Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844

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From Jacksonville, Illinois, sixth governor of the state, had previously served in the War of 1812, the Black Hawk War, the state legislature, and U.S. Congress. Born in Paris, Kentucky, came to Illinois, where his brother Matthew was the publisher of the Kaskaskia "Herald", after the War of 1812. He married Elizabeth Caldwell Smith in 1828 and the couple moved to Jacksonville, Ill. Duncan had been quite wealthy, but due to financial problems within the state and a corrupt relative, he died leaving his wife and 7 children penniless.

From the description of Family papers, 1804-1920. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 56434056

Duncan was a four-term Illinois congressman and served as governor, 1834-1838.

From the description of Papers, 1831-1843. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 695999138

Illinois governor, 1834-1838.

From the description of Letters, 1838, 1841. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761092

From the description of Document: Vandalia, Ill., 1838 Jan. 11. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761064

From the description of Papers, 1835-1836. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761108

From the description of Documents, 1832-1845. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761068

From the description of Documents, 1838, 1852. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761072

From the description of Document: Jacksonville, Ill., 1839 June 25. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761056

From the description of Letter: Jacksonville, [Ill.], to H. H. Dearborn, 1833 Aug. 20. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761083

From the description of Document: Vandalia, Ill., 1835 Aug. 12. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761059

From the description of Document: Vandalia, Ill., 1836 May 8. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29761174

From the description of Letters : Elm Grove, [Jacksonville, Ill.], to Geo[rge] T.M. Davis, 1839, 1842. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29888344

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Letters : Elm Grove, [Jacksonville, Ill.], to Geo[rge] T.M. Davis, 1839, 1842. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Family papers, 1804-1920. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Document: Vandalia, Ill., 1835 Aug. 12. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Letter: Jacksonville, [Ill.], to H. H. Dearborn, 1833 Aug. 20. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Shaw, Joseph. Letter, Dec. 17, 1837. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Hardin, John J., 1810-1847. Letter : Jacksonville, [Ill.], to Sam[ue]l Whiteside, Belleville, Ill., 1831 Dec. 26. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Papers, 1831-1843. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Patterson, J. B. (John Barton), 1805-1890. Papers, 1835, 1839. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Thornton, William F. (William Fitzhugh), 1789-1873. Papers, 1797-1905. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Coles, Edward, 1786-1868. Documents, 1823, 1825. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Document: Vandalia, Ill., 1836 May 8. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Papers, 1835-1836. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Davis, Levi, 1806-1897. Document : Hancock County, Illinois, 1848 Nov. 1. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Letters, 1838, 1841. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Document: Vandalia, Ill., 1838 Jan. 11. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Baker, David Jewett, 1792-1869. Letters: to his wife Sarah, 1830-1831. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Document: Jacksonville, Ill., 1839 June 25. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Duncan-Kirby Family. Papers, 1814-1937. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. Letter, 1835 July 1, Boston, to Gov. Duncan. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Documents, 1832-1845. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Illinois. Governor (1834-1838 : Duncan). Deed to forty acres of land sold to Thomas Lincoln by the state of Illinois, 1836 July 2. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Duncan family. Document: Jacksonville, Ill., 1858 July 12. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Illinois. Governor (1834-1838 : Duncan). Joseph Duncan correspondence, 1834-1838. Illinois State Archive
creatorOf Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844. Documents, 1838, 1852. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Illinois. Governor (1834-1838 : Duncan). Deed to forty acres of land sold to Thomas Lincoln by the state of Illinois, 1836 July 2. Texas Christian University
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Archer, William Beaty, 1792-1870. person
associatedWith Baker, David Jewett, 1792-1869. person
associatedWith Bennett, Milo. person
associatedWith Coles, Edward, 1786-1868. person
associatedWith Davis, G. T. M. (George Turnbull Moore), 1810-1888, person
associatedWith Davis, Levi, 1806-1897. person
associatedWith Dearborn, H. H., person
associatedWith Duncan, Elizabeth, d. 1876. person
associatedWith Duncan family. family
associatedWith Duncan family. family
associatedWith Duncan-Kirby Family. family
associatedWith Field, Alexander Pope, 1800-1876, person
associatedWith Hardin, John J., 1810-1847. person
associatedWith Howard, Sullivan, b. 1806. person
associatedWith Illinois. Governor (1834-1838 : Duncan) corporateBody
associatedWith Illinois. School for the Deaf, Jacksonville. corporateBody
associatedWith Ingalls, Darius, 1793-1867. person
associatedWith Matheny, Charles R., 1786-1839. person
associatedWith Patterson, J. B. (John Barton), 1805-1890. person
associatedWith Peck, John Mason, 1789-1858. person
associatedWith Shaw, Joseph. person
associatedWith Stuart, John Todd, 1807-1885. person
associatedWith Thornton, William F. (William Fitzhugh), 1789-1873. person
associatedWith Tyler, John, 1790-1862, person
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. corporateBody
associatedWith Warsaw Land Company (Warsaw, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. person
associatedWith Wilson, Thomas C. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Sangamon County (Ill.)
Greene County (Ill.)
Illinois
Tazewell County (Ill.)
Illinois
Illinois
Warsaw (Ill.)
Sangamon County (Ill.)
Jackson County (Ill.)
Illinois
Illinois--Jacksonville
Jacksonville (Ill.)
Illinois--Greene County
Illinois--Jackson County
Henry County (Ill.)
Illinois
Illinois
Illinois--Sangamon County
Oquawka (Ill.)
Jacksonville (Ill.)
Illinois
Illinois
United States
Illinois
Illinois--Tazewell County
Military Tract (Ill.)
Subject
Elections--1842
Governor
Lawyers
Diaries
Court records
Political Campaigns
Governors--Election--1842
Surveyors
Governors--Biography
Real property
Justices of the peace
Mormons
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1794-02-22

Death 1844-01-15

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