Bulosan, Carlos

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Filipino American author, poet, migrant farm worker, and laborer; b. 1911; d. 1956.

From the description of Carlos Bulosan papers, 1916-1956 ; (bulk 1948-1956). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 28411230

Filipino-American writer, poet, and labor reformer Carlos Bulosan (1911-1956) was active in California and Washington State as an advocate for improving the conditions of migrant workers from the mid-1930s to mid-1940s, but is perhaps best known as the author of America is in the Heart (1946).

Born in the Philippines (in Mangusmana, a small village in Pangasinan Province, Luzon Island), he began working as a day laborer at the age of eleven, after having received only three years of formal schooling. In hopes of a better life, Bulosan decided to immigrate to the United States, where he immediately encountered racial discrimination and harsh working conditions. Soon after his initial arrival in Seattle (in 1930 or 1931), he was forced to work at an Alaskan fish cannery for low wages. At the end of the season, he returned to Washington and became a migrant farm worker in Eastern Washington and California. During the years 1935-1941, he attempted to organize migrant workers into unions and began to write about their conditions, particularly those of Filipino Americans. Bulosan, who had published a poem in an anthology in 1932 and written for local newspapers and literary magazines, began to write more prolifically during a two-year stay at Los Angeles General Hospital for treatment of tuberculosis that began in 1936. During the 1940s, he began to receive more attention for his writings, which included two collections of poems, Letter from America (1942) and The Voice of Bataan (1943). The Laughter of My Father (1944), a set of short stories, further enhanced Bulosan's reputation as a writer and became a surprise bestseller. It was followed up by America is in the Heart (1946), a semi-autobiographical account of the Filipino immigrant experience. Plagued by ill heath, Bulosan wrote very little during the last ten years of his life and was blacklisted for his political activities during the 1950s. Following his death from pneumonia, Bulosan was buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery in the Queen Anne neighborhood of Seattle; in 1982, an elaborate monument was erected in his honor at his grave.

From the description of Carlos Bulosan papers, 1914-1976 (bulk 1948-1956). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 123949370

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Bulosan, Aurelio. Aurelio Bulosan papers, 1949-1974. ND Univ of Washington Libraries (OCLC Worldshare ILL Beta)
creatorOf Bulosan, Carlos. Carlos Bulosan papers, 1914-1976 (bulk 1948-1956). University of Washington. Libraries
creatorOf Bulosan, Carlos. Carlos Bulosan papers, 1916-1956 ; (bulk 1948-1956). University of Washington. Libraries
referencedIn Solberg, S. E. (Sammy Edward), 1930-. S.E. Solberg papers, 1943-2000 (bulk 1975-1998). University of Washington. Libraries
creatorOf Colt Press. Colt Press records, ca. 1941-1942. UC Berkeley Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bulosan, Aurelio. person
associatedWith Colt Press. corporateBody
associatedWith International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union. Local 37 (Seattle, Wash.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mensalvas, Chris D., d. 1977 person
associatedWith Patrick, Josephine person
associatedWith Solberg, S. E. (Sammy Edward), 1930- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington (State)--Seattle
United States
Seattle (Wash.)
Washington (State)
American literature
American literature
Agricultural laborers
Agricultural laborers
American poetry
Canned fish
Dramatists, American
Filipino American authors
Filipino Americans
Filipino Americans
Filipino Americans
Filipino Americans in literature
Filipino American theater
Political activists
Authors, American
Poets, American
Migrant agricultural laborers
Migrant agricultural laborers


Active 1914

Active 1976


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