Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status

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The office of secretarius intimus (private secretary) was entrusted by Leo X (1513-1521) to Pietro Ardighello, an assistant to Cardinal Giulio de' Medici (the future Clement VII [1523-1534] and a cousin of Leo X), who took over the direction of foreign affairs dealing with all correspondence in the vernacular, especially with the apostolic nuncios who were entrusted by that time with diplomatic missions of a permanent character. The correspondence was carried on in the name but no longer under the signature of the pope. So began what has evolved into the modern Secretariat of State.

The office was subsequently directed by the cardinal nephew acting in his capacity as the prime minister of the pope, and thus gradually developed as an office of considerable power and influence, especially during the period of the Council of Trent (1545-1563).

The secretarius intimus, who was also known as the secretary of the pope, or major secretary (secretarius papae/maior) was nearly always invested with episcopal rank. In order to ensure for themselves a greater freedom of action and protection from the pressure of the other cardinals, the popes began to entrust their secretarial work to a prelate chosen from among their own relations and known as the cardinalis-nepos (cardinal nephew). Only at the beginning of the pontificate of Innocent X (1644) was this high office entrusted to a person already a cardinal and not a member of the family of the pope. The appointment of Giangiacomo Panciroli to this office (perhaps the first time the title secretary of state was used on official stationery) together with the later suppression of the Collegio dei Segreteri Apostolici by Innocent XI (constitution Romanus Pontifex, Apr. 1, 1678) were the first signs of the organization of the Secretariat of State in the modern sense of the term.

Later, Innocent XII (constitution Romanum decet Pontificem, Jun. 22, 1692) ordered the complete abolition of nepotism and the consequent elimination of the office of cardinal nephew, which had been extended to include the general superintendence of the Papal States. As a result of this action the office of the Secretariat of State became a reality with a cardinal at the head with the affirmed title of secretary of state. This office would centralize the direction of all political affairs, both internal and external, of the Holy See.

The direction assumed by the Secretariat of State by the end of the seventeenth century was maintained unchanged throughout the eighteenth and remained substantially the same even after the restoration of the Papal States in 1814. However, some restructuring occurred as when (Aug. 3, 1814) Carlo Mauri was named sostituto and absorbed, along with his other responsibilities, the tasks of the segretario della cifra. Pius IX later (1847) established the segretario della cifra.

Gregory XVI, finding it a burden for one secretary to handle both internal and external affairs, directed a chirograph (Feb. 20, 1833) to the cardinal secretary of state instituting a Segreteria per gli Affari di Stato Interni. The new secretariat was defined as "the organ of communication for the various ministers and dicasteries of the State of all the orders relative to internal affairs." This change was of short duration. Pius IX (Aug. 1, 1846) suppressed the new office and, though retaining the two divisions of the secretariat, reunited the two offices once again under one person. Pius IX's motu proprio of December 29, 1847 named the cardinal secretary of state president of the Consiglio dei Ministri and ministro degli affari esteri. This last task was relinquished when the Ministero degli Affari Esteri was transferred to lay hands.

With the loss of the territories of the Papal States and the concurrent curtailment of the temporal power of the pope in 1870, the power and range of activities of the office of the Secretariat of State inevitably declined. The office adjusted itself quickly to the change of direction, but was not freed from some confusion until Pius X gave it a new form.

Pius X (constitution Sapienti consilio, Jun. 29, 1908) divided the Secretariat of State into three sections. This form was incorporated into the 1917 Code of Canon Law (canon 263). The three sections were: (1) extraordinary ecclesiastical affairs, presided over by the secretary of the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, who handled questions related to civil laws and concordats concluded between the Holy See and civil governments; (2) ordinary affairs under the direction of the sostituto (substitute) who directed correspondence with the nuncios and legates, prepared the nomination of members of the Roman Curia approved by the pope, replied to messages of loyalty and congratulation sent to the pope; expedited the bestowal of pontifical honors and distinctions on clerics and lay persons, had the custody and use of the cipher reserved for secret messages, and handled the appointments to the papal diplomatic corps; and (3) dispatches, documents, or briefs related to the business of the Secretariat of State, under the direction of the chancellor for apostolic briefs, who compiled and transcribed the final drafts of papal briefs. The document stipulated that the cardinal secretary of state be the "supreme moderator" of the Secretariat of State, namely, of the three sections.

Formerly the cardinal secretary of state was only a member of the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, leaving the senior cardinal present with more weight in the discussions than the secretary. In July 1925 Pius XI changed this. In a letter to Cardinal Pietro Gasparri he gave the cardinal secretary of state the title of prefect of the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.

Pius XII initiated a still broader development of the Secretariat of State, but dispensed altogether with a cardinal secretary of state during the last fourteen years of his pontificate (1944-1958), serving as his own secretary of state and leaving the heads of the first two of the three sections of the secretariat jointly in charge. John XXIII (motu proprio Boni Pastoris, Feb. 22, 1959) ordered that the Pontifical Commission for Motion Pictures, Radio, and Television be joined to the Secretariat of State as an office of the Holy See.

Paul VI (motu proprio In fructibus, Apr. 2, 1964) extended the scope of the Pontifical Commission for Motion Pictures, Radio, and Television to include the press; changed its name to the Pontifical Commission for the Media of Social Communications; and defined its functions, including that of assisting the bishops in developing the pastoral use of these media. In his reorganization of the Roman Curia on August 15, 1967 (constitution Regimini Ecclesiae universae), based on the recommendations of the Roberti Commission, the Secretariat of State was assigned a coordinating role among the congregations. The pope also defined as the major role of the secretariat that of assisting the pope in his care of the universal church. The Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs was replaced by the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church to deal with civil governments, including the supervision of papal legates. The cardinal prefect of the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church and the papal secretary of state were required to be the same person. The Secretariat of State and the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church were to supervise jointly the Pontifical Commission for the Media of Social Communications.

Quo aptius (motu proprio, Feb. 27, 1973) dissolved the Apostolic Chancery as a separate curial department and transferred its functions to the Secretariat of State's third section under the direction of the Chancery of Apostolic Letters. The Secretariat exercises supervision over the government of the Vatican City State and the publication of the Acta Apostolicae Sedis and the Annuario Pontificio (official yearbook). The General Statistics Office for the Church is also subordinate to it. It has the power to grant diplomatic and service passports issued under the name of the cardinal secretary of state, and identification cards for all the officers of the Curia.

Pope John Paul II in the apostolic constitution Pastor bonus (Jun. 28, 1988) ordered modifications of the Curia based on the broad outline of Paul VI's reorganization. The Secretariat of State now has two sections: (1) General Affairs, which assists the pope in expediting the daily business of the Holy See; coordinates curial operations; prepares drafts of documents entrusted to it by the pope; has supervisory duties over the Acta Apostolicae Sedis and the Annuario Pontificio, the Vatican Press Office, and the Central Statistics Office; and (2) Relations with States (formerly the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church, a separate body), which handles diplomatic and other relations with civil governments. The Pontifical Commission for Russia is also attached to the secretariat. A special group of fifteen cardinals offers advice to the Secretariat of State on financial matters related to the Vatican. The cardinal secretary of state is one of the palatine cardinals.

The Congregatio pro Negotiis Ecclesiasticis Extraordinariis has been associated with the Secretariat of State. See the agency history for that congregation for more information.

The records of the Secretariat of State constitute the largest section of the ASV. Taken as a whole the records amount to 4,900 linear meters.

To see a general agency history for theCuria romana, enter "FIN ID VATV214-A"

From the description of Agency history record. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145567156

Francesco Nardi was born in Vazzola-Ceneda June 18, 1808.

From the description of Spogli Francesco Nardi, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568609

Enrico Gasparri was born in Ussita on July 25, 1871, and died on May 20, 1946. He was apostolic delegate to Chile, bishop of Velletri, subdean of the College of Cardinals, and prefect of the Signatura Apostolica. He became a cardinal on December 14, 1925.

From the description of Spoglio del Enrico Gasparri, 1914. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568428

Giuseppe Bofondi was born on October 24, 1795, in Forli. He was a distinguished student in the field of jurisprudence and served as uditore of the S. Rota between 1820 and 1842. At that point, he was appointed decano of the Rota, a post that he held until 1847. Bofondi became a cardinal on December 21, 1846, the same year in which he became pro-legato straordinario of Ravenna. In 1848 he moved to a post in the offices of the secretary of state. Bofondi was protector of the Collegio Capranica and an apostolic visitor of the hospitals S. Lucia and Brefotrofio in Narni. (Enciclopedia Cattolica and Moroni, Dizionario).

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Bofondi, 1825-1867. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568227

Very little information is available for Angelo Giansanti. The inventory to the Spolgi notes only the following: "Avvocato consistoriale del fisco e della Camera."

From the description of Spoglio del Angelo Giansanti, 1861-1864. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568448

Giovanni Janni worked in the office of Uditore di Sua Santità during the pontificates of Gregory XVI and Pius IX.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Janni, 1833-1850. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568478

Tommaso Bernetti was born in Fermo on December 29, 1779, and died there on March 21, 1852. Bernetti, a nephew of Cardinal Brancadoro, served the papacy from the early days of his ecclesiastical career. On June 27, 1827, he became a cardinal and was soon after nominated as legate to Ravenna. Due to ill health, however, he returned to Rome and in 1828, he began to work in the offices of the secretary of state. He was elevated to the dignity of vice-chancellor of the church in 1844. (Enciclopedia Cattolica, II)

From the description of Spoglio del Tommaso Bernetti, [17--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568219

Giuseppe Cardoni was born on February 28, 1802, in Balangero (Torino). He was bishop of Loreto and Recanati, and president of the Accademia pontificia dei nobili ecclesiastici.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Cardoni, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568259

Enrico Sibilia was born in Anagni on March 17, 1861, and died on August 4, 1948. He was uditore of the Rota and an apostolic nuncio to Chile (1908-1914) and Austria (1922-1935). Sibilia became a cardinal on December 16, 1935, and was bishop of Sabina and Poggio Mireto.

From the description of Spoglio del Enrico Sibilia, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568732

Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevado was born in Santopadre on December 14, 1797, and died in Rome on January 13, 1867. His ecclesiastical career was diverse. He served as avvocato concistoriale, apostolic delegate to Perugia and Spoleto (1832-1835), pro-legato pontificio of Ferrara (1835-1836), secretary of the Consulta and uditore of the Camera (after 1836). He became a cardinal on January 22, 1844, and then bishop of Senigallia (1844-1848). (Moroni, Dizionario)

From the description of Spoglio del Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo, 1832-1867. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568235

Andreas Fr¡hwirth was born in S. Anna (Styria) on August 21, 1845, and died in Rome on February 9, 1933. He served as nuncio to Bavaria. In 1915 he became cardinal. He served as penitenziere maggiore and cancelliere of the Camera.

From the description of Spogli Andrea Fruhwirth, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568405

Girolamo Feliciangeli was secretary of the nunciature to Munich, Bavaria.

From the description of Spoglio del Girolamo Feliciangeli, 1820-1830. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568371

Charles Januarius Acton was born in Naples on March 6, 1803 and died there on June 23, 1847. He became a cardinal on February 18, 1839. Acton served as a member of the following congregations: Visita Apostolica, Concistoriale, Vescovi e Regolari, Concilio, Immunita, Propaganda Fide, Indice, Riti, Disciplina Regolare, Indulgenze e Sacre Reliquie, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, Speciale per la riedificazione della Basilica di S. Paolo. He was a protector of the Nobile Accademia Ecclesiastica, Ordine dei Minori Cappuccini, Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi, PP. della Penitenza in S. Maria delle Grazie a Porta Angelica, Ordine Premonstratense, Monastero di S. Susanna alle Terme Diocleziane, Collegio Inglese, SS. Bartolomeo ed Alessandro della Nazione Bergamasca, Arciconfraternite del SS. Sacramento in S. Lorenzo in Lucina, Madonna del Buon Consiglio, SS. Celso e Giuliano in S. Maria del Soccorso, Madonna del Carmine alle tre Cannelle, Confraternita del Gonfalone e del SSmo. Rosario unite nella Chiesa di S. Maria in Monticelli, SS. Vincenzo ed Anastasio alla Regola, Comune di Genazzano, Compagnia del Buon Consiglio in Urbania, Confraternita delle Sacre Stimmate eretta in Velletri.

From the description of Spoglio del Charles Januarius Acton, 1835-1849. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568084

Michele Di Pietro, cardinal, was born in Albano on January 18, 1747, and died in Rome on July 2, 1821. He received his doctorate at Rome, taught in the Roman College, was appointed secretary for various commissions, and with his friend Cardinal Gerdil was named to the commission charged with studying the decisions of the Synod of Pistoia. He was appointed as apostolic delegate to the governor of Rome (1798) during the imprisonment of Pius VI and was patriarch of Jerusalem (1800); in 1801 he was named a cardinal. Imprisoned by Napoleon (1811) he was freed for the negotiations at Fontainbleau and was one of those who advised Pius VII to revoke the pseudo-agreements of the concordat. On his return to Rome he became bishop of Albano (1820). He was prefect of the Indice, the penitenziere maggiore, and a member of various congregations. (Moroni, Dizionario; Enciclopedia Cattolica, v. IV, 1683).

From the description of Spoglio del Michele Di Pietro, 1802-1818. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568354

Raphael Merry del Val was born in London on October 10, 1865, and died in Rome on February 26, 1930. He was president of the Pontificia Accademia dei Nobili Ecclesiastici. Merry del Val became a cardinal and was nominated secretary of state by Pius X on November 9, 1904. Later, he also became secretary of the Holy Office.

From the description of Spoglio del Raffaele Merry del Val, ca. 1890-1906. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568567

: Johannes Baptist Franzelin was born in Altino on April 15, 1816, and died in Rome on February 11, 1886. He became a Jesuit priest and a celebrated theologian. Franzelin became a cardinal on April 3, 1876.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Battista Franzelin. [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568396

No information could be found for Eugenio Giordani.

From the description of Spoglio del Eugenio Giordani, 1840. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568451

Luigi Ciani served as archivist for the office of the Secretary of State.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Ciani, [17--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568296

Lorenzo Simonetti was born in Rome and died there on January 9, 1855. He was successively secretary of the Congregazione degli Studi and assessor of the Inquisizione. He became a cardinal on November 24, 1845, and became segretario dei memoriali.

From the description of Spoglio del Lorenzo Simonetti, ca. 1849-1856 (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568741

Giovanni Rusconi was vice-president of the Consulta di Stato per la Finanza during the pontificate of Pius IX. He also served in the Camera and was in commenda to the Abbey of SS. Gregorio e Siro in Bologna. Rusconi also served as apostolic delegate to Ancona.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Rusconi, ca. 1837-1858. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568709

Teodolfo Mertel was born in Allumiere on February 6, 1806, and died on July 9, 1899. He received a degree in law in Rome and served as uditore of the Rota and later as president of the Tribunale Civile di Roma (1843). In 1848 Mertel became secretary of the Commissione Cardinalizia di Redigere lo Statuto di Pio IX. After the return of Pius IX from Gaeta, Mertel served in the ministry of Grazia e Giustizia and then in the Ministero dell'Interno. In February 1858 he was created cardinal deacon. Pius IX named Mertel vice-cancelliere and executor of his will. Mertel was also involved in the preparations for the revisions of canon law in 1917. He was a member of the following congregations: Concilio, Propaganda Fide, Vescovi e Regolari, Censo, Visita Apostolica, and Fabbrica; and he was president of the Consiglio di Stato. He was a protector of many religious institutes.

From the description of Spoglio del Teodolfo Mertel, 1846-1899. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568572

Girolamo Petri was minutante of the Secretary of State during the pontificate of Pius IX.

From the description of Spoglio del Girolamo Petri, ca. 1848. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568655

Massimo Massimi was born in Rome April 10, 1877 and died March 6, 1954. He served as prelate and dean of the Rota. Massimi became a cardinal December 16, 1939. He was prefect of the Segnatura.

From the description of Spoglio del Massimo Massimi, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568550

Luigi Misciatelli was vice-prefect of the Sacri Palazzi Apostolici during the pontificate of Benedict XV.

From the description of Spogli Luigi Misciatelli, ca. 1914-1922. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568596

Lorenzo Nina was born in Recanti on May 12, 1812, and died on July 25, 1885. He was created cardinal on March 12, 1877. He was secretary of state for Leo XIII and then served as prefect of the Concilio. He was a member of the following congregations: Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, Propaganda Fide, Orientale, and the Inquisizione.

From the description of Spoglio del Lorenzo Nina, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568612

Giorgio Lana was a captain in the Genio, "con mansione direttive."

From the description of Spoglio del Giorgio Lana, 1859-1860. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568484

Carlo Cremonesi was born on November 4, 1866, and died in Vatican City on November 25, 1943. He became a cardinal in 1935 and was president of the Amministrazione per le Opera di Religione.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Cremonesi, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568309

Camillo Caccia Dominioni was born on February 7, 1877, in Milan and died in Rome on November 22, 1946. He was ordained September 23, 1899, and became a cardinal on December 16, 1935.

From the description of Spoglio del Camillo Caccia Dominioni, ca. 1877-1946. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568229

Carlo Sacconi was born in Montalto on May 9, 1808, and died on February 25, 1889. He was apostolic nuncio in Paris, prodatario, and prefect of the Congregazione Cerimoniale. He became a cardinal on September 27, 1861, and was bishop of Ostia and Velletri.

From the description of Spogli Carlo Sacconi, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568715

Andrea Aiuti was born on June 17, 1849, in Rome. He completed his studies at the Seminary of St. Apollinare. His posts included aggiunto in the Congregazione del Concilio, secretary of the internunciature and charge d'affaires in Rio de Janeiro, and apostolic delegate in India. He was elevated to archbishop in 1887. In 1891 he was recalled to Rome to work in the Propaganda Fide. After a short stay Aiuti was appointed apostolic nuncio to Munich in 1893 and then to Lisbon in 1896. He was made a cardinal on June 22, 1903. He died in Rome on April 28, 1905. He was a member of the following congregations: Concilio, Cerimoniale, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, and Lauretana. Aiuti was also a member of the Commissione Cardinalizia per l'esame dei visitatori apostolici in Italia and protector of the Confraternita del Sacramento a S. Lorenzo in Lucina and the Societa di Mutuo Soccorso San Gioacchino.

From the description of Spogli Andrea Aiuti, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568197

Giulio Maria Della Somaglio was born on July 29, 1744, in Piacenza of a noble Italian family and died on April 2, 1830. In 1774 he became secretary of the Congregation of Indulgences and Relics and in 1784 of the Congregation of Rites. He was named a cardinal in June 1795, and during the French occupation of Rome he was imprisoned. He attended the conclave at Venice (1800). He was one of thirteen cardinals, out of twenty-seven invited, who refused to attend the marriage of Napoleon I and Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria. As a result he and other cardinals were deprived of their benefices and exiled. After Napoleon's abdication, Della Somaglia governed Rome until the return of Pius VII in June of 1815. He was bishop of Frascati (1814), secretary of the Holy Office (1814), bishop of Ostia and Velletri (1820), dean of the College of Cardinals, and vice cancelliere and sommista of the Camera. Leo XII appointed him secretary of state in 1823, a position he held until 1828.

From the description of Spoglio del Giulio Maria Della Somaglia, 1801-1828. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568346

Fabio Maria Asquini was born in Fagagna on August 14, 1802, and died in Rome in December 1878. He became a cardinal on January 22, 1844. His ecclesiastical career spanned many decades and included posts in the following congregations: S. Romana ed Universale Inquisizione, Vescovi e Regolari, Concilio, speciale per la revisione dei Concili provinciali, Ceremoniale, Fabbrica, Speciale per la Riedificazione della Basilica di S. Paolo, Indulgenze e Reliquie, Immunita, and the Cong. dei Brevi. He was protector of the Congregazione Benedettina di Monte Vergine, dell'Instituto delle Figlie della Carita dette Cannosiane, del Monastero de S. Caterina de'Funari, del'arciconfraternita dei SS. Bartolomeo ed Alessandro della Nazione Bergamasca, della Confraternita del SSmo Sagramento in Fagagna, and dell'Accademia Teologica nell'Universita Romana.

From the description of Spogli Fabio Maria Asquini, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568208

Frederic de Merode was born in Brussels on March 20, 1820, and died in Rome on July 10, 1874. After serving in the Belgian military he became a priest and transferred to Rome as a military chaplain for the papal military. He was cameriere segreto partecipante e ministero delle Armi from 1860 to 1865. On October 6, 1865, he was nominated elemosiniere pontificio. (Enciclopedia Cattolica, v. VIII, 734.)

From the description of Spoglio del Federico De Merode, 1865. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568334

Luigi Amat di San Filipo e Sorso was born on June 20, 1796, in Cagliari, and died in Rome on March 30, 1878. He was protected by Cardinal Consalvi and was part of the nunziatures in Naples (1826) and Madrid (1833-1835). Amat di San Filippo became a cardinal in 1837. He also served as bishop of Palestrina (1852), bishop of Porto e S. Ruffino (1870), and Ostia and Velletri (1877).

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Amat di San Filippo e Sorso, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145570073

Giulio Tonti was born in Rome on December 9, 1844, and died on December 11, 1918. He became a cardinal on December 6, 1915, and was prefect of the Congregazione dei Religiosi.

From the description of Spoglio del Giulio Tonti, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568773

Vincenzo Macchi was born at Capodimonte in the diocese of Montefiascone on August 31, 1770, and died on September 30, 1860, in Rome. He was assigned to the nunciature for Lisbon when the French invaded Portugal in 1808, but Macchi, following the court, left for Brazil. Between 1808 and 1817 Macchi was internuncio and apostolic delegate in Portugal. In 1818 he was appointed nuncio to Switzerland and in 1819 transferred to Paris where he remained until 1827. He was named a cardinal in 1826. When he returned from France he assumed the tasks of legate to Ravenna (1828-1830), president of the Congregation for the Revision of Accounts and Public Administration (1832-1835), prefect of the Congregation of the Council, the signatura, Dataria, and the Segreterio dei Brevi; and many other positions within the Roman Curia. From 1830 to 1840, with some interruptions, he was commissario straordinario and legate to Bologna.

Pius IX (1846-1878) in the first years of his pontificate named Vincenzo a member of a commission to examine certain affairs of state. On the death of Cardinal Micara (1847) he was made bishop of Ostia and Velletri and dean of the College of Cardinals. He interested himself in the restoration of a famous castle, restored the cathedral, and made other improvements in his diocese. His sepulchre is at the church of SS. Giovanni e Paolo.

From the description of Spoglio del Vincenzo Macchi, 1808-1860. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568524

Luigi Frezza was born in Civita Lavinia on May 27, 1783, and died in Rome on October 15, 1837. He became a cardinal on June 23, 1834. Frezza was consultore della Propaganda Fide, secretary of the Consistory and of the Congregazione per gli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari. He was a member of the Indice. (Annuario Pontificio, 1837)

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Frezza, [17-?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568402

Lorenzo Litta was born in Milan on February 23, 1756, and died in Sabina on May 1, 1820. He studied at the Collegio Clementino in Rome and was ordained in 1789. On June 23, 1793, he was posted to the apostolic nunciature in Poland. From there, he served as extraordinary ambassador to St. Petersburg. He became a cardinal in 1801 and was sent to France. He returned to Rome in 1809 and became cardinal-bishop of Sabina and prefect of the Propaganda Fide. (Enciclopedia Cattolica)

Litta was also prefect of other congregations including Residenza de'Vescovi, Correzione de' Libri della Chiesa Orientale, Spirituale del Collegio, and Stamperia di Propaganda Fide. In addition, he was a member of the following congregations: Offizio, Vescovi e Regolari, Concilio, Immunita, Propaganda, Cina e Indie Orientali, Riti, Esame de Vescovi, Consulta, Acque, Economica, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, and Studi. (Notizie,1819)

Litta was protector of the following organizations: PP. Chierici Regolari delle Scuole Pie, Collegio Nazareno, Congregazione de' PP. Filippini di Norcia, Congregazione Basiliana di S. Giovanni in Soairode' Greci Melchiti, Monaci Armeni in S. Gregorio Illuminatore, Maestre Pie, religiosi non Claustrali, Compagnia di S. Orsola (Tours), Ordine di S. Giorgio di Dio (Benefratelli), la Sapienza, the Nobile Accademia Ecclesiastica, Arciconfraternit ̉di S. Maria del Gonfalone, SS. Nome di Maria, S. Trifone, Capitolo della insigne Collegiata Parrochiale, chiesa di S. Paolo Naufrago (Valetta), Gozo (Malta), Civitavecchia, the Confraternita dell'Adorazione perpetua del SS. Sagramento di Posi, the city of Norcia, the terre di Monticelli, Palombara e Monte Rotondo, and the Veneranda Arciconfraternita della Dottrina Cristiana in S. Maria del Pianto. He was protector of the following monasteries: Camaldolesi, Passioniste di Corneto, S. Francesco di Paola alla Suburra, and the church and monastery of S. Caterina de Funari; and these conservatories: S. Croce (la Scalette), S. Pasquale, and the Assunta. (Notizie, 1819)

From the description of Spoglio del Lorenzo Litta, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568510

Roberto Roberti was born in San Giusto on December 23, 1788, and died in Rome on November 6, 1867. He was apostolic delegate to Perugia, sostituto for the Segreteria di Stato per gli Affari Interni, and uditore generale of the Camera. He became a cardinal on September 30, 1850. He was segreterio dei memoriali.

From the description of Spoglio del Roberto Roberti, 1843-1864. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568699

Antonino De Luca was born in Bronte on October 28, 1805, and died in Rome on December 28, 1883. He became a cardinal March 16, 1863. His major posts included bishop of Palestrina and Aversa, nuncio for Baveria (1854-1856), nuncio for Vienna (1856-1863), vice-cancelliere of the Camera (1878-1883), sommista delle Lettere Apostoliche (1878-1883), commendatario di San Lorenzo in Damaso (1878-1883), and prefect of the Congregazione degli Studi (1879-1883) and of the Indice (1867-1877). He was a member of the following congregations: Inquisizione, Vescovi e Regolari, Propaganda Fide, Rito Orientali, Indice, Cerimoniale, Disciplina Regolare, and Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari. De Luca was a protector of the Ordine del Minore Conventuali, Congregazione di S. Suplizio di Francia, Istituto Nazionale Teutonico in S. Maria dell'Anima, Congr. delle Suore di Nostra Signora di Nazaret, Figlie del S. Cuore di Maria di Francia, Istituto Bavarese delle povere Suore delle Scuole di Nostra Signora, Religiose Spedaliere, Fate-bene sorelle di Milano, Sovrano Militare Ordine Gerosolimitano, Pontificia Accademia de'Nobili Ecclesiastici, Arciconfraternita del Gonfalone in S. Lucia, Confraternita del SSmo. Rosario eretta in S. Pietro di Poli, Pia Societa di S. Cecilia in Germania, and the Comune di Palombara. (Gerarchia Cattolica, 1883)

From the description of Spoglio del Antonino De Luca, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568327

Domenico Bartolini was born May 16, 1813 in Rome and died in Florence October 2, 1887. He was a biographer and author of historical works.

From the description of Spoglio del Domenico Bartolini, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568214

Carlo di Conti Belgrado was born on May 2, 1809, and became a bishop on September 28, 1855. Between 1845 and 1847, he served as apostolic delegate in Perugia. Conti Belgrado then served as bishop of Ascoli from 1855 to 1860.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo di'Conti Belgrado, 1846-1858. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568217

Gabriele Ferretti was born on January 31, 1795, in Ancona and died in Rome on September 31, 1860. He became a cardinal on November 30, 1838. He was bishop of Sabina and perpetual abate of S. Maria in Farfa. Ferretti also served as commendario dei SS. Vincenzo ed Anastasio alle Tre Fontane, gran priore commendatario in Roma del Sacro Ordine Militare Gerosolimitano, penitenziere maggiore, and apostolic visitor of Luoghi pii dei Catecumeni.

From the description of Spoglio del Gabriele Ferretti, ca. 1830-1860. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568373

Luigi Lambruschini was born on May 16, 1776, in Sestri Levante and died in Rome on May 12, 1854. He was a Barnabite and served as an examiner of bishops, consultor to the Inquisizione, and secretary for the Congregazione per gli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari. In 1819 he became bishop of Genoa, then nuncio to Paris (1827-1831). In 1831 he became a cardinal. Lambruschini was prefect of the Congregazione degli Studi, Segretario dei Brevi, bibliotecario of the S.R. Chiesa, bishop suburbicario di Porto e S. Rufino and of Civitavecchia, and a subdean of the College of Cardinals.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Lambruschini, 1831-1851. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568482

Clement Villecourt was born in Lyons, France, on October 9, 1787, and died in Rome in 1867. He was bishop of La Rochelle (1836-1855). He became a cardinal on December 17, 1855. He was a member of the following congregations: Bishops and Regulars, the Council, the Index, and Rites. He also was a protector of various religious societies. (Moroni, Dizionario and Notizie).

From the description of Spoglio del Clemente Villecourt, ca. 1787-1867. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568795

Giovanni Rufini was consultant to the office of the secretary of state.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Rufini, ca. 1832. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568706

Carenzi was minutante of the office of the secretary of state.

From the description of Spoglio del Nicola Carenzi, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568262

Giuseppe Marozzo was apostolic nuncio to the court of Florence (1802-1804).

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Marozzo, ca. 1802-1804. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568545

Egidio Lari was born in Borgo a Buggiano March 8, 1882 and died in Rome November 17, 1965. He was apostolic delegate in Persia (1931-1936), and nuncio to Bolovia (1939-1944).

From the description of Spoglio del Egidio Lari, ca. 1931-1944. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568491

Francesco De Medici was born in Naples on November 8, 1808, and died in Rome on October 11, 1857. He became cardinal deacon on June 16, 1856, and was Maggiordomo di Sua Santita.

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco DeMedici, 1843-1856. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568331

This collection likely relates to Monsignor George Talbot, the younger son of Lord Talbot. He was received into the church in 1847, and later ordained by (then) Bishop Wiseman. Talbot's position in the Vatican was unique. He was not only chamberlain to Pius IX but a close friend and his constant attendant. This gave Talbot unusual influence in Rome which was considered by many to be unwarranted. Talbot also remained a close friend of Cardinal Manning. In 1869 Talbot was removed from the Vatican to an asylum where he died in 1886.

From the description of Spogli Talbot, 1861. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568754

Domenico Jorio was born in S. Stefano on October 7, 1867, and died in Rome on October 21, 1954. He served in the Datary, presiding over the sezione matrimoniale. He became a cardinal on December 16, 1935, and was prefect of the Congregazione per la Disciplina Regolari, and a member of the following congregations: de Propaganda Fide, Orientale, Concilio, Uffizio, Seminari e Universita, and the Signatura Apostolica.

From the description of Spoglio del Domenico Jorio, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568476

Lorenzo Randi was born in Bagnacavallo on July 18, 1818, and died in Rome on December 20, 1887. He entered the prelature and was commissario straordinario and apostolic delegate in the Marche. Randi also served as vice-camerlengo, governor of Rome, and director general of the police. He became a cardinal on March 15, 1875.

From the description of Spoglio del Lorenzo Randi, ca. 1859-1872. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568677

Nicola Riganti was an official in the Consulta at the beginning of the nineteenth century.

From the description of Spogli Nicola Riganti, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568696

Cosimo Corsi was born in Florence in 1798 and served as uditore and then dean of the Rota until 1841.

From the description of Spoglio del Cosimo Corsi, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568307

Gaetano Bedini was born in Senigallia on May 15, 1806, and died in Viterbo on September 6, 1864. He served as the commissario pontificio straordinario di Bologna from 1849 to 1851. After that post, Bedini became the apostolic nuncio in Brazil, secretary of the Congregatio de Propaganda Fide (1854-1861), and archbishop of Viterbo and bishop of Toscanella. He became a cardinal on September 27, 1861.

From the description of Spoglio del Gaetano Bedini, 1845-1852. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568216

Francesco Marmaggi was born in Rome August 31, 1876 and died there November 3, 1946. He became a cardinal December 16, 1935. Marmaggi served as prefect of the Concilio.

From the description of Spogli Francesco Marmaggi, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568542

Francesco Gaude was born in Cambiano April 5, 1809, and died in Rome on December 14, 1860. He was a member of the Dominican order and became cardinal on December 17, 1855.

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Gaude, 1850-1860. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568434

Pietro Marini was born in Rome on October 5, 1794 and died there on August 9, 1863. He distinguished himself in the field of jurisprudence where he soon became prelate uditore of the Rota. He became a cardinal deacon on December 21, 1846, and was legate to Forli. Marini also served as prefect of the Signatura and was a member of other tribunals, both civil and ecclesiastical. He was a member of the following congregations: Censo, Studi, Indice, Indulgenze, Reliquie, Visita Apostolica, Vescovi e Regolari, Concilio, Propaganda, and Chiesa Orientali.

From the description of Spoglio del Pietro Marini, 1828-1863. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568538

Ignazio Nasalli was born on October 7, 1750, in Parma and died on December 2, 1831. He was apostolic nuncio to the Netherlands and Switzerland. (De Marchi)

From the description of Spoglio del Ignazio Nasalli, ca. 1824. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568602

Ercole Consalvi was born in Rome on June 8, 1757, and died in Anzio on January 24, 1824. Consalvi came from a noble family of Toscanella. His ancestors belonged to the noble line of the Brunacci in Pisa but one of them settled in Toscanella in the seventeenth century. The grandfather of Ercole, Gregorio Brunacci, inherited a large fortune on condition of taking the name and arms of the Consalvi family. In this way Gregorio Brunacci became Marchese Gregorio Consalvi with residence in Rome.

From 1771 until 1776 Consalvi attended the seminary in Frascati where he won the admiration and protection of Henry Stuart, duke of York, who was the cardinal bishop of Frascati. While in Frascati, he served successively as ponente al Buon Governo, volante di Segnatura, assessore della Segreteria di Stato, and uditore di Rota. Returning to Rome he entered the Accademia Ecclesiastica and on May 20, 1800, became a cardinal deacon but was never ordained a priest. He quickly moved into a curial career.

In 1783 Pius VI named him a private chamberlain. A number of curial positions followed; in 1792 he obtained nomination as an auditor of the Rota. After the death of Pius VI (1799), the cardinals assembled in Venice for the conclave and Consalvi was chosen as secretary by an almost unanimous vote. Cardinal Chiaramonti, elected as Pius VII (1800-1823), soon appointed Consalvi as pro-secretary of state; consequently, Consalvi accompanied the pope to Rome where Consalvi was definitively appointed secretary of state.

During his first years in that office Consalvi was only moderately successful in his efforts to restore the Papal States. His main achievement was the short-lived 1801 Concordat with France which made possible the reestablishment of the church in France after the Revolution. Napoleon later managed to obtain his dismissal from office and force his retirement to Reims. Consalvi was not intimidated. On Napoleon's abdication in 1814, Consalvi was immediately reappointed as secretary of state and represented the pope at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. It was there that he secured the restoration of the Papal States, the reorganization of which occupied the last years of his life. (Moroni, Dizionario v. 17; Enciclopedia Cattolica, v. IV, p. 3945)

From the description of Spoglio del Ercole Consalvi, 1813-1823. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568302

Achille Maria Ricci was born in Naples. In 1835 he was prelato abbreviatore and later uditore of the Camerlengo. He was apostolic delegate to Camerino, Civitavecchia, Ancona, Ravenna, and Velletri. He also served as commendatore di S. Spirito and president of the Commissione degli Ospedali di Roma.

From the description of Spoglio del Achille Maria Ricci, ca. 1818-1861. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568691

Joseph Hergenrother was born in W¡rzburg on September 17, 1824, and died on October 3, 1890. He was a professor of history in the faculty of theology. He became a cardinal on May 12, 1879, and served as prefect of the Vatican Archives from 1879 to 1890.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Hergenrother, 1879-1890. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568470

Filippo Invernizzi was dean of the avvocati concistoriali and presided over various special commissions concerning judicial matters in the Papal States.

From the description of Spoglio del Filippo Invernizzi, 1826-1828. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568474

Francesco Tiberi was born in Rieti January 4, 1775 and died October 29, 1839. He became a cardinal September 30, 1831. He also served as prefect of the Segnatura di Grazia.

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Tiberi, ca. 1837-1838. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568767

Carlo Zen was apostolic nuncio in Switzerland.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Zen, 1817-1818. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568807

Campana was known in nineteenth-century Rome for his knowledge of archeology and of the ancient world.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Pietro Campana, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568240

Francesco Pentini was born in Rome on December 11, 1797, and died there on December 17, 1869. He was well versed in the law and served as referendario of the Segnatura. Pentini also had a long tenure with the Camera and held the office of ministero dell'Interno for some years both before and after the establishment of the Roman Republic in 1848. He became a cardinal on March 26, 1863.

From the description of Spogli Francesco Pentini, [184-?]-[186-?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568658

Wlodimiro Czacki was born in Poryck, Poland, on April 16, 1834, and died in Rome on March 8, 1888. He became a cardinal on September 25, 1882, and served as secretary of the Congregazione degli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari.

From the description of Spoglio del Wlodimiro Czacki, ca. 1870-1885. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568315

Angelo Luchini was the primary sostituto commissario of the Reverenda Camera Apostolica from 1862 to 1880.

From the description of Spoglio del Angelo Luchini, 1860-1870. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568519

Demetrio Silvagni-Loreni was luogotenente of the Tribunale Criminale del Camerlengato, assessor of the Direzione Generale di Polizia, and a judge of the Supremo Tribunale della Consulta during the pontificates of Gregory XVI and Pius IX.

From the description of Spoglio del Demetrio Silvagni-Loreni, 1829-1863. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568734

Pietro Giannelli was born in Termi on August 11, 1807, and died in Rome on November 5, 1881. He became a cardinal in 1875. He was apostolic nuncio to Naples and secretary of the Concilio. Giannelli was a member of the following congregations: Inquisizione, Vescovi e Regolari, Indulgenze e Sacre Reliquie, and Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari. He was protector of the Arciconfraternita di S. Girolamo della carita, the Oblate Convittrici del SSmo. Bambino Gesu, and the Monastery of S. Giacomo alla Longara. (Gerarchia Cattolica, 1881)

From the description of Spoglio del Pietro Giannelli, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568444

Bartolomeo Pacca was born in Benevento on December 25, 1756, and died in Rome on April 19, 1844. In 1785 he was named nuncio to Cologne. He later served as nuncio to Portugal. In 1795 he became a cardinal. When the French entered Rome in 1808-1809, he accompanied Pope Pius VII to prison in France. After the fall of Napoleon, he became pro-secretary of state. Pacca served as camerlengo of the Sacra Romana Chiesa, segreterio of the Holy Office, and prefect of the Congregazione Cerimoniale and Pro-Datary.

From the description of Spoglio del Bartolommeo Pacca, 1808-1842. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568628

Luigi Paolucci de Calboli was Apostolic Delegate to Forli from 1830 to 1851.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Paolucci de Calboli, 1830-1851. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568643

Emanuale De Gregorio was born in Naples on December 18, 1758, and died in Rome on November 7, 1839. He became a cardinal in 1816.

From the description of Spoglio del Emanuale DeGregorio, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568324

Pasquale Tommaso Gizzi was born on September 22, 1787, and died on July 3, 1849, in Lenola. He studied civil and canon law at the Sapienza and became a lawyer in 1819. He was uditore for the nuncio in Switzerland and in 1827 became internuncio. He was successively charge d'affaires in Turin (1829-1835), apostolic delegate to Ancona (1837-1839), internuncio to Belgium (1839-1841), and nuncio to Turin (1841-1844). Gizzi became a cardinal on July 12, 1841. He was legate to Forli between 1844 and 1846. In 1846 he became secretary of state. (Enciclopedia Cattolica, 863-864)

From the description of Spoglio del Pasquale Tommaso Gizzi, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568458

Antonio Antonucci was born in Subiaco on September 17, 1789. He was bishop of Ancona, charge d'affaires and vice superior of the mission in Holland. He became a cardinal on March 15, 1858, and died in Ancona on January 29, 1879.

From the description of Spoglio del Antonio Antonucci, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568202

Giulio Gabrielli was born on July 20, 1748, in Rome and died in Albano on September 16, 1822. He was a cardinal and also was abate commendatario for several communities: S. Paolo in Valdiponti in Perugia, S. Giovanni dell'Eremo di Citta della Pieve, and SS. Vito e S. Pancrazio di Todi. Gabrielli served as prodatario di Sua Santit.̉ He was a member of the following congregations: Uffizio, Concistoriale, Concilio, Residenza de'Vescovi, Propaganda, Esame de'Vescovi in Sagri Canonici, Buon Governo, and Affari Ecclesiastici. He was protector of the Augustinians, Congregazione dei Sacerdoti di S. Lucia de Ginnasi, and the following monasteries: di S. Lucia (Pieve), S. Lucia (Perugia), S. Maria in Betlam (Foligno). He was also a protector of the conservatorio delle Mendicanti, Collegio Ghislieri, Confraternit ̉di S. Caterina (Assisi), and of the cities of Assisi, Nepi, Gualdo di Nocera, Cascia, Otricoli, Toscanella, and Massa di Todi. (Notizie, 1822)

From the description of Spogli Giulio Gabrielli, 1814-1821. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568409

Francesco Della Volpe was born December 24, 1844 in Ravenna and died in Rome November 5, 1916. He was created a cardinal in 1899 and served as camerlengo of the Camera, arcicancelliere dell'Università Romana, and prefect of the Index.

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Salesio Della Volpe, ca. 1903. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568350

Giuseppe Mezzofanti was born in Bologna on September 19, 1774, and died in Rome on March 12, 1849. He became a cardinal on February 12, 1838. Mezzofanti served as prefect of the Congregazione della Correzione dei Libri, the Chiesa Orientale, and Studi.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Mezzofanti, 1833-1848. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568587

Giuseppe Ugolini was born in Macerata on January 9, 1783, and died in Rome on December 19, 1867. He served successively as apostolic delegate to Frosinone, pro-segretario di Propaganda Fide, presidente delle Armi, and giudice della Commissione Speciale Deputata per le Cause Politiche. Ugolini was nominated cardinal on February 12, 1838. He was a member of the Censo.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Ugolini, 1816-1867. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568785

Vincenzo Santucci was born in Gorga on February 18, 1796, and died on August 19, 1861. He served as charge d'affaires in the nunciature for Turin, sostituto for the secretary of state, and in 1847, secretary for the Congregazione per gli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari. Santucci became a cardinal on March 7, 1853, and became prefect of the Congregazione degli Studi.

From the description of Spoglio del Vincenzo Santucci, 1829-1863. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568726

Luigi Ciacchi was born on August 16, 1788, in Pesaro, and died in Rome on December 17, 1865. His ecclesiastical service included postings as prolegate for the province of Bologna and apostolic delegate in Macerata. He also led the papal police force. He became a cardinal in 1838. (Enciclopedia Cattolica)

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Ciacchi, ca. 1832-1850. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568291

Gennaro Granito Pignatelli de Belmonte was born in Naples on April 10, 1851, and died on February 16, 1948. He was apostolic nuncio in Belgium. He became a cardinal on November 27, 1911, and received the suburbicarian dioceses of Albano and Ostia. He was prefect of the Congregazione Cerimoniale.

From the description of Spoglio del Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568464

The Lattanzi brothers were a diverse group. Domenico Lattanzi was a priest and canon in Rome who taught at Collegio Romano and Lorenzo was a lawyer at the ufficio di Sostituto Luogotenente Criminale del Tribunale del Vicariato di Roma.

From the description of Spoglio dei Fratelli Lattanzi, ca. 1850-1899. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568497

Enrico Piccoli was under-archivist for the office of the Secretary of State during the pontificate of Pius IX (1846-1878).

From the description of Spoglio del Enrico Piccoli, [184-?]-[187-?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568661

Annibale Capalti was born in Rome on January 21, 1811, and died in 1877. He became a cardinal in 1868. He served as amministratore generale, abate commendatario and ordinary of SS. Vincenzo e Anastasio alle Tre Fontane, and first secretary and then prefect of the S.C. degli Studi. He was a founder of the Societa asili d'infanzia.

From the description of Spoglio del Annibale Capalti, 1849-1878. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568247

Giovanni Barberi held several important financial posts in the papacy including procurator general for the Camera. He is noted for helping to restore financial matters after the reestablishment of the Papal States in 1814. (Moroni, Dizionario, v. 30,p. 157; v. 53 p. 136; v. 74, p. 323; and v. 103, p. 485.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Barberi, 1812-1821. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568210

Antonio Matteucci was born in Fermo on March 15, 1802, and died on July 9, 1866. He spent many years in the Ufficio di Giudice of the Fabbrica. Matteucci became a cardinal on June 22, 1866.

From the description of Spoglio del Antonio Matteucci, 1831-1854. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568557

Luigi Pallotti was born in Albano Laziale on March 3, 1829, and died in Rome in 1890. He was secretary for the Congregazione per gli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari and the Congregazione degli Studi. He also served as prefect of the Segnatura. Pallotti became a cardinal on May 23, 1887.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Pallotti, 1853-1881. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568639

Giuseppe Mignone was cameriere segreto partecipante for Benedict XV (1917-1920) and elemosiniere segreto for Pius XI.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Mignone, 1907-1942. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568592

Domenico Passionei was born in Fossombrone December 2, 1682 and died in Camaldoli July 5, 1761. He served as nuncio in Switzerland and Vienna. He became a cardinal June 23, 1738 and was Secretary of Briefs.

From the description of Spoglio del Domenico Passionei, [16--?]-[17--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568645

Camillo Di Pietro, cardinal, was born on January 10, 1806, in Rome and died there on March 6, 1884. He was a nephew of Michele Di Pietro who was named cardinal during the pontificate of Pius VII. He studied at the Roman seminary and held a public theological disputation (dialectical debate) in the presence of Leo XII. In 1829 he was named a judge of the Consulta, then governor of Orvieto, and finally an auditor of the Rota in 1835. He was a member of the Commissioni Speciali Cardinalizie that investigated the powers of the judiciary. He became titular archbishop of Berito and nuncio to Naples and Lisbon. In Portugal he was successful in obtaining for the church notable concessions regarding the Portuguese territory of India.

Pius IX appointed him a cardinal in the consistory of 1853 but it was in pectore and not announced until 1856. On September 20, 1867, he chose to take the sede suburbicaria of Albano and then the sede di Porto e S. Rufina. He played a significant role in the conclave of 1878, which resulted in the election of Leo XIII (1878-1903). The new pontiff, in gratitude, named him the successor in the office of camerlengo. On the death of Cardinal Amat (1878), Di Pietro became bishop of Ostia and dean of the College of Cardinals. He also served as arcicancelliere della Universit ̉Romana, prefect of the Cong. Cerimoniale, and dean of the College of Cardinals. (Moronoi, Dizionario; Enciclopedia cattolica)

From the description of Spoglio del Camillo Di Pietro, ca. 1840-1869. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568358

Placido Zurla was born in Segnano on April 2, 1769, and died on October 20, 1834. He was a member of the Camaldolese order. He became a cardinal on May 16, 1823. He served as vicar general for the diocese of Rome under the pontificate of Gregory XVI. He was also prefect of the Congregazione della Residenza dei Vescovi and Studi.

From the description of Spoglio del Placido Zurla, 1825-1838. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568810

Giovanni Caccia Piatti was born on March 8, 1751, in Novara and died on September 15, 1833. He served as apostolic delegate to Pesaro, uditore generale of the Camera, prefect of the Segnatura, and was appointed to the Congregazione dei Riti, Cerimonie, Consulta, and delle Acque. Caccia Piatti was a protector of various religious orders and of the city of Pesaro and the terra of Orciano.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Caccia Piatti, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568230

Alessandro di Sanmarzano was first assessor and vice president of the Tribunale Criminale del Governo di Roma during the pontificate of Gregory XVI.

From the description of Spoglio del Alessandro di Sanmarzano, 1836-1838. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568721

Luigi Lavitrano was born in Forio on March 7, 1874, and died on August 2, 1950. He became a cardinal on December 16, 1929. Lavitrano was archbishop of Palermo and prefect of the Congregazione per Religiosi. He was a member of the following congregations: Chiese Orientali, Sacramenti, Concistoriale, and Concilio.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Lavitrano, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568505

Giacomo Cardinal Antonelli was born on April 12, 1806, in Sonnino, near Terracina (Latium), Italy, of a middle-class family that prospered through government farm contracts and land reconstruction. The family was later enobled by Gregory XVI. The family remained faithful to the pontiff during the French occupation and with the help of a Dominican prelate obtained a family prelature.

Giacomo studied at the Roman Seminary and at the Sapienza but never proceeded beyond the diaconate to which he was ordained in 1840. In the offices he held under Gregory XVI he apparently demonstrated intelligence and rare gifts of administrative and executive ability. Support from Cardinals Luigi Lambruschini, papal secretary of state (1836-1846), and the Camaldolese Giacinto Zurla, confessor of Gregory XVI and prefect of studies at the Collegio Urbino, opened the way for Giacomo to a successful career that included many papal posts (e.g., referendario of the Segnatura; assessor of the criminal tribunal in Rome; apostolic delegate to Orvieto, Viterbo, and Macerata; protesoriere della Camera; tesoriere della Camera; sostituto del Cardinal Mattei; and a number of other diplomatic posts). He was elevated to the cardinalate by Pius IX in 1847. He first became pro-secretary of state in 1848 and then secretary of state in 1852, a post he held until his death at the Vatican on November 6, 1876.

Giacomo Antonelli helped formulate and administer the liberal reform of Pius IX who selected him to be premier of the first constitutional ministry of the Papal States. Antonelli arranged the temporary papal residence at Gaeta (1848), when violence arose in the Papal States. He became head of the papal government in exile. His diplomacy was extremely important in the resistance of the papacy to Italian national unification. He reduced dependence on Austria but after 1859 looked to France to protect the States of the Church. He opposed the calling of the First Vatican Council lest it adversely affect relations with France and advised the pope to drop the infallibility question. Nicknamed the "Red Pope," he became the virtual temporal ruler of Rome until 1870. A statesman rather than a prelate, he was praised by his friends but regarded as unscrupulous by his enemies.

Through his efforts the invasion of Rome in 1870 took place with a minimum of violence. He advised Pius IX to remain in Rome and successfully rearranged the papal finances in accord with the reduction of papal temporal sovereignty.

From the description of Spoglio del Giacomo Antonelli, [18--]-[18--} (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568203

Carlo Autilio was Vicario generale of Mons. Girolamo dei Marchesi D'Andrea (later Cardinal D'Andrea) and inspector of the mail in Naples.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Autilio, ca. 1849-1852. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568209

Francis Aidan Gasquet was born in London on October 5, 1846, and died in Rome on April 5, 1929. He entered the Benedictine novitiate in 1865. In 1896 he was nominated to the Commissione Pontificia per la Questione della Validita delle Ordinazioni Anglicane and in 1900 became the resident abbot of the Bendictine order in England. He was also head of a commission to revise the Vulgate Bible. He became a cardinal in 1914 and was nominated as librarian and archivist of the S. R. Chiesa in 1919.

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Aidan Gasquet, 1917. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568432

Bianchi was born on November 19, 1817, in Rome and died on January 22, 1897. He served as maestro delle Ceremonie Pontificie and charg ̌d'affaires in Switzerland. In 1874 he was designated segretario of the Congregation for Bishops and Regulars, a post that he left to become apostolic nuncio for Madrid. In 1882 he became cardinal and in 1889 served as pro-datarius.

From the description of Spoglio del Angelo Bianchi, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568221

Benedetto Cappelletti was born in Rieti on November 2, 1764, and died on May 16, 1834. He was educated by Benedictine monks. His ecclesiastical career included service as referendario of the Segnatura; pronotario and ponente of the S.C. del Buon Governo; and pontifical delegate to Viterbo, Macerata, and Urbino-Pesaro. Cappelletti also served as governor of Rome, director general of the police, and after he became a cardinal on September 30, 1831, bishop of Rieti. (Moroni, Dizionario, v. 9, p. 168; Enciclopedia Cattolica)

From the description of Spoglio del Benedetto Cappelletti, 1814-1845. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568249

Carlo Odescalchi was born on March 5, 1786. He became a cardinal on March 10, 1823, and was vicar general of Sua Santita for the diocese of Rome. He renounced his post as cardinal and became a Jesuit.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Odescalchi, ca. 1835. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568615

Marco Evangelisti was an employee in the office of the Secretary of State (1848-1856)

From the description of Spoglio del Marco Evangelisti, 1848-1853. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568364

Alberto Zama was sotto-archivista for the office of the secretary of state.

From the description of Spoglio del Alberto Zama, 1893. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568805

Mariano Cordovani was Maestro del Sacro Palazzo Apostolico from 1936 to 1950. He was a member of the Dominican order.

From the description of Spoglio del Mariano Cordovani, 1949-1950. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568304

Carlo Cristofori was born in Viterbo on January 5, 1813, and died in Rome on January 30, 1891. He became a cardinal July 27, 1885, and served as reggente of the Penitenzieria and prefect of the S. Congregazione Indulgenze e Reliquie.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Cristofori, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568312

Luigi Vannicelli Casoni was born in Amelia on April 16, 1801, and died in Rome on April 21, 1877. He was vice-commissario delle Quattro Legazioni and later governor of Rome. Vannicelli Casoni became a cardinal in 1842. He served as vice-camerlengo, legate to Bologna, and president of the Censo. In 1850 he was elected archbishop of Ferrara and in 1870, pro-datario. He continued to act as archbishop after becoming pro-datario.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Vannicelli Casoni, 1835-1877. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568788

Luigi Armelli served as primo minutante della Segretario di Stato.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Armellini, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568206

Francesco Sabatucci was minutante for the secretary of state during the pontificate of Gregory XVI. Under Pius IX he was segretario del consiglio dei ministri.

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Sabatucci, ca. 1841. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568713

Carlo Maria Pedicini was born in Benevento on November 2, 1769, and died in Rome on November 19, 1843. He became a cardinal on March 10, 1823. Over the years he served as prefect of the Riti and Immunita, pro-segretario dei memoriale, vice-cancelliere of the Sacra Romana Chiesa, and bishop of Porto and S. Rufino, and Civitavecchia.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Maria Pedicini, 1816-1823. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568653

Carlo Laurenzi was born in Perugia on January 12, 1821, and died in Rome in 1893. He served as uditore di Sua Santita. He became cardinal priest on December 13, 1880, in pectore. He was a member of the following congregations: Studi, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, Riti, Inquisizione, and Vescovi e Regolare.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Laurenzi, ca. 1867-1884. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568501

Giuseppe Evangelisti was cifrista of the office of the Secretary of State.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Evangelisti, ca. 1824-1841. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568362

: Luigi Maglione was born in Casoria on March 2, 1877, and died there on April 22, 1944. He became a cardinal on December 16, 1935. He was secretary of state during the pontificate of Pius XII.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Maglione, ca. 1939. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568528

Giuseppe Berardi was born in Ceccano (Frosinone) on September 28, 1810, and died in Rome on April 6, 1878. He served the papacy in several different capacities. Beginning in 1849, Berardi was commissario straordinario pontificio di marittima e campagna as well as vice-legate to Velletri. Later, he became, successively, sostituto della segretario di stato and segretario delle cifre. Berardi became a cardinal on March 13, 1868. He was a member of the following congregations at the time of his death: Bishops and Regulars, Council, Disciplina Regolare, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, and Studi. He was also a protector of various religious orders. (Moroni, Dizionario and Gerarchia Cattolica, 1877, 1878, 1879)

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Berardi, 1849-1878. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568218

Ugo Spinola was born in Genoa on June 29, 1791, and died in Rome on January 23, 1858. He was apostolic delegate to Perugia, Macerata, and then Tolentino. Spinola became a cardinal on July 12, 1832. He served as commissario straordinario a Bologna (1833-1835) and then as pro-datario.

From the description of Spoglio del Ugo Spinola, 1819-1860. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568750

Eustachio Gonella was born in Turin on September 9, 1811, and died in Rome on April 15, 1870. He was apostolic delegate to Viterbo and apostolic nuncio in Belgium. Gonella became a cardinal on March 13, 1868. He was later bishop of Viterbo and Toscanella.

From the description of Spoglio del Eustachio Gonella, 1848-1870. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568462

Filippo Frassinelli was aggiunto in the office of the Secretary of State.

From the description of Spoglio del Filippo Frassinelli, [17--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568399

Anton-Maria Orioli was born in Bagnacavallo on December 10, 1778, and died in Rome on February 20, 1852. He entered the order of the Minori Conventuali. He became a cardinal on February 12, 1838. He was prefect of the Congregation of Bishops and Regulars.

From the description of Spoglio del Anton-Maria Orioli, 1847. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568621

Federico Amadori Cattani was born in Marradi on April 17, 1856, and died in Rome on April 11, 1943. He served as secretary for the Supremo Tribunale della Segnatura Apostolica and Auditor Sanctissimi (1924). He was dean of the Rota and a member of the Congregazioni dei Sacramenti and dal Concilio. He became a cardinal in 1935.

From the description of Spoglio del Federico Amadori Cattani, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568278

Raffaele Monaco La Valletta was born in L'Aquila on February 23, 1827, and died in Rome on July 14, 1890. He became a cardinal on March 13, 1868, and was cardinal vicar of Rome and the penitenziere maggiore. He also served as prefect of the Congregazione Cerimoniale, as bishop of Ostia and Velletri, and as dean of the College of Cardinals.

From the description of Spoglio del Raffaele Monaco La Valletta, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568605

Benedetto Lorenzelli was born in Badi on May 11, 1853, and died in Bucciano on September 15, 1915. He served as internuncio to the Netherlands and Luxemburg, beginning May 30, 1893. He then became nuncio to Bavaria (October 10, 1896), and later nuncio to France (May 8, 1899). He became archbishop of Lucca (November 14, 1904) and was named cardinal on April 15, 1907. Lorenzelli was prefect of the Congregazione degli Studi and a member of the following congregations: Propaganda, Affari di Rito Orientale, Indice, Riti, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, and the Commissione per gli Studi Biblici.

From the description of Spoglio del Benedetto Lorenzelli, [18--?]-[19--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568513

Tiberio Trani was director of customs during the pontificate of Pius IX.

From the description of Spogli Tiberio Trani, ca. 1849-1850. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568778

Camillo Tarquini was born in Marta on September 27, 1810, and died in Rome on February 15, 1874. He distinguished himself as a legal scholar in canon law, taught at the Collegio Romano, and was a consultor to various congregations. He became a cardinal on December 22, 1873.

From the description of Spoglio del Camillo Tarquini, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568757

Pietro Francesco Galleffi was born on October 27, 1770, and died in Rome on June 18, 1837. He completed his studies in Rome and became a cameriere segreti participanti of Pope Pius VII. He served as economo and later prefect of the Fabbrica, and co-visitor of the hospital of S. Spirito in 1800. On July 12, 1803, he became a cardinal. Galleffi then became abate commendatario of Subiaco and prefect of the Congregazione della Disciplina Regolare. He was exiled during the Napoleonic wars and upon the return of the pope to Rome in 1814, he became secretary of memoriali and in 1820 archpriest of the Basilica Vaticano and bishop of Albano. He also served as subdean of the S. Collegio and bishop of Porto and Civitavecchia (1830), camerlengo della S.R. Chiesa, and arcicancelliere dell'Universita Romana.

Galleffi was a member of the following congregations: Uffizio, Concistoriale, Disciplina Regolare, Indulgenze e Sacre Reliquie, Esame dei Vescovi in Sacri Canoni, Economica, Studi, Speciale per la riedificazione della Basilica di S. Pietro. He was protector of these religious communities: Minori osservanti e riformati; Minore conventuali; Terz'Ordine di S. Francesco; Camaldolese; Chierici Regolari minori; Santissimo Salvatore; S. Brigida and the Chiesa di'Neofiti alla Madonna de Monti; Conservatorio Pio and conservatorio di S. Eufemia; the monasteries of S. Urbino, S. Susanna alle Terme Diocleziano, Sette dolori, S. Chiara (Montecastrillo), the archconfraternities of Santissima Trinita de Pellegrini e Convalescenti, S. Maria del Carmine alle Tre Cannelle, the Chiesa della Madonna Santissima di Loreto dei Fornari, S. Giuliano (Banchi), Ospizio di Cofti, S. Stefano di Mori (Rome), Chiesa Nazionale de SS. Venanzio ad Ansuino de Camerinese, Madonna (Quercia), Confraternita di S. Emidio (Trastevere), Chiesa di S. Giuseppe de Falegnami al Foro Romano, and the Arciconfraternita del Santissimo rosario. (Enciclopedia Cattolica)

From the description of Spoglio del Pietro Francesco Galleffi, 1830-1841. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568419

Pietro Giuseppe D'Avella y Navarro was born in Barcelona in 1775 and died circa 1853. He was dean and then uditore of the Rota and apostolic visitor to the Convento dei PP. Trinitari in Via Condotti.

From the description of Spoglio del Pietro Giuseppe D'Avella y Navarro, ca. 1831-1851. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568321

Mario Mattei was born in Pergola September 6, 1792 and died October 7, 1870. He became a cardinal July 2, 1832. He served in the Tesoriere Generale and in the internal affairs section of the office of the Secretary of State. Mattei was also Pro-Datario, prefect of the Congregazione Cerimoniale, archpriest of the Patriarcal Basilica of Saint Peter's, and prefect of the Fabbrica. He was appointed bishop of Ostia and Velletri and dean of the College of Cardinals. Mattei was a member of the following congregations: Inquisizioni, Visita Apostolica, Vescovi e Regolari, Concilio, and Censo.

From the description of Spogli Mario Mattei, ca. 1820-1870. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568553

Lorenzo Caleppi was born on April 29, 1741, in Cervia, Italy, and died on January 10, 1847, in Rio de Janiero. He began his studies at the College of Nobles at Ravenna but transferred to Rome to study jurisprudence. He began his prelature career as auditor of the nunciature when Giuseppe Garampi, appointed nuncio to Warsaw (1772), took Lorenzo with him. Always accompanying Garampi, Lorenzo held the same office in Vienna from 1776 until 1785 when Pius V selected him to present the red biretta to Garampi on the latter's appointment as cardinal. In June 1786, Lorenzo was invited to Naples to assist in concluding a concordat with that court. Pius VI called on him for special tasks includiing working with the Oeuvre Pie de I'Hospitalite, through which several thousand French emigres, including priests, were enabled to live at the expense of the papal treasury at the time of the French Revolution. In 1797 he was a member of the delegation that signed the treaty of Tolentino.

In 1801 he succeeded Bartholomeo Pacca as nuncio to Lisbon and in 1808 he followed the royal family to Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, where he won the esteem and gratitude of John VI. Caleppi maintained the Portuguese nunciature for Brazil until 1816. Pius VII named him a cardinal (1816), the first in the Americas. He died at Rio de Janeiro on 10 Jan 1817.

From the description of Spoglio del Lorenzo Caleppi, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568232

Giovanni Simeoni was born in Paliano on July 23, 1816, and died on January 14, 1892. He was a nuncio in Spain. Simeoni became cardinal on September 12, 1875. He succeeded Cardinal Antonelli as secretary of state and was later prefect of the Propaganda Fide.

From the description of Spogli Giovanni Simeoni, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568737

Giuseppe Albani was born in Rome on September 13, 1750, and died in Pesaro on December 3, 1834. He was sent by the papacy to Vienna in 1784 to foster better relations. After he became cardinal on February 23, 1801, Albani became protector of the emperor of Austria (1803). Other posts he held included secretary of state, prefect of the Congregazione di Buon Governo, pro-secretary of the Congregazione dei Brevi, legate to Bologna, and cardinal librarian of the Holy Roman Church. When he died he was legate to Pesaro and Urbino.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Albani, [17--?]-[18--?] (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568198

Boccali was uditore di Sua Santita.

From the description of Spoglio del Gabriele Boccali, 1879-1882. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568225

Gaetano Ludovici was scrittore in the Penitenzieria.

From the description of Spoglio del Gaetano Ludovici, 1827-1834. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568521

Antonio Pallotta was born in Ferrara on February 23, 1770, and died in Monte Cassiano (Macerata) on July 19, 1834. He began his ecclesiastical career in 1796 and became referendario of the Segnatura. In 1816 Pallotta became uditore generale of the Camera. He was made a cardinal on March 10, 1823. He also served as legate a latere in the provinces of Campagna and Marittima where he assisted in judicial matters.

From the description of Spoglio del Antonio Pallotta, 1816-1834. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568636

Nicola Paracciani Clarelli was born in Rieti on April 12, 1799, and died in Vico Equense on July 7, 1872. He served as bishop of Montefiascone e Corneto and as a member of the apostolic delegation in Portugal (1820). He became a cardinal in 1844. Clarelli also assumed the roles of chierico di Camera and tesoriere generale of the Camera; and secretary of the S. Congregazione delle Acque, dei Brevi, and delle Congregazione Cardinalizia di Consulta. He was prefect of the S. Congregazione dei Vescovi e Regolari (1860), of the Disciplina Regolari, and of the Rev. Fabbrica di S. Pietro. He was president of the Commissione dei Sussidi, of the Pubblica Beneficienza, and of the Istituto Sordo-muti.

From the description of Spoglio del Nicola Paracciani Clarelli, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568298

Raffaele Fornari was born in Rome on January 23, 1788, and died there June 15, 1854. He became a cardinal on December 21, 1846. Fornari was prefect of the Congregazione degli Studi and a member of the following congregations: Inquisizione, Vescovi e Regolari, Concilio, Immunita, Indice, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, Propaganda Fide, and Esame dei Vescovi in Sagra Teologia e in Sacri Canoni. He was a protector of the Societa di S. Vincenzo de'Paoli, the Accademia Teologica of Rome University, the Ordine dei Carmellitani Calzati e Scalzi, Minori Cappuccini, Congregazione Benedittina di Francia, L'Ordine Premostratese, l'Opera Pia Spontini in Majolati, and the cities of Vetralia and Cento. (Notizie, Rome, 1854)

From the description of Spoglio del Raffaele Fornari, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568389

Annibale Sermattei Della Genga was born on August 22, 1760, and died on February 10, 1829. He became Pope Leo XII on September 28, 1823. He studied at Osimo and in Rome and was ordained in 1783. He served successively as nuncio to Lucerne, Cologne, and Munich. Della Genga became a cardinal on March 8, 1816, then bishop of Senigallia; in 1820 he became vicar of Rome. (Enciclopedia cattolica, v. VII, 1156-1157)

From the description of Spoglio del Annibale Sermattei Della Genga, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568343

Alessandro Franchi was born on June 25, 1819, in Rome and died there on July 31, 1878. His ecclesiastical career centered around work in the office of the secretary of state, and included service as charge d'affaires ad interim in Spain, internuncio to the Tuscan court, secretary for the Congregazione per gli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, apostolic nuncio for Spain, extraordinary ambassador to Constantinople, and secretary of state. He became a cardinal on December 22, 1873. Franchi also served as prefect of Sacri Palazzi Apostolici, the Propaganda Fide, and the Congregazione Lauretana. He was a member of the following congregations: Inquisizione, Concili, Vescovi e Regolari, Propaganda, Propaganda per gli affari orientali, Indulgenze e Sacre Reliquie, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, and Studi.

Franchi was also protector of the following groups: Istituto di N.S. delle Missioni, Opera Apostolica per le Missioni estere affidata alle Suore di S. Giuseppe dell'Apparizione, Istituto delle Suore di S. Giuseppe dell'Apparizione, Istituto delle Suore di S. Giuseppe di Cluny, Istituto di S. Giuseppe di Chambery, Istituto delle Suore di Carita di Montreal nel Canada, Confraternita del Divino Amore unita alla Confraternita di S. Francesco di Paola alle Fratte, Arciconfraternita delle S. Stimmate di Firenze, and the Universita Cattolica Laval a Quebec. (Hierarchia Cattolica, 1878; Enciclopedia Cattolica)

From the description of Spogli Alessandro Franchi, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568393

Silvio Valenti Gonzaga was Secretary of State under Pope Benedict XIV.

From the description of Spoglio del Silvio Valenti Gonzaga, 1744-1747. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568814

Angelo Mai was born in Schilpario on March 7, 1782, and died in Albano on September 9, 1854. A Jesuit, he served as scrittore of the Biblioteca Ambrosiana and prefect of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. He became a cardinal on February 12, 1838.

From the description of Spoglio del Angelo Mai, 1838-1839. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568535

Raffaello Rossi was born in Pisa on October 28, 1876, and died on September 17, 1948. He entered the Discalced Carmelites and was ordained in 1901. He became bishop of Volterra on April 22, 1920. Rossi became a cardinal on June 30, 1930. He was secretary for the Congregazione Concistoriale from 1931 to 1948.

From the description of Spoglio del Raffaello Rossi, 1930-1945. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568701

Antonio Tosti was born in Rome on October 4, 1776, and died there on March 20, 1866. He was charg ̌d'affaires for the Holy See in Turin and later tesoriere generale. He became a cardinal on February 12, 1838. In 1854, Tosti was nominated librarian of the Holy Roman Church. (Enciclopedia Cattolica).

From the description of Spoglio del Antonio Tosti, ca. 1823-1844. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568775

Salvatore Vitelleschi was born in Rome on July 21, 1818, and died on October 17, 1875. He was secretary for the Congregation of Bishops and Regulars. He became a cardinal on September 17, 1875.

From the description of Spoglio del Salvatore Vitelleschi, ca. 1870-1875. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568799

Giovanni Pierantozzi was a minutante in the office of the secretary of state during the pontificates of Pius IX (1846-1878) and Leo XIII (1878-1903). He died in 1909.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Pierantozzi, ca. 1870. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568665

Antonio Gamberini was born on October 31, 1760, and died on April 25, 1841. He was noted for his juridical and theological learning as well as his pastoral activities. He was uditore of Rome and secretary of the Concilio. He served as bishop of Orvieto. On December 15, 1828, he was named cardinal. In 1839 he was given the suburbicarian see of Sabina. Gamberini was a principal collaborator of Pope Gregory XVI and had the title segretario di stato per gli affari interni. (Enciclopedia Catolica, Annuario Pontificio)

From the description of Spogli Antonio Domenico Gamberini, ca. 1830-1841. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568423

Bernardo Tirabassi was a minutante in the office of the secretary of state.

From the description of Spoglio del Bernardo Tirabassi, ca. 1841. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568769

: Innocenzo Ferrieri was born in Fano on September 11, 1810, and died in Rome on January 13, 1887. He served as charge d'affaires for the Netherlands, pontifical ambassador to Constantinople, and apostolic nuncio to Naples. He was protector for the Frati Ospitalieri called the Concettini, the monastery of S. Cecilia, and the Accademia Teologica. He was also camerlengo for the S. Collegio, prefect for the Congregazione dei Vescovi e Regolari and the Disciplina Regolare.

From the description of Spoglio del Innocenzo Ferrieri, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568377

Paolo Campa served as archivist for the Office of the Secretary of State.

From the description of Spoglio del Paolo Campa, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568238

Giovan Francesco Falzacappa was born in Corneto April 7, 1767 and died in Rome November 18, 1840.

From the description of Spoglio del Giovan Francesco Falzacappa, 1871, 1878. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568369

Prospero Caterini was born in Orano on October 15, 1795, and died in Rome on October 28, 1881. He became a cardinal on March 7, 1853. He served as prefect of the Concilio for many years. During the First Vatican Council he was president of the Commissione della Disciplina Ecclesiastica. Caterini also participated in the Congregazioni Cardinalizie per la Revisione dei Concili Provinciali, della Immunita and della S. Romana ed Universale Inquisizione. He was a protector of various societies and an apostolic visitor to the Ordine dei Fate Bene Fratelli. (Moroni, Dizionario)

From the description of Spoglio del Prospero Caterini, 1860-1874. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568276

Giuseppe Luigi Bartoli served as advocate general of financial matters for the Camera. (Moroni, Dizionario, v. 90, p. 33)

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Luigi Bartoli, ca. 1827-1852. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568212

Bartolomeo Artibani served as minutante to the Secretary of State from 1873 to 1908.

From the description of Spoglio del Bartolomeo Artibani, 1873-1908. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568207

Giuseppe Pinchetti Sanmarchi was a prelate in Rome and later canon of S. Maria Maggiore.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Pinchetti Sanmarchi, 1903-1922. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568668

Luigi Galimberti was born on April 25, 1836, in Rome and died on May 7, 1896. He was secretary for the Congregazione per gli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari and apostolic nuncio to Vienna. Galimberti became a cardinal on January 16, 1893, and served as prefect of the Vatican Archives.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Galimberti, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568416

Luigi Tripepi was born in Cardeto on June 21, 1836, and died on December 29, 1906. He became a cardinal on August 15, 1901. Tripepi was prefect of the Congregazione delle Indulgenze e Reliquie and sostituto for the office of the secretary of state.

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Tripepi, ca. 1883. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568782

Terenziano Moreschi was minutante of the Secretary of State during the pontificate of Pius IX.

From the description of Spoglio del Terenziano Moreschi, 1841-1855. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568599

Flavio Chigi was born in Rome on May 31, 1810, and died there on February 15, 1885. His ecclesiastical career included posts as nuncio to Munich (1850-1851) and Paris (1861-1873). He was protector of the church, archconfraternity, and college of Piceni in Rome; as well as protector of the archconfraternities del SS. Sacramento al Laterno, degli Agonizzanti, and del SS.mo Crocifisso in S. Marcello. He was also a protector of the Insigne Cappella Corsini in S. Giovanni in Laterano and archpriest of the Patriarcale Arcibasilica Lateranense. Chigi was segreteria dei memoriali di sua santita.

From the description of Spoglio del Flavio Chigi, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568288

Lorenzo Barili was born on December 1, 1801, in Ancona and died in Rome on March 8, 1875. His ecclesiastical career began in Ancona. In November 1845 he became cameriere d'onore of the uditore in the nunciature for Lisbon. In 1851 he received the title of domestic prelate (monsignor) and was appointed internuncio of New Granada (Bogot , Colombia). In 1857 Barili became apostolic nuncio in Spain. He was created a cardinal March 13, 1868, and participated in the First Vatican Council. When he died, he was a member of the following congregations: Concistoriale, Riti, Indice, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, and Studi. He was protector of the Congregazione Benedettina Camaldolese.

From the description of Spoglio del Lorenzo Barili, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568211

Federico Tedeschini was born in Antrodoco on October 12, 1873, and died on November 2, 1959. He served as cancelliere dei Brevi and sostituto for the office of the Secretary of State (1914-1921). After that he was named apostolic nuncio in Spain, where he remained until 1935. Tedeschini became a cardinal on March 13, 1933. He was bishop of Frascati, archpriest of the Basilica of S. Pietro, prefect of the Fabbrica, datario, and a protector of many religious institutes and a member of many congregations.

From the description of Spoglio del Federico Tedeschini, 1914-1959. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568762

Domenico Guidi was minutante for the secretary of state.

From the description of Spoglio del Domenico Guidi, 1830-1865. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568467

Giuseppe Alberghini was born on September 18, 1770. He was raised to the rank of cardinal April 6, 1835. Algerghini served as librarian of the Sapienza (Alessandrina), Avvocato Consistoriale, and Assessor of the S. Uffizio. He died on September 30, 1847. He was a member of the following congregations: S. Uffizio, Visita Apostolica, Vescovi e Regolari, Propaganda Fide, Esami dei Vescovi in Sacri Canoni, Economica, Fabbrica, Buon Governo, Acque, and Speciale per la riedificazione Basilica di S. Paolo.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Alberghini, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568199

Giovanni Soglia was born in Casola Valsenio October 11, 1779 and died in 1856. He became a cardinal February 18, 1839. Soglia served in the office of the Secretary of State and was bishop of Osimo and Cingoli.

From the description of Spogli Giovanni Soglia, 1848-1856. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568743

Tiberio Pacca was born on August 31, 1786, and died in Naples on June 29, 1837. He was a nephew of Cardinal Bartholomeo Pacca and also followed the pope into exile during the Napoleonic invasion. Pacca was apostolic delegate in Romagna and in Civitavecchia. He also served as governor of Rome and camerlengo of the Sacra Romana Chiesa.

From the description of Spoglio del Tiberio Pacca, 1809-1820. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568632

Giuseppe Spina was born in Sarzana on March 12, 1756, and died on October 13, 1828. He was archbishop of Genoa and prefect of the Signatura di Giustizia.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Spina, 1800-1822. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568746

Ludovico Gazzoli was born in Terni on May 5, 1774, and died on February 12, 1858. He was apostolic delegate to the province Pesaro-Urbino. He became a cardinal on September 30, 1831. He served as president of the Congregazione del Buon Governo.

From the description of Spoglio del Ludovico Gazzoli, 1822-1858. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568438

Adriano Fieschi was born in Genoa on March 7, 1788, and died in Rome on February 6, 1858. His ecclesiastical career centered around the office of the secretary of state. Fieschi was vice-legato to Bologna and apostolic delegate to Perugia and Spoleto. He became a cardinal on June 23, 1834. Between 1847 and 1857 he was legate to the province of Pesaro and Urbino. He was a member of the Concilio, Immunita, and Riti.

From the description of Spoglio del Adriano Fieschi, ca. 1831-1858. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568380

Riccardo Magnanensi was Segretario dell'Ufficio del Maestro di Camera.

From the description of Spoglio del Riccardo Magnanensi, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568531

Gaetano De Ruggero was born in Naples on June 12, 1816, and died in Rome on October 9, 1896. He was created cardinal deacon on May 5, 1889. He served as Segreterio dei Brevi and gran cancelliere degli Ordine Equestri Pontifici. Materials contained in the busta concern a cause between DeRuggero and the Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro and the confiscation of ecclesiastical properties.

From the description of Spoglio del Gaetano DeRuggero, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568337

Paolo Polidori was born in Jesi on January 4, 1778, and died in Rome on April 23, 1847. He was sostituto in the office of the secretary of state and secretary for the Consistory. He became a cardinal on June 23, 1834, and was prefect of the Concilio and the Congregazione della Disciplina Regolare.

From the description of Spoglio del Paolo Polidori, ca. 1820-1847. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568671

Giuseppe Sala was born in Rome on October 27, 1762, and died there on June 23, 1839. He was a member of the delegation seated in Rome during the absence of Pius VI, assisting with the Napoleonic Concordat. Pius VII (1800-1823) sent him to Paris as secretary of the legation of Cardinal Caprara (1801); he proved to be a zealous, objective, and loyal informer for Pius VII of the events taking place during the pope's imprisonment at Savona (1809-1814).

Sala returned to Rome and was appointed secretary of the new apostolic delegation for the second French occupation. With the restoration he began the publication of his Piano di riforma in which he proposed as a remedial principle the laicization of the public tasks. This was interrupted, however, by Consalvi, legate to the Congress of Vienna.

After 1815 Sala was secretary for many commissions and committees as well as for the following congregations: Riforma, Affari Ecclesiastici, Riti, and Concilio. He also aided in improving papal relations with the Piedmont He also involved himself in workinig with the hospitals of the city. Gregory XVI raised him to the cardinalate on September 30, 1831, and named him prefect for the Congregation for the Index and then for the Congregation of Bishops and Regulars. Among his unedited writings he left a copy of his Piano di reforma, which gives an objective account of the events of the years 1798 and 1799.

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Antonio Sala, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568718

Castruccio Castracane became a cardinal in 1833. He also served as bishop of Palestrina and penitenziere maggiore. He died in Rome in 1852.

From the description of Spoglio del Castruccio Castracane, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568273

Pacifico Masella was Segretario delle Lettere Latine (1913-1922).

From the description of Spoglio del Pacifico Massella, 1913-1922. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568548

Giacomo Giustiniani was born on December 29, 1769, and died February 24, 1843. He was successively vice-legato of Ravenna (1794), governor of Perugia (1795), presidente della Giunta di Stato di Roma, and pro-governor of Rome (1814). He was nuncio to Spain between 1817 and 1826. Giustiniani became a cardinal on October 2, 1826, and was bishop of Imola until 1832. He served as camerlengo of the S. R. Chiesa, prefect of the Fabbrica and the Indice, and segretario dei Memoriali.

From the description of Spoglio del Giacomo Giustiniani, 1830-1843. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568454

Ludovico Micara was born in Frascati on October 12, 1775, and died in Rome on May 24, 1847. He was a member of the Capuchins. Micara became a cardinal on March 13, 1826. He was bishop of Ostia and Velletri and a dean of the College of Cardinals. Later, Micara also served as legate to Velletri. His nephew, Clemente Micara, was also a cardinal. Micara was prefect of the S.C. Cerimoniale e dei Riti and president of the Camera.

From the description of Spoglio del Ludovico Micara, 1739-1846. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568589

Giuseppe Fesch was born on January 3, 1763, in Ajaccio (Corsica) and died in Rome on May 13, 1839. Through his mother's second marriage, he was uncle to Napoleon Bonaparte. Fesch studied in the seminary in Aix en Provence and became a priest in 1785. In 1802, he became archbishop of Lyon and in 1803 he became a cardinal. At that time Fesch also became ambassador from France to the Holy See. Fesch was perpetual director of the Arciconfraternita degli Amanti di Gesu e Maria, called the Via Crucis. He was protector for the archconfaternities of Santa Maria dell'Orazione (called della Morte) and of Santissima Assunta in S. Maria dei Miracoli; the Collegio Ghislieri; the Congregazione Basiliane del Santissimo Salvatore e di S. Giovanni in Soairo dei Greci Melchiti; the Monache Passioniste di Corneto; the Venerabile Compagnia di S. Lorenzo in Lucina; the monastero di Fognano; and the Diocese of Faenza. (Enciclopedia cattolica)

From the description of Spoglio del Giuseppe Fesch, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568386

Pier Filippo Boatti was minutante della Segreterio dei Confini.

From the description of Spoglio del Pier Filippo Boatti, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568224

Ercole Dandini was born on July 25, 1759, and died on July 22, 1840. He served as cameriere d'onore and ablegato to Viterbo. He was created a cardinal in 1823 and served as economo and then secretary of the Fabbrica di San Pietro, prefect of the Congregazione del Buon Governo and visitatore apostolico dell'Arciospedale e Pio Istituto di S. Spirito in Sassia. (Moroni, Dizionario)

From the description of Spoglio del Ercole Dandini, [17--?]-[18--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568318

Carlo Vizzardelli was born in Monte S. Giovanni on July 21, 1791, and died May 24, 1851. He was secretary for Lettere Latine and then secretary for the Congregazione per gli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari. He became a cardinal on January 20, 1848. He served as prefect of the Congregazione degli Studi and followed Pope Pius to Gaeta in 1848-1849.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Vizzardelli, 1832-1849. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568802

Bonaventura Cerretti was born in Bardano di Orvieto on June 17, 1872, and died in Rome on May 8, 1933. He was ordained in 1895 and entered the office of the secretary of state. Cerretti served as part of the apostolic delegations in Mexico and the United States and was apostolic delegate in Australia (1914). From 1917 to 1921, he served as secretary for the S. Congregazione per gli Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari. Then, Cerretti became apostolic nuncio to Paris (1921-1925). In 1925 he became a cardinal. At the same time he became bishop of Velletri. (Enciclopedia Cattolica, v. 3, 1326)

From the description of Spoglio del Bonaventura Cerretti, 1914-1921. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568283

Angelo Quaglia was born in Corneto on August 28, 1802, and died in Rome on April 28, 1872. He studied law and was prelato uditore of the Rota. He became a cardinal on September 27, 1861. Quaglia was prefect of the Congregation for Bishops and Regulars.

From the description of Spoglio del Angelo Quaglia, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568673

Carlo Mauri was sostituto in the office of the Secretary of State.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Mauri, ca. 1816-1823. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568560

Carlo Giovanni Villani was consigliere di stato during the pontificate of Pius IX.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Giovanni Villani, 1850-1858. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568793

Vincenzo La Puma was born in Palermo on January 22, 1874, and died in Rome on November 4, 1943. He became cardinal on December 16, 1935, and served as prefect of the Congregazione dei Religiosi.

From the description of Spoglio del Vincenzo LaPuma, [18--?]-[19--?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568487

There are two means of locating documents in the Secretary of State, Fondo Moderno series (Interni-Esteri, 1814-1822; Interni, 1822-1833; Esteri, 1815-1850; and Esteri, 1846-1922). One method is directly through the rubric numbers; the other possibility is through the Rubricelle and Protocolli registers. Note that the rubric numbers form a subject-based system of classification. The Rubricelle, on the other hand, are registers of correspondence. The rubric numbers and the Rubricelle are two completely different elements and are not interchangeable. Each approach is described in the next several paragraphs, along with a description of the uses of all the ASV Indici that provide information on these series.

From the description of Fondo moderno, 1814-1922. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145569009

Giovanni Battista Cannella was born in L'Aquila and died in Rome on March 27, 1859. He served as revisore of the Commissioni, apostolic delegate to Orvieto, sostituto for the segreteria per gli Affari di Stato Interni (1846), and segretario of the S.C. Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari (1853).

From the description of Spoglio del Giovanni Battista Cannella, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568242

Loreto Santucci was a minutante in the office of the Secretary of State.

From the description of Spoglio del Loreto Santucci, 1815-1841. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568723

Karl August von Reisach was born in Roth (Bavaria) on July 6, 1800, and died in Rome on December 29, 1869. He was archbishop of Munich and Freising. He became a cardinal on December 17, 1855. Reisach served as prefect of the Congregazione degli Studi and became bishop suburbacario of Sabina and of the Abbey of S. Maria di Farfa.

From the description of Spoglio del Carlo Augusto di Reisach, [18--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568687

Giacomo Brignole was born on May 8, 1797, in Genoa and died on June 23, 1853. His ecclesiastical service included the roles of nuncio to Florence, vice-commissario pontificio straordinario and pro-legate to Bologna, tesoriere generale of the Camera, prefect of the S. Congregazione dell'Indice, president of the Commissione speciale per la riforma delle carceri e luoghi di pena, and presidente of the Consulta di stato per le finanze. He became a cardinal on January 20, 1834.

From the description of Spoglio del Giacomo Luigi Brignole, 1830-1833. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568228

Francesco Bertazzoli was born in Lugo on May 1, 1754, and died in Rome on April 7, 1830. He studied theology in Bologna and was a favorite of Pope Pius VII. He was nominated bishop of Montalto, canon of S. Maria Maggiore, and elemosiniere segreto, and became cardinal on March 10, 1823. (Enciclopedia Cattolica II)

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Bertazzoli, [17--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568220

Costantino Patrizi was born in Siena on September 4, 1788, and died on December 17, 1876. The son of Giovanni who was a hereditary standard bearer of the Holy Roman Church and a senator of Rome, Costantino was ordained a priest in 1821. Under Pius VII he was named a domestic prelate and appointed a referendary of the apostolic Signatura; Leo XII inscribed him among the auditors of the Rota; Gregory XVI appointed him his major domo. In the consistory of 1834 Gregory also named him a cardinal in pectore but did not publish the fact until 1836. In 1841 Costantino became vice general of Rome. In the consistory held by Pius IX at Gaeta in 1849, he was selected for the suburban see of Albano. He moved successively to Porto and S. Rufina (1860), then to prefect of the Congregation of Ceremonies and Rites, then to secretary of the Congregation of the Holy Office. In 1870 he became dean of the College of Cardinals. He officiated as procurator for Carlo Cardinal Odescalchi in the consistory of 1838 when the cardinal abandoned his "purple" in order to work with the missions. He was legate of Pius IX to Paris for the baptism of Prince Eugene, son of Napoleon III (1856).

From the description of Spoglio del Costantino Patrizi, 1826-1860. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568650

Francesco Leggeri was Procuratore Generale del Fisco and of the Reverenda Camera Apostolica from 1828 to 1846.

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Leggeri, 1828-1846. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568508

Francesco Capaccini was born in Rome on August 14, 1784, and died there on June 15, 1845. His ecclesiastical career included minutante for the secretary of state; sostituto for the secretary of briefs (1815); legate to Holland and Munich (1828); sostituto for the secretary of state (1831); diplomatic missions to Vienna, Berlin and Bonn (1837), and to the Netherlands (1841); apostolic delegate to Lisbon (1842-1844); and uditore for the Camera (1844). He became a cardinal on July 22, 1844, shortly before his death. (Dizionario; Enciclopedia Cattolica, v. III)

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Capaccini, 1806-1844. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568244

Francesco Guido-Bono Cavalchini was born in Tortona on December 4, 1755, and died in Rome on December 5, 1828. He served in the Camera, the Consulta, and in various posts concerning the Papal States, including governor of Rome. He became a cardinal August 14, 1807. He was arrested during the French occupation of Rome but was restored as governor in 1814. He was a member of the Congregazione del Buon Governo. (Moroni, Dizionario, V. XI. 5-6)

From the description of Spoglio del Francesco Guido-Bono Cavalchini, [17--]-[18--]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568280

Luigi Bilio was born in Alessandria in the Piedmont on March 25, 1826, and died in Rome on January 30, 1884. He was a member of the Barnabites. He was nominated consultor for the Congregazione della Curia Romana and on April 22, 1866, created cardinal. He served as penitenziere maggiore and secretary of the S. Romana ed Universalis Inquisizione. He also served in the following congregations: Immunita, Propaganda Fide, Affari di Rito Orientale, Indice, Sacri Riti, Indulgenze e Sacre Reliquie, Affari Ecclesiastici Straordinari, and Studi. He is considered the principal author of the "Sillabo" of Pius IX. Bilio was also president of the Commissione dogmatica and president general for the First Vatican Council. (Moroni, Dizionario; Campana, Il Concilio Vaticano; Cecconi, Storia del Concilio Ecumenico Vaticano I)

From the description of Spoglio del Luigi Bilio, 1849-1878. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568223

Pietro Lasagni was born in Caprarola on June 15, 1814, and died in Rome on April 19, 1885. He served as secretary of the Congregazione dei Vescovi e Regolari and the Conclave. He became a cardinal on December 13, 1880. He later became Segretario dei Memoriali.

From the description of Spoglio del Pietro Lasagni, 1833-1850. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568494

Raffaele Mazio was born in Rome on October 24, 1765, and died on February 4, 1832. He was successively secretary for the Congregazione Ceremoniale, a participant with Cardinal Consalvi in the Congress of Vienna, assessor of the Inquisizione, and segreterio delle Lettere Latine. Mazio became a cardinal on March 15, 1830.

From the description of Spoglio del Raffaele Mazio, ca. 1815-1827. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568563

Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro was born in Polizzi (Sicily) on August 17, 1843, and died in Rome on December 16, 1913. In 1882 he was named apostolic nuncio to Spain. He assisted in the mediation of Leo XIII between Spain and Germany concerning the Caroline Islands. Rampolla del Tindaro became a cardinal on May 27, 1887, and secretary of state until the death of Leo XIII (1903). Among other posts, Rampolla was vicar-apostolic of the Belgian Congo.

From the description of Spoglio del Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro, 1878-1902. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145568681

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pietro Francesco Galleffi, 1830-1841. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Beneficenza pontificia : Reparto diocese estere, [ca. 1940-1960]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Canosa family. Carte Canosa, 1821-1837. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Rota Romana. Appendix, 1585(copy)-1909 (bulk 1615-1909). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Antonino De Luca, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli SS. Benedetto XV, 1914-1922. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Particolari Pio X, 1904-1914. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Raffaele Fornari, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Polonia-Russia, 1793-1806. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Benedetto Lorenzelli, [18--?]-[19--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Andrea Aiuti, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Egidio Lari, ca. 1931-1944. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Genova, 1463-1809 (bulk 1572-1809). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Janni, 1833-1850. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Bernardo Tirabassi, ca. 1841. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Lettere di principi, 1515-1815 (bulk 1515-1801). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Registri bullarum (gia Coadiutorie e commende), 1787-1894. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Aidan Gasquet, 1917. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziature diverse, 1462-1807. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Primi communioni, 1910-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Spina, 1800-1822. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Polonia, ca. 1100-1810. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Pinchetti Sanmarchi, 1903-1922. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli di SS. Pio X, 1903-1914. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Miscellaneorum armarium III, 1565-1804 (scattered dates). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Rubriche, 1903-1915. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Macchi, Vincenzo, 1770-1860. Carte Macchi, 1742-1877 (bulk 1825-1860). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Emanuale DeGregorio, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Catholic Church. Praefectus Palatii Apostolici. Titoli, ca. 1741-1958. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Cristofori, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Interni-Esteri, 1814-1822. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli cardinali, ca. 1740-1959 (bulk 1810-1895). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Guido-Bono Cavalchini, [17--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Filippo Invernizzi, 1826-1828. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Mauro Cappellari, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Cosimo Corsi, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Papal States. Congregazione del buon governo. Records, 1660-1910 (bulk 1671-1866). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Giovanni Simeoni, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Doni, 1904-1919. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Borghese family. Fondo Borghese, 1376(copy)-1827 (bulk 1580-1750). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Raffaello Rossi, 1930-1945. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Boncompagni family. Archivio Boncompagni, 871-ca. 1900. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Indici : Diocesi, 1869-1928. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Domenico Jorio, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Raffaele Merry del Val, ca. 1890-1906. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Beneficenza pontificia, 1937-1964. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Talbot, 1861. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Svizzera, 1532-1815. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Federico Tedeschini, 1914-1959. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Bilio, 1849-1878. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Alberghini, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Castruccio Castracane, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Onorificenze e decorazioni : camerieri segreti soprannumero e prelati domestici, 1929-1958. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Placido Zurla, 1825-1838. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Indulgentiae ad tempus, 1625-1908. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovan Francesco Falzacappa, 1871, 1878. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Camera Apostolica. Fondo dell'Archivio di Stato di Roma, 1408-1869. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Lettere di soldati, 1572-1755. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura de Colonia, 1573-1799. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Michele Di Pietro, 1802-1818. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo, 1832-1867. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziature per le Paci, 1628-1716. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Miscellaneorum armarium I, 1542-1771 (scattered dates). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Anton-Maria Orioli, 1847. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giacomo Giustiniani, 1830-1843. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Alessandro di Sanmarzano, 1836-1838. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Pio IX, 1846-1878. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Achille Maria Ricci, ca. 1818-1861. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Leggeri, 1828-1846. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Capaccini, 1806-1844. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Alberto Zama, 1893. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Mariano Cordovani, 1949-1950. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Messe, 1904-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Salvatore Vitelleschi, ca. 1870-1875. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giacomo Luigi Brignole, 1830-1833. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Fabio Maria Asquini, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Tommaso Bernetti, [17--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Cassa, 1908-1949. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Favoriti, Agostini, d. 1682. Fondo Favoriti-Casoni, 1643-1698. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pietro Giannelli, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Vannicelli Casoni, 1835-1877. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo di'Conti Belgrado, 1846-1858. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Mignone, 1907-1942. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Protocolli, 1816-1922. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Fondo moderno, 1814-1922. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Pietro Campana, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Vincenzo Macchi, 1808-1860. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Francesco Marmaggi, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Amat di San Filippo e Sorso, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Miscellanea Leo XIII, [18--]-[19--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Ugo Spinola, 1819-1860. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Collegio dei cardinali. Conclavi, 1585-1846. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Armarium XLVII, [1---]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Corsica, 1655-1801 (bulk 1746-1770). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Paolucci de Calboli, 1830-1851. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Varia, 1567-1832. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Epoca napoleonica : Baviera, 1786-1815. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Legazione di Velletri, 1830-1848. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Armarium LXIV, ca. 1520-1630. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Sabatucci, ca. 1841. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Ludovico Gazzoli, 1822-1858. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Registri II, 1814-1829. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio dei Fratelli Lattanzi, ca. 1850-1899. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Beneficenza pontificia : Giovanni XXIII, [195-?]-[196-?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Eustachio Gonella, 1848-1870. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pier Filippo Boatti, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Albani, [17--?]-[18--?] University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Beneficenza pontificia, 1940-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Domenico Bartolini, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Lorenzo Randi, ca. 1859-1872. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Lorenzo Barili, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Raffaele Monaco La Valletta, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Silvio Valenti Gonzaga, 1744-1747. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Armarium XLVIII, [1---]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Croci "Pro Ecclesia" e Medaglie benemeriti, 1936-1958. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Fesch, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Francesco Pentini, [184-?]-[186-?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Enea Sbarretti, ca. 1850. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Antonio Sala, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Gaetano Bedini, 1845-1852. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Barberi, 1812-1821. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Congregatio super Disciplina Regulari. Decreta, 1656-1906. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Vicario castense, militari, 1916-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Miscellaneorum armarium II, 1555-1729 (scattered dates). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Fiandra, 1553-1795. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Napoli, 1191-1808 (bulk 1560-1808). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Miscellanea Pio X, 1903-1914. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pasquale Tommaso Gizzi, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Maglione, ca. 1939. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Emigrati della rivoluzione francese, 1708-1805 (bulk 1792-1797). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Catholic Church. Poenitentiaria Apostolica. [Miscellaneous buste SF/455], 1741-1966. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Rufini, ca. 1832. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Caracciolo, 1819. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Lorenzo Caleppi, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Legazione di Bologna, 1450-1796 (bulk 1543-1796). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Commissioni soccorse, [ca. 1935-1952]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Guerra, [ca.1938-ca. 1939]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pietro Lasagni, 1833-1850. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Prospero Caterini, 1860-1874. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Hergenrother, 1879-1890. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Enrico Piccoli, [184-?]-[187-?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Tommaso Ciampi, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Ciani, [17--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Lorenzo Nina, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Annibale Capalti, 1849-1878. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco DeMedici, 1843-1856. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Autografi di SS. Pio X, 1903-1913. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Archivio della nunziature, ca. 1500-[19--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Filippo Frassinelli, [17--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Beni family. Archivio Beni, 1297-1916. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Luigi Bartoli, ca. 1827-1852. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Pallotti, 1853-1881. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Guerra, 1914-1918. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli di Leone XIII, 1878-1903. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Domanda di autografi pontifici, 1939-1956. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Giulio Gabrielli, 1814-1821. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Indulgentiae perpetuae, 1580-1909. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Rubricelle, 1816-1922. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Angelo Quaglia, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Tripepi, ca. 1883. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Girolamo Petri, ca. 1848. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Congregatio de Propaganda Fide. Indulgenze, 1722-1934. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Registri I, 1800-1809. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pietro Giuseppe D'Avella y Navarro, ca. 1831-1851. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Bertazzoli, [17--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Inghilterra, 1544-1856. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Teodolfo Mertel, 1846-1899. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Biglietti epoca napoleonica, 1800-1809. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Spagna, 1471-1818 (bulk 1524-1808). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Roberto Roberti, 1843-1864. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Antonio Domenico Gamberini, ca. 1830-1841. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Savoia, 1560-1803. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Seminari, 1910-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Augusto di Reisach, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Antonio Pallotta, 1816-1834. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Bartolomeo Artibani, 1873-1908. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Odescalchi, ca. 1835. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Brevi apostolici, 1908-1968. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Gabriele Ferretti, ca. 1830-1860. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Eugenio Giordani, 1840. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Suppliche, 1909-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Pierantozzi, ca. 1870. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Lettere di particolari, 1518 (1519)-1809. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Esteri, 1815-1850 (bulk 1815-1845). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Cassa : Volumi, 1898-1908. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Germania, 1515-1809, with some additions to 1816. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Ruolo pagamenti, 1884-1957. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Loreto Santucci, 1815-1841. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Federico Amadori Cattani, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Anno Santo 1925, 1924-1927. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Collegi, 1909-1913. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Girolamo Feliciangeli, 1820-1830. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Benedizioni, 1911-1914. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Altare privilegiatum ad tempus, 1771-1908. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunzi, 1800-1810. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Onorificenze e decorazioni, 1936-1956. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Marco Evangelisti, 1848-1853. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Ercole Consalvi, 1813-1823. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Raffaele Mazio, ca. 1815-1827. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Secretaria brevium, 1554-1908 (bulk 1561-1907). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Omaggi/oboli, 1881. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Interni, 1822-1833. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Bartolommeo Pacca, 1808-1842. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Paolo Polidori, ca. 1820-1847. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giacomo Antonelli, [18--]-[18--} University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Mauri, ca. 1816-1823. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Stampe Pio IX, [18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Galimberti, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Paolo Campa, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Nicola Carenzi, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Clemente Villecourt, ca. 1787-1867. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Cancelleria dei brevi apostolici : Miscellanea, 1848-1956. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Agency history record. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Legazione di Avignone, 1231-1792 (bulk 1561-1792). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Giovanni Soglia, 1848-1856. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Ugolini, 1816-1867. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Anno Santo 1950, 1949-1951. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Massimo Massimi, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Riccardo Magnanensi, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Legazione di Romagna, 1524-1797 (bulk 1643-1797). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Ercole Dandini, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Beneficenza pontificia : reparto, 1944-1947. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Portogallo, 1142-1851 (bulk 1568-1809). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Annibale Sermattei Della Genga, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Nicola Riganti, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Domenico Guidi, 1830-1865. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Brevi originali, 1647-1913. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Risposte varie, 1914-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Armarium XLVI, [1---]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Firme questione romana, 1887-1888. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Lorenzo Simonetti, ca. 1849-1856 University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Maria Pedicini, 1816-1823. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziature e legazioni, 1187-1851. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Commissariato straordinario delle quattro legazione, 1832-1839. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Berardi, 1849-1878. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Demetrio Silvagni-Loreni, 1829-1863. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Venezia, 1524-1807. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Laurenzi, ca. 1867-1884. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Enrico Sibilia, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Costantino Patrizi, 1826-1860. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Rota Romana. Miscellanea, 1317-1922 (bulk 1650-1850). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Innocenzo Ferrieri, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Oreglia di S. Stefano, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Carlo Sacconi, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Vincenzo LaPuma, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Libri di corrispondenza, 1644-1823. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Nicola Paracciani Clarelli, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Doni arredamenti sacri, 1908-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pacifico Massella, 1913-1922. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Cassa : Scatole, 1824-1927. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Alessandro Franchi, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Ciacchi, ca. 1832-1850. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Beneficenza pontificia : schedario nomi Pio XII, [193-?]-[195-?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Lettere di cardinali, 1523-1803. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Adriano Fieschi, ca. 1831-1858. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Flavio Chigi, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Epoca napoleonica : Francia, 1798-1815. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Carpegna family. Fondo Carpegna, 1523-1706. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Epoca napoleonica : Italia, 1782-1815 (bulk 1798-1815). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Benedetto Cappelletti, 1814-1845. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Lavitrano, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Armellini, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Lambruschini, 1831-1851. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Angelo Bianchi, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Bonaventura Cerretti, 1914-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Archivio Vaticano. Collection, 1683-1883. Library of Congress
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Visita apostolica in Messico, 1886-1900 (bulk 1896-1900). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Armarium LX, [1---]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Cardoni, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Gaetano DeRuggero, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giulio Maria Della Somaglia, 1801-1828. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Sussidi, 1904-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Beneficenza pontificia : reparto, 1945-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. [Miscellanea], 1831-1836, 1915-1968. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Confini, ca. 1700-1852. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Francesco Nardi, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Memoriali e biglietti, 1578-1798. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Angelo Giansanti, 1861-1864. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Gaude, 1850-1860. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Soccorsi concessi dal S. Padre, 1872-1873. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Camillo Di Pietro, ca. 1840-1869. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Francia, 1527-1826. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Domenico Passionei, [16--?]-[17--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Camillo Caccia Dominioni, ca. 1877-1946. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Armaria LXII-LXIII, 1537-1588. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Marozzo, ca. 1802-1804. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Frezza, [17-?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Tiberi, ca. 1837-1838. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Angelo Mai, 1838-1839. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pietro Marini, 1828-1863. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giorgio Lana, 1859-1860. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Onorificenze e decorazioni, 1947-1978. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Altare privilegiatum perpetuum, 1579-1908. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Tiberio Pacca, 1809-1820. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Tosi, Gioacchino, d. 1837. Archivio Tosi, 1788-1836. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Farnese family. Carte Farnesiane, 1475-1762 (bulk 1542-1569). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Antonio Tosti, ca. 1823-1844. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Commissioni e legazioni, 1832-1837. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Battista Cannella, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Esteri, 1846-1922. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Rusconi, ca. 1837-1858. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Gabriele Boccali, 1879-1882. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Mazio, Raffaele, 1765-1832. Carte Mazio, 1803-1828. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Fantuzzi, Gaetano, 1708-1778. Miscellanea Fantuzzi, 1643-1778. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Tiberio Trani, ca. 1849-1850. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Inquisizione di Malta, 1432-1797 (bulk 1572-1797). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Libri rationum, 1908-1941. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Zen, 1817-1818. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Caccia Piatti, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Armarium LXI, [1---]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Bofondi, 1825-1867. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Vizzardelli, 1832-1849. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Records, 1408-[197-?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Mario Mattei, ca. 1820-1870. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Segreteria Brevium. Indulta personalia, 1824-1908. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Ministri esteri, 1800-1809. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Wlodimiro Czacki, ca. 1870-1885. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Ludovico Micara, 1739-1846. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Nunziatura di Baviera, 1786-1808. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Lettere di vescovi e prelati, 1505-1797. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Terenziano Moreschi, 1841-1855. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Antonio Antonucci, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Giovanni Villani, 1850-1858. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Domande, 1910-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Carte varie, 1745-1833. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Francesco Salesio Della Volpe, ca. 1903. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giulio Tonti, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Beneficenza pontificia : schedario nomi, Paolo VI, [196-?]-[197-?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Luigi Misciatelli, ca. 1914-1922. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Anno Santo 1934, 1933-1934. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Archivio di Mons. Antonio Riberi, [ca. 1935-ca. 1940]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Armarium XLIX, [1---]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Cremonesi, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Mezzofanti, 1833-1848. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Andrea Fruhwirth, [18--?]-[19--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spogli Tomaso Arrezzo, 1813-1830. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Legazione di Urbino, 1624-1798. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Legazione di Ferrara, 1597-1797. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Angelo Luchini, 1860-1870. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Antonio Matteucci, 1831-1854. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Ignazio Nasalli, ca. 1824. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Lorenzo Litta, [17--?]-[18--?]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro, 1878-1902. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Carlo Autilio, ca. 1849-1852. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Camillo Tarquini, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Avvisi, 1559-1889 (bulk 1605-1710). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Luigi Ruffo Scilla, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Gaetano Ludovici, 1827-1834. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Vincenzo Santucci, 1829-1863. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Charles Januarius Acton, 1835-1849. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giuseppe Evangelisti, ca. 1824-1841. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Lettere diverse, 1587-1782. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Archivio degli commissioni soccorse, [ca.1949-ca.1952]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Pietro DeSilvestri, [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Franciscans. Fondo Francescani, 1464-1758. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Clement XI, Pope, 1649-1721. Fondo Albani, ca. 1500-1721. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Aiuti per terremotati, 1908-1915. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Carte varie : benedizioni, 1914-1921. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Federico De Merode, 1865. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Battista Franzelin. [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Enrico Gasparri, 1914. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
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associatedWith Averardi, Nicola. person
associatedWith Azione cattolica italiana. corporateBody
associatedWith Bambino Gesu di Sezze. corporateBody
associatedWith Barberi, Giovanni. person
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