Virginia. Supreme Court of Appeals

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The Supreme Court of Appeals was created by an act of the General Assembly passed during its May 1779 session. The new court's antecedent was the General Court, which after it was reestablished under the constitution of 1776, shared appellate jurisdiction while the supreme court was restricted to civil cases, but the state constitution adopted in 1851 abolished the General Court. The Supreme Court thus became the state's only court of final appeal both for civil and criminal cases. An act of the General Assembly passed on 16 March 1971 changed the name of the court to the Supreme Court of Virginia.

From the description of Supreme Court of Appeals pay vouchers, 1781, 1784-1785. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122608495

The Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals was created by an act of the General Assembly passed at the May 1779 session and has continued to the present day. Its antecedent was the General Court, which, after it was reestablished under the constitution of 1776, shared appellate jurisdiction with the Supreme Court until 1851, when the new state constitution abolished the General Court. Prior to that date, the General Court had criminal jurisdiction, while the Supreme Court was restricted to civil cases. While the court now has concurrent original jurisdiction in issuing and hearing writs of habeas corpus, mandamus and prohibition, retirement, removal, and matters of judicial censure, its jurisdiction is almost exclusively appellate. An act of the General Assembly passed on March 16, 1971 changed the name of the court to the Supreme Court of Virginia.

Originally, the judges of the other state courts also served on the Supreme Court. However, since 1789 Supreme Court judges have been elected by the General Assembly. Currently the court has seven justices whose term in office is twelve years. Although the Supreme Court has always held its sessions in Richmond, it also has met from time to time in other locations in the state for the convenience of its litigants. In particular, the court met at Wytheville from 1870-1945 and at Staunton from 1870-1971.

From the guide to the Records of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, 1871-1914, (The Library of Virginia)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Christian, Joseph, 1825-1905. Correspondence of Joseph Christian, 1859-1882 (bulk 1870-1882). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Virginia. Supreme Court of Appeals. Supreme Court of Appeals pay vouchers, 1781, 1784-1785. Library of Virginia
referencedIn William Fleming Collection, 1773-1802 John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
referencedIn Nanny Pegee et cetera versus John Hook and Zachariah Stanley, 1808 Apr. The Library of Virginia
creatorOf Willrich, George. George Willrich law brief collection : Court of Appeals of Virginia and United States Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit, 1900-1904. San Jacinto Museum of History
referencedIn Brock Collection: Virginia courts collection, 1687-1898. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Virginia. Auditor of Public Accounts (1776-1928). Receipt book, 1853-1855. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Account books regarding these and other Suffolk and Nansemond County Virginia families [manuscript] 1758-1916. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Virginia. State Board of Bar Examiners. Agency history. Library of Virginia
creatorOf McGuire, Robert L. Diploma and licenses, 1929-1930. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Records of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, 1871-1914 The Library of Virginia
creatorOf Virginia. Supreme Court of Appeals. Taliaferro & al. vs. Taliaferro & al. 1786, Oct. 30. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Virginia. State Board of Bar Examiners. Correspondence and subject files, <1910-1985>[ongoing]. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Caroline County (Va.) Commonwealth versus Richard Perry Loving and Mildred Delores Jeter, 1958-1966 The Library of Virginia
referencedIn Clerk's Correspondence and other Records, 1918-2006 Supreme Court of Virginia Archives, Virginia State Law Library.
referencedIn Elizabeth City County (Va.) Commonwealth vs. Virginia Christian, 1912 The Library of Virginia
referencedIn Mann, William Hodges, 1843-1927. Papers of Mann and his son William Mann Hodges [manuscript] 1856-1953. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gilmer, Francis Walker, 1790-1826. Papers of the Gilmer family [manuscript], 1781, 1820-1821, 1861-1865. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Staples, Abram Penn, 1885-1951. Papers of Abram P. Staples, 1927-1971 (bulk 1927-1952). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn I'Anson, Lawrence W. (Lawrence Warren), 1907-. Papers, ca. 1938-1983. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Hudgins, Edward Wren, 1882-1958. Papers, 1899-1958, (bulk 1948-1958). Library of Virginia
referencedIn Franklin County (Va.) Determined Papers, 1789-1937 The Library of Virginia
referencedIn Whittle, Stafford Gorman, 1849-1931. Papers of Stafford Gorman Whittle [manuscript] 1873-1960. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Beckley, John, Clerk of court. person
associatedWith Caroline County (Va.) Circuit Court corporateBody
associatedWith Christian, Joseph, 1825-1905. person
associatedWith Franklin County (Va.) Circuit Court corporateBody
associatedWith Hampton (Va.) Circuit Court corporateBody
associatedWith Hudgins, Edward Wren, 1882-1958. person
associatedWith I'Anson, Lawrence W. (Lawrence Warren), 1907- person
associatedWith Mann, William Hodges, 1843-1927. person
associatedWith McGuire, Robert L. person
associatedWith Staples, Abram Penn, 1885-1951. person
associatedWith Taliaferro family. family
associatedWith Virginia. Auditor of Public Accounts (1776-1928) corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. State Board of Bar Examiners. corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. State Board of Bar Examiners. corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. Supreme Court. Office of the Clerk. corporateBody
associatedWith Whittle, Stafford Gorman, 1849-1931. person
associatedWith William Fleming. person
associatedWith Willrich, George. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Virginia
Virginia
United States
Subject
Executors and administrators--Trials, litigation, etc
Court administration--18th century
Clerks of court--18th century
Administration of estates--18th century
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Information

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