0 Epithet: Secretary, Council of the British Association British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000574.0x0001bf ...

North, Joseph. (person)

Emmet, Robert (person)

Epithet: of Add MS 35702 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000980.0x0003d7 ...

Fraser, Donald M. (Donald McCrae), 1953- (person)

Assad, Hafez (person)

Bykovskii, V. F. (Valerii Federovich) (person)

Newhouse, Richard. (person)

Fischer, Bobby (person)

Dvorak, Antonin (person)

Waubanascum, John (person)

McCoy, Rhody (person)

American medical association (corporateBody)

Platt, David (person)

Mabry, Ruby (person)

Hamer, Fannie Lou, 1917-1977 (person)

Fannie Lou Hamer was born Fannie Lou Townsend on October 6, 1917, in Montgomery County, Mississippi. She was a voting and women's rights activist, community organizer, and a leader in the civil rights movement. She was the co-founder and vice-chair of the Freedom Democratic Party, which she represented at the 1964 Democratic National Convention. Hamer also organized Mississippi's Freedom Summer along with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). She was also a co-founder of the Nati...

Valdez, Luis (person)

John Paul II, Pope (person)

Levine, Ben (person)

Paine, Thomas O., 1921-1992 (person)

Engineer, corporate executive, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration official. Full name: Thomas Otten Paine; died 1992. From the description of Thomas O. Paine papers, 1931-1992 (bulk 1960-1982). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83457377 Epithet: couper, of Woodstock, county Oxfordshire British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001092.0x000200 Thomas Otten Paine (November 9, 1921 - May 4, ...

Bryant, Connie (person)

Deng, Xiaoping (person)

Frazier, Howard. (person)

Golden, Yvonne (person)

Moore, Audley (person)

Clemente, Roberto, 1934-1972 (person)

Roberto Clemente was born in Puerto Rico on August 18, 1934. He relocated to the mainland United States in 1954 after playing two years of Puerto Rican baseball. After a short stint with the Montreal Royals, he was singed by the Pittsburgh Pirates. While on the Pirates he experienced racism from teammates and media. In 1958, Clemente joined the United States Marine Corps Reserve; he was a private first class in the Marine Corps Reserve until September 1964. While on a charity mission to deliver ...

Lockman, Ronald (person)

Arbatov, Georgi (person)

Beliakov, A. V. (Aleksandr Vasilevich) (person)

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902 (person)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, New York in 1815. She organized the first Women's Rights Convention at Senecca Falls, New York, in 1848 and for more than fifty years thereafter was a crusader for women's rights, especially women's suffrage. She died in New York City in 1902....

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (corporateBody)

The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) was organized during the summer of 1964 by members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and other participants of the Mississippi Freedom Summer of 1964. The MFDP attempted in August 1964 to secure delegate representation at the Democratic National Convention because the Mississippi Democratic Party had included a clause rejecting civil rights and opposing the national party's commitment to that cause. The activities of the MFDP promote...

Gerson, Simon W. (person)

Simon W. (Si) Gerson, 1909-2004, was the longtime New York State, and later national legislative/political action director for the Communist Party, and was an advocate of proportional representation and ballot access for minor political parties, including in the 1980s-90s as a leader of the Coalition for Free and Open Elections (COFOE). He served as Confidential Examiner to Manhattan Borough President Stanley M. Isaacs, 1938-40, until controversy over his Party membership caused him to resign th...

Revels, Hiram Rhodes, c. 1827-1901 (person)

Hiram Rhodes Revels (September 27, 1827 – January 16, 1901) was a Republican U.S. Senator, minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, and a college administrator. Born free in North Carolina, he later lived and worked in Ohio, where he voted before the Civil War. He became the first African American to serve in the U.S. Congress when he was appointed to the United States Senate as a Republican to represent Mississippi in 1870 and 1871 during the Reconstruction era. During the America...

National Rainbow Coalition (U.S.) (corporateBody)

Jesus Christ (person)

Williams, Clarence (actor) (person)

Forman, James (person)

Fraser, Douglas A. (person)

Mao, Tse-Tung (person)

Castro, Fidel, 1926-2016 (person)

Fidel Castro (b. August 13, 1926, Birán, Cuba–d. November 25, 2016, Havana, Cuba) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party communist state, while industry and business were nationalized and state socialist reforms were implemented throughout society. The son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imper...

Bell, James (person)

Epithet: Curate of Burmarsh British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001164.0x000338 ...

Beame, Abraham D. (Abraham David), 1906-2001 (person)

The Battle of Long Island (also known as the Battle of Brooklyn) occurred on August 27, 1776 in what is now the borough of Brooklyn, N.Y. The battle was the largest of the American Revolutionary War. It resulted in a victory for the British army and the retreat of the Continental Army through Manhattan and New Jersey into Pennsylvania. From the guide to the Battle of Long Island 200th anniversary proclamations, 1976, (Brooklyn Historical Society) ...

Fitzsimmons, Frank E., 1906-1981 (person)

Mitchell, Parren J., 1922-2007 (person)

Parren James Mitchell (April 29, 1922 – May 28, 2007) was a U.S. Congressman affiliated with the Democratic Party who represented the 7th congressional district of Maryland from January 3, 1971 to January 3, 1987. He was the first African American elected to Congress from Maryland. Mitchell was born in Baltimore, Maryland. His father, Clarence Maurice Mitchell, was a waiter, and his mother, Elsie Davis Mitchell, was a homemaker. Mitchell graduated from Frederick Douglass Senior High School in...

Mills, Sid (person)

Mack, Ginger (person)

Foster, William Z. - in 1919 Steel Strike (person)

Roumain, Jacques, 1907-1944 (person)

Jacques Roumain (b. June 4, 1907, Port-au-Prince, Haiti,–d. August 18, 1944) was a Haitian writer, politician, and Marxist. He is considered one of the most prominent figures in Haitian literature....

Gotbaum, Victor, 1921-2015 (person)

Victor H. Gotbaum (September 5, 1921 – April 5, 2015) was an American labor leader. From 1965 to 1987, he was president of AFSCME District Council 37 (DC37), the largest municipal union in New York City. Gotbaum was born in Brooklyn, New York. He married his first wife, Sarah, in August 1943. He fought in World War II, attended Brooklyn College and the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University, and took his first union job as assistant director of the Amalgamated Meat ...

Rosen, Pauline (person)

Brown, Freda (person)

Rubin, Jerry (person)

Patterson, William L. (William Lorenzo), 1890-1980 (person)

Noted political activist, lawyer, orator, organizer, writer, and Communist from San Franicsco, Calif.; also known as "Mr. Civil Rights." He also lived in New York from the mid-1950s to 1979. From the description of William Lorenzo Patterson papers, 1919-1979 (bulk, mid-1950s-1979). (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 729372659 ...

Savicheva, Tatiana Nikolaevna (person)

Gardiner, Robert K. A. (Robert Kweku Atta) (person)

Epithet: of Add MS 41417 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000388.0x0003d0 Epithet: Commissioner British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000388.0x000343 ...

Savitskaya, Svetlana (person)

Garcia, Robert (person)

Robert Garcia was born in 1962 in Whittier, California. His years in New York City were devoted chiefly to political activism, pertaining especially to issues of race and sexuality. In "Speak for Yourself: 7 Activists Talk about ACT-UP," by Jim Hubbard, 1990, Garcia said that being half Navajo, half Mexican, and gay were the three things that identified who he was. He was an important member of ACT UP in New York City, founding and directing committees and caucuses within the organization. A lea...

Chapaev, Vasiliĭ Ivanovich 1887-1919 (person)

Winter, Carl. (person)

Epithet: Director of the Fitzwilliam Museum British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000496.0x000226 ...

Kekkonen, Urho, 1900-1986 (person)

Patterson, William L. (William Lorenzo), 1890-1980 (person)

Noted political activist, lawyer, orator, organizer, writer, and Communist from San Franicsco, Calif.; also known as "Mr. Civil Rights." He also lived in New York from the mid-1950s to 1979. From the description of William Lorenzo Patterson papers, 1919-1979 (bulk, mid-1950s-1979). (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 729372659 ...

McEntee, Gerald W. (person)

Castro, Fidel, 1926-2016 (person)

Fidel Castro (b. August 13, 1926, Birán, Cuba–d. November 25, 2016, Havana, Cuba) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party communist state, while industry and business were nationalized and state socialist reforms were implemented throughout society. The son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imper...

Haig, Alexander Meigs - Demonstrations against (person)

Mukhina, Vera Ignatevna (person)

Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (corporateBody)

VALB was formed in December 1937 by U.S. volunteers returning from combat in the Spanish Civil War. VALB originally assisted wounded veterans and sought to awaken the U.S. public to the significance of the Spanish Civil War and the Loyalist cause. In later years, VALB began to address other political issues, including U.S. policy in World War II and later, Cuba, Nicaragua and Vietnam. In addition to their headquarters in New York City, VALB "Posts" developed in various cities including Los Angel...

Keller, Charles - Art of (person)

Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich, 1934-1968 (person)

Rockefeller, Laurence (person)

Bukharin, N. I. (person)

Rather, Dan. (person)

Kretchmer, Jerome (person)

Grizodubova, Valentina Stepanovna, 1910- (person)

Velásquez, Baldemar, 1947- (person)

MacDonald, Peter (person)

Ibrahim, Mohsen (person)

Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809 (person)

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were explorers. Nicholas Biddle was requested by William Clark to write a narrative of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which was published in 1814 as "History of the Expedition of Captains Lewis and Clark." From the description of Journal, 1803 Aug. 30-1803 Dec. 12; 1810. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 154298060 From the guide to the Meriwether Lewis journal, August 30, 1803 - December 12, 1803; 1810, August 3...

African American Cases - McDuffie, Arthur (person)

Vermeer, Johannes, 1632-1675 (person)

Livingston family (family)

Coca, Imogene (person)

Carter, Robert Lee (person)

Easterling, Barbara (person)

Tran, Buu Kiem (person)

Krupskaya, Nadezhda Konstantinovna, 1869-1939 (person)

Nguyen, Luong Bang (person)

Companys y Jover, Luis (person)

Sembene, Ousmane (person)

Murray, Linda Lefevre (person)

Rose, Billy, 1899-1966 (person)

American lyricist. From the description of Autograph block of four postage stamps, each signed : [n.p.], [194-?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270924811 ...

Chevalier, Maurice, 1888-1972 (person)

Epithet: of Add MS 39101 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000987.0x000371 ...

Kaufman, David, 1945- (person)

Nunn, Sam. (person)

Epithet: Custom House officer at Southwold British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000269.0x0002b1 ...

Johnson, Leif (person)

Caldera, Rafael, 1916-2009 (person)

Abzug, Bella S., 1920-1998 (person)

Bella Savitzky Abzug (July 24, 1920 – March 31, 1998), nicknamed "Battling Bella", was an American lawyer, U.S. Representative, social activist and a leader in the women's movement. In 1971, Abzug joined other leading feminists such as Gloria Steinem, Shirley Chisholm, and Betty Friedan to found the National Women's Political Caucus. She was known as a leading figure in what came to be known as eco-feminism. In 1970, Abzug's first campaign slogan was, "This woman's place is in the House—the H...

Gonzalez, Jim (person)

Cain, Lee (person)

Callahan, William R. (person)

Claiborne, Bob (person)

Straus, Leon (person)

Gutierrez, Jose Angel, (person)

Political activist, elected official, and writer. Born Oct. 25, 1944, in Crystal City, Texas. Graduated from Crystal City High School (1962), Texas A. & I. (B.A., 1966), St. Mary's Univ. in San Antonio (M.A., 1968), and the Univ. of Texas at Austin (PhD., 1976). Founder or co-founder of several Chicano organizations in the 1960s and 1970s, including M.A.Y.O. and the Raza Unida Party. Involved in the political takeover of Crystal City's government by its Mexican American majority; elected pre...

Lampell, Millard (person)

Kragen, Kenneth (person)

Corona, Bert N. (person)

Community and labor organizer for the Mexican American community in Los Angeles during the 1930s, 40s, and 50s. In the 1960s political organizer (President of the Mexican-American Political Association) and founding force in La Raza Unida Party, with particular interest in undocumented Mexican workers and immigration problems. Founder of El Centro de Ayuda which evolved into Centro de Acción Social Autónomo (CASA). From the description of Bert Corona papers, 1923-1984. (Unknown). W...

Tsendenbal, Yumjaagiin (person)

Diez, Barbarito (person)

Boro, Harold (person)

Wolff, Milton (person)

Milton (Milt) Wolff (1915-2008) was born in Brooklyn, NY to a working-class family. He left school at fifteen and worked in the New Deal 's Civilian Conservation Corps, 1933-1934. He later found work in a Manhattan garment factory and became politically active through membership in the Young Communist League. When the Civil War broke out in Spain he responded to a YCL appeal for volunteers and sailed for Europe, aged 21, in March 1937. He initially served as a medic and then saw act...

Bykowski, Edward. (person)

Winters, David (person)

Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922 (person)

Inventor and educator. From the description of Check, 1918 Feb. 11. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70954428 Alexander Graham Bell, inventor and educator, and members of the related Bell, Fairchild, Grosvenor, and Hubbard families. From the description of Alexander Graham Bell family papers, 1834-1974. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979893 Inventor Alexander Graham Bell became a member of the American Philsophical Society in...

Shepard, Alan B. (Alan Bartlett), 1923-1998 (person)

Rear Admiral Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998) was an American astronaut, naval aviator, test pilot, and businessman. In 1961, he became the first American to travel into space, and in 1971, he walked on the Moon. A graduate of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Shepard saw action with the surface navy during World War II. He became a naval aviator in 1946, and a test pilot in 1950. He was selected as one of the original NASA Mercury Seven astronauts in ...

Burchett, Wilfred G. (person)

Giocondo, Mike (person)

Calley, William Laws, 1943-.... (person)

National Conference of Black Mayors, Inc. (corporateBody)

Gorky, Maksim - Plays of (person)

Chavis, Elizabeth (person)

Harrington, Ollie - Art of (person)

Gingrich, Newt, 1943- (person)

Newton Leroy Gingrich (born June 17, 1943) is an American politician, author, and historian who served as the 50th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. A member of the Republican Party, he was the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 6th congressional district serving north Atlanta and nearby areas from 1979 until his resignation in 1999. In 2012, Gingrich was a candidate for the presidential nomination of his party. A professor of history and geography at the...

Butler, Jim (person)

Hitler, Adolf - Demonstrations against (person)

Sullivan, Tom, 1846-1932 (person)

Narciso, Filipina Bobadilla, 1946- (person)

Brodsky, Joseph, 1940-1996 (person)

Iosif Alexandrovich Brodsky (Joseph Brodsky) (1940-1996), a Russian poet, was born May 24, 1940 in Leningrad, USSR (St. Petersburg, Russia) to Jewish parents. He left school at the age of fifteen to study independently, teaching himself English and Polish. In 1964 he was arrested by Soviet authorities on charges of "social parasitism" and sentenced to five years of hard labor on a state farm near the Arctic Circle. He was released after serving less than two years of his sentence, but in 1972 he...

Robertson, William Dean, 1953- (person)

Guinan, Matthew K. (person)

Khieu, Samphan (person)

Dickson, R. (person)

Dobrynin, Anatoliy Fedorovich, Mme (person)

Bakunin, Mihail Aleksandrovič (1814-1876). (person)

Schulman, Saul (person)

Breaux, John B. (person)

John Berlinger Breaux was born in Crowley, La., on March 1, 1944, to Ezra Breaux and Katie Berlinger Breaux. He received a B.A. degree in political science from the University of Southwestern Louisiana in Lafayette (1964) and a J.D. degree from the Louisiana State University Law School in Baton Rouge (1967). Breaux practiced law with the firm of Brown, McKernan, Ingram, and Breaux before becoming assistant to U.S. Representative Edwin W. Edwards between 1968 and 1972. Upon Edwards' resignation t...

Parenti, Michael (person)

Mitchell, Timothy (person)

Lefcourt, Gerald B. (person)

Patler, John (person)

Logans, Bart (person)

Ford, James W. - in Spain (person)

Boupacha, Djamila (person)

Sadlowski, Ed (person)

Becker, Maurice - Art of (person)

Neurath, Konstantin, Freiherr von, 1873-1956 (person)

Phillips, Channing E. (Channing Emery), 1928-1987 (person)

Aldrin, Buzz, 1930- (person)

Buzz Aldrin (b. Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr., January 20, 1930, Glen Ridge, NJ) is an American astronaut and fighter pilot. He was the second person to step food on the moon with the Apollo 11 space shuttle. Aldrin is a former U.S. Air Force officer with the Command Pilot rating. He also went into orbit on the Gemini 12 mission....

Abortion - Demonstrations for (person)

Cate, William B. (person)

Kuhn, Fritz (Fritz Julius) (person)

Buford, Dan (person)

Smith, Samantha (person)

Pankey, Aubrey. (person)

Roberts, Bettye (person)

Eisenhower, Susan (person)

Hefner, Hugh M. (Hugh Marston), 1926- (person)

Yengibarov, Leonid (person)

Tsedenbal, IUmzhagiin (person)

Young, Otis, 1932-2001 (person)

Scott, Stuart Nash (person)

Perlin, Marshall, 1920-1998 (person)

Perlin, Marshall, 1920-1998, born in New York, completed Columbia Law School in 1942. He was the trial lawyer of Morton Sobell, the Rosenbergs' co-defendant, then represented Michael and Robert Meeropol, the children of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg after they were sentenced. From the description of Perlin Papers, (1932-1953). (Columbia University Law School, Diamond Law Library). WorldCat record id: 698742344 ...

Mella, Julio Antonio, 1903-1929 (person)

Dovzhenko, Oleksandr Petrovych (person)

Kassan (person)

Nguyen, Tien Hung (person)

Gulfcoast Pulpwood Association. (corporateBody)

Hillman, Sidney, 1887-1946 (person)

Tom Darcy was born in Brokklyn, NY in 1932. He received his art education at the school of Visual Arts in New York. In 1958 he began his editorial cartooning with Newsday on Long Island. In 1970, Darcy was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his incisive cartoons of the Vietnam War and racial discrimination. He won many awards in 1970's, some of these were: Best Cartoon on Foreign Affairs in 1970 & 1973, Meeman Conservation Award in 1972 & 1974 as well as the National Headliners' Club award i...

Parrish, Richard (person)

Paulus, Friedrich von (person)

Chai, Tse-ming (person)

Kovpak, S. A. (person)

Lange, Jessica (person)

Clark, John (person)

Epithet: of Debden British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001476.0x0000c0 Epithet: subject of Wolley Ch v.17 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000615.0x0003e2 Epithet: of Add MS 34924 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001476.0x0000bc Epithet: fl 16th ce...

Gerges, Abe (person)

Pereda, Juan (person)

La Touche, John (person)

Epithet: of Harristown, county Kildare British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001191.0x000028 ...

Sadowski, Anne (person)

Yoneda, Elaine Black, 1906-1988 (person)

Radical activist and labor organizer, of San Francisco, Calif. From the description of Elaine Black Yoneda papers : photocopies, 1931-1974 (bulk 1931-1939). (California Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 122368962 Elaine Black Yoneda was a member of the Communist Party and a labor leader active in organizing and demonstrating for union, labor, and civil rights. Yoneda held various positions in left wing organizations, including the International Labor Defense, the Inte...

Obrazt︠s︡ov, S. V. (Sergeĭ Vladimirovich) (person)

Castiglione, Vincent (person)

Thompson, Robert (Robert S.) (person)

Epithet: of Trory, county Fermanagh British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001344.0x000120 Epithet: of Add MS 4293 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001344.0x00011c Epithet: ship - broker British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001344.0x000121 Epithet: of Add...

Winston, Henry - With Others (person)

Holahan, Ellen (person)

Myerscough, Tom (person)

United States Peace Council (corporateBody)

Perez, Sam (person)

Bieber, Owen (person)

Anderson, Osborne P. (Osborne Perry), 1830-1872 (person)

Brezhnev, Leonid Ilich - With Others (person)

White, Kevin H. (person)

Nasser, Gamal Abdel (person)

Diego, Felipe de (person)

Eaton, Cyrus Stephen, 1883-1979 (person)

Prominent Canadian-American capitalist and financier. He was an outspoken critic of other businessmen, supporter of labor, promoter of better U.S.-Soviet relations, and organizer of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. From the description of Papers, 1901-1978. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 17974952 Epithet: initiator Pugwash International Conference of Nuclear Scientists British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : ...

Hua, Guofeng (person)

Veksler, V. I. (Vladimir Iosifovich) (person)

Veksler (1907-1966). Russian physicist (high-energy physics, accelerators, cosmic rays, nuclear physics). 1930-1936, All-Union Electro-Technological Institute, Moscow; 1936-1966, Physical Institute of the Academy of Sciences, Moscow; 1949-1966, United Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna; 1946 correspondent member, USSR Academy of Sciences; 1958, member, USSR Academy of Sciences. From the description of Papers, 1907-1966. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81474400 ...

Ryan, Frank (person)

Hampton, Fred, 1948-1969 (person)

Marasco, Robert Francis (person)

Donawa, Arnold (person)

Lumumba, Patrice (person)

Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972 (person)

Astronomer (galaxies, photometry, spectroscopy) and administrator. Astronomer, Mount Wilson Observatory, 1914-1921; director, Harvard Observatory, 1921-1952; on the astronomy faculty at Harvard from 1952. From the description of Papers [microform], 1910-1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80523781 Harlow Shapley (1885-1972) was an astronomer. Shapley served as director of the Harvard College Observatory and was a professor at Harvard University, eventually he became the Pai...

Struck, Susan R. (person)

Keller, Helen, 1880-1968 (person)

Helen Adams Keller (1880-1968) devoted her life to bettering the education and treatment of the blind, the deaf, and the nonverbal, and was a pioneer in educating the public in the prevention of blindness in newborns. Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama on June 27, 1880. When Helen Keller was 19 months old she became ill with Scarlet Fever, which resulted in her becoming blind and deaf. In her autobiography The Story of My Life, a book she first wrote in 1903 at the age of 23, she desc...

Shinnick, Phillip A. (person)

Banky, Suzy (person)

Tunney, John V. (John Varick), 1934- (person)

U.S. Congressman from Riverside Calif., and U.S. Senator from 1971-77. From the description of John V. Tunney papers, circa 1960-1980. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 26863469 ...

Eisenhower, John S. D., 1922-2013 (person)

John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower was born August 3, 1922, in Denver, Colorado, the son of Dwight David Eisenhower (34th President of the United States) and Mamie Geneva (Doud) Eisenhower. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1944, then from Columbia University in 1950. In 1955, he graduated from the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. In 1969, he authored The Bitter Woods: A Comprehensive Study of the War in Europe. From the description of Eisenhower, John S. D. (John ...

Kennedy, Jane (person)

Keller, Charles (person)

Bork, R. H. (Robert Heron) (person)

Luce, Charles F. (Charles Franklin), 1917-2008 (person)

Green, Gil, 1906-1997 (person)

Gil Green (1906-1997), born Gilbert Greenberg in Chicago, the son of Russian-Jewish immigrants, was a Communist youth leader in the 1930s, a member of the Communist Party's Politburo, a Smith Act defendant, and the chief (albeit unofficial) figure of a reformist current in the CPUSA through 1991. He joined the Young Workers League (later the Young Communist League) in 1924, and shortly thereafter, the CPUSA, and in 1932 became national secretary of the YCL, a position he held throughout the deca...

American Party (corporateBody)

One of the most famous incidents of anti-Catholic sentiment expression occurred August 11, 1834; non-Catholic rioters looted and burned the Ursuline Convent of Mount Benedict in Charlestown, MA. Anti-Catholic violence also erupted in Philadelphia when 13 people were killed in riots in 1835. Activities by the American Nativist Party in Kensington, Pennsylvania, in 1844 also sparked anti-Catholic riots. In the 1850s, the American Party, also known as the Know-Nothing Party, was partly founded on a...

Lowery, Joseph (Joseph E.) (person)

Garry, Charles R. (person)

Lorenzo, Frank (person)

DeLappe, Pele, 1916- (person)

Brice, Bruce A. (person)

Ford, Henry (person)

Epithet: Professor of Arabic at Oxford British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001242.0x000386 Epithet: of Stowe MS 200 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001094.0x0001cd Epithet: sec to Lord Lieutenant of Ireland British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001035.0x000009 ...

Kivitt, Ted (person)

Komarov, V. L. (Vladimir Leontevich) (person)

Seregin, Vladimir Sergeevich, 1922-1968 (person)

Soglin, Paul (person)

Davis, William H. (person)

Irvis, K. Leroy, 1919-2006 (person)

Kirkland Leroy Irvis was born in Saugerties, N.Y., December 27, 1919, son of Francis H. and Harriet Ten Broeck(Cantine) Irvis. His education includes an A.B. summa cum laude in 1938 and an M.A. in 1939 from N.Y. State Teacher's College (now SUNY) in Albany. Irvis received an LL.B in 1954 and a J.D. in 1969 from University of Pittsburgh Law School. K. Leroy Irvis was awarded the title of Doctor of Laws from both Lincoln University and The State University of New York at Albany. He also received t...

Arias Sanchez, Oscar (person)

Holland, Jerome H. (person)

Forbes, Henry (person)

Stokes, Lena (person)

Nureyev, Rudolf (person)

Scott, Robert Walter, 1929-2009 (person)

Labor Unions - United Farm Workers (corporateBody)

Hechtman, Fannie (person)

Ball, George Wildman (person)

Muḥammad, ʻAlī Nāṣir (person)

Gaganova, Valentina (person)

Nguyen, Tien Hung (person)

Makarova, Natalia, 1940-.... (person)

Jorden, William J. (person)

Barbirek, Frantisek (person)

Schappes, Morris U. (person)

Titov, G. S. (German Stepanovich) (person)

Devlin, Bernadette (person)

Eccles, Marriner S. (Marriner Stoddard), 1890-1977 (person)

"Brigham Young was the colonizer; Daniel Jackling the mining giant, and Marriner S. Eccles was Utah's premier financial genius," was the introduction to a 1977 Deseret News review of Eccles' then-recently published biography. The biography, Marriner S. Eccles: Private Entrepreneur and Public Servant, as well as a previously published autobiography, Beckoning Frontiers, detail the life of this remarkable man. He became the "principal economic philosopher of the New Deal," according t...

Burton, Richard (person)

Epithet: actor British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000564.0x000128 Epithet: of Egerton Ch 7526 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001030.0x0002ff Epithet: Lieutenant; RN British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001030.0x0002fd ...

Chavis, Ben (person)

Roberts, Lillian (person)

Labor leader. From the description of Reminiscences of Lillian Roberts : oral history, [198-?]. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122480947 ...

Morse, Linda (Linda K.) (person)

Adzhubei, Alexsei (person)

Gallo, John (person)

Williams, Frances (person)

United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation (corporateBody)

The FBI established this classification when it assumed responsibility for ascertaining the protection capabilities and weaknesses of defense plants. Each plant survey was a separate case file, with the survey, supplemental surveys, and all communications dealing with a plant insofar as plant protection was concerned, filed together. On June 1, 1941, and January 5, 1942, the Navy and Army, respectively, assumed responsibility for surveying defense plants in which they had interests. Thereafter, ...

Bailey, John M. (John Moran), 1904-1975 (person)

Kryzicki, Leo (person)

Jewish Defense League (corporateBody)

D'Amato, Alfonse (person)

O'Neill, Eugene (person)

Farrell, Herman (person)

Ashe, Tom (person)

Smoyer, Albert (person)

Stevens, Jose (person)

Finley, William E. (person)

Rhodes-Eltayeb, Maryamu (person)

Collins, Leroy (person)

Reed, Mary (Mary J.) (person)

Epithet: English Roman Catholic British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001033.0x00007d ...

Stallone, Sylvester. (person)

Le, Phuong (person)

Cintron, Federico (person)

Bergeron, André, 1933- (person)

Taft, Charles P. (person)

Beame, Abraham - Demonstrations against (person)

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (corporateBody)

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) is a non-partisan, global federation of national medical organizations in 58 countries dedicated to research, education, and advocacy relevant to the prevention of nuclear war. IPPNW was founded in 1980 by Dr. Bernard Lown from the United States and Dr. Evgueni Chazov from the USSR, and seeks to prevent all wars, to promote non-violent conflict resolution, and to minimize the effects of war and preparations for war on health, dev...

Figueroa Cordero, Andres (person)

Hazners, Vilis (person)

Gorbachev, Mikhail - With Others (person)

Smith, Gerald L.K. (person)

McLaughlin, Janice (person)

Khruschev, Nikita Sergeevich (person)

Barbaro, Frank (person)

Frank Barbaro was born in Brooklyn in 1927. A leftist and former longshoreman, he was elected to the New York State Assembly in 1972 and served for 26 years. As chairman of the Labor Committee, Barbaro was dedicated to advancing workers' protection laws. After leaving the Assembly, he served on the New York State Supreme Court for six years. From the description of Frank Barbaro Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 757688289 ...

McNichols, Stephen (person)

White Confederacy (corporateBody)

Alarcon, Evelina (person)

Newton, Huey P. (person)

Gould, Warren (person)

Gallagher, William (person)

Ben Bella, Ahmed (person)

Films - History (person)

Organization of African Unity (corporateBody)

Stevens, Theodore F. (person)

Rand, Esther T. (person)

Byard, Carol (person)

Thomas, J. Parnell (John Parnell), 1895-1970 (person)

Randolph, John, 1908- (person)

John Randolph of Roanoke was born 2 June 1773 in Prince George County, Virginia, and settled in Charlotte County, Virginia. A member of the prominent Randolph family, he was cousins with Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall. Randolph served in the United States House of Representatives from 1799 to 1813, 1815 to 1817, 1819 to 1825, 1827 to 1829, and 1833, and in the United States Senate from 1825 to 1827. Randolph was an adherent of states' rights and the strict construction of the federal Constit...

Hussein, King of Jordan (person)

Priest, Roger (person)

Senaga, Kamejirō 1907-2001 (person)

Giovanoni, Richard (person)

Toney, Anthony (person)

Anthony Toney (1913- ) is an American painter and teacher. Born in Gloversville, New York, to Syrian immigrant parents, Toney graduated from Syracuse University and studied at L'Academie de la Grande Chaumiere and L'Ecole Superieur des Beaux Arts. He served with the Abraham Lincoln Brigade during the Spanish Civil War and in the United States Navy during World War II. Toney had his first one-man show in 1941, followed by numerous shows and exhibits in New York City. He p...

Siqueiros, David Alfaro (person)

Biographical/Historical Note David Alfaro Siqueiros was a leading member of the Mexican muralist movement and a technical innovator of fresco and wall painting. His ideological differences with Diego Rivera attracted much attention in the 1930s. From the guide to the David Alfaro Siqueiros papers, 1920-1991, 1930-1936, (Getty Research Institute) ...

Ford, James - With Others (person)

Wagner, Robert F. (Robert Ferdinand), 1910-1991 (person)

Robert F. Wagner, three term Mayor of New York City was born April 20, 1910 on the upper east side of Manhattan, New York. He attended Taft School in Connecticut, Yale University, the Harvard Graduate School of Business, the School of International Relations in Geneva, Switzerland, and the Yale University Law School, from which he graduated in 1937. At the age of 26, Wagner was elected to the State Assembly from the Yorkville District and he served in that position for four years. From 1942 to 1...

Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (person)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (person)

Nos. 20, 7, 21, 14 and 6, respectively, of Twenty Four Preludes for Piano, op. 34, composed 1932-33. Arranged 1936.--Cf. Fleisher Collection. From the description of Five preludes : from 24 piano preludes by D. Shostakovich, op. 34 (nos. 20, 7, 21, 14, 6) / arr. by Lan Adomian. [19--] (Franklin & Marshall College). WorldCat record id: 54108995 From the opera, "The nose" in 3 acts with libretto by the composer in conjunction with Y. Zemyatin, G. Ionin and A. Preys after G...

Brownlee, Richard (person)

Orr, David Duvall, 1944- (person)

Cherkasov, Nikolai Konstantinovich (person)

Belyayev, Pavel (person)

Jones, Jim. (person)

Earth First! (Organization) (corporateBody)

Havens, Richie, 1941-2013 (person)

Richie Havens (b. Jan. 21, 1941, Brooklyn, NY–d. April 22, 2013, Jersey City, NJ) was a singer-songwriter and guitarist well known in the 1960s through the 2000s. He gained fame as the first performer at the Woodstock Festival in 1969....

Numayri, Jafa Muhammad (person)

Robinson, Reid (person)

Zhuzhoma, Nikolai (person)

Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972 (person)

Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was an American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when he started at first base for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947. When the Dodgers signed Robinson, they heralded the end of racial segregation in professional baseball that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues since the 1880s. R...

Jackson, Johnnie (person)

Usry, James (person)

Eve, A. S. (Arthur Stewart), 1862-1948 (person)

Schuetz, Klaus (person)

Davis, Benjamin J. (Benjamin Jefferson), 1903-1964 (person)

A prominent black attorney, Davis graduated from Amherst College in 1925, graduated from Harvard Law School in 1929, and returned to Georgia to practice law. He gained notoriety for his defense of Angelo Herndon in 1933 who had been accused of insurrection. Davis became actively involved with the Communist Party and moved to New York City in 1935 to edit the Daily Worker. In 1948, he was arrested under the Smith Act and received a five-year sentence. He was arrested again in 1962 for his partici...

O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-1983 (person)

These lithographs were originally cut and printed in 1970. In 1999 a new series was printed by Mark Silverberg; these two sets are numbers 104 of 190 for series I, and 7 of 100 for series II. From the description of Imágenes de Mexico, I & II : lithographs, 1999. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122384067 ...

Myers, Frederick (person)

Krchmarek, Anthony (person)

Goodell, Charles E. (person)

Bilbo, Theodore Gilmore, 1877-1947 (person)

Controversial Mississippi state senator, 1908-1912; Lieutenant Governor, 1912-1916; Governor, 1916-1920 and 1928-1932; U.S. senator, 1934-1947. From the description of Papers, 1905-1947. (University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus). WorldCat record id: 45071691 ...

Mix, Tom, 1880-1940 (person)

Motion picture actor and director. From the description of Autograph, ca. 1920. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122536443 ...

Ekins, Robert (person)

Karpov, Anatoly, 1951- (person)

Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880 (person)

Lucretia Mott (née Coffin) was born Jan. 3, 1793 in Nantucket, MA. She was a descendent of Peter Folger and Mary Morrell Folger and a cousin of Framer Benjamin Franklin. Mott became a teacher; her interest in women's rights began when she discovered that male teachers at the school were paid significantly more than female staff. A well known abolitionist, Mott considered slavery to be evil, a Quaker view. When she moved to Philadelphia, she became Quaker minister. Along with white and black wo...

Rolle, Esther (person)

Liuzzo, Viola (person)

Shanker, Albert (person)

Khomeni, Ruhollah (person)

Fauntroy, Walter E., 1933- (person)

Walter Edward Fauntroy (born February 6, 1933) is the former pastor of the New Bethel Baptist Church in Washington, D.C., and a civil rights activist. He is also a former delegate to the United States House of Representatives and was a candidate for the 1972 and 1976 Democratic presidential nominations as a favorite son, as well as a human rights activist. His stated life work is to advocate public policy that "declares Good News to the poor, that binds up the broken hearted and sets at liberty ...

Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) (corporateBody)

Rogovin, Mark (person)

Moore, Sarah Jane (person)

Spock, Benjamin, 1903-1998 (person)

Pediatrician and author. From the description of Benjamin Spock correspondence and photograph, 1966. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984314 Benjamin Spock (1903-1998) was an American pediatrician, author, and peace activist. He is the author of the worldwide best-selling book Baby and Child Care . From the guide to the Benjamin Spock Papers, 1945-1990, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries) Epithet: paediatrician ...

Gossett, Louis, 1936- (person)

Actor Louis Cameron Gossett, Jr. was born May 27, 1936 in Sheepshead Bay, Coney Island to Hellen Rebecca Wray Gosset and Louis Gossett Sr.. Gossett's Brooklyn neighborhood nurtured activists and artists like Gustav Blum, Harvey Keitel, Neil Simon, Neil Diamond and Arthur Miller. Gossett attended PS 135 and was student body president of Mark Twain Junior High School (PS 209). When Gossett acted in a production ofYou Can't Take It With Youat Abraham Lincoln High School, talent scouts picked him fo...

Trumbo, Dalton, 1905-1976 (person)

James Dalton Trumbo was born Dec. 9, 1905, in Montrose, CO; attended Univ. of Colorado, UCLA, and USC; worked as a newpaper reporter and editor; started screenwriting in 1935; became one of the Hollywood Ten and was blacklisted by the motion picture industry (1947); served a 10-month jail sentence for contempt of Congress when he refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) for his alleged membership in the Communist Party; while serving his sentence at the Federal...

Ramos, Maria (person)

Kampelman, Max M., 1920-2013 (person)

Max M. Kampelmacher was born to Jewish Austrian immigrant parents on November 7, 1920. He grew up in the Bronx, New York, attending Jewish parochial schools and the Talmudical Academy High School. He graduated from New York University in 1940. In 1941, just before entering law school, he changed his surname to Kampelman. He achieved a J.D. from the School of Law at New York University in 1945 and earned his M.A. in Political Science from the University of Minnesota in 1946. He taugh...

Anderson, Osborne P. (Osborne Perry), 1830-1872 (person)

National Tenants Organization (corporateBody)

Stander, Lionel (person)

American Telephone and Telegraph Company. (corporateBody)

Swerdlove, Leon (person)

Gold, Michael (person)

Worthington, William (person)

Zalka, Máté, 1896-1937 (person)

Nader, Ralph, 1934- (person)

Ralph Nader (b. Feb. 27, 1934, Winsted, CT) graduated from Princeton University (1955) and received an LL.B. from Harvard Law School (1958). After law school he served in the U.S. Army as a cook. Starting in 1959, Nader began practicing as a lawyer in Hartford, CT, while lecturing at the University of Hartford. He was also a writer for the Christian Science Monitor and The Nation. In 1964, he relocated to Washington, DC to serve as a consultant to Assistant Secretary of Labor Daniel Patrick M...

Sholem Aleichem, 1859-1916 (person)

Sholem Aleichem (b. Solomon Rabinovich, Feb. 18, 1859, Pereyaslav, Russian Empire–d. May 13, 1916, New York, NY), was a leading Yiddish author and playwright. The musical Fiddler on the Roof was based on his stories about Tevye the Dairyman....

Potash, Irving - With Others (person)

Women For Racial and Economic Equality (Organization) (corporateBody)

Women for Racial and Economic Equality (WREE) was founded in 1975. The organization worked to promote the end of race and sex discrimination in hiring, pay, and promotion practices, as well as quality integrated public education and federally funded comprehensive child care; peace and solidarity with women of all countries; passage of the Women's Bill of Rights; and legislative initiatives to guarantee economic independence and social equality. The group included Task Forces on Affirmative Actio...

Cuomo, Mario Matthew (person)

Diskin, Bernice (person)

Song, Qingling (person)

Johnstone, Jack (person)

James Montgomery Flagg (person)

Ferguson, Herman Benjamin (person)

Perez, Jaime (person)

Williams, Robin (person)

Chaplin, Carl (person)

Paycheck, Johnny (person)

Weinstock, Louis (person)

African Americans - New York - New York - Harlem (person)

Markoff, Abraham (person)

Siquieros, David Alfaro (person)

Khachatourian, Aram (person)

McCarthy, Eugene (person)

Weinstein, Matt (person)

Kosygin, Aleksey Nikolayevich, 1904-1980 (person)

Chavez, Richard (person)

Lister, Enrique. (person)

Stanislavsky, Konstantin (person)

Newell, Amy (person)

Jarring, Gunnar (person)

Barthwell, Akosua (person)

Jackson, Michael (person)

Epithet: of Add MS 36057 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000214.0x000141 ...

Barker, Bernard. (person)

Goncalves, Vasco (person)

Train, Russell Eroll, 1920-2012 (person)

Conservationist, jurist, and EPA administrator. From the description of Russell E. Train papers, 1898-2005 (bulk 1957-2005). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71132930 Russell Errol Train was born in Jamestown, Rhode Island, on June 4, 1920. He graduated from Princeton University (B.A., 1941), and from Columbia University Law School (L.L.B., 1948). He held positions on various Congressional committees (1949-1956) and was a judge for the United States Tax Court (1957-1965). Trai...

Rivera, Juan Santos (person)

House, Gloria (person)

Berlinguer, Enrico (person)

Armstrong, Neil A. (person)

Berrigan, Daniel (person)

"Daniel Berrigan." Contemporary Authors Online. Gale Biography In Context. (accessed November 2011). Additional nformation derived from the collection. Jesuit priest Daniel Berrigan is a poet, playwright, teacher, and civil disobedience activist. Daniel Berrigan, who was born May 9, 1921, in Virginia, Minnesota, entered the Order of Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1939 and was ordained a Roman Catholic priest...

Pompidou, Georges, 1911-1974 (person)

Normalien et agrégé de lettres, proche collaborateur du général de Gaulle, Georges Pompidou (1911-1974) entra à la Banque Rothschild dont il devint directeur général de 1956 à 1962. Il dirigea le cabinet du général de Gaulle de juin 1958 à janvier 1959 et fut nommé Premier ministre en remplacement de Michel Debré le 14 avril 1962. Il remit la démission de son gouvernement en octobre 1962 après le vote d’une motion de censure par l’Assemblée nationale, qui fut dissoute par le général de Gaulle. A...

Paterson, David, active 1828-1830 (person)

Mr David Paterson Jnr. followed his father to India where he settled with his family and worked in the Kinnison Jute Mill near Barrackpore, Calcutta under the agency of F W Heilgers and Co. These records were compiled by Mr Paterson and later left to his daughter who made some additions. From the guide to the David Paterson Collection, 1935-2007, (University of Dundee) ...

Young Lords (corporateBody)

Marcos, Imelda Romualdez, 1929- (person)

Ataturk, Kemal (person)

Ford, Gerald R. - Demonstrations against (person)

Chiles, Lawton, 1930-1998 (person)

Mosbacher, Robert A. (Robert Adam), 1927-2010 (person)

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953 (person)

Physicist (photoelectricity, ions) and educator. On the physics faculty at the University of Chicago, 1896-1921; on the faculty at California Institute of Technology: director, Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics and chairman of the Executive Council, 1921-1946, emeritus professor of physics and chairman of the Board of Trustees from 1946; Nobel Prize in physics, 1923. From the description of Papers [microform], 1847-1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77594601 Millikan was...

Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), III, 1930-2021 (person)

Adlai Ewing Stevenson III (October 10, 1930 – September 6, 2021) was an American lawyer, business executive, and politician. A member of the Democratic Party and the son of former Illinois Governor and two-time presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson, he represented the state of Illinois in the U.S. Senate from 1970 to 1981 and was twice a candidate for Governor of Illinois. Born in Chicago, Stevenson attended the Milton Academy in Massachusetts, Harrow School in England, and Harvard College. ...

Schirra, Wally, 1923-2007 (person)

Wally Schirra (b. Walter Marty Schirra Jr., March 12, 1923, Hackensack, New Jersey-d. May 3, 2007, San Diego, California), astronaut. He was one of the seven Mercury Astronauts named by NASA in April 1959. On October 3, 1962; he piloted the six orbit Sigma 7 Mercury flight; a flight which lasted 9 hours, 15 minutes. Schirra next served as backup command pilot for the Gemini III Mission and on December 15-16, occupied the Command Pilot seat on the history-making Gemini 6 flight. The highlight ...

Carnivale, Anthony (person)

Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931- (person)

General secretary, Kommunisticheskai︠a︡ partii︠a︡ Sovetskogo Soi︠u︡za, 1985-1991; president of the Soviet Union, 1990-1991. From the description of Dialog o perestroĭke, "prazhskoĭ vesne" i sot︠s︡ializme : typescript, 1994 / Mikhail Gorbachev, Zdenek Mlynarzh. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122500680 Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev (1931-) was leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1985 to 1991. Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931, in Privolnoe, Russia,...

Grosz, Karoly (person)

Balsam, Martin, 1919-1996 (person)

De Sica, Vittorio, 1901-1974 (person)

Muslimov, Shirali (person)

Papp, Joseph (person)

Thälmann, Ernst, 1886-1944 (person)

Hart, Philip (person)

Bosch, Orlando Avila (person)

Eisenstein, Sergei, 1898-1948 (person)

Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein, Russian filmmaker and film theorist, 1898-1948. From the description of The principles of film form : typescript (carbon copy), Zürich, 1929 Nov. 2; translation: Beverly Hills, Calif., 1930 Nov. 2 / by Sergei Michaelovich Eisenstein ; authorized translation by Ivor Montagu. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122594167 From the description of Scrapbook of photographs and manuscripts, [ca. 1900]-1930. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86133868 ...

Karim, Mustai (person)

Donaldson, Ivanhoe (person)

Anderson, Bernard Hartwell Stepbuddy (person)

Gerena-Rochet, Milagros (person)

Oswald, Marguerite. (person)

Sellins, Fannie, 1870 or 1872-1919 (person)

Guffey, Joseph F., 1870-1959 (person)

Goodman, Debbie (person)

Ford, James - Election Campaigns (person)

Dunaway, Faye (person)

Chisholm, Shirley, 1924-2005 (person)

Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm (1924-2005) activist, educator, politician and author was born in Brooklyn, New York, the oldest of four girls. She lived in the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn with her factory worker father, Charles (originally from British Guyana) and her seamstress and domestic worker mom, Ruby Seale (who came from Barbados). Between 1927 and 1934, Chisholm was sent to live with her grandmother, Emaline Seale, in Christ Church, Barbados. Chisholm attended local school, ...

Roberts, Joe. (person)

London, Jack (John L.) (person)

Matles, James (person)

Hoover, Herbert, Sr. (person)

Al-Amin, Jalil (person)

Naude, Beyers (person)

Bell, Jim (person)

Raphael - Art of (person)

Fugmann, Michael (person)

Hunton, Dorothy (person)

Konev, I. S. (person)

Shevardnadze, Ėduard Amvrosievich, 1928- (person)

Biographical/Historical Note Soviet foreign minister, 1985-1991; president of Georgia, 1995-2003. From the guide to the Ėduard Amvrosievich Shevardnadze radio interview transcripts, 2002-2003, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...

Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 (person)

W. E. B. Du Bois was an American sociologist, socialist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor. Educated at Fisk University, he did graduate work at the University of Berlin and Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate. Du Bois became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University. Due to his contributions in the African-American community he was seen as a member of a Black elite that supported some aspects ...

White, R. S. (Robert S.), 1952- (person)

Robinson, Randall, 1941-.... (person)

Human rights advocate, author, and law professor Randall Robinson was born on July 6, 1941 in Richmond, Virginia to Maxie Cleveland Robinson and Doris Robinson. He graduated from Armstrong High School in Richmond, Virginia in 1959; attended Norfolk State College in Norfolk, Virginia; and during his junior year, entered the U.S. Army. Robinson earned his B.A. in sociology from Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia in 1967, prior to receiving his J.D. degree from Harvard Law School in 19...

Castillo, Martin (person)

Corvalán, Luis, 1916-2010 (person)

Frank, Leo (person)

Webster, William (person)

Epithet: Lieutenant; RN; of Add MS 40504 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001028.0x000036 Epithet: Commander of HMS 'Wasp.' British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001028.0x000033 ...

Jones, Norman E. (person)

Women's International Democratic Federation (corporateBody)

Pacifist organization From the description of Women's International Democratic Federation records 1945-1979 (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 465482515 ...

Machado, Mike (person)

Gonzalez, Rodolfo Corky (person)

Rocks, Francis R. (person)

Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 (person)

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, to Joseph P. Kennedy and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy of Brookline, Massachusetts. John Kennedy, the second of nine children, attended Choate Academy (1932-1935), Princeton University (1935-36), Harvard College (1936-40), and Stanford Business School (1941). In 1940, he published a book based on his senior thesis entitled "Why England Slept." The book criticized British policy of Appeasement. In 1941, Kennedy enlisted in the Navy. In August 1943, Kenn...

Garcia-Inchaustegui, Mario (person)

Ridenhour, Ron (person)

Shatalov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich, 1927- (person)

Simpson, Dick W. (person)

Ceausescu, Nicolae (person)

Delaney, Hubert T. (person)

Walker, Nancy, 1922-1992 (person)

Carrero Blanco, Luis, 1903-1973 (person)

Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893- (person)

Died in 1981. From the description of Oral history interview with Harold Clayton Urey, 1964 March 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84584513 Epithet: US chemist, Nobel laureate British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000561.0x0000b4 Mildred Cohn was a biochemist and biophysicist. She received her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1938 and was a research associate in biochemistry at several univers...

Heflin, Howell (person)

U.S. senator and jurist from Alabama. Full name: Howell Thomas Heflin. Born 1921. From the description of Howell Heflin papers, 1996. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71132778 From the description of Papers of Howell Heflin, 1996. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984206 ...

Gammage, Jonny (person)

Branch, William McKinley (person)

John, Phillip (person)

Colodny, Robert (person)

Summit of Heads of State and Government of OPEC Member Countries (corporateBody)

Chaliapina, Lidia (person)

Mandela, Nelson, 1918-2013 (person)

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (b. July 18, 1918, Umtata, South Africa–d. Dec. 5, 2013, Johannesburg, South Africa) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconc...

Newton, Huey (person)

Herran, Pedro Alcantara (person)

Stone, W. Clement, 1902-2002 (person)

William Stone was a graduate of Antioch College and the School for Graphic Design in Stockholm, Sweden, where he studied typography and calligraphy. After working at the Franklin Mint and as art director at Embossing Printers, Inc., Stone founded Sequoia Press in 1950. Specializing in fine typography, the Sequoia Press designed and printed corporate magazines and newsletters and participated in the Liber Liborum international Bible project. From the description of William Stone/Sequo...

Levitt, Arthur (person)

Sears and Roebuck (corporateBody)

Verity, William (person)

Starr, Ringo (person)

O'Neill, William A. (person)

Sholokov, Mikhail (person)

Ortiz, Juan (Juan M.) (person)

Baker, Howard H. (Howard Henry), 1902-1964 (person)

Brosio, Manlio, 1897-1980 (person)

Italian ambassador to United States. From the description of Reminiscences of Manlio Giovanni Brosio : oral history, 1972. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122565147 ...

Hubbard, Al (person)

Levy, Howard (person)

Peterson, Maggie (person)

Brecht, Bertolt, 1898-1956 (person)

Brecht was a German dramatist and poet. Karl Korsch was a Marxist theoretician. From the description of Correspondence with Karl Korsch, 1934-ca.1954. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122556373 From the guide to the Bertolt Brecht correspondence with Karl Korsch, ca. 1934-1954., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) Reyersbach was a pediatrician with special training in endocrinology and rheumatic diseases; she came to the U.S. in ...

Toubi, Tewfik (person)

Minh, Hồ Chí, 1890-1969 (person)

Hồ Chí Minh, born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành, Nguyễn Ái Quốc, Bác Hồ, or simply Bác ('Uncle'), was a Vietnamese revolutionary and politician. He served as Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1955 and President from 1945 to 1969. Ideologically a Marxist–Leninist, he served as Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam. Hồ Chí Minh led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of V...

Peter, Janos (person)

Hedgeman, Anna Arnold, 1899-1990 (person)

African American civil rights leader and educator. From the description of Anna Arnold Hedgeman papers, 1944-1952. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984193 Anna Arnold Hedgeman (1899-1990) spent more than six decades working in the fields of interfaith and civil rights organizing, government service, and urban affairs. The author of two memoirs, The Trumpet Sounds (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1964) and The Gift of Chaos (Oxford, 1977), Hedgeman was a pioneer in o...

Duarte, Roberto Lizano (person)

Mann, Tom, 1856-1941 (person)

Tom Mann was born in Coventry in 1856. Starting work at the age of nine, he eventually found his trade as an engineer in Birmingham and London, joining the Amalgamated Society of Engineers in 1881. An attempt to become the union's General Secretary in 1892 failed, but Mann had already gained fame as the leader of the 1889 London dock strike, and he became President of the Dock, Wharf, Riverside and General Workers' Union of Great Britain and Ireland in the same year. This was a post...

Curtice, Harlow Herbert (person)

Brown, Ron (person)

Johnson, Hewlett, 1874-1966 (person)

Epithet: Dean of Canterbury British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001296.0x00020e ...

Ustinov, Aleksandr Vasilevich (person)

Delgadillo, Jose Hernandez (person)

Geisel, Ernesto (person)

Antal, Lou (person)

Kodama, Yoshio, 1911-1984 (person)

Morton, Rogers C. B. (Rogers Clark Ballard), 1914-1979 (person)

Kentucky native, U.S. senator from Md., secretary of the interior, and secretary of commerce. From the description of Rogers C.B. Morton : miscellaneous papers, 1863-1976. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49254347 Maryland congressman, RNC Chair, Secretary of Interior and Commerce. Born in Louisville, Kentucky, Morton left for Maryland in 1950, to seek a political career apart from his brother Thruston, who represented Kentucky i...

Kgositsile, Keorapetse (person)

Collet, Miranda (person)

Reeves, Jeff (person)

Travis, Robert C. (person)

Smith, Billy Dean, 1948- (person)

Zhukov, Georgii Konstatinovich (person)

Lindsay, John V. (person)

Epithet: Archdeacon of Lismore British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000443.0x0000c4 Title: Earl of Crawford British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000443.0x0000cf Epithet: trade union official British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000443.0x0000c6 Epithet: Colo...

Stodghill, William (person)

Davidow, Mike (person)

Trudeau, Pierre (person)

Simon and Garfunkel (corporateBody)

Brown, Elaine, 1943-.... (person)

Elaine Brown (1943- ), African American activist and past leader of the Black Panther Party. From the description of Elaine Brown papers, circa 1991-2010. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79463032 ...

Kondrashin, Kirill (person)

Fromme, Lynn Alice (person)

Morris, Dinah (person)

Paul VI, Pope, 1897-1978 (person)

Pope Paul VI was born Giovanni Battista Montini on Sept. 26, 1897 in Concesio, Italy. He entered seminary in 1916 and was named archbishop of Milan in 1955. He was named Pope in 1963. Pope Paul VI died on Aug. 6, 1978 while visiting summer residence, Castel Gandolfo, after a heart attack....

Ain, Judith (person)

Shakur, Afeni (person)

Johnson, Walter, 1952-.... (person)

Epithet: of the Spalding Society British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000356.0x00027d ...

Marchais, Georges (person)

Grimau Garcia, Juian (person)

Noskov, V. (person)

Bernard, John T. (John Toussaint) (person)

National Alliance Against Racist and Political Oppression (corporateBody)

Kennedy, John F. (person)

Wilbur Van Zile was born August 24, 1904 in New Jersey and at an early age he traveled with his family across the United States, settling in California. Mr. Van Zile always had an interest in short wave radio and dentistry, keeping an active on-the-air radio status and updated licenses; and excelling in dentistry while improving methods for maxillofacial surgery. After earning his Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) in 1928 and completing his undergraduate work from the Unive...

Friedlander, Miriam (person)

Siegal, Mike (person)

Sanjabi, Karim (person)

Cagan, Steve, 1943- (person)

El Chocó is the northwestern-most department of Colombia, an area mostly of tropical rainforest. Of the 500,000 inhabitants in the region, over 80% are Afro-Colombian; about 10% are of half a dozen indigenous cultures. These photographs were primarily made in Bagado, the major town in the region, situated on the rio Andagueda, one of the many tributaries of the Atrato. The people who have lived off the supportive environment in this region are being displaced by military movements. In the 1990s...

Cachin, Marcel (person)

Stevens, Jose (person)

McLaughlin, Brian M. (person)

Schultze, Charles L. (person)

Charles L. Schultze was born on December 12, 1924 in Alexandria, Virginia. He served as the director of the U.S. Bureau of the Budget under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, and he was appointed a senior fellow of the Brookings Institution in 1968. He was chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers to the president from 1977 to 1981, and in 1980 Schultze was appointed chairman of the Council on Wage and Price Stability. He taught at Indiana University-Bloomington and the Univers...

Almberg, Mark (person)

Sholokhov, Mikhail Aleksandrovich, 1905-1984 (person)

Numayri, Jafar Muhammad (person)

Hearst, Randolph (person)

Reasoner, Harry, 1923-1991 (person)

Harry Reasoner (1923-1991) was a television journalist. He worked at CBS News for twenty-seven years, beginning in 1956 and, with Mike Wallace, started the news show "60 Minutes". In 1970 he left CBS to co-anchor ABC News with Barbara Walters, and returned to CBS in 1978. He won two Emmy Awards and the George Foster Peabody Prize. From the description of Reasoner, Harry, papers, 1944-1991. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 68903440 American jo...

Armey, Richard K., 1940-.... (person)

Wilson, Dick, 1930- (person)

Gromyko, Andreĭ Andreevich 1909-1989 (person)

Dimitrov, Georgi - Riechstag Fire Trial (person)

Carney, William H., 1840-1908 (person)

William Harvey Carney was born as a slave in Norfolk, Virginia, on February 29, 1840. How he made his way to freedom is not certain. According to most accounts, he escaped through the Underground Railroad, and joined his father in Massachusetts. Other members of their family were freed by purchase or by the death of their master. Carney joined the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in March 1863 as a sergeant. He took part in the July 18, 1863, assault on Fort Wagner in Charleston, South C...

Trimm, Steven (person)

Norodom Sihanouk, Prince, 1922-2012 (person)

Norodom Sihanouk, roi du Cambodge, est né à Phnom Penh le 31 octobre 1922. Il fit ses études au lycée français de Saïgon. Petit-neveu du roi Sisowath Monivong, il monta sur le trône le 24 avril 1941 avec le soutien des Français. Il réclama dès 1945 l’indépendance. L’autonomie dans le cadre de l’Union française lui fut octroyée par la France par l’accord du 7 janvier 1946. Elle instaura un régime constitutionnel et démocratique en 1947. L’indépendance fut obtenue en 1953. Le 3 mars 1...

Mundt, Karl E. (Karl Earl), 1900-1974 (person)

Sechaba Singers (corporateBody)

Sheikh, Shafi Ahmed El (person)

Speer, Albert, 1905-1981 (person)

Albert Speer became the Third Reich's Minister for Armaments and War Production in February 1942. He was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment for his use of slave labor during the war. From the description of Hans Flaechsner collection, 1937-1947. (Ohio University). WorldCat record id: 22066105 ...

Haig, Alexander Meigs, 1924-2010 (person)

Alexander Meigs Haig (b. 1924) was an army officer, politician, diplomat, and Secretary of State. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy and entered the U.S. Army, advancing through grades to the rank of general. He served as military assistant to the Secretary of the Army in 1964, and was deputy special assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1964 to 1965. From 1969 to 1970, Haig was chief military assistant to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, and from 1970 to 1973 he w...

Nyden, Linda (person)

Hebbeler, James (person)

Mitterand, Francois (person)

Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 (person)

Abraham Lincoln (born February 12, 1809, Sinking Spring Farm near Hodgenville, Kentucky-died April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C.) was the sixteenth President of the United States from 1861 until his death by assassination. He was the son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Thomas Lincoln, and Nancy Hanks. In 1816, Lincoln moved to Pigeon Creek, Indiana, where he worked on his family's farm. Following his mother's death two years later, he continued working on farms until moving with his father to New Sa...

Leonov, Alexei (person)

Saragat, Giuseppe (person)

Honey, Frank (person)

Trowbridge, Carolyn (person)

Rodgers, Richard (person)

Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (person)

Stasova, Helen Dmitrievna (person)

Hine, Lewis Wickes, 1874-1940 (person)

Lewis Wickes Hine (1874-1940), an American photographer, began his career as a teacher at the Ethical Culture School in New York City. He first used a camera to record activities at the school. Subsequently he photographed immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, the shocking condition of child laborers throughout the U.S., the activities of the American Red Cross in World War I, and workers in various industries. He was commissioned to create photo-essays for industry and periodicals. His early pho...

Palme, Olof, 1927-1986 (person)

Harrington, Oliver W. (Oliver Wendell), 1912- (person)

The Daily Worker, the official organ of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), traces its origins back to the Communist Labor Party, founded in Chicago in 1919. The Communist Labor Party’s paper was known as the Toiler . When the Communist Labor Party and the Workers Party merged in 1921, the Toiler became the weekly paper The Worker . Two years later, the paper changed its name to the Daily Worker . As a daily newspaper, the Daily Worker covered the major stor...

Hughes, Hildur Josephine (person)

Morgenthau, Henry, 1891-1967 (person)

Epithet: US banker and diplomatist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001150.0x000351 Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (1891-1967), neighbor and life-long friend of Franklin D. Roosevelt, served under Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt as Conservation Commissioner of the State of New York from 1929 to 1933. He was also Chairman of the Advisory Commission on Agriculture, and member of the Taconic State Park Commission. Under Pres...

Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee (corporateBody)

The Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee (JAFRC) emerged in 1941superseding several earlier committees and organizations that had been developed to secure humanitarian aid for refugees of the Spanish Civil War. Along with providing humanitarian aid, the JAFRC was “dedicated to the rescue and relief of thousands of anti-fascist fighters trapped in Vichy France, and North Africa so that they [could] return to the active fight against the Axis.” Dr. Edward Barsky, leader of American me...

Untermeyer, Louis, 1885-1977 (person)

Louis Untermeyer was a noted author, editor, and translator. His tastes were eclectic, and his friendships many; he produced more than one hundred books, and volumes of letters. His numerous poetry anthologies have helped introduce verse to generations of schoolchildren. From the description of Heinrich Heine, paradox and poet, 1936. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 56550722 From the description of Louis Untermeyer letter to Judith Wright McKinn...

Davis, Benjamin J. (Benjamin Jefferson), 1903-1964 (person)

A prominent black attorney, Davis graduated from Amherst College in 1925, graduated from Harvard Law School in 1929, and returned to Georgia to practice law. He gained notoriety for his defense of Angelo Herndon in 1933 who had been accused of insurrection. Davis became actively involved with the Communist Party and moved to New York City in 1935 to edit the Daily Worker. In 1948, he was arrested under the Smith Act and received a five-year sentence. He was arrested again in 1962 for his partici...

Bunker, Ellsworth, 1894-1984 (person)

Ambassador. From the description of Reminiscences of Ellsworth Bunker : oral history, 1973. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86131282 From the description of Reminiscences of Ellsworth Bunker :koral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309722384 ...

Brown, Hayward (person)

Cronkite, Walter, 1916-2009 (person)

Schwerner, Nathan (person)

National Welfar Rights Organization (corporateBody)

Gromyko, Andreĭ Andreevich 1909-1989 (person)

Pittman, Margrit, 1919-2013 (person)

Margrit Pittman was a working class journalist and lifelong advocate of world peace, equality, and socialism. Pittman served for many years on the staff of the Worker and its successor newspapers, the Daily World and the People’s Weekly World. Her lifelong partner in that endeavor was her journalist husband, John Pittman, an outstanding African American writer and editor. He was co-editor of the Daily World when it was launched in 1968. She served as editor of World Magazine and as editor of t...

Rokossovskii, Konstantin Konstantinovich (person)

Bobb, John, Jr. (person)

Michelman, William (person)

Kosygin, Aleksey Nikolayevich, 1904-1980 (person)

Balanoff, James (person)

Odetta, 1930-2008 (person)

Anointed as the queen of American folk music by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Odetta Gordon, a coloratura soprano, was born Odetta Holmes on December 31, 1930 in Birmingham, Alabama. When she lost her father, Rueben Holmes, at a young age, her mother, Flora, remarried and gave the children their stepfather's name, Felious. Moving to Los Angeles with her family in 1936 at age six, Odetta began studying classical music. After graduating from high school, she attended Los Angeles City College where ...

McCarthy, Joseph, 1908-1957 (person)

Powell, Larry Clayton (person)

Sanchez, Pepe and Flora (person)

Moultrie, Mary (person)

Cavanagh, Jerome P. (person)

Mayor of the City of Detroit. From the description of Jerome P. Cavanagh papers, 1960-1979. (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record id: 32321236 ...

Franco, Francisco (person)

Obote, A. Milton (Apollo Milton), 1924-2005 (person)

Gandhi, Rajiv, 1944-1991 (person)

Pena, Lazaro (person)

Marcantonio, Vito - With Unemployed (person)

Wheatley, Phillis, c. 1753-1784 (person)

Phillis Wheatley (c. 1753-1784), first Black woman poet in America, was brought as an African slave in about 1761 to Boston, Mass., where she was purchased by John Wheatley. Educated in the Wheatley household, first by Wheatley's wife Susannah and later by his daughter Mary, Phillis Wheatley began writing poems in her early teens. It was through her published poetry that she became a member of Boston's literati and travelled briefly to England, returning in 1773 during Mrs. Wheatley's final illn...

Foster, William Z., 1881-1961 (person)

Chairman, United States Communist Party. From the description of Papers, 1922-1961. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 29853708 ...

Scott, Lois (person)

Frunze, M. V. (Mikhail Vasilʹevich), 1885-1925 (person)

Zhukov, Georgi (person)

Galbraith, John Kenneth, 1908-2006 (person)

Galbraith taught economics at Harvard. From the description of Papers of John Kenneth Galbraith, 1958. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76973248 John Kenneth Galbraith was born in Iona Station, Ontario, Canada in 1908. He emigrated to the United States in 1931 and became an American citizen in 1937. He received degrees from Ontario Agricultural College (1931), University of California (1933, 1934), and studied at Cambridge, England (1937-38). His academic career has...

Jara, Joan (person)

Finch, Robert (person)

Progressive Party (United States) (corporateBody)

Gehrig, Lou, 1903-1941 (person)

Lou Gehrig played his entire career with the New York Yankees (1923-1939). He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1939. From the description of Letter, [1939-1941]. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47294733 ...

Innis, Roy, 1934- (person)

National Chairman of The Congress of Racial Equality. From the description of Roy Innis correspondence, 1985. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 727390345 ...

Kennedy, Kerry (person)

Schreiber, Judith - Art of (person)

Mandela, Winnie (person)

Rivera, Hector (person)

Mangaoang, Baba Jeanne (person)

Powell, Marvin (person)

Toivo, Toivo Hermann ja (person)

Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984 (person)

Dramatist. From the description of The autumn garden : playscript, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131544 Lillian Hellman (1905-1984), playwright and screenwriter. From the description of These three : (Hellman story), 1935. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702193196 Lillian Hellman, America’s most significant woman playwright of the twentieth century, was born on June 20, 1905, in New Orleans to Max and Julia Newhouse Hellman. Her e...

Favorskiĭ, Vladimir Andreevich, 1886-1964 (person)

Nguyen, Thi Binh (person)

Spassky, Boris Vasilyevich (person)

Brennan, Peter J., 1918-1996 (person)

Peter Joseph Brennan was born May 24, 1918 in New York, New York, the son of John J. and Agnes (Moore) Brennan. His father was an ironworker who died when he was three. After attending the College of the City of New York, he became an apprentice painter and joined Local 1456 of the Painter's Union. He married Josephine Brickley. During World War II, he served in the Naval Reserve. His career as a union official started when he was elected as Business Manager of Local 1456 in 1947. In 1951, he be...

Dempsey, Jack (person)

DiMaggio, Joe, 1914-1999 (person)

Joseph Paul DiMaggio was born Giuseppe Paolo DiMaggio, Jr., on November 25, 1914, in Martinez, California. Nicknamed Joltin' Joe DiMaggio, and sometimes called the Yankee Clipper, DiMaggio play his entire baseball career with the New York Yankess from 1936 to 1951. He died on March 8, 1999. From the description of DiMaggio, Joe, 1914-1999 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10582294 ...

Carter, Edward Carlos, 1928-.... (person)

Benjamin Henry Latrobe was an architect and engineer. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1799. From the guide to the The papers of Benjamin Henry Latrobe, the microtext edition /Edward C. Carter II, editor in chief; Thomas E. Jeffrey, microfiche editor., 1976, (American Philosophical Society) ...

Fuentes, Luis (person)

Wilkerson, Doxey Alphonso, 1905-1993 (person)

An African-American educator, Doxey A. Wilkerson, made significant contributions to early childhood education and teacher education for secondary school, especially with regard to minority and disadvantaged students. Wilkerson was a professor of education at Howard University from 1935-1943 and served as a research associate for the Carnegie Corporation study of the Negro in America, 1939-1940. He served as national vice president of the American Federation of Teachers (...

Leonov, A. A. (Alekseĭ Arkhipovich) (person)

Ndlovu, Callistus Phios (person)

St. Clair, James D., 1920-2001 (person)

Nearing, Scott, 1883-1983 (person)

Radical professor; socialist; pacifist during World War I era; author and lecturer; leader of "back-to-the-earth" movement. From the description of Papers, 1943-1988. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 20061606 American sociologist. From the description of Letter [manuscript] : Toledo, Ohio, to Eckstein Case, Cleveland, Ohio, 1917 April 18. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647806119 Scott Nearing began his career as a t...

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940 (person)

Lev Davidovich Bronstein[a] (7 November [O.S. 26 October] 1879 – 21 August 1940), better known as Leon Trotsky, was a Ukrainian revolutionary, political theorist and politician. Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism known as Trotskyism. Born to a wealthy Ukrainian-Jewish family in Yanovka (now Bereslavka), Trotsky embraced Marxism after moving to Nikolayev in 1896. In 1898, he was arrested for revolutionary activities and subsequently exiled to Siberia. He escaped from ...

Carlos, Juan (person)

Students for a Democratic Society (corporateBody)

Judd, Orrin B. (person)

Moro, Aldo, 1916-1978 (person)

Robaina, Roberto (person)

Bishop, Maurice (person)

Rodriguez, Veronica (person)

Tydings, Joseph D. (Joseph Davies), 1928-2018 (person)

Lawyer and former United State Senator from Maryland. From the description of Joseph D. Tydings papers, 1930-1986 (bulk 1964-1970). (University of Maryland Libraries). WorldCat record id: 22233155 Joseph Davies Tydings was born on May 4, 1928, in Asheville, North Carolina, to Thomas Cheeseborough and Eleanor Davies Cheeseborough. At the age of six, his mother divorced Cheeseborough; she later married Millard Tydings of Havre de Grace, Maryland, who adopted her s...

Bloice, Carl (person)

Bork, Robert H (person)

Biographical Note 1927, Mar. 1 Born, Pittsburgh, Pa. 1944 1945 Attended University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa. 1945 1946 Member, ...

Rodríguez, Silvio, 1946- (person)

Goldberg, Howard (person)

Rosenberg, Julius (person)

History In the early 1950's, the fate of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, convicted and sentenced to death on charges of having given information on the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union, became an international cause. Viewed by many supporters as victims of Cold War hysteria and anti-communism, the Rosenbergs were the focus of an intensive effort by a number of organizations which attempted to save their lives through mass protests, petitions, and ...

Kosciuszko, Tadeusz (person)

Podgorny, Nikolai (person)

Counts, Gus (person)

Tyner, Jarvis - With Others (person)