Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902

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James Mason Hutchings was born in 1824 in England. At sixteen years old he traveled to New Orleans and worked as a clerk in a business house there. When he heard about the gold discovery, he left New Orleans in April of 1849, determined to satisfy his craving for adventure by taking the overland route. He arrived at the "gold-diggings" on October 9, 1849. He mined, made his fortune, and lost it all when the San Francisco bank, Frank Ward & Co., failed. He then returned to mining. In 1853, Hutchings published a letter sheet called "The Miner's Ten Commandments" which became wildly popular among California's early settlers. In 1856, aided by his newfound wealth, Hutchings began publishing "Hutching's Illustrated California Magazine", a monthly magazine dedicated to promoting the natural wonders and beauty of California. The magazine was published until June 1861, when it merged with the "California Mountaineer". After relinquishing his role as editor and proprietor of his magazine, Hutchings settled in the Yosemite and opened the hotel known as the "Hutchings House". In 1880, Hutchings was elected "Guardian of the Valley."

From the description of Autobiography and Reminiscence of James Mason Hutchings, San Francisco, 1901. (The Society of California Pioneers). WorldCat record id: 55979173

Hutchings was a pioneer to California and an author of books about that state.

From the description of Diaries, 1848-1855. (Brigham Young University). WorldCat record id: 51599503

James Mason Hutchings was a pioneer to Calif. in 1849 and an author of many books about Calif.

From the description of James Mason Hutchings diary : photocopy, 1848-1855. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 52015112

Author, editor, and publisher.

From the description of Papers of J. M. Hutchings, 1848-1855. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068865

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Californian and Western manuscripts collection, ca. 1760-1963. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Robert B. Honeyman, Jr. Collection of Early Californian and Western American Pictorial Material Bancroft Library
creatorOf Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902. Autobiography and Reminiscence of James Mason Hutchings, San Francisco, 1901. The Society of California Pioneers - Alice Phelan Sullivan Library
creatorOf Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902. J.M. Hutchings diary : ms., 1841-1850. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Howard, William J.,. Letters to William J. Howard, 1854-1879. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Eaton, N. A. A. Letter : Wolf Creek, Sierra Co., Cal[if.], to Lute [Eaton], 1855 Dec. 2. Newberry Library
creatorOf Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902. James Mason Hutchings diary : photocopy, 1848-1855. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902. Papers of J. M. Hutchings, 1848-1855. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902. James M. Hutchings scrapbook [microform], [185-?] UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916. Stereographs of Yosemite Valley and Hutchings' Hotel [graphic] / by Carleton E. Watkins. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. Robert Underwood Johnson papers, 1889-1924. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Weed, Charles L. Photographs of the Middle Fork of the American River and Forest Hill, the Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Big Trees, Coloma and Placerville [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn The Society of California Pioneers collection of autobiographies and reminiscences of early pioneers, 1900-1904 Society of California Pioneers
creatorOf McCaull, Peter. Peter McCaull letter : Sacramento City, Calif., to brothers, 1858 June 15. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902. James M. Hutchings overland diary of 1849 from New Orleans to Carson River, and 49er guide. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Waddilove, Henry B. Henry B. Waddilove papers, 1859-1864. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn [James Mason Hutchings and others next to fallen giant redwood tree, Calaveras County, Calif.] [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902. Diaries, 1848-1855. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Hutchings, J. M. (James Mason), 1820-1902. J.M. Hutchings diaries, 1848-1855. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn The Chinese in California, 1850-1925 Bancroft Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Eaton, N. A. A. person
associatedWith Gertrude (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Honeyman, Robert B. person
associatedWith Howard, William J., person
associatedWith Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. person
associatedWith McCaull, Peter. person
associatedWith Society of California Pioneers corporateBody
associatedWith Waddilove, Henry B. person
associatedWith Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916. person
associatedWith Weed, Charles L. person
associatedWith Willis, Ira. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Placerville (Calif.)
Oregon
Missouri River
San Jose (Calif.)
Salt Lake City (Utah)
California
California
Salt Lake City (Utah)
Yosemite Valley (Calif.)
Utah--Salt Lake City
California
San Jose (Calif.)
California, Northern
San Francisco (Calif.)
California
Atlantic Ocean
El Dorado County (Calif.)
California
Placerville (Calif.)
California
Sacramento (Calif.)
San Francisco (Calif.)
Sacramento (Calif.)
California
Mississippi River
Subject
American newspapers
Chinese
Frontier and pioneer life
Gold mines and mining
Gold mines and mining
Gold mines and mining
Indians of North America
Mines and mineral resources
Mormons
Overland journeys to the Pacific
Overland journeys to the Pacific
Overland journeys to the Pacific
Pictorial lettersheets
Pioneers
Ranches
Schools
Voyages and travels
Occupation
Authors
Editors
Publisher
Activity

Person

Birth 1820

Death 1902

Information

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