Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794

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English orientalist and jurist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Mr. Cadell, bookseller, 1775 Jan. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270488044

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "Crishna nagar", to Thomas Law in Behar, 1787 Sept. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270486812

William Jones (1746-1794) was a British lawyer in India and pioneer of comparative linguistic studies. Born in London in 1746, Jones later enrolled at University College, Oxford in 1764 and began studying linguistics and Oriental culture and literature. Jones studied Greek, Latin, Persian, Arabic and Sanskrit, becoming an expert in the field of comparative and historic linguistics. He spent several years after graduating working on translations of texts from these languages. After receiving his degree, he studied law at Middle Temple in London from 1770-1773. In 1772, William Jones became a fellow of the Royal Society as well as a practicing lawyer. In 1783 he was knighted, becoming Sir William Jones, and was appointed to a position as a judge in British-controlled India. Jones continuted his studies of Oriental languages and literature in India, and during this time produced additional translations as well as original works. In addition to language and literature, Jones produced works on botony, astrology, zoology and law. In 1784 Sir William Jones founded the Asiatic Society with the purpose of promoting the study of Asiatic cultures and languages. Jones continued his studies and his work as a judge until his death in Calcutta in 1794.

Sources: Cannon, Garland. The Collected Works of Sir William Jones, Vol., New York: NYU Press, 2003. Jones, Sir William. The Poetical Works of Sir William Jones with the life of the author, Vol.1 London: Cadell and Davies, 1807.

From the guide to the Sir William Jones Manuscripts, ca. 1100-1794, (© 2012 Fales Library and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. [Notebook], [ca. 1785]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Chapman, Frederic, 1823-1895,. American and English literary and historical papers collected by Atcheson L. Hench [manuscript] 1814-1890. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Persian [grammar], [17--?]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Autograph letter signed W. Jones to: "Dear Sir" February 23, 1785. Wellesley College
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Prose writings / by Sir William Jones.
referencedIn Spencer, George John Spencer, Earl, 1758-1834,. Autograph letter signed from George John Spencer, Earl Spencer, Wimbledon Park, to William Hayley? [manuscript], 1795 August 21. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn [Commonplace book], [early 19th century]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Autograph letter signed : London, to Mr. Cadell, bookseller, 1775 Jan. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sir William Jones Manuscripts, ca. 1100-1794 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Albert Stephens Borgman autograph collection, 1600-1950. Houghton Library
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Precedents of pleading, 1775. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Donald Hyde and Mary Hyde Eccles Autograph Collection, 1505-1957 (inclusive), 1702-1854 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Prose : [fragmentary] / attributed to Sir William Jones.
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Persian [grammar], [17--?]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Glasse, George Henry, 1761-1809. Correspondence, 1757-1808 (bulk: 1778-1808) Houghton Library
referencedIn Ghulam Husein Khan, Taba-ta-bai, 1727 or 8 - . Siyar-ul-Mutakherin, [ca. 1790]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hill, Thomas, 1760-1840. Letter, Covent Garden, to Rev. Thomas Maurice, 1799 February 13. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Autograph letter signed : "Crishna nagar", to Thomas Law in Behar, 1787 Sept. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Jenks, William, 1778-1866. Collection of Arabic and Oriental manuscripts, ca. 1799-ca. 1830. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794. Sir William Jones, letter : ALS, [17--] Dec. 8. UC Berkeley Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Borgman, Albert Stephens, 1890-1954 person
associatedWith Cadell, T. (Thomas), 1742-1802, person
associatedWith Forbes, Duncan, 1798-1868 person
associatedWith Ghulam Husein Khan, Taba-ta-bai, 1727 or 8 - . person
correspondedWith Glasse, George Henry, 1761-1809 person
associatedWith Hardinge, George, d. 1816, person
associatedWith Hill, Thomas, 1760-1840. person
associatedWith Kenyon, Lloyd Kenyon, Baron, 1732-1802. person
associatedWith Law, Thomas, 1759-1834, person
associatedWith Lincoln's Inn (London, England) corporateBody
associatedWith Middle Temple (London, England) corporateBody
associatedWith Spencer, George John Spencer, Earl, 1758-1834, person
associatedWith Wallace, James, d. 1783. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Subject
Manuscripts, Bengali
Devanagari type
Pleading
Persian language--Grammar
India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947
Manuscripts, Persian
Prose
Zodiac
Manuscripts, Sanskrit
Linguistics
Persian language and literature--Grammar
Porcelain--Oriental
Oriental philology
Forms (Law)
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1746-09-28

Death 1794-04-27

Britons

Persian,

English

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