Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869

Alternative names

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Editor of the Extra Globe, Washington, D.C.

From the description of Letters, 1840-1844. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 36437687

American politician.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to John Mills, United States Attorney in Boston, 1840 May 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270491445

American politican.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Frankfort, to W. W. Worsley, bookseller in Lexington, 1825 Nov. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270487247

Journalist and U.S. postmaster general.

From the description of Papers of Amos Kendall, 1835-1909 (bulk 1835-1880). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 74986083

From the description of Letters, 1845 Apr. 12-13. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70953054

Journalist, U.S. postmaster general, and political advisor.

From the description of Amos Kendall : miscellaneous papers, 1814-1868. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49244414

Biographical Note

  • 1789, Aug. 16: Born, Dunstable, Mass.
  • 1807: Completed secondary studies, Lawrence Academy, Groton, Mass.
  • 1811: Graduated, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.Y.
  • 1812 - 1814 : Studied law, Groton, Mass.
  • 1814: Moved to Kentucky; served as tutor in the household of Henry Clay
  • 1816: Took charge of Argus of Western America, Frankfurt, Ky.
  • 1818: Married Mary B. Woolfolk (died 1823)
  • 1826: Changed political support from Henry Clay to Andrew Jackson Married Jane Kyle.
  • 1829 - 1837 : Member of President Andrew Jackson’s inner circle of advisors, known informally as the “Kitchen Cabinet”
  • circa 1830s: Edited and wrote for the Globe, a Jacksonian and Democratic organ published in Washington, D.C., and founded Kendall’s Expositor
  • 1835 - 1840 : Postmaster general
  • 1843: Became agent for collection of claims against the government, including on behalf of Cherokee Indians
  • 1845: Entered business partnership with Samuel Finley Breese Morse
  • 1857: Helped found Columbia Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, which later became Gallaudet University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1862: Helped found Calvary Baptist Church, Washington, D.C.
  • 1869, Nov. 12: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Amos Kendall Papers, 1835-1909, (bulk 1835-1880), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Commodore James Barron, born 15 September 1768 in Hampton, Virginia, died 21 April 1851 in Norfolk, served under his father, Commodore James Barron the Elder, in the Revolutionary War. He was made Captain in the Virginia Navy in 1799 and transferred to the newly formed U.S. Navy in 1803. During the War with Tripoli he commanded the U.S. Frigates New York and President when his brother, Commodore Samuel Barron, was commander of the Mediterranean Squadron. He assisted his brother in that command when the latter's health failed and returned with him to Norfolk in 1805.

Appointed Commander of the Mediterranean Squadron in 1806 with the rank of Commodore, which title he retained for the rest of his life, he sailed aboard the U.S. Chesapeake. The British ship Leopard attacked the Chesapeake when Barron refused to allow his ship to be boarded in a search for British deserters. After a brief battle, Barron surrendered and on the request of his junior officers he was brought before a Naval court martial. The command was turned over to Capt. Stephen Decatur who in the Algerian War of 1815 became a national hero. Barron was suspended from the Navy for five years in a decision criticized by many, including B. Cocke of Washington and Robert Saunders of Williamsburg.

Barron took command of the merchant ship Portia, and after several voyages was caught in a Danish port by the outbreak of the War of 1812. He attempted to get passage home but was refused it because of the Danish neutrality and remained in Copenhagen until 1819. During this period he supported himself with his inventions including a new type of mill, a rope spinning machine, a cork cutter, and a dough kneading machine. Upon his return he sought a command in the Navy and in the course of this an argument by mail with Decatur resulted in the famous duel in which Barron was seriously injured and Decatur fatally. His second in the duel, Capt. J. D. Elliott was coupled with Barron in responsibility for the duel, though perhaps unfairly.

A Naval Court of Enquiry was held in 1821 to clear the name of Barron for his absence in the War of 1812 and other charges brought against him. The decision was very noncommittal and was criticized by many, including Carter Beverley and John Taliaferro of Williamsburg.

In 1824, Barron was given the command of the Philadelphia Navy Yard, largely through the influence of his friend, General Andrew Jackson. While there he participated in the entertaining of General Lafayette when he visited the U.S.

Commodore Barron took command of the Gosport Navy Yard in 1825 where he remained until 1831 when he returned to the command of the Philadelphia Navy Yard. In 1837, he resigned that command because an officer junior to him had been appointed President of the Naval Board in Washington, and was without command until 1842. From 13 March to 30 November 1842 he commanded the Navy Asylum, a retirement home for Naval men in Philadelphia. In that position he was also in charge of the training and examination of Midshipmen for the Navy, and his advice was asked when plans were being made for organization of the Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1847. In 1845, he returned to Norfolk where he lived in retirement until his death in 1851.

During all this time he continued his interest in inventions which included a new type of pump and bellows ventilator for ships, a steam-powered battleship, a new type of dry dock, and a cylinder steam for ships developed with Amos Kendali. He was instrumental in the development of the Naval flag signal, which he first revised in 1798.

Commodore Barron supported the education of his grandson, James Barron Hope, whose early letters, a poem on Washington, and other poems are included at the end of Box 11. (See the James Barron Hope Papers for a continuation of these papers, and the Samuel Barron Papers for a chart to the genealogy of the Barron family.)

From the guide to the James Barron Papers (1), 1766-1899., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Archival Resources
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referencedIn Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876. Blair family papers, 1755-1968 (bulk 1829-1892). Library of Congress
referencedIn Thomas J. Chew family papers, Chew, Thomas J. family papers, 1797-1875, 1802-1857 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. Andrew Jackson papers, 1775-1874 (bulk 1785-1845). Library of Congress
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Letters, 1840-1844. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Appleton, William, 1786-1862. Letters, 1832-1834. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Duane Family Collection, 1764-1933 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Green, Norvin, 1818-1893. Norvin Green Papers, 1802-1892. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn O'Reilly, Henry, 1806-1886. Collected documents, 1784-1862. 1784-1848 (bulk). New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn Rowan, John, 1773-1843. John Rowan papers, 1805-1829. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849. Papers of James K. Polk, 1775-1891 (bulk 1830-1849). Library of Congress
referencedIn Hopkinson, James. Letters, 1836-1846. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Donelson, Andrew Jackson, 1799-1871. Andrew Jackson Donelson papers, 1779-1943 (bulk 1813-1869). Library of Congress
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to John Mills, United States Attorney in Boston, 1840 May 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Green, Duff, 1791-1875. Duff Green papers, 1716-1883 (bulk 1827-1845). Library of Congress
referencedIn Johnston, Caroline Dorsey. Correspondence, 1922. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Records of the Office of the Secretary of War. 1791 - 1948. Records Relating to an Investigation of the Ordnance Department
referencedIn Andrew Jackson Donelson Papers, 1779-1943, (bulk 1813-1869) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Parker, Joseph Whiting, 1805-1887. Joseph W. Parker Memoirs [manuscript]/ Joseph Whiting Parker, Sr., circa 1880. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Duane, William J. (William John), 1780-1865. Papers, [ca. 1760s]-[ca. 1860s]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Papers of Amos Kendall, 1835-1909 (bulk 1835-1880). Library of Congress
referencedIn Samuel Finley Breese Morse Papers, 1793-1944, (bulk 1807-1872) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Webb, J. Watson (James Watson), 1802-1884. James Watson Webb papers, 1819-1967 (inclusive), 1819-1890 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. Letter, 1838 August 22, Hartford, Conn., to Amos Kendall. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Van Buren, Martin, 1782-1862. Martin Van Buren papers, 1787-1910 (bulk 1820-1850). Library of Congress
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Letters, 1845 Apr. 12-13. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Smith, Francis O.J. (Francis Osmond Jonathan), 1806-1876. Francis O.J. Smith correspondence, 1828-1870. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Francis O.J. Smith correspondence, 1828-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn W. W. Corcoran Papers, 1791-1896, (bulk 1849-1888) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn B. A. G. Fuller autograph collection, 1620-1920. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Stickney, William, 1827-1881. [Stickney pamphlets]. George Washington University
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Autograph letter signed : Frankfort, to W. W. Worsley, bookseller in Lexington, 1825 Nov. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Papers, 1833-1849. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1787-1869. Letter, 1830 August 13, Treasury Dept., to "Sir" [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn James K. Polk Papers, 1775-1891, (bulk 1830-1849) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hopson, Edwin N., Collector. Edwin N. Hopson : collection. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Martin Van Buren Papers, 1787-1910, (bulk 1820-1850) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Barron, James, 1769-1851. Papers, 1776-1899. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Duff Green Papers, 1716-1883, (bulk 1827-1845) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George Brinton McClellan Papers, 1783-1898, (bulk 1850-1885) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Amos Kendall Papers, 1835-1909, (bulk 1835-1880) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876. Blair family papers, 1755-1968 (bulk 1829-1892). Library of Congress
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Papers, 1829-1861. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Carpenter, William, 1787-1859. Papers, 1818-1861. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Letter, 1838, March 5, Washington, D.C., to J. Delafield, New York. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Rust, George, Jr., 1788-1857. Papers, 1788-1858 (bulk 1815-1858). Library of Virginia
referencedIn Bodley family. Bodley family papers, 1773-1939. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871. Papers of Charles Carter Lee and the Lee family [manuscript], 1768-1931 (bulk 1780-1871). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Farris, William. [Account of] a campaign against some Indians towns [which took place] in the year of 1794 / Wm Farris [and] Morgan Vardaman. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Commissions, 1837 and 1847. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Joseph Desha and John R. Desha Papers, 1773-1871, (bulk 1800-1855) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hill, Isaac, 1789-1851. Papers, 1811-1852. New Hampshire Historical Society Library
creatorOf Barron, James, 1769-1851. James Barron Court-Martial papers. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Virginia. Board of Public Works. Washington and New Orleans Telegraph Company letters and reports, 1846-1850, 1852, 1854. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Letter to J.K. Cransten. [s.l.]. 1834 Jun. 6. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Desha, Joseph, 1768-1842. Joseph Desha and John R. Desha papers, 1773-1871 (bulk 1800-1855). Library of Congress
referencedIn Henry Clay Family Papers, 1732-1927, (bulk 1814-1852) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Betts, Thaddeus, 1789-1840. Letter, 1840 January 31, Washington, D.C., to Samuel F. Lambert. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Drake, Elias Franklin, 1813-1892. Elias Franklin Drake and family papers, 1814-1917. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Huger, Alfred, 1788-1872. Letter, 1837 Feb. 7-8 (Charleston, [S.C.]), to Amos Kendall, [Washington, D.C.] University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Samuel Chester Reid Family Papers, 1807-1963, (bulk 1830-1897) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Amos Kendall : miscellaneous papers, 1814-1868. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Wade, Ellen Garretson, 1859-1917. The Jeptha Homer Wade family papers, 1771-1957 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn New York State Library. Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit. Autographs of American authors and statesmen collection, ca.1770-1865. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Letter. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Black, John, fl. 1835. John Black papers, 1798-1848. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Kendall, Amos, 1789-1869. Letter, 1815 Nov. 6, Georgetown, Ky., to Francis Brown, Hanover, N.H. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Boyd, Crosby Noyes, 1903-. Crosby Noyes Boyd autograph collection, 1791-1908. Library of Congress
referencedIn Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851. Papers, 1785-1851. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Lucius Lyon papers, Lyon, Lucius, papers, 1770-1934, 1833-1851 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Thomas, Gardner, d. 1829. Papers of Gardner Thomas, 1815-1832. Library of Congress
referencedIn Reid, Samuel Chester, 1783-1861. Samuel Chester Reid family papers, 1807-1963 (bulk 1830-1897). Library of Congress
creatorOf Thayer, George W. Lucius Lyon papers, 1770-1934, bulk 1833-1851. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Corcoran, W. W. (William Wilson), 1798-1888. W.W. Corcoran papers, 1791-1896 (bulk 1849-1888). Library of Congress
referencedIn John P. (John Prescott) Bigelow papers, 1805-1896 (inclusive) 1814-1863 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Tazewell, Littleton Waller, 1774-1860. Letters to Littleton Waller Tazewell [manuscript] 1827 and 1829. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Balch, Israel, 1788-1858. Letter, 1833 June 25, to Andrew Jackson. New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn Blair, Francis P., 1791-1876. Francis P. Blair papers : letter, court document, and handbill, 1814-1869. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Ezra Cornell papers, (bulk), 1746-1888, 1844-1870 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. George Brinton McClellan papers, 1783-1898 (bulk 1850-1885). Library of Congress
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889,. Correspondence of Philip Fendall and of W.W. Seaton, 1829-1853. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Langdon, William Chauncy, 1831-1895. William Chauncy Langdon papers, 1600-1903 (bulk 1846-1863). Library of Congress
referencedIn Gunnell, I. I. Letter, 1839 May 22. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
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creatorOf Vail, Alfred, 1807-1859. [Collection of materials concerning Samuel F.B. Morse's patent for the telegraph ]. MIT Libraries, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Libraries
referencedIn Jarvis, Russell, 1790-1853. Papers, 1817-1828. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Wade, Ellen Garretson, 1859-1917. The Jeptha Homer Wade family papers, 1771-1957. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858. Papers of the Gooch family [manuscript] 1800-91. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Blair Family Papers, 1755-1968, (bulk 1829-1892) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Andrew Jackson Papers, 1775-1860, (bulk 1785-1845) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn James Watson Webb papers, 1819-1967, 1819-1890 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Cased images collection, ca. 1840-ca. 1900. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf James Barron Papers (1), 1766-1899. Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
referencedIn Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872. Samuel Finley Breese Morse papers, 1793-1944 (bulk 1807-1872). Library of Congress
creatorOf Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858,. Papers of the Gooch family 1812-1891 (bulk 1824-1849). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Baird, Thomas E.,. Collection of miscellaneous southern historical papers [manuscript], 1778-1864. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Johnson, Richard M. (Richard Mentor), 1780-1850. Richard M. Johnson : miscellaneous papers, 1814-1848. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Tazewell family. Papers, 1772-1866. Library of Virginia
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826 person
associatedWith A. P. (Abel Parker) Upshur, 1790-1844 person
associatedWith Appleton, William, 1786-1862. person
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associatedWith Barron, James person
associatedWith Barron, James, 1769-1851. person
associatedWith Betts, Thaddeus, 1789-1840. person
associatedWith Bigelow, John P. (John Prescott), 1797-1872 person
associatedWith Black, John, fl. 1835. person
correspondedWith Blair family family
associatedWith Blair, Francis P., 1791-1876. person
associatedWith Bodley family. family
correspondedWith Boyd, Crosby Noyes, 1903- person
associatedWith Brown, Francis, 1784-1820. person
associatedWith Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. person
associatedWith Carpenter, William, 1787-1859. person
associatedWith Clay family. family
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. person
correspondedWith Corcoran, W. W. (William Wilson), 1798-1888. person
associatedWith Cornell, Ezra, 1807-1874. person
associatedWith Cransten, J.K., person
associatedWith Dartmouth College corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, John, 1788-1878. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Decatur, Stephen, 1779-1820 person
associatedWith Delafield, J., person
correspondedWith Desha, John R., 1804-1878 person
correspondedWith Desha, Joseph, 1768-1842. person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
correspondedWith Donelson, Andrew Jackson, 1799-1871. person
associatedWith Drake, Elias Franklin, 1813-1892. person
associatedWith Duane family family
associatedWith Duane, William J. (William John), 1780-1865. person
associatedWith Elliott, Jesse Duncan, 1782-1845 person
associatedWith Farris, William. person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
associatedWith Gold, Daniel, fl. 1845. person
correspondedWith Green, Duff, 1791-1875. person
associatedWith Green, Norvin, 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Gunnell, I. I. person
correspondedWith Hill, Isaac, 1789-1851. person
associatedWith Hopkinson, James. person
associatedWith Hopson, Edwin N., Collector. person
correspondedWith Huger, Alfred, 1788-1872. person
associatedWith Hyer, Nathaniel F. person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. person
associatedWith Jarvis, Russell, 1790-1853. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 person
associatedWith Jeffreys, James W. person
associatedWith Johnson, Richard M. (Richard Mentor), 1780-1850. person
associatedWith Johnston, Caroline Dorsey. person
associatedWith Kendall family. family
associatedWith Kendall, John. person
correspondedWith Langdon, William Chauncy, 1831-1895. person
associatedWith Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871 person
associatedWith Magnetic Telegraph Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Marcy, William L. (William Learned), 1786-1857 person
correspondedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. person
correspondedWith McLaughlin, James, 1842-1923 person
associatedWith Meigs, John. person
associatedWith Mills, John, person
associatedWith Minerva Press (Georgetown, Ky.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872 person
associatedWith New York State Library. Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit. corporateBody
associatedWith O'Reilly, Henry, 1806-1886. person
associatedWith Parker, Joseph Whiting, 1805-1887. person
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associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851. person
associatedWith Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849. person
correspondedWith Reid, Samuel Chester, 1783-1861. person
correspondedWith Reid, Samuel C. (Samuel Chester), 1818-1897 person
associatedWith Richardson, William M., 1774-1838. person
correspondedWith Rowan, John, 1773-1843. person
associatedWith Rust, George, Jr., 1788-1857. person
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associatedWith Thayer, George W. person
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associatedWith United States. Postmaster General. corporateBody
associatedWith Upshur, A. P. (Abel Parker), 1790-1844 person
correspondedWith Van Buren, Martin, 1782-1862. person
associatedWith Virginia. Board of Public Works. corporateBody
associatedWith Webb, J. Watson (James Watson), 1802-1884. person
associatedWith Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. person
correspondedWith Wilkins, William, 1779-1865 person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library person
associatedWith Worsley, W. W., person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Talladega (Ala.)
United States
United States
Wisconsin
United States
Kentucky
New York (N.Y.)
Subject
Telegraph
Telegraph--History
Creek War, 1813-1814
United States--History--Tripolitan War, 1801-1805
Religion
Railroads
Chesapeake--Leopard Affair, 1807
Telegraph, Wireless
United States. Navy--History--Tripolitan War, 1801-1805
Subject: Inventions--History--United States
Postal service--History--Sources
Dueling--Virginia
United States. Navy--History--19th century
Nullification (States' rights)
Presidents--Election--1828--Sources
Postal service
Cherokee Indians--Claims
Patents--United States
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--United States
Journalism, Religious
American newspapers--History--Sources
Cherokee Indians--Treaties
Stocks
Postmasters--Archives
Occupation
Cabinet officers
Journalists
Function

Person

Birth 1789-08-16

Death 1869-11-12

Americans

English

Information

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