Shepard, Alan B. (Alan Bartlett), 1923-1998

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Rear Admiral Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998) was an American astronaut, naval aviator, test pilot, and businessman. In 1961, he became the first American to travel into space, and in 1971, he walked on the Moon.

A graduate of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Shepard saw action with the surface navy during World War II. He became a naval aviator in 1946, and a test pilot in 1950. He was selected as one of the original NASA Mercury Seven astronauts in 1959, and in May 1961 he made the first crewed Project Mercury flight, Mercury-Redstone 3, in a spacecraft he named Freedom 7. His craft entered space, but was not capable of achieving orbit. He became the second person, and the first American, to travel into space, and the first space traveler to manually control the orientation of his craft. In the final stages of Project Mercury, Shepard was scheduled to pilot the Mercury-Atlas 10 (MA-10), which was planned as a three-day mission. He named Mercury Spacecraft 15B Freedom 7 II in honor of his first spacecraft, but the mission was canceled.

Shepard was designated as the commander of the first crewed Project Gemini mission, but was grounded in 1963 due to Ménière's disease, an inner-ear ailment that caused episodes of extreme dizziness and nausea. This was surgically corrected in 1969, and in 1971, Shepard commanded the Apollo 14 mission, piloting the Apollo Lunar Module Antares to the most accurate landing of the Apollo missions. At age 47, he became the fifth, the oldest, and the earliest-born person to walk on the Moon, and the only one of the Mercury Seven astronauts to do so. During the mission, he hit two golf balls on the lunar surface.

Shepard was Chief of the Astronaut Office from November 1963 to July 1969 (the approximate period of his grounding), and from June 1971 until his retirement from the United States Navy and NASA on August 1, 1974. He was promoted to rear admiral on August 25, 1971, the first astronaut to reach that rank.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers of John F. Kennedy: Presidential Papers: President's Office Files, 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Subject Files, 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963.Astronauts: Alan Shepard, 1961: 17 May-2 June. John F. Kennedy Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities, ca. 1947 - 1980. PRJECT MERCURY. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations, 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities, 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS RECEIVE COLLIER TROPHY, 10/10/1963. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FUNERAL SERVICES FOR ASTRONAUTS GRISSOM AND CHAFFEE, ARLINGTON CEMETERY, VIRGINIA, AND ANDREWS AFB, MARYLAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GEN. O.P. SMITH (USMC) BEING GREETED BY GEN. SHEPARD (USMC) UPON ARRIVAL AT BARPERS POINT National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Papers of John F. Kennedy: Presidential Papers: President's Office Files, 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Subject Files, 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Astronauts: Alan Shepard, May 1961: 1-16. John F. Kennedy Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS, EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT quot;MERCURYquot; National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MECURY SPACECRAFT 7 MR-3 ON BOARD PERISCOPE FOOTAGE, AND ASTRONAUT SHEPARD PAST MISSION ACTIVITY, 5 6/5 19/1961 1961. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Dealey, Joe M., Jr. Joe M. Dealey Jr. collection, 1900-2010 1970-1990. University of Texas at Dallas. Eugene McDermott Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. SURVIVAL TRAINING FOR U.S ASTRONAUTS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program. 1964 - 1992. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program: John F. Kennedy Oral Histories.. 1964 - 1992. Alan Shepard Oral History Interview John F. Kennedy Library
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Gemini-Titan 4 Launch Activities, Cape Kennedy, Florida National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. REDSTONE-MERCURY TEST NO. 108 (MR-3 FIRST MANNED LAUNCH) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 21 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Alan Shepard's Promotion to Admiral National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Astronaut Malcolm S. Carpenter receives NASA DSM, Patrick AFB and Cape Canaveral, Florida National Archives at College Park
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creatorOf University of Guelph. Vice President Academic. General file on Alan Shepard, Associate Vice-President (Academic), 2005-2010. University of Guelph
referencedIn Publicity photographs of U.S. Senator Hugh Scott, 1958-1973. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. APOLLO 12 ASTRONAUTS/WHITE HOUSE GROUP National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS VIRGIL GRISSOM AND ALAN SHEPARD TRAINING, 10/1960. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WEIGHTLESSNESS EXPERIMENTS ON MERCURY ASTRONAUTS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FIRST ASTRONAUT WINGS PRESENTATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING FOR ASTRONAUTS, BROOKS AFB, TEXAS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45 No. 6 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn CDR ALAN SHEPPARD"S FLIGHT IN FREEDOM SEVEN - PROJECT MERCURY MN-8984 H National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Papers of John F. Kennedy: President's Office Files. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects: Astronauts, Alan Shepard. 5/1/1961 - 6/2/1961. Letter to President Kennedy from Alan Shepard's parents. June 12, 1961 John F. Kennedy Library
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referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Biography clippings : "S" [surname] folder 1896-2008. Monterey Public Library
referencedIn Cahill, William T. (William Thomas), 1912-1996. William T. Cahill congressional papers, 1959-1970 (bulk 1959-1969). Rutgers University
referencedIn Petitions and Memorials, Resolutions of State Legislatures, and Related Documents Which Were Referred to the Committee on Science and Astronautics during the 87th Congress United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS AT STEAD AFB, NEVADA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn 10/1/78, Pres. Carter at Kennedy Space Center (T-16141) Jimmy Carter Library
referencedIn Rich, Richard H., 1901-1975. Richard H. Rich papers, 1902-1981. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY PRESS CONFERENCE, PATRICK AFB, FLORIDA, 22 FEBRUARY 1961 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MAJOR COOPER'S MA-9 FLIGHT National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Letters received, 1954-1962. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS IN WEIGHTLESSNESS, SCHOOL OF AVIATION MEDICINE, BROOKS AFB, TEXAS, (EST1959) National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Video Recordings Documenting the Administration of Daniel Goldin. 1985 - 2001. A Vision of Space National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 92 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. FLIGHT OF FREEDOM 7 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976 George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Headquarters' Films Relating to Aeronautics, 1962 - 1981. Mastery of Space, 1962. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. MAN IN SPACE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS AT CAPE CANAVERAL National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 42 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Films from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, ca. 1961 - ca. 1973 Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 23 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. LITTLE JOE IV (LJ-1B) PRELAUNCH ACTIVITIES AT WALLOPS ISLAND, VIRGINIA, 1/21/1960. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Color Photograph Files Relating to Projects, Astronauts, and Events, 1963 - 1965. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Mercury-Redstone 3 quot;Freedom 7quot; Launch, Cape Canaveral, Florida National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. SECNAV AND ASTRONAUTS (Apollo 14) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY SPACECRAFT 13 MA-6 JOHN GLENN PARADE IN HAMPTON, VA, 1962. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Year of Achievement (Recognition through Performance) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of the Extension Service, 1888 - 2000. Photographs of 4-H Report to the Nation Teams, ca. 1951 - ca. 1980. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Motion Picture Films and Video Recordings Relating to Activities at the Kennedy Space Center National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Mercury-Atlas 7 launch, Cape Canaveral, Cocoa Beach, Florida, Grand Turk Island National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 64 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Headquarters' Films Relating to Aeronautics, 1962 - 1981. The World Was There, 1965. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Astronauts in Centrifuge: Mercury Astronauts in the Centrifuge National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Shepard, Alan. Letter to the firm of Parker & Poor. 1817. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Maj Leroy G. Cooper receives award and addresses Congress, Washington, DC National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PROJECT MERCURY (LITTLE JOE) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Project Mercury Astronaut Training National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS IN PROCEDURES TRAINER. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Manned Spacecraft Center Technical Documents, 1961 - 1963 National Archives at Fort Worth
referencedIn Color Photograph File Albums, 1963 - 1995 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PROJECT MERCURY (LITTLE JOE) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Gemini-Titan (GT-II) launch, AF Eastern Test Range, Florida
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS RECEIVE COLLIER TROPHY National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Headquarters Astronaut Interviews. 1965 - 1971. Astronaut interview, Alan Shepard National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Marshall Star, 1960 - 2006 National Archives at Atlanta
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT: DESERT ROCK - quot;Aquot; BOMB TEST NEVADA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations, 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities, 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS RECEIVE COLLIER TROPHY, 10/10/1963. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Mercury astronaut meeting, Andrews AFR, Maryland National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT, quot;MERCURYquot; Aviation Medical Acceleration Lab, Johnsville National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT'S PRESS CONFERENCE, PATRICK AFB, FLORIDA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006Series: Source Files on Project Mercury, 1952 - 1968. Fact Sheets and Press Releases for Mercury Atlas 6 (MA-6). Seven Astronauts Were Needed for Seven Vital Jobs. National Archives at Fort Worth
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency, 1900 - 2003. Production Library Audio Recordings, 1999 - 2005. STATEMENTS OF ASTRONAUTS JOHN GLENN AND ALAN SHEPARD. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. YEAR IN SPACE, 1961 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Alan E. Shepard, Jr. National Archives at Washington, D.C
creatorOf John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program. 1964 - 1992. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program: John F. Kennedy Oral Histories.. 1964 - 1992. Alan Shepard Oral History Interview John F. Kennedy Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency, 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings, 1942 - 1999. FIRST FLIGHT OF PROJECT MERCURY. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 104 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (June 6) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976. George Mason University, Fenwick Library
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS DURING WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING AT EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records Relating to Mercury 3 and Commander Alan B. Shepard, Jr., USN, 1959-1961. Operational Archive Branch, Naval History Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations, 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities, 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS RECEIVE COLLIER TROPHY, 10/10/1963. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS IN WEIGHTLESS FLIGHT, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO, MARCH 1960 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY SPACECRAFT 7 REDSTONE MR-3 ON BOARD FOOTAGE AND INSTRUMENT PANEL, 5/5/1961. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Dr. Stanley C. White Papers, 1950-2000, 1961-1979 Wright State University, Special Collections and Archives
creatorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Video Recordings Documenting the Administration of Daniel Goldin. 1985 - 2001. An Executive Summary of the Greatest Secret of the 20th Century National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Video Recordings Documenting the Administration of Daniel Goldin. 1985 - 2001. Fortieth Anniversary of Human Spaceflight National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 48 National Archives at College Park
Relation Name
leaderOf Apollo 14 (Spacecraft) corporateBody
associatedWith Arthur E. Scott, 1917-1976 person
associatedWith Cahill, William T. (William Thomas), 1912-1996. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Dealey, Joe M., Jr. person
acquaintanceOf Glenn, John, 1921-2016 person
associatedWith Goldin, Daniel Saul, 1940- person
acquaintanceOf Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 person
acquaintanceOf Kennedy John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
leaderOf Project Gemini (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Project Mercury (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rich, Richard H., 1901-1975. person
associatedWith Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. person
associatedWith Scott, Hugh Doggett, 1900-1994 person
correspondedWith Theodore Roosevelt Association. corporateBody
employeeOf United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf United States Naval Academy corporateBody
memberOf United States. Navy corporateBody
associatedWith University of Guelph. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Guelph. Vice President Academic. corporateBody
associatedWith White, Stanley C., 1926-2011 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Hampshire NH US
Pebble Beach CA US
Subject
NASA personnel
NASA SPACE PROGRAMS
Astronauts
Astronauts--United States
NASA
United States Navy
Nasa programs
Occupation
Astronauts
Naval officers
Test pilots
Test Pilot
Naval Officer
Test pilots--United States
Astronaut
Aviators
Businessmen
Businessmen.--20th century
Activity

Person

Birth 1923-11-18

Death 1998-07-21

Male

Americans

English

Information

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