Syphax, Charles, 1791-1869

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Charles Syphax was born 1791 to an enslaved woman at Mount Vernon estate in Virginia and a free black preacher. He was a dower slave, owned by Martha Washington as part of the Custis estate. In 1802 George Washington Parke Custis inherited ownership of Syphax, and Syphax was moved to Arlington House in Virginia. In 1821, Charles Syphax married Maria Carter, the daughter of a enslaved woman named Arianna from the Mount Vernon estate.

In 1826 Custis freed Maria Carter Syphax and her children, and gave her a seventeen-acre plot within the Arlington plantation. Charles Syphax passed away 1869.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Document, Slave Census, 1799 July George Washington Presidential Library at Mount Vernon
referencedIn Mount Vernon slavery database, approximately 1740-1809 George Washington Presidential Library at Mount Vernon
Relation Name
associatedWith Arlington (Plantation : Va.) corporateBody
ownedBy Custis, George Washington Parke, 1781-1857 person
associatedWith Mount Vernon (Va. : Estate) corporateBody
memberOf Syphax family (Arlington, Va.) family
ownedBy Washington, Martha, 1731-1802 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arlington VA US
Mount Vernon VA US


Birth 1791

Death 1810



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Ark ID: w6hf8kx4

SNAC ID: 85316639