Short, Walter Campbell, 1880-1949

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Walter Campbell Short (March 30, 1880 – September 3, 1949) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army and the U.S. military commander responsible for the defense of U.S. military installations in Hawaii at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

On December 17, 1941, General Short was removed from command of the U.S. Army's Hawaiian Department as a result of the Japanese attack on the Hawaiian Islands. Short was ordered back to Washington, D.C. by Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall. In disgrace, he was reduced in rank from his temporary rank of lieutenant general to his permanent rank of major general, since his temporary rank was contingent on his command.

The Roberts Commission, headed by U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Owen J. Roberts, was formed soon after the attack on the Hawaiian Islands. General Short, along with Navy Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet and Pacific Fleet, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, was accused of being unprepared and charged with dereliction of duty. The report charged that Short and Kimmel did not take seriously enough an earlier war warning and did not prepare for an air attack at Pearl Harbor.

On February 28, 1942, he retired from the Army and then headed the traffic department at a Ford Motor Company plant in Dallas, Texas. He briefly returned to active duty from October 3, 1945 to February 28, 1946. He retired in 1946 and died in 1949 in Dallas of a chronic heart ailment.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS {NOV. 21} National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Kimmel, Husband Edward, 1882-1968. Husband Edward Kimmel Papers, 1907-1999. Univerisity of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
creatorOf Short, Walter Campbell, 1880-1949. Mexico travel photographs, f ca. 1915-1920. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Kimmel, Husband Edward, 1882-1968. Letter, June 3, 1958. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
referencedIn Husband Edward Kimmel Papers, 1907-1999 Univerisity of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS {DEC 9} National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. (OVERSEAS ACTIVITY. 1941.) National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Short, Walter C. The Walter C. Short papers, 1941-1973. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [NOV. 21] National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Short, Walter Campbell, 1880-1949. Walter Campbell Short papers, 1901-1992. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Biography -- Short, Walter C. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
creatorOf Walter Campbell Short papers, 1901-1992 Hoover Institution Archives
Place Name Admin Code Country
Dallas TX US
Illinois IL US
Subject
Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941
World War, 1939-1945
World War, 1939-1945
Occupation
United States
United States. Army
Activity

Person

Birth 1880-03-30

Death 1949-03-09

Male

Americans

English

Information

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