Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967

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Serafino Romualdi was born in Bastia Umbra (Perugia), Italy on November 18, 1900. He graduated from Teachers' College (Perugia) in 1917 and began teaching grade school. He was a civilian member of the Italian Government's Commission for the Requisition of Cereals in 1919 and 1920, returning to teaching in 1921. Romualdi was editor of a weekly labor paper in Pesaro, Italy called "Il Progresso" during 1922, but was compelled, because of his opposition to Fascism, to leave for the United States in 1923. He first settled in Chicago, where he became editor of another weekly paper "La Parola del Popolo" . In addition, Romualdi joined the Typographers Union as a linotype operator. In 1926, he was employed by the Italian Labor Publishing Company in Chicago.

In 1928, Romualdi moved to New York, where he became editorial writer for the Italian Language Daily trade union Newspaper "Il Mundo", jointly owned by the Italian locals of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. In 1933, be joined the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union as a member of the Editorial and Publicity Departments.

In July 1941, Romualdi went to Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil, where as a representative of the Free Italy Committee he directed a campaign to enlist the Italian population in those countries to the side of the Allies. After Pearl Harbor, he joined the staff of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs, Nelson Rockefeller. Romualdi founded the Italian-American Committee for Democratic Education with headquarters in Montevideo, Uruguay. He also worked closely with the Committee for the Political Defense of the Continent, whose main objective was to counteract the activities of the Nazi and Fascist agents.

In 1943, Romualdi returned to Washington where where he worked in the labor division of the Coordinator's office, then headed by John Herling. He joined the Office of Strategic Services in May 1944, where he remained until April 1945, when he was assigned to make a survey of the effects of United States policy in Europe on the large European population in South America.

Romualdi resumed his work with the ILGWU in the fall of 1945, and was assigned by the American Federation of Labor to establish contacts with Latin American Labor with the view of promoting closer cooperation between the democratic trade unions of the two continents. In this capacity, he toured Central and South America several times; was a member of the AFL labor delegation that visited Argentina in January 1947 and was one of the AFL delegates to the conference at Lima, Peru (in January 1948) at which the Inter-American Confederation of Workers was organized. Later, in 1951, he played a leading role in the organizing the Inter-American Regional Organization of Workers (ORIT), of which he became Assistant Secretary and editor of its Inter-American Labor Bulletin.

In March 1948, Romualdi was appointed full time Latin American representative of the AFL. He was a member of the Joint AFL-CIO Commission that investigated labor conditions in the Central Zone in January 1949, and was a member of the US delegation to the conventions of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) held in Milan, in 1951; Vienna in (1955) and Tunis in 1957.

Romualdi attended ILO conferences either as a US labor delegate or Labor advisor: in Mexico City and Montreal in 1946; San Francisco in 1948; Montevideo in 1960 and Buenos Aires in 1961. In August 1957 he attended the Inter-American Economic Conference held in Buenos Aires as a labor advisor to the US delegation. He attended, also as an advisor, the Punta del Este Conference in August 1961, at which the Alliance for Progress was launched. Romualdi also attended various presidential inaugurations of Latin American countries, either as a representative or a personal guest.

After the 1955 merger of the AFL and the CIO, Romualdi was named Inter-American Representative of the new organization and Executive Secretary of the AFL-CIO Inter-American Affairs Committee. Shortly after the establishment of the American Institute for Free Labor Development in 1961, in which he played a leading role, Romualdi became its Executive Director. The institute, a non-profit organization supported by labor, business and government, trained selected young leaders from Latin American and Caribbean nations in trade union fundamentals, the democratic process, defense tactics against infiltration by totalitarians or racketeers and the role of unions in the community.

In September 1965, be retired from his posts with the AFL-CIO and the AIFLD to undertake consulting work and to complete his memoirs, entitled Presidents and Peons, which were published in 1967 by Funk and Wagnalls. Mr. Romualdi was married to the former Miriam Blecher Friedman. Each had a son by a previous marriage. Serafino Romualdi died in November 1967.

From the guide to the Serafino Romualdi papers, 1936-1967 [bulk 1946-1966]., (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library)

Labor editor, lecturer, and expert in Latin American affairs, Romualdi was Inter-American representative of the A.F. of L. and AFL-CIO, co-founded the Inter-American Regional Organization of Workers and the American Institute for Free Labor Development, and held various posts for the U.S. government.

From the description of Serafino Romualdi. Series 7. Lectures, 1955-1967. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63890989

From the description of Series 2. Correspondence in Italian, 1943-1961. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541061

From the description of Series 6. Post-retirement correspondence, 1961-1967. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541056

From the description of Series 3. General correspondence, 1943-1967. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541060

From the description of Serafino Romualdi. Series 8. Presidents and peons. Typescript drafts, 1965-1967. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541052

From the description of Series 4. Documents of various international associations, 1936-1965. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541059

From the description of Serafino Romualdi. Series 9. Miscellaneous correspondence, files and clippings, 1951-1968. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541051

Labor editor, lecturer, and expert in Latin American affairs, Romualdi was Inter-American representative of the A.F. of L. and AFL-CIO, and co-founded the Inter-American Regional Organization of Workers and the American Institute for Free Labor Development, and held various posts for the U.S. government.

From the description of Serafino Romualdi series 5. manuscripts and clippings of articles by and about Romualdi, 1941-1968. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541058

Labor editor, lecturer, and expert in Latin American affairs, Romualdi was Inter-American Representative of the A.F. of L. and AFL-CIO, co-founded the Inter-American Regional Organization of Workers and the American Institute for Free Labor Development, and held various posts for the U.S. government.

From the description of Series 1. Latin American correspondence, 1943-1966, bulk, 1950-1965. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 74924269

Labor editor, lecturer, and expert in Latin American affairs, Romualdi was Inter-American representative of the A.F. of L. and AFL-CIO, co-founded the Inter-American Regional Organization of Workers and the American Institute for Free Labor Development, and held various posts for the U.S. government.

Serafino Romualdi was born in Italy in 1900. He was compelled, because of his opposition to fascism, to leave his homeland for the United States in 1923. Romualdi first settled in Chicago, where he became editor of the weekly paper LA PAROLA DEL POPOLO. In addition, Romualdi joined the Typographers Union as a linotype operator. In 1926, he was employed by the Italian Labor Publishing Company in Chicago.

In 1928, Romualdi moved to New York, where he became editorial writer for IL MUNDO; the jointly owned Italian language organ of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. In 1933, he joined the ILGWU as a member of the Editorial and Publicity Departments.

During WW II, Romualdi served on the staff of the co-ordinator of inter-American affairs, Nelson Rockefeller; founded the Italian-American Committee for Democratic Education; worked closely with the Committee for the Political Defense of the Continent and served in the Office of Strategic Services.

Romualdi resumed his work with the ILGWU in the fall of 1945, and was assigned by the American Federation of Labor to establish contacts with Latin American labor with the view of promoting closer cooperation between the democratic trade-unions of the two continents. He contributed to the establishment of the Inter-American Confederation of Workers (1948) and played a leading role in organizing the Inter-American Regional Organization of Workers (ORIT) (1951). Romualdi became assistant secretary of the latter and editor of its INTER-AMERICAN LABOR BULLETIN.

In March 1948, Romualdi was appointed full time Latin American representative of the A.F. of L. As a U.S. labor delegate or as labor advisor, Romualdi attended conferences of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Punta del Este Conference in August 1961, at which the Alliance for Progress was launched.

Romualdi was named inter-American representative of the newly merged AFL-CIO and executive secretary of its Inter-American Affairs Committee. He played a leading role in the establishment of the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD) in 1961, and served as its executive director.

In September 1965, he retired from his posts with the AFL-CIO and the AIFLD to undertake consulting work and to complete his memoirs, entitled PRESIDENTS AND PEONS, published the year of his death, 1967.

From the description of Romualdi, Serafino. Papers, 1936-1967, bulk 1946-1966. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63541062

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Grant, Frances R. Frances Grant collection, 1897-1986 (bulk 1917-1986). Rutgers University
referencedIn Ruth Fischer papers, 1925-1961 (inclusive) 1940-1961 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn National Institute of Labor Education. Series 3. Inter-organizational files, 1957-1971. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Series 3. General correspondence, 1943-1967. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Serafino Romualdi. Series 8. Presidents and peons. Typescript drafts, 1965-1967. Cornell University Library
referencedIn National Institute of Labor Education. Series 4. President's files, 1957-1969. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Serafino Romualdi series 5. manuscripts and clippings of articles by and about Romualdi, 1941-1968. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Series 2. Correspondence in Italian, 1943-1961. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Series 4. Documents of various international associations, 1936-1965. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Alberto Cupelli Papers, 1933-1973 University of Minnesota Libraries. Immigration History Research Center [ihrc]
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Series 6. Post-retirement correspondence, 1961-1967. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Romualdi, Serafino. Papers, 1936-1967, bulk 1946-1966. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Serafino Romualdi. Series 9. Miscellaneous correspondence, files and clippings, 1951-1968. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Series 1. Latin American correspondence, 1943-1966, bulk, 1950-1965. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Romualdi, Serafino, 1900-1967. Serafino Romualdi. Series 7. Lectures, 1955-1967. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Boris Souvarine papers, 1915-1984 (inclusive), 1940-1984 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Serafino Romualdi papers, 1936-1967 [bulk 1946-1966]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Cupelli, Alberto, b. 1905. Papers, 1933-1973. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Latin America
Italy
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
Venezuela
Uruguay
Latin America
Nicaragua
Ecuador
Bolivia
Mexico
Uruguay
Brazil
Chile
Latin America
Cuba
Cuba
Latin America
Brazil
Chile
Italy
Guatemala
El Salvador
Brazil
Cuba
Argentina
Haiti
Bolivia
Peru
Uruguay
Guatemala
Cuba
Latin America
Brazil
Trinidad and Tobago
Costa Rica
Jamaica
Latin America
Puerto Rico
Bolivia
Latin America
Argentina
Argentina
Latin America
Chile
Colombia
Chile
Belize
Venezuela
Guatemala
Peru
Latin America
Bahamas
Peru
Honduras
Cuba
Argentina
Costa Rica
Guyana
Subject
Communism
Communism
Communism
Government consultants
Industrial relations
International labor activities
Italians
Italians
Italians
Italians
Italians
Labor
Labor and laboring classes
Labor movement
Labor unions
Labor unions
Labor unions and communism
Labor unions and communism
Labor unions and communism
Land reform
Land reform
Pan
Peronism
Trade-unions
Trade-unions
Trade-unions
Trade-unions
Trade-unions
Trade-unions
Trade-unions
Trade-unions
Trade-unions
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Working class
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1900

Death 1967

English,

Italian,

Spanish; Castilian

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