Keyserling, Mary Dublin

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Economist; interviewee married Leon Keyserling.

From the description of Reminiscences of Mary Keyserling : oral history, 1982. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86158528

Economist; married Leon Keyserling.

From the description of Reminiscences of Mary D. Keyserling : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122376757

Economist; interviewee married Leon H. Keyserling.

From the description of Reminiscences of Mary Dublin Keyserling : oral history, 1981. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309743636

From the description of Reminiscences of Mary Dublin Keyserling : oral history, 1982. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513680

Economist, government administrator, and director of the Women's Bureau (1964-1969), Keyserling was born in New York City in 1910, graduated from Barnard College (1930), studied at the London School of Economics, and became executive director of the National Consumers' League in 1938. After her marriage to Leon Keyserling in 1940, she was a personal advisor to Eleanor Roosevelt in the Office of Civilian Defense, an economist in the Foreign Economic Administration (1943), and chief of the Special Programs Division of the Office of International Trade of the Department of Commerce (1946-1949). With her husband, she formed the Conference on Economic Progress, a nonprofit organization engaged in economic research, and served as its associate director (1953-1963). While head of the Women's Bureau, Keyserling advocated passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and, with the State Department and other organizations, worked to improve labor standards and employment opportunities for women in other countries. In 1969 she went on a speaking tour in Africa at the invitation of the State Department. Upon her return she directed a national survey of day care services and needs, and worked for strengthening federal standards for child day care services.

From the description of Papers, 1924-1988 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007991

Mary Dublin Keyserling, whose career as an admin-istrator and economist in the federal government spanned three presidential administrations, was born in New York City on May 25, 1910. The second of four children, MDK was greatly influenced by her parents, Louis and Augusta (Salik) Dublin, both of whom had emigrated from Eastern Europe. A professor of science and mathematics, her father was active in national public health organizations; as vice-president of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company,he used the resources of the company to study the causes of death and illness. Her mother, a social worker, had graduated from Barnard College and served as head of a settlement house in Philadelphia. During MDK's childhood the family resided in Mamaroneck, a small town north of New York, but in 1924 moved to Manhattan, where MDK attended Horace Mann, a private school affiliated with Columbia University, and Barnard College.

After graduating from Barnard in 1930, MDK joined the research staff of the Committee on the Costs of Medical Care in Washington, D.C. She next held a position as administrative assistant for the State Charities Aid Society in New York City. In 1933, having completed all but the thesis requirement for a doctorate in economics at the London School of Economics and Columbia University, she was hired to teach economics and statistics at Sarah Lawrence College. In the spring of 1938, MDK was asked to serve as executive director of the National Consumers' League in New York. During her tenure (1938-1941) the League pushed for the extension and improvement of state minimum wage legislation, opposed efforts to weaken prov-isions of the National Labor Act, and fought for food and drug legislation, and for the enactment of national health insurance.

In 1940, MDK married Leon H. Keyserling, an economist and general counsel for the U.S. Housing Authority, and moved to Washington. She was employed as coordinator of hearings for the House of Representatives Committee on National Defense Migration, which was concerned with the social and economic impact of population movements result-ing from the wartime build-up of industrial production. In 1942, MDK became Eleanor Roosevelt's personal advisor in the Office of Civilian Defense. Here she assisted in the effort to address problems faced by working women; with the support of Eleanor Roosevelt, Congress passed the Lanham Act, which provided federally-funded day care to millions of children.

In the spring of 1943, seeking more direct involve-ment in the war effort, MDK accepted a post as an economist in the Foreign Economic Administration, a special agency set up to study the new supply and demand relationships spawned by the war. After the war and the dissolution of the FEA, she was hired by the Special Programs Division of the Office of International Trade (Department of Commerce) to do an analysis that fore-shadowed the soon-to-be-announced Marshall Plan. When the Special Programs Division became the International Economic Analysis Division in 1946, MDK was named director.

With the change in administration in 1953, MDK resigned her post in the Department of Commerce and, with her husband, set up an economic consulting office. The Keyserlings founded the Conference on Economic Progress (CEP), a nonprofit organization that engaged in economic research, education, and publication of studies concerning national economic problems. MDK was the CEP's associate director, 1953-1963; while serving in this post she testi-fied before Congress on pending labor and social welfare legislation. During this period MDK was also a member of the Woman's National Democratic Club, and was the only woman member of the Democratic Platform Committee. In 1961-1963 she served on President Kennedy's Commission on the Status of Women.

In 1964, President Johnson appointed MDK director of the Women's Bureau. In this post, she made a great effort to ensure the passage of legislation and the development of programs that would help lift women out of poverty. She spoke frequently about the activities and concerns of the Bureau and wrote many articles on issues of concern to women. She also served as executive vice-chairman of the Interdepartmental Committee on the Status of Women, advocated passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act in 1964, worked with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to develop standards for enforcement of Title VII, and, with the State Department and other organizations, worked to improve labor standards and employment opportunities for women in other countries.

Following her departure from the Women's Bureau in 1969, MDK returned to her work with the Conference on Economic Progress. As associate director she worked closely with her husband, the president and director of the CEP, until his death in 1987. Also in 1969, MDK was invited to do a speaking tour in Africa for the Department of State. On her return, she directed a national survey of day care services and needs. Her summary report of the study's findings, Windows On Day Care (1972), won her the Distinguished Service Award of the National Conference on Social Welfare. MDK subsequently served as executive director of Project Action Now for Children and Youth (1972-1973), directed a survey of funded child care programs in New York City (1974), and, under the auspices of the Child Welfare League of America, was the chief author of a comprehensive report that called for strengthening federal standards for child day care services (1976).

MDK lives in Washington, D.C., and continues to serve as a consultant to many public interest groups, and to federal, state, and local administrative and legislative bodies. For further biographical information, see the interview with her in the Schlesinger Library's Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project (OH-40).

From the guide to the Papers, 1924-1988, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. Papers, 1870-1978 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1975 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Keyserling, Mary Dublin. Reminiscences of Mary Dublin Keyserling : oral history, 1981. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn East, Catherine Shipe. Papers of Catherine Shipe East. 1941-1995 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Leon H. Keyserling Papers. 1923 - 1989. General Files
referencedIn Newman, Pauline, ca. 1890-1986. Papers, 1900-1980 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Keyserling, Leon Hirsch. Leon Keyserling papers, 1930-1987 (bulk, 1976-1987). College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
creatorOf Keyserling, Mary Dublin. Reminiscences of Mary D. Keyserling : oral history, 1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Keyserling, Mary (Dublin). Papers, 1924-1988 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Frieda S. Miller, 1909-1973 (inclusive), 1929-1967 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. Interviews, 1981-1983 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Beyer, Clara M. (Clara Mortenson). Papers of Clara Mortenson Beyer, 1911-1974 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Alleged subversive activities engaged in by George Marshall and Mary Dublin with communist front organizations in the United States, 1930-1950 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Keyserling, Mary Dublin. Reminiscences of Mary Dublin Keyserling : oral history, 1982. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers, 1833-1975 (bulk: 1884-1972) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Newman, Pauline. Papers, 1903-1982 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Miller, Frieda S. Papers, 1909-1973 (inclusive), 1929-1967 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1884-1998 (inclusive), 1929-1988 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Keyserling, Mary, 1910-. Reminiscences of Mary Keyserling : oral history, 1982. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. Records, 1981-1991 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Leon H. Keyserling Papers. 1923 - 1989. Speech and Article Files
referencedIn Peterson, Esther, 1906-1997. Papers, 1884-1998 (inclusive), 1929-1998 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Papers, 1924-1988 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers: Series I-II, 1833-1975 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Alleged subversive activities engaged in by George Marshall and Mary Dublin with communist front organizations in the United States, 1930-1950. Harold B. Lee Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Beyer, Clara M. (Clara Mortenson) person
associatedWith Catherine East, 1916-1996 person
associatedWith Cheek, Jeannette, person
associatedWith Conference on Economic Progress (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith District of Columbia. Commission on the Status of Women. corporateBody
associatedWith Douglas, Helen Gahagan, 1900-1980. person
associatedWith Dublin, Augusta Salik person
associatedWith Dublin, Augusta Salik. person
associatedWith Dublin, Louis I. (Louis Israel), 1882-1969. person
associatedWith Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. person
associatedWith Emma (Guffey) Miller, 1874-1970 person
associatedWith ESTHER (EGGERTSEN) PETERSON, 1906-1997 person
associatedWith FRIEDA SEGELKE MILLER, 1889-1973 person
associatedWith Ingersoll, Fern S., person
associatedWith Keyserling, Leon Hirsch. person
associatedWith Louchheim, Katie, 1903-, person
associatedWith MARTHA MAY ELIOT, 1891-1978 person
associatedWith Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. person
associatedWith Miller, Frieda S. person
associatedWith National Consumers' League. corporateBody
associatedWith Newman, Pauline. person
associatedWith PAULINE NEWMAN, 1888-1986 person
associatedWith Peterson, Esther, 1906-1997. person
associatedWith United States. Foreign Economic Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of International Trade. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President's Commission on the Status of Women. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Women's Bureau. corporateBody
associatedWith Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
Africa
United States-Officials and employees
United States
United States
Subject
Women--Education--Unites States
Jews
International economic relations
Jews--United States
Government executives--United States
Fathers and daughters
Child care services--United States
Women--Legal status, laws, etc
New Deal, 1933-1939
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
Labor laws and legislation--United States
Women in public life--Interviews
Husband and wife--United States
Conference on Economic Progress (U.S.)
Wages--Minimum wage--United States
Day care centers
Women--Africa
Women
Fathers and daughters--United States
Government executives
Sex discrimination against women
Women--Political activity
Mothers and daughters--United States
Women--Employment--United States
Mothers and daughters
Sex discrimination against women--United States
Women in the civil service--Interviews
Economists--Interviews
Women--Education
Labor laws and legislation
minimum wage
Women economists--Interviews
Equal pay for equal work
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
Economists
Women--Employment
Speeches
Husband and wife
Child care services
Occupation
Economists
Function

Person

English

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