McIlhenny, Edward Avery, 1872-1949

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Edward Avery "Ned" McIlhenny, son of Tabasco brand pepper sauce inventor Edmund McIlhenny, was a Louisiana businessman, explorer, naturalist, and conservationist. He participated in Arctic expeditions as a young man before assuming control of the McIlhenny Company, overseeing Tabasco sauce production as president of the organization until his death. During his tenure, McIlhenny expanded, modernized, and standardized sauce production, as well as experimented with new ways of promoting the world-famous product, such as advertising on radio.

McIlhenny founded the Bird City wildfowl refuge on Avery Island, La., around 1895, which helped to save the snowy egret from extinction. He was instrumental in securing nearly 175,000 acres of south Louisiana coastal marshland as wildfowl refuges. McIlhenny banded over 285,000 birds during his lifetime and ran a game farm on Avery Island. He used his 250-acre personal estate, known as Jungle Gardens, to propagate azaleas, irises, camellias, bamboo, and other plant species.

From the description of Edward Avery McIlhenny papers, 1911-1947. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 301281567

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Bendire, Charles, 1836-1897. person
associatedWith Brookfield Zoo Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Brookfield Zoo Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Brookfield Zoo Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Brookfield Zoo (Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Burden, Steele, 1900-1995, person
associatedWith Jungle Gardens (Avery Island, La.) corporateBody
associatedWith McCutcheon, John T. (John Tinney), 1870-1949, person
associatedWith Plath, Karl. person
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Biological Survey. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Louisiana
Avery Island (La.)
Subject
Whaling
Botany
Natural history
Bird banding
Ornithology
Wildlife conservationists
Birds--Research
Game protection
Zoology
Game and game birds
Occupation
Naturalists--Louisiana
Ornithologists--Louisiana
Function

Person

Birth 1872

Death 1949

Information

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SNAC ID: 8343114