Ashe, Arthur Robert, Jr., 1943-1993

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Arthur Ashe, African-American tennis champion and human rights activist, was born in Richmond, Virginia in 1943 and first played tennis on local segregated park courts. Educated at UCLA, he played on and captained numerous Davis Cup teams, and competed in tournaments throughout the world winning the United States Open in 1968, the Australian Open in 1970, and Wimbledon in 1975. He served as an early director of the Association of Tennis Professionals, a players' union which attempted to reform the sport in the 1970s, as well as on other boards and advisory committees concerned with education, civil rights, sports, and health. Ashe actively campaigned against Apartheid in South Africa, and, after his retirement from tennis in 1980 due to a heart condition, became a noted writer and commentator on sports and society. In 1992, after announcing that he had AIDS, acquired from a blood transfusion following heart bypass surgery, Ashe became active in raising funds and increasing awareness of the disease. He was the author of a three-volume history of African-American athletes, "A Hard Road to Glory: a History of the African-American Athlete," as well as instructional books and three autobiographies, "Portrait in Motion with Frank Deford," "Off the Court with Neil Amdur, and Day of Grace: a Memoir, with Arnold Rampersad." Ashe died in New York City in 1993.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf National Press Club (U.S.). Luncheon speakers collection [sound recording]. Library of Congress
referencedIn David Dinkins Papers, 1941-2001, [Bulk Dates: 1985-1993]. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Records of Temporary Committees, Commissions, and Boards. 1893 - 2008. Video Recordings Relating to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
referencedIn Harvard Medical School. Media Services. Special events photographs, 1992-1998. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn American Committee on Africa. Archives 1948-1988. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Papers of Florynce Kennedy, (inclusive), (bulk), 1915-2004, 1947-1993 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Andrews, Wyatt. Valediction addresses at the University of Virginia [manuscript],, 1948, 1980-1998. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Chuck Stone Papers, 1931-2007 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Ashe, Arthur. Arthur Ashe archive, 1959-2003. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Pardee, Jeanne C. University Archives reference file [manuscript], 1996-2002 University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records of the Central Intelligence Agency. 1894 - 2002. Moving Images Relating to Intelligence and International Relations. 1947 - 1984. Arthur Claims the Gold
creatorOf University of Virginia. Office of the President. Papers of the president [manuscript], 1972-1991 (bulk 1989-1990). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Andrews, Wyatt. Valediction addresses at the University of Virginia [manuscript], 1948, 1980-1998. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn News and Information Services (University of Michigan) photograph series D (faculty and staff portraits), 1946-2006, 1950-1990 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Spong, William B. (William Belser), 1920-1997. Papers of William B. Spong [manuscript], 1957-1988. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Official Military Personnel File of Arthur R. Ashe. 1963-1969. National Archives at St. Louis
Relation Name
associatedWith American Committee on Africa. corporateBody
associatedWith Austin, Henry Wilfrid, 1906-2000 person
associatedWith Dinkins, David N. person
associatedWith Harvard Medical School. Media Services. corporateBody
associatedWith Kennedy, Florynce person
associatedWith National Press Club (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Stan, 1946- person
associatedWith Spong, William B. (William Belser), 1920-1997. person
associatedWith Stone, Chuck person
memberOf United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. News and Information Services corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. Office of the President. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York NY US
Richmond VA US
Subject
AIDS (Disease)--Patients
Apartheid
Tennis players--Biography
Sports--Social aspects
Discrimination in sports
African Americans--Civil rights
Sports--Moral and ethical aspects
African American athletes--Biography
Occupation
Civil rights activists
Tennis players
Athletes
Function

Person

Birth 1943-07-10

Death 1993-02-06

Male

Americans

English

Information

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