Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.)

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Public Art Fund is an independent non-profit organization dedicated to working with emerging and established artists to produce exhibitions of contemporary art throughout New York City. The history organization is greatly aligned with the history of founder Doris C. Freedman (1928-1981), a social worker and supporter of public art who served as the first New York City Director of Cultural Affairs during the Lindsay Administration. In the late 1960s Freedman served as president of City Walls, an ...

From the description of Public Art Fund Archive 1966-2009. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703389283

Public Art Fund For over 30 years the Public Art Fund has worked to produce innovative exhibitions of contemporary art at sites throughout New York City. The Public Art Fund was established in 1977 by Doris C. Freedman, a major proponent of public art who served as New York City's first Director of Cultural Affairs during the Lindsay Administration and additionally as the President of the Municipal Art Society. The formation of the Public Art Fund consolidated the efforts of two pioneering organizations: City Walls and The Public Arts Council of the Municipal Art Society. Each of these groups were early prototypes of successful public art programming and both quickly began defining the mechanisms for placing works of art in public places, setting the course for many other arts organizations that have followed. Both organizations sponsored a number of projects aimed at cultivating relationships between artists and communities, including Tony Rosenthal's "The Alamo" and Richard Haas' "Arcade". An ever-increasing volume of public art inquiries and proposals prompted Freedman to form the Public Art Fund, merging the activities of both groups. As was the case with its predecessors, the generative concept behind the Public Art Fund was to provide support to artists on every level: curatorial, logistical, promotional and financial. Over the years, public sites such as Doris Freedman Plaza, Rockefeller Center, and City Hall Park have been programmed on an ongoing basis. Other locations are selected for individual projects and programs on a case-by-case basis. In 1982, the Public Art Fund began a program called “Messages to the Public”, which gave artists access to the Spectacolor lightboard at New York City’s Times Square. From 1982-1990 over 70 artists broadcast 30-second computer-generated messages on the 800-square foot animated light board. This included works by Vito Acconci, Guerrilla Girls, Keith Haring, Jenny Holzer, Richard Prince, Tim Rollins & K.O.S., Christy Rupp, Kiki Smith, David Wojnarowicz, and Martin Wong, among others. In 1995, the Public Art Fund began its “In the Public Realm” program, offering emerging artists the opportunity to create art projects by responding to an open call for proposals. Today, the Public Art Fund has worked with over 500 emerging and established artists and continues to bring artwork outside of the traditional context of museums and galleries, providing "a unique platform for an unparalleled public encounter with the art of our time." Recent projects include Janet Cardiff’s “Her Long Black Hair” (2005), Chris Burden’s “What My Dad Gave Me” (2008) and Olafur Eliasson’s “The New York City Waterfalls” (2008). Funding is received through contributions from individuals, foundations, corporations, and with funds allocated from: the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs, New York State Council on the Arts, and the National Endowment for the Arts.

City Walls City Walls was incorporated as a not-for-profit in 1969 by a group of established professional artists. Working with artists and communities, City Walls was dedicated to revitalizing the visual environment of New York City through public art. Viewing the city as a work of art, the organization sponsored more than fifty murals by twenty-eight differnt artists. Early members and artists included Nassos Daphnis, Allan D'Arcangelo, Jason Crum, Mel Pekarsky, Tania, Robert Wiegand, and Todd Williams. Doris C. Freedman served as president of City Walls from 1971 to 1980.

Public Arts Council The Public Arts Council was formed in 1971 under the auspices of the Municipal Art Society of New York City. The advisory board was composed of professional artists, architects, city planners, developers and representatives from other organizations that dealt with public art. Over the years, the Public Arts Council served as “an advocate group for public art, as an administrative organization for initiating coordinating public art projects, and as a resource and information center for artists, city and community organizations, and educational institutions”. The program was supported in through grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, the New York State Council on the Arts, the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs, and from private donations.

Percent for Art New York City adopted its Percent for Art legislation in 1982, requiring that one percent of the budget for eligible City-funded construction projects be allocated to commission or purchase public art works for city facilities. Doris Freedman helped to draft New York City's Percent for Art legislation and played a major role in lobbying the City Council. Deputy Mayor Ronay Menschel and Chief of Staff Diane Coffey were also key advocates. Mayor Edward Koch was in office to sign and pass the bill in 1982 and in 1983 the law went into effect. The program was initially administered by Public Art Fund until the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs assumed full responsibility in 1986. After this, the Public Art Fund ceased to save files pertaining to Percent for Art, until deaccessioning research began in 1994.

Doris C. Freedman Biography Doris C. Freedman (1928-1981) was a champion of public art who served as New York City's first Director of Cultural Affairs during the Lindsay administration. A tireless supporter of New York City’s Percent for Art legislation, Freedman was dedicated to securing a place for contemporary art in a public setting while combining the interests of artists, urban planners, local communities, city agencies and public and private organizations. In 1971, Freedman founded the Public Arts Council and served as president of City Walls Inc. Under her leadership, both the Public Arts Council and City Walls provided technical assistance and financial support for a wide variety of projects, and developed programs to explore the potential of urban public spaces. In 1977 Freedman merged the efforts of City Walls and the Public Arts Council to create the Public Art Fund.

Susan K. Freedman Biography Susan K. Freedman, daughter of founder Doris Freedman, has served as president of the Public Art Fund since 1986. As her biography at the Public Art Fund web site reads: "Freedman graduated from Brown University in 1982 with a B.A. in Studio Art and American Civilization, and was Assistant to Mayor Edward I. Koch, and Director of Special Projects and Events for the Art Commission of the City of New York from 1983 to 1986. Susan currently serves as Mayor Bloomberg's Representative on the Board of Trustees at the Museum of Modern Art, as well as on the Boards of the Municipal Art Society and WNYC Radio, and as Vice President of the Board for the City Parks Foundation. Most recently, Susan has joined the City of New York Department of Cultural Affairs Advisory Commission, and was a jury member for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation's World Trade Center Memorial competition. She received the Municipal Art Society's Evangeline Blashfield Award in 2005.”

Bibliography:

Sources Ault, J., Social Text Collective., & Drawing Center (New York, N.Y.). (2002). Alternative art, New York, 1965-1985: A cultural politics book for the Social Text Collective. New York: Drawing Center. Brenson, Michael. "WHAT'S NEW AROUND TOWN IN OUTDOOR SCULPTURE. " New York Times. 19 Jul 1985, Late Edition (East Coast): Banking Information Source, ProQuest. Web. 16 Nov. 2010. Breslaur, Jan. "A Spectacle of L.A. Art in New York's Times Square Advertising: California artists have been decorating a billboard with "Messages to the Public," but loss of funding threatens the project :[Home Edition]. " Los Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext)24 Nov. 1989,Los Angeles Times, ProQuest. Web. 16 Nov. 2010. Doris C. Freedman Gallery, & Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.). (1982). Ten years of public art, 1972-1982. Doris C. Freedman Gallery at the Urban Center, 457 Madison Avenue, New York, 20 May-18 June 1982. New York, N.Y.: Public Art Fund. Freedman, S. K. (2004). Plop: Recent projects of the Public Art Fund. London: Merrell Publishers in association with Public Art Fund, New York. Glueck, Grace. "What Part should the Public Play in Choosing Public Art?" New York Times. 3 Feb. 1985, Late Edition (East Coast): Banking Information Source, ProQuest. Web. 16 Nov. 2010. McGill, Douglas C.. "In East Harlem, First ‘Percent’ Art.” New York Times. 27 Jun 1985, Late Edition (East Coast): Banking Information Source, ProQuest. Web. 16 Nov. 2010. Percent for Art. (2010). Retrieved November 12, 2010 from http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcla/html/panyc/panyc.shtml Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.). (1980s). Newsletter. New York, N.Y.: Public Art Fund. Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.). (1989). Issues, public art. New York City: Public Art Fund. Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.). (1991). In process: The quarterly newsletter of the Public Art Fund Inc. New York, NY: Public Art Fund. Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.). (1992). Public art issues. New York, NY: Public Art Fund. Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.). (1999). Public Art Fund, Inc. Retrieved January 1st, 2010, from http://www.publicartfund.org Vogel, Carol. "Inside Art :[Leisure/Weekend Desk]. " New York Times. 27 Feb. 1998, Late Edition (East Coast): Banking Information Source, ProQuest. Web. 05 Nov. 2010.
  • 1977 - 1981 : Doris C. Freedman, President
  • 1982 - 1985 : Jenny Dixon, Director
  • 1986 - 1986 present : Susan K. Freedman, President
  • 1989 - 1995 : James Clark, Director
  • 1996 - 2005 : Tom Eccles, Director
  • 2005 - 2009 : Rochelle Steiner, Director
  • 2009 - 2009 present : Nicholas Baume, Director

From the guide to the Public Art Fund Archive, 1966-2009, (© 2012 Fales Library and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Franklin Furnace Ephemera Collection, Compiled by Matthew Hogan ca. 1970-2007 (bulk 1985-2007). Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Public Art Fund : PAD/D pamphlet file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Franklin Furnace Ephemera Collection, Compiled by Matthew Hogan, ca. 1970 - 2007 (Bulk 1985 - 2007) Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf Public Art Fund Archive, 1966-2009 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Harold and Joyce Pomeroy Schwartz Public Art Archive, Bulk, 1976-2005, 1961-2009 Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.). Institutional file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Public Art Fund Archive, 1966-2009 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Video organization file : Public Art Fund (New York, N.Y.) : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Acconci, Vito, 1940- person
associatedWith ACT UP New York (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith ACT UP (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Aycock, Alice. person
associatedWith Baume, Nicholas. person
associatedWith Boltanski, Christian, 1944- person
associatedWith Botero, Fernando, 1932- person
associatedWith Bourgeois, Louise 1911-2010. person
associatedWith Burden, Chris, 1946- person
associatedWith Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976. person
associatedWith Cardiff, Janet, 1957- person
associatedWith Casebere, James. person
associatedWith Chang, Jackie. person
associatedWith Clark, James M. person
associatedWith Clark, James M. person
associatedWith Creative Time, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Deacon, Richard, 1949- person
associatedWith DeJong, Constance person
associatedWith DeJong, Constance. person
associatedWith Dion, Mark, 1961- person
associatedWith Di Suvero, Mark, 1933- person
associatedWith Dixon, Jenny person
associatedWith Dixon, Jenny. person
associatedWith Dwyer, Nancy. person
associatedWith Eccles, Tom 1964- person
associatedWith Foreman, Richard person
associatedWith Foreman, Richard. person
associatedWith Freedman, Doris Chanin 1928-1981. person
associatedWith Freedman, Susan 1970- person
associatedWith General Idea. person
associatedWith Goldsworthy, Andy. person
associatedWith Gonzalez-Torres, Felix person
associatedWith Gran Fury. corporateBody
associatedWith Group Material (Firm : New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Guerrilla Girls (Group of artists) corporateBody
associatedWith Hammer, Barbara. person
associatedWith Haring, Keith. person
associatedWith Hershman, Lynn 1941- person
associatedWith Holzer, Jenny, 1950- person
associatedWith Indiana, Robert. person
associatedWith Kapoor, Anish. person
associatedWith Katz, Alex, 1927- person
associatedWith Koch, Ed, 1924- person
associatedWith Koons, Jeff. person
associatedWith Kruger, Barbara person
associatedWith Kusama, Yayoi 1929- person
associatedWith LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007. person
associatedWith Lichtenstein, Roy 1923-1927. person
associatedWith Lower Manhattan Cultural Council. corporateBody
associatedWith McCarthy, Paul person
associatedWith McCarthy, Paul. person
associatedWith Muniz, Vik person
associatedWith Muniz, Vik. person
associatedWith National Endowment for the Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Nevelson, Louise person
associatedWith Nevelson, Louise. person
associatedWith New York (N.Y.) Dept. of Cultural Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (N.Y.). Dept. of Cultural Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Council on the Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988. person
associatedWith Otterness, Tom, 1952- person
associatedWith Paik, Nam June, 1932-2006. person
associatedWith Pepper, Beverly. person
associatedWith Piper, Adrian, 1948- person
associatedWith Pomeroy Schwartz, Joyce person
associatedWith Rist, Pipilotti, 1962- person
associatedWith Rosler, Martha. person
associatedWith Rupp, Christy 1949- person
associatedWith Serra, Richard, 1939- person
associatedWith Simmons, Laurie person
associatedWith Simmons, Laurie. person
associatedWith Simpson, Lorna, 1960- person
associatedWith Smith, Allison, 1972- person
associatedWith Smith, Kiki, 1954- person
associatedWith Steiner, Rochelle. person
associatedWith Steir, Pat, 1940- person
associatedWith Tillman, Lynne person
associatedWith Weiner, Lawrence 1942 February 10. person
associatedWith West, Franz, 1947- person
associatedWith Whiteread, Rachel, 1963- person
associatedWith Whitney Museum of American Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Wojnarowicz, David. person
associatedWith Wong, Martin. person
associatedWith Zittel, Andrea, 1965- person
associatedWith Živančević, Nina, 1957- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington Square (New York, N.Y.)
Queens (New York, N.Y.)
United States
New York (State)--New York
Manhattan (New York, N.Y.)
Manhattan (New York, N.Y.)
New York (N.Y.)
New York (N.Y.)
Washington Square (New York, N.Y.)
Queens (New York, N.Y.)
Subject
Women artists
Artists
Alternative spaces (Arts facilities)
AIDS (Disease)
Politics in art
Artists and community
Urban renewal--Citizen participation
Gays--Political activity
Community development, Urban
Sculpture, American--20th century
Art and society--History--20th century
Art--Exhibitions
Asian American artists--Exhibitions
Safe sex in AIDS prevention
Artists and community--United States
Public sculpture, American
Non-profit artists centers
Artists--United States
Public architecture
Gay activists
Public art--New York (State)--New York
Minorities in art
Women artists--Exhibitions
Sculpture, American--New York (State)--New York--20th century
New York State Council on the Arts
Photography--Exhibitions--Exhibitions
Artists--New York (State)--New York--Exhibitions
Group work in art
Public sculpture, American--Exhibitions
AIDS (Disease) and art
Urban transportation
Alternative spaces (Arts facilities)--New York (State)--New York
Art, American--New York (State)--New York--21st century
Art, American--21st century
Artists--Exhibitions
AIDS (Disease) and art--United States
Installations (Art)--United States
Women's rights
Art and society--United States--History--20th century
Art--Exhibitions--New York (State)--New York
East Village (New York, N.Y.)
Feminism and art
Art--Management--United States
Public art spaces
Video art--United States
Public art
Gays--New York (State)--New York--Political activity
Women artists--United States
Social problems in art
Community arts projects--United States
Photography--Exhibitions
AIDS activists
Installations (Art)
AIDS activists--New York (State)--New York
Video art
Art--Management
Gay activists--New York (State)--New York
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1966

Active 2009

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w68q1b59

SNAC ID: 73939726